Doing Gender

In: Social Issues

Submitted By Ridercm
Words 2369
Pages 10
To what extent does biology affect our life experiences and how much impact does society have? The concept of “nature vs. nurture” remains to be a profound aspect when it comes to studying sociology. The social class we fall in, the education we receive, the gender roles we play, and the media we are exposed to prove to be much larger components in shaping who we are than our chemical makeup. Of course, there are many other key elements that determine our behaviors and morals such as religion, race/ethnicity, and geographic location, but for the purpose of this assignment I am going to concentrate on the first suggested social institutions and statuses. I have been fortunate to have had the chance to study exactly how socialization affects an individual and apply it to my own personal life. I have gained a greater understanding of why I am the way I am, and why my children are the way they are. This insight will surely be used to improve the quality of their futures, as well as my own. Chronic disease has become a major issue in the United States and this isn’t because of a genetic change. Changes in society have led to many Americans who consume a high calorie, low nutrition diet which is affecting their children and children’s children. Studies show that the gestational period, followed by the first two years of a child’s life sets the foundation of health for years to follow. In The First 1000 Days: A Legacy for Life, BBC Radio 4(2011) Dr Mark Porter explains how long-term health is greatly determined during the time of conception through the first one thousand days. Poor nutrition in the womb creates vulnerability to conditions like stroke, osteoporosis, diabetes, obesity, and learning disabilities. Pre-conception health also matters, meaning fathers are accountable too. The father’s diet and whether he drinks or smokes can also influence the health of the…...

Similar Documents

Gender

...Gender, Sexuality, and religious identity * Gender - what society expect male and female bodies to be doing (jobs, relationship, etc are appropriate) * Are culture with should nurture and men shouldn’t be very emotional * Sex is the biological features which distinctly separates males and females * In some cultures there are more than 2 sexes * In western cultures we like procreation * Sexuality – has do with your sex and gender and how you interact with others * Why does Christianity tie so closely to heterosexual relationships? The Jewish people didn’t let others join their religion so the only way they were going to increase the population is by having their own kids with a women. Men need to trust themselves as to who their offspring is and women can only have kids with one man * Homosexuals were not accepted * Masturbation was not accepted * You could not pull out while having sex * All of this was the worry of wasting the mans seed * Christians basically took this idea from Judaism * The fact that our sexuality is an identity is a modern thing * World religions are religions have a patriotically system and heterosexual system * EG. In catholic churches the priest are called “father”, and God is called the “holy father” * Mainstream – supports patriotically system * Marginal – does not support it * Confirmatory – those who accept the social systems around * Challenging – challenge social......

Words: 428 - Pages: 2

Gender

...points. Total AO1 marks for Question 3: 11 Total AO2 marks for Question 3: 9 Total marks for Question 3: 20 11 Psychology B - AQA GCE Mark Scheme 2007 January series SECTION C: PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER 4 (a) Outline what is meant by the term gender. [AO1 = 2, AO2 = 0] AO1 Two marks for an appropriate definition of the term. Possible answer: Gender refers to the social role/cultural attributes (AO1, 1) associated with masculinity and femininity (AO1, 1). Total for this question: 20 marks (2 marks) (b) What is meant by androgyny? Give an example of how a person might show androgynous behaviour. (3 marks) [AO1 = 1, AO2 = 2] AO1 One mark for definition of the term. Possible answer: Androgyny is used to describe an individual who possesses traits/attitudes/ behaviours regarded as both typically masculine and feminine. AO2 Two marks for an appropriate example. For example: a woman may be aggressive in her work-role (AO2, 1) but sympathetic as a mother (AO2, 1). (c) Describe one study in which content analysis was used to investigate gender. Indicate in your answer why the study was conducted, the method used, the results obtained and the conclusion drawn. (5 marks) [AO1 = 5, AO2 = 0] AO1 Any appropriate study in which content analysis was used to investigate gender, eg Manstead and McCulloch (1981); Lobban (1974). One mark – why the study was conducted (must go beyond the stem) One mark – information about the method One mark – identification of the results One......

Words: 5003 - Pages: 21

Gender

...Gender gender is a range of physical, mental, and behavioral characteristics distinguishing between masculinity and femininity.[1][2][3] Depending on the context, the term may refer to sex (i.e. the state of being male or female), social roles (as in gender roles), or gender identity.[1][2][3][4] Gender studies is a branch of the social sciences. Sexologist John Money introduced the terminological distinction between biological sex and gender as a role in 1955. Before his work, it was uncommon to use the word "gender" to refer to anything but grammatical categories.[1][2] However, Money's meaning of the word did not become widespread until the 1970s, when feminist theory embraced the distinction between biological sex and the social construct of gender. Today, the distinction is strictly followed in some contexts, especially the social sciences[5][6] and documents written by the World Health Organization (WHO).[4] In contrast, for many contexts, including some areas of social sciences, the meaning of gender has expanded to include "sex" or even to replace the latter word.[1][2] Although this gradual change in the meaning of gender can be traced to the 1980s, a small acceleration of the process in the scientific literature was observed when the Food and Drug Administration started to use "gender" instead of "sex" in 1993.[7] "Gender" is now commonly used even to refer to the physiology of non-human animals, without any implication of social gender roles.[2] In the English...

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Gender

...Langford, W. (1997), “But he said he loved me” in “GENDER” (Jackson et al 2004) is the writing I will review in this section. Langford’s (Jackson et al 2004) study “But he said he loved me” was formulated with findings from fifteen in-depth interviews of women who are in a relationships. Langford argued that in the beginning of a relationship men are supportive and caring towards their partners but as the relationship progresses and gets older with the passage of time, men begin to distance themselves from their partners. The duty to protect mutual intimacy fell on women by default. As the relationship progressed it moved away from the aspects of love and caring more towards the fulfilment of physical needs of men. In such situations men resorted to an indomitable desire to objectify women as a tool to fulfil their sexual needs. Langford in her study argued that in the institution of marriage, gender inequality also exists through dominance of the normative heterosexuality. By gender inequality Langford means that a relationship is a combination of two individual people but in institution of marriage men dominate while women suffer. Langford (Jackson et al 2004) in her study brings Hegel’s ‘master/slave dialectic’ (P.230) where she compared the husband – wife relationship to that of master and slave. In Langford’s study she mentioned that in marriage men assume the position of masterwhile women are by default slave and hence women are compelled to do certain things to......

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

Gender

...Gender Identity Every sexual thought, attraction,preference, development, feeling, memory, fantasy, and choice stem from complex brain activity. A complex genetic code determines body type; but that type does not always dictate sexual identity. Sexual identity is an even more complex development that encompasses hormone levels, social learning, individual perception, and attraction. Humans are born genetically male or female; but that does not necessarily control which sexual identity the individual will discover. Planned Parenthood (2012) defines gender identity as how a person feels about and expresses his or her gender; despite genetic or natural gender assignment. Some humans are genetically male or female and identify with the traditional gender roles; but others may find that the traditional cultural norms do not match their feelings or thoughts. Sexual identity is the sexual part of human expression that does not include ideas like sexual orientation, sexual preference, physical gender, or body type. If an individual considers his or her gender as female and is at ease with referring to his or her individual sexual characteristics in feminine terms, his or her gender identity is female. Gender identity has nothing to do with the physical characteristics of gender; but focuses on how the individual thinks (either masculine or feminine) and how he or she expresses those feelings. Ghosh (2012) explains gender identity as “self-identified, as a result of a......

Words: 1429 - Pages: 6

Gender

...Unit 3: Gender Scavenger Hunt EDP 310: Gender Development 1) 1) Interview 4-5 females and 4-5 males (they can be friends or strangers). Ask each of them to think of adjectives that describe/symbolize men, and adjectives that describe/symbolize women. For each person you interview, list the first 4 words they think of for each gender. Keep a running list of the words (even if words are used multiple times). Bad language can be an issue here. If you feel uncomfortable with certain words, you do not have to list them, although you can count the number of inappropriate words that are used to describe each gender vs. more appropriate words. You can also count the number of positive words said vs. more derogatory words. Answer: When reading over the selections for this assignment I decided to pick option four. I found this assignment interactive and interesting. Seeing what the opposite sex think about each other. I interviewed eight people in total. Men: Andrew: He described women as: seductive, adorable, alluring, beautiful. He described men as: Tough, headstrong, rude, and egocentric. Joey: Joey was very harsh on describing women: Dumb, airheaded, blond, whores, and psychotic. He described men as: Sensitive, players, enticing and fuzzy. Hayden: Hayden likes men so his description on males were different then the two others: Smooth, velvety soft, warm, delicious. Description on girls: Ugly, stupid, mean, hurtful. Michael: Description on......

Words: 664 - Pages: 3

Gender

...There were laws that tried to prevent such oppression towards women. Such as the Feminist Movement and Equal Pay Act. But due to gender role as women role as being the primary care givers and kept at lower paying jobs that are more flexible and many other changing roles in society has resulted in the workplace problem. Although women are allowed to work at the same place and level as men but they are not rewarded or compensated as one. The situation could be avoided if jobs were to be family oriented. That way both men and women would receive equal pay. Since women can work but it doesn't change who they are. Women have always been discriminated against as the weak gender. In some discriminatory views as homemaker and mother. Their job to cook meals, do laundry and manage children activities. Even today, these are primary role for them and if not they are considered selfish. They have been brand as stay at home and take care of children. Those who thought to establish an careers outside the home were considered selfish and self centered to my knowledge. Even today they are not treated equally as men.In the past, women have fought for their rights and was taken many years for women to be viewed as equal to men in the workplace. Although many believed that men and women are treated equally but many studies show that men an women are paid unequally for doing that same work. According to the article “On Pay Equity Day, Why Women are Paid Less than Men” by Sarah Glynn, stated that......

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

Gender

...company would be unemployed and just be housewife. They are dependent on their husbands and the domestic work they do is not paid. However, due to globalization women have the opportunity to go out and earn a living also. Women here also earn and contributes to the family. Women becomes a helper in the financial of the family. In this company, the women’s helps their husband in sustaining the family. For example, one of the worker who has 4 children who are still young. We know that prices of things have increased and to support a family (including the wife if she was unemployed) is difficult if the husband is the breadwinner. Nonetheless, women who work not only contribute to her household but also to the community. Here we can see that the gender roles is equaled in the sense that both men and women can go out and work and make a living. In spite that, women’s domestic work does not change as it is their duty. The workers who has been interview, most said that their husbands do contribute to household chores. So here can see that, there is a form of understanding, compromise and working together between husbands and wife. One respondent who is pregnant said that, most work is done by her husband as they are having their 1st child after 8 years of marriage.The husband probably like to do house chores such as cooking,helping in washing and look after the children.One of our respondent said,her husband can help her because their working time is not same.Her husband working in......

Words: 2475 - Pages: 10

Gender

...Gender Identity Frank Sagasta August 31, 2014 Psychology 265 Dr. David Mohr Abstract I will discuss the path of gender identity and the reviews of what certain people believe. You will see the three different influences of gender identity. These are the three areas of gender identity: anatomy of the genitals, relationship of child to parent, and biological. In addition to physical abnormalities due to genetic and hormonal influences or environmental influences. Something, interesting is the fact that most people believe that gender identity starts with the development through the time of puberty. Here're the factors that determine gender identity. Our gender identity is our psychological awareness or sense of being male or being female, and it’s one of the most obvious and important aspects of our self-concepts. Sex assignment “also called gender assignment” reflects the child’s anatomic sex and usually occurs at birth. A child’s sex is so important to parents that they usually want to know “Is it a boy or a girl?” before they count fingers and toes (Rathus, 2011). Our text was able to exhibit the gender identity that starts with the Y sex chromosome from the both sex. It also assisted with the understanding of the X chromosome from the mother and either a Y or X chromosome from the father, which will join. If the male transmits an X chromosome during fertilization, then the “zygote” will be female, and if the male transmits a Y chromosome, then......

Words: 874 - Pages: 4

Gender

...“Most people in Western cultures grow up learning that there are two and only two sexes, male and female, and two and only two genders, feminine and masculine” (Spade and Valentine – 3). For most cultures all around the world, this is their case. People have grown up learning strictly about these distinctions; people are labeled as male or female according to the sexual organs they were born with and must identify as feminine or masculine with their looks, without there being an in between or even a slight glimpse of a change occurring in society. It could be that they choose to turn their backs on these issues because of their culture, religions, and/ or personal beliefs or people are just not well informed of what these titles carry. For someone that does not struggle to conform with society’s ‘acceptable way’ of gender it is no issue to fit in when it comes to that part of their lives. However, to a transgendered person, for example, fitting into a certain gender/ sex is an everyday struggle. Sex and gender have become the main distinction all over the world; it would be very hard to get rid of this. Personally, I do not believe that there will ever come a day where the existing gender binary completely disappears but I do believe that changes may be done to it over time. In an issue like gender binary, nurture ironically beats nature. People are not born hating homosexuals, transgender people, bisexuals, etc., that sort of hatred is acquired throughout the years and......

Words: 3394 - Pages: 14

Gender

... Gender What is male? What is female? The answers to these questions may depend on the types of gender roles one was exposed to as a child. Gender roles can be defined as the behaviors and attitudes expected of male and female members of a society by that society. Gender roles vary. Different cultures impose different expectations upon the men and women who live in that culture. The United States has experienced tremendous upheaval and revising of its traditional gender roles in the last generation. These changes in gender roles affect the home, the workplace, and the school, and they affect all Americans to some degree. Over the past few decades, Americans have made great strides in accepting and adjusting to new definitions of gender roles. Part of the cause is the increased number of women in the workplace. With the increased presence of women in the workplace, old attitudes and behaviors have had to change. Men and women are more aware of sexual harassment than previously; whereas 20 years ago a woman who refused to have an affair with her boss may have had to quit, she now has other options. Companies are now experimenting with policies that are family-friendly, such as flex time, job sharing, and on-site child care policies that benefit both men and women. In addition, women still earn far less money than men do for the same work, even though their salaries are vital to maintaining their families' economic health. A person's sexuality comes from within him or her,......

Words: 914 - Pages: 4

Gender

...United Nations Development Programme SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND POVERTY ELIMINATION DIVISION WP 5 GENDER AND POVERTY* Nilüfer Cagatay May 1998 WORKING PAPER SERIES *The responsibility for opinions in these articles, studies and other contributions in this series rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the United Nations Development Programme or the institutions of the United Nations system. Table Of Contents Introduction I. Women And Poverty: Are Women Poorer? II. From Women and Poverty to Gender and Poverty A. Engendering Poverty Analysis B. New Conceptualizations of Poverty C. From Consumption/Income Poverty to Human Poverty D. Are Women Poorer?: Revisiting the Question from a Human Poverty Perspective E. Assessing Gender Differences in Poverty: Quantitative versus Qualitative Approaches F. Do Gender Inequalities Increase Overall Poverty? III. What Is To Be Done? What Is Being Done? A. Gender Mainstreaming at UNDP B. Engendering Anti-Poverty Projects and Programmes Figures Figure 1: A Pyramid of Poverty Concepts Boxes Box 1: Chile: Targeting Female Headship for Combating Poverty Box 2: Gender and Poverty in Guinea: Human Poverty versus Consumption Poverty and Participatory Approach to Poverty Assessment Box 3: South Asia Poverty Alleviation Program (SAPAP): The Case of India Social Mobilization through Self-Help Groups 1 “The causes and outcomes of poverty are......

Words: 9679 - Pages: 39

Gender

...1. Gender refers to the socially learned attitudes and behaviors associated with biological differences. Gender determines the expression of masculinity and femininity. People reinforce those gender expressions through social interaction. Social and culture shape gender roles and what is considered appropriate behavior for a “man” and “women”. For example, men are expected to be a leader and protector for family while women focus on home such as taking care of the house, cooking, raising children, being emotionally supportive of the husband. 2. Feminism is the belief in social, economic, and political equality for women. The first wave was the fight for women’s rights for legal and political equality. This effort of women led to the passage of women’s right to vote in 1920. The second wave focused on social and cultural inequalities. The book “Feminine Mystique” by Betty Freidan argues women were unhappy because of the feminine mystique. This was a damaging ideal of femininity and it restricted women to the role of housewife and mother, giving up on work and education. Feminists fought to provide opportunities and to ensure that women would have a choice in areas such as education, working, relationships or marriage, and control of their reproductive rights. The third wave reacted to the second wave. The third-wave feminists tended to be more global and multicultural, and its ideas beyond middle class, white women, addressing the different disadvantages women experience......

Words: 593 - Pages: 3

Gender

...discrimination against disabled persons. AIDS – The EEOC’s position is that the ADA prohibits discriminating against people with HIV/AIDS. 1. Mental Impairments and the ADA – Mental disabilities now account for the greatest number of claims brought under the ADA. “Mental impairment includes any mental or psychological disorder, such as emotional or mental illness.” 2. Qualified Individual – The ADA prohibits discrimination against those who, with or without a reasonable accommodation, can carry out the essential functions of the job. 3. Reasonable Accommodation – If the individual cannot perform the job as currently structured, the employer is required to make a “reasonable accommodation,” unless doing so would present an “undue hardship.” 4. Traditional Employer Defenses – ADA complaints are flooding the EEOC and the courts. However, 96% of federal court decisions in a recent year were for the employer. 5. The “New” ADA – In 2008 amendments were made to the ADA. These changes will make it easier for employees to show their disabilities are limiting. C. Uniformed Service Employment and Reemployment Rights Act D. Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 - The law prohibits discrimination by health insurers and employers based on people’s genetic information. Specifically, it prohibits the intentional acquisition of genetic information about applicants and employees, and imposes......

Words: 6926 - Pages: 28

Gender

...Linkages Between Gender, Development, and Growth: Implications for the Caribbean Region Stephanie Seguino Professor, Department of Economics Old Mill 340 University of Vermont Burlington, VT 05401 Tel. 1 802 656-0187 Fax 1 802 656-8405 Email sseguino@zoo.uvm.edu July 2008 Acknowledgements: I am grateful for helpful comments and insights from Rhoda Reddock, Christine Barrow, Caren Grown, three anonymous referees, and participants at the Building Capacity for Gender Analysis in Policy Making, Programme Development, and Implementation: Research Seminar and Workshop, University of West Indies, Barbados, November 2007. Micro-Macro Linkages Between Gender, Development, and Growth: Implications for the Caribbean Region Abstract Over the last two decades, scholars have investigated the two-way relationship between gender inequality on the one hand, and economic development and growth on the other. Research in this area offers new ways to address the economic stagnation and crisis developing countries have experienced over the last two decades. This paper contributes to that literature, exploring the channels by which gender inequality affects, and in important ways, constrains economic development and growth in the Caribbean region. It further explores the endogeneity of gender inequality to the macroeconomic policy environment. The paper concludes with a discussion of economic policies that can promote a win-win outcome—greater gender equality......

Words: 10874 - Pages: 44

1x01 Fuga en Dannemora | Januar 2011 | The Staircase - Season 1