Dopamine’s Effect on Adolescent Personality

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By jcope911
Words 1071
Pages 5
Dopamine’s Effect on Adolescent Personality

Dopamine’s Effect on Adolescent Personality Dopamine is defined as a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system, retina, and sympathetic ganglia, acting within the brain to help regulate movement and emotion. Researchers have become intrigued with this neurotransmitter especially its effect on the personality of adolescents. The effects of dopamine levels and the presence of certain dopamine receptors on the likelihood of adolescent alcohol consumption have developed quite a debate amongst researchers. Next, researchers have been studying the effect of dopamine on children’s personal incentive motivations, and the personality changes due to the neurotransmitter. Finally, the effect on dopamine on the personality of children diagnosed with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder has been thoroughly tested. According to van der Zwaluw, Larsen, and Engels (2012), children are no longer assumed to be only influence by peers when it comes to alcohol consumption. The dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) has been found to be associated with the susceptibility of alcohol consumption. This concept has been highly scrutinized and tested, because the researchers have seemingly found a genetic disposition for alcoholism. According to Lee and Humphreys (2014), not only does the presence of the DRD4 gene raise the likelihood of drinking, but it also allocates the adolescent a positive experience with alcohol. The positive experience is associated with enjoyment, lack of guilt, and probable continued use. According to Depue, Luciana, Arbisi, Collins, and Leon (1994), the genetic factors of personality are affected by a number of neurotransmitters, but dopamine is the most closely associated with addiction. Dopamine is associated with addiction because it is released when the brain associates an action as “good.” Alcohol, though…...

Similar Documents

The Negative Effects of Bullying in Adolescents & Teens

...The Negative Effects of Bullying in Adolescents & Teens Bullying has become a national problem that has been put in the spotlight in recent years. Each week on the news, we are constantly reminded of tragedies that have struck children, teens, and young adults. The most common result we hear about are suicides resulting from bullying that goes on in schools all over the country. The main stream media often portrays these tragedies as just homosexual students who are bullied, or outted by their peers. All too often bullying is misunderstood. Bullying is often thought of as a bigger person picking on a much smaller person. Bullying is much more than just that. Bullying can come in the form of verbal abuse, such as name calling, belittling or threatening. It can be physical, such as hitting, punching or any form of fighting and physical abuse. Social bullying has also taken form in recent years with the advent of texting and such social media forums as facebook, myspace, twitter, ect. Use of these methods to bully has become more instantaneous than some of the more traditional forms such as physical or verbal. Someone spreading a rumor or facebook can often reach their intended audience much quicker than the first few methods. Another form can be cyber bullying. This can be done through social mediums such as instant messenger and the sending of threating messages via that avenue. (Bullying Statistics) A common misconception about bullying is that it is......

Words: 950 - Pages: 4

The Psychological and Emotional Effects of Divorce in Adolescents

...The Psychological and Emotional Effects of Divorce in Adolescents Danielle Nicole Mickens Holmes Community College Abstract Lately there has been an increase in the divorce rates in the United States. While there may be ways to prevent it, it affects the lifestyles of adolescents’ and other people around them. Usually children and adolescents take divorce harder than the adults involved. This review shows how adolescents can be psychologically and emotionally affected by divorce. It also reviews how they may be able to cope during the process of divorce. The Psychological and Emotional Affects of Divorce in Adolescents “Till death do us part” are the vows people normally say when they get married. People often dream of a fairy tale wedding and they also believe that they have found what they may call their soul mates. Apparently as years go by, those vows and beliefs seems to decrease. Divorce is known as dissolving the legal union of marriage. And with that being said the divorce rate in the United States is the highest in the world. 50% of marriages end in divorce. However, children and adolescents that are involved in the divorce can be psychological and emotionally affected by it. Divorces can change a person’s lifestyle. (Wendel, 1997) One out of every two marriages that end in divorce includes children and adolescents. Research collected gives an understanding on how adolescents psychologically act, emotionally feel, and the resources they...

Words: 1393 - Pages: 6

Effects of Communication & Personality in Negotiations

...Communication and Personality in Negotiation The following discourse will offer an illustration of how communication and personality play a key role in negotiations. The discussion will center on one’s testimony surrounding their interview process to transition into a more desirable career opportunity with a targeted new employer. In this dialogue, the reader will be able to determine that communication and personality of the interviewee helped to position them to receive an initial offer, negotiate to make a, and accept a new win-win proposal. Inspiration of Goals About 10 years ago after employed for approximately two years with a leading financial institution in their retail credit card division, a customer service supervisor sought to establish a new career path. The first order of business after months of deliberation became his setting of some specific career objectives. The results produced four goals: higher compensation, job growth/opportunity for advancement, stability, and better working conditions. Prior to his current employer, he previously earned $15k more. Because of a corporate reorganization and his brief tenure compared to his peers who had on average 10-plus, he became first out because he was last in. His background work experience also incorporated his managing a mid-sized call center of 63 associates with five supervisors as direct reports. As a manager, his position offered favorable growth and exciting challenge because it involved the startup......

Words: 1296 - Pages: 6

The Effect of Sleep on the Psycholology and Development of Children and Adolescents.

...| | |The effect of sleep on the psychology and development of children and adolescents. | | | | | | | | | Contents INTRODUCTION 3 Why Is Sleep Relevant to Psychology? 4 What Is Sleep and Why Is It Important 4 Sleep Regulation 4 The Impact of Sleep on Daytime Functioning 5 Sleep deprivation impairs learning and memory. 5 Sleep deprivation impairs academic success and neurobehavioral functioning. 5 Sleep deprivation impairs emotional regulation. 5 Sleep deprivation impairs health. 5 Sleep deprivation impairs adolescents’ driving ability. 6 Sleep Behaviour Across Development 6 New-borns and Infants (0 to 12 months) 7 Developmental changes in sleep. 7 Behavioural and psychological factors......

Words: 7717 - Pages: 31

The Halal Brand Personality and Its Effect on Purchase Intention

...OF CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH IN BUSINESS JULY 2013 VOL 5, NO 3 The Halal brand personality and its effect on purchase intention Mahdi Borzooei and Maryam Asgari Business Management Faculty, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Malaysia Abstract Halal is not just a purely religious issue; it is also in the realm of business and trade. The purpose of this study is to propose a model to determine the Halal brand personality and then examine its effect on brand trust and purchase intention. In particular, religious commitment with intra-personal and inter-personal dimensions is presented as a moderator variable. A literature review was conducted to select an appropriate theoretical model based on the recognized variables. In addition, the paper provides insight into each variable of the proposed model. The practical implication of this study extends to the new window for marketers and businesses in different countries involved in the Halal business. Establishing a strong Halal brand assists corporations to achieve worldwide acknowledgement, credibility, and be a major player in this lucrative market. Shaping Halal in the lens of branding in the business environment enhances the image of Halal and also leads to more recognition among nonMuslims consumers. Finally, this is a pioneer study to propose implementing brand personality and brand trust on Halal. Keywords Halal, Brand personality, Brand trust, Purchase intention, Religious commitment 1. Introduction The word......

Words: 4497 - Pages: 18

The Effect of Adolescents’ Participation in Sports Towards Their Self-Esteem

...Title The effect of adolescents’ participation in sports towards their self-esteem INTRODUCTION Background As we all know, people who do more sport activities can improve the physical health and mental health. Over half of the respondents failed the standard of the ‘baseline indicator’ of physical activity level (Hong Kong Government, 2009). The standard of Baseline indicator is defined by National Association of Sport and Physical Education and US Center for Disease Control. For adolescents conducted at least three days per week and for at least 20 minutes a day of moderate physical activity (Hui, et al, 2009). However, only 60% of adolescents in Hong Kong doing the exercise at least 20 minutes of moderate physical in three days per week in 2008 (LCSD, 2011).It is worthwhile to compare with low participation sport, middle participation sport and high participation sport. Adolescents’ self-esteem is another key of the phenomenon which is needed to focus on. Hong Kong children regarded as lack of confidence. Chan (2000) explored nearly half of 360 children have lower self-esteem, 31% with medium level of self-esteem and 22% represented higher. Moreover, YMCA associated with the Guangzhou City, Guangzhou, Hong Kong and Macao Youth Research Institute (2001) claimed that 40% of secondary school students in Hong Kong ‘fail’ in self-confidence because Hong Kong society emphasis on academic achievement more than extracurricular activities. It is worthwhile to examine......

Words: 1140 - Pages: 5

Adolescents with Borderline Personalities

...Adolescents with Borderline Personalities that Self-Mutilate Terri Lynn McCarley, RN Ohio Christian University Nursing Research NR3300 Professor Snider Adolescents with Borderline Personalities that Self-Mutilate The purpose of this paper is to discuss adolescents who self-mutilate and how the diagnosis of borderline personality disorder has an effect on it. This author will describe traits of a borderline personality disorder, some of the suggested reasons for self-mutilation and the correlation between the two. This author will provide a synopsis of two literature reviews. Question The question is in adolescents, what is the effect on borderline personality disorders as evidence by self-mutilating compared with adolescents with no mental health disorders? Why This Population is Important? This specific population, adolescents, was chosen because of the impact it has on the future generation. It has a large impact on the children that are coming up in life behind the adolescents. Children are usually influenced by the generation before them and this influence impacts the next generation. Adolescents are known as the “what’s happening now” in society today. This specific population is challenging and full of new views of how they see the world. Is this a phase or an actual mental health disorder for adolescents? The importance of this paper is to look at adolescence receiving earlier treatment and diagnosis. Another important...

Words: 1361 - Pages: 6

The Effects of Gay Lingo on Memory Retrieval of Selected Adolescents

...The Effects of “Gay Lingo” on Memory Retrieval of Selected Adolescents Introduction: “Bekimon” is one of a manifestation of a culture, since “Bekimon” is a language used by locals. The younger generation adapts it thru their ate’s and kuya’s who speak “Bekimon” or say some “Bekimon” terms. The Gay Lingo is a language dedicated for the homosexual people to have their own language and to develop their culture to become one of the respected ones and it was not just made for fun. Gay Lingo is a spectrum of culture varying from different city, province, region or country thus, Gay Lingo made significant breakthrough to the LGBT community in the world, this is their form of conformity or acceptance to the society since not all who speak the “gay lingo” are part of the LGBT community. By studying the effects of using “Bekimon” we can see how it will affect the memory retrieval of the students. Some of the people misunderstood some words or even the people who uses the gay lingo, because some says it can ruin the culture and the main language of the Filipinos but actually it’s the other way around because some terms are now frequently used than before. The definition of “Bekimon” is: (Noun) (Expression) Defines gays or girly gays that speaks “Gay Lingo” or gay language in a different way or more enhanced way. (2014 Farlex, Inc.) Although most of the older people are not yet open to homosexuality, the younger generation are now much aware and much open to homosexuality......

Words: 835 - Pages: 4

Critically Assess the Effects of Corporate Separate Personality.

...Critically assess the effects of corporate separate personality. The fundamental concept of corporate separate personality recognises that a company, once incorporated, becomes a ‘body corporate’, i.e. a legal entity distinct from its members and officers. The various effects of corporate separate personality shall be dealt with in turn. 1) Distinct legal identity from its members One of the most significant effects of corporate separate personality is that the company assumes a separate identity from that of its members. Even if a company is owned outright by one shareholder, the company has a completely separate personality from that individual. This is confirmed by the leading case of Salomon v A. Salomon & Co Ltd in which the House of Lords held that the company’s acts were its own acts, not those of Mr Salomon personally. As a result, Mr Salomon was not personally liable for his company’s debts. It is worth noting, however, that the Court did recognise that there would be situations in which they would be prepared to move away from that principle and ‘lift the veil of incorporation’ and find individuals liable where they had acted dishonestly, fraudulently or unreasonably. 2) Limited liability Due to the fact that the company is a separate legal individual, it follows that its members will not generally be liable for its debts and obligations. This gives the shareholders a great level of security, since it means that they are able to profit from the successes of the...

Words: 1123 - Pages: 5

Personality

...Personality Paper Robbin Nehls PSY/211 September 25, 2014 Mark Ammer Four perspectives of personalities are the, psychoanalytic perspective, the humanistic perspective, the social cognitive perspective, and the trait perspective. The psychoanalytic perspective emphasizes the most importance of unconscious processes and the influence of early childhood experience. It is theory of personality that stresses the influence of unconscious mental processes, the importance of sexual and aggressive instincts, and the enduring effects of early childhood experience on personality. The term unconscious is used to describe thoughts, feelings, wishes, and drives that are operating below the level of conscious awareness. The humanistic perspective emphasizes free will, self-awareness, and psychological growth. A view of personality that emphasizes human potential and such a uniquely human charactistics as self-awareness and free will (Cain, 2002). Humanistic psychologists also differed from psychologists theorists by their focus on the healthy personality rather than on psychologically troubled people. The humanistic psychologists believe that people are motivated by the need to grow psychologically, they contended that he most important factor in personality is the individual’s conscious, subjective perception of his or her self ( Purkey and Stanley, 2002). Three areas of personality development can be the psychosexual stages, the social cognitive perspective, and the trait......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

Personality

...worldview. But really that is only if it is compared to those who value humanity and social justice less than I do. Aspects of my worldview include me being really open minded to those struggling with their mental health. Yet, on the other hand, in the book “Culture & Psychology,” by Matsumoto and Juang (2013) according to the Five-Factor Model it can be argued that my openness is actually a universal personality trait. It can be further argued that my worldview is actually not unique either because it has been formed by the culture I am in. The culture I am in is tightly intertwined with mental health leaders teaching and training me evidence based practices. So as radical as the practices may seem to those with a more conservative view point, the modalities have been researched, evaluated and put into practice before I was even born. Therefore, a perfectly good argument could be made that my worldview is not actually unique, as it was influenced by my environment and cultural norms. For me, it is more tempting to believe that because there are universal dimensions of personality, people in general are not really unique. However, there is a lot of research that would suggest otherwise. Therefore, it is essential to further consider what could make me unique.   Although I have what are considered by many others as radical views, and work in a Safe Haven which is a unique model because those with more conservative views close their eyes to the effectiveness of harm......

Words: 1842 - Pages: 8

Social Media and the Effects on Health in Adolescents Ages 10-18

...(Zimbardo, 2015) and Tuskegee study (Tuskegee University, 2015) showed the unethical research on human subjects. The studies were never reviewed by the Institutional Review Board (IRB, 2014) because it was not around at that time. Today, the consideration of ethics needs to be a critical part of the substructure of the research process. In my study an informed consent would be covered with the range of procedures that must be implemented throughout the research. I have been tossed on two studies; I am doing this assignment with one of them. The ages involved in the study of the effects on health with social media, are ages 10 to 18, therefor, need parental or legal guardian consent. I don’t expect to anticipate any harm done to the participants since the participants will go about their normal routine day and would be studied by monitoring how often they use any form of social media and the effects of any metal or physical health concerns related to it. All the information you provide will be strictly confidential, and the participants name will not appear on the questionnaire. Instead, their questionnaire will contain an identification number only known to the researchers involved in the study. To satisfy the requirements of the IRB, I would have to assure that the following requirements’ are met: 1. Risk to subjects are minimized 2. Risk to subjects is reasonable in relation to anticipated benefits. 3. Selection of subjects is equitable, i.e. fair 4. Informed......

Words: 518 - Pages: 3

Personality and Motivation Effect on Sports Performance

...Personality This is your characteristics and qualities that create your individual, unique personality. “The sum total of an individual’s characteristics which make him/her unique” – Hollander 1971 Trait Theory This is believed to be your personality is inherited and is in your parental genes, you are born with a set of characteristics. Your personality is similar to your parents/siblings’ personalities for this reason. Behaviour is natural, steady and permanent and will not change due to environmental factors. An example of this would be the Williams sisters in tennis, who are both world-class tennis players. Trait theorists would say that these genes were inherited as they were successful from a young age; meaning they were born with their personality, which caused them to be successful. However, trait views are too general and simplistic and that personality alone cannot predict success in a sporting environment and has no consideration of environmental effect. It can also predict behaviour in a limited manner but traits cannot predict how an individual will behave in a particular situation. Eysenck Personality Types There are 4 types of personality that Eysenck explained; Stable, Neurotic, Introvert and Extrovert. Stable This is a predictable, steady-going personality type, which are generally mood predictable and they are relatively calm; an example of this would be Djokovic, the tennis player. He is calm and collected whilst playing tennis and is relatively......

Words: 3938 - Pages: 16

Adolescents

...Many people wish that they could be an adolescence forever. Adolescence is a time where we go through puberty and evolve and mature mentally and physically. During this time we have physical development including the adolescent growth spurt and also sexual development. Everyone has a little bit different maturation and I believe that because of this, this would be the reason why people would want to be a adolescent forever. For most adolescents and teenagers being an adolescent is a time to rebel and to have fun. The main reason for this would be that many adolescences have not reached their peak of maturity. Even though they yearn to be known as adults by adults and their parents, they actually fear the responsibilities of growing up such as working and supporting a spouse and kids. They feel that they want to be more independent but fear being totally independent, it's actually almost an oxymoron. Even though as earlier stated I don't want to be an adolescent forever now, I did at one point feel that way. When I was younger at about the age thirteen I was nearly done my physical and sexual development but I was far behind in my social development. I've always had a good strong relationship with my parents but I had never had a strong romantic relationship until the current one which started last year. I also as many still do I was still somewhat afraid of the idea of having to support myself working a job to make all the money to support even myself, although I now......

Words: 381 - Pages: 2

Violence in American Culture and How It Effects Adolescents

...Culture and How it Effects Adolescents Parents are starting to believe that violence in video games, television, and music are having effects on their children. With all the violence that is out there in the media today, should parents be worried that it may be having a harmful effect on their children? This is the question that parents are asking themselves today. Some people today are noticing that their children are acting more aggressively today. Teachers are also reporting that children at school are also acting out with a bit more aggression than normal. Could this be one of the effects that violence could be having on children today? Today parents will finally learn about some of the harmful effects that may or may not be affecting their children. There are two sides almost every story, and we will explore both sides to the question, “is the violence in the media having a harmful effect on my child?” It has been said that violent video games have a harmful effect on children, according to David Bickham (2009) of the Center on Media and Child Health, “there is a strong and consistent relationship between viewing violent media and increased levels of anxiety, desensitization, and aggressive thoughts and behaviors among young people.” Bickham (2009) also found that children exposed to violent video games in laboratories behave more aggressively than children who played non –violent video games. There have also been studies done that show the long term effects of......

Words: 1417 - Pages: 6

Faith: Dreamside #3C - Preorder Edition (Wk48) | Economic Disparity - 514 Words | The Deuce