Dred Scott Case Closing Arguements

In: English and Literature

Submitted By jacksht38
Words 1304
Pages 6
The Closing Argument for the Petitioner Dred Scott
I shall summarize my legal case history such that all can remember the details and gain a better understanding of my case. My name is Dred Scott, I was born a slave in Virginia around 1800. I was bought by Peter Blow and worked on the family farm until 1819. The Blow family moved to St. Louis, Missouri and opened up a boarding house called the Jefferson Hotel. Peter Blow rented out my services to the river boats on the Mississippi River. In 1832, I was subsequently sold to an army surgeon, Dr. John Emerson for five hundred dollars. Shortly thereafter, Dr. Emerson went to live at Fort Armstrong in Illinois. Illinois was a free state and did not allow slavery. Three years later, Dr. Emerson was transferred to Fort Snelling on the Mississippi River in the Wisconsin Territory, again another slave free territory. During this time, Dr. Emerson purchased a female slave named Harriet Robinson. We fell in love, considered ourselves married and eventually had four children. Following a short period at Fort Jessup in Louisiana, Dr. Emerson returned to St. Louis with his wife Irene and my family. In December 1843, Dr. Emerson died and bequeathed my family and me to his wife.
After the death of Dr. Emerson, I tried to purchase my families freedom from the widow Mrs. Emerson. When she refused to sell our freedom, I filed a lawsuit for our family’s freedom. On April 6, 1846, the lawsuit was filed where I claimed that I should be given my freedom because I had spent long periods of time with Dr. Emerson in areas of the country where slavery was banned. There is legal precedence established in several case laws, (Somerset v. Stewart, Winny v. Whiteside and Rachael v. Walker). In these cases, since the slaves spent time in free states, they were emancipated by the courts. My first lawsuit was dismissed on a technicality because the…...

Similar Documents

Chapter 13 Closing Case

...Business 650: Managerial Finance Week 5 Assignment: Chapter 13 Closing Case February 25, 2013 1. What implications do you draw from the graph for mutual fund investors? The investor should consider the AMEF have only beaten the Vanguard 500 Index Fund twice in the last twenty years (1986, 1987). The graph is also indicating an up and down trend, perhaps reflecting the state of the economy during that time. It is a possibility that AMEF will continue its upward rise in the next five to ten years. “Despite the relative simplicity, mutual-fund investors are still making costly mistakes that are eating into their returns” (Dagher). Making a significant investment based only on the cyclical nature indicated by the graph might not be the best financial idea for the investor. There are other factors to consider besides the information that the graph is providing. In comparison, fees are very low for the Vanguard 500 and it has been in existence much longer, making it practical to study its track record (Ross). However, it would be wise to analyze what those low fees are exactly. Looking at them over the course of one year they might not seem significant but how much do they accumulate during a ten year return? 2. Is the graph consistent or inconsistent with market efficiency? Explain carefully No. The objective of investing in the stock market is to have the best available return on investment. Many investors claim that they can outperform the...

Words: 520 - Pages: 3

Closing Case 13

...Closing Case: Chapter 13 Bonnie Jordan Managerial Finance Instructor: Kristi Rayford March 11, 2013 The Closing Case in Chapter 13 focuses on options for a 401K for an employee of the East Coast Yacht Company. Several decisions must be made regarding investments, which will be highlighted in this discussion. Equity investments can go into the S & P 500 or an index related option. The former has lower fees, and the latter higher ones. Other elements to be discussed include the aforementioned investment options, graph implications regarding mutual fund investors, market efficiency, and an equity investment decision to be made by the East Coast Yacht employee. The East Coast Yacht company’s finance representative, Dan Ervin, made several comments based on the percentage graph for 10-year return for the Vanguard 500 Index Fund (Ross, et all 2011). Based on this data compiled over two decades, there is a cycle in effect. The numbers (equity mutual funds outperformed the Vanguard 500) swing from almost 70% down to mostly just about 20% and then swing back up to almost 50% (Ross, et all 2011). Perhaps investing in the S & P 500 index would be timely as the trend is leaning towards other fund investments. The three forms of market efficiency per Andrei Shleifer as Ross, et all (2011) posits, “(are) rationality, independent deviations from rationality, and arbitrage, (p. 399 – 400).” Also, an efficient capital market is one as Ross et all (2011)......

Words: 960 - Pages: 4

Zara Case- Closing Statement

...ZARA CLOSING STATEMENT What is Strategy? Michael Porter states that companies must be flexible to rapidly to competitive and market changes. They must benchmark continuously to achieve best practices. A company can outperform rivals if they can establish differences they can preserve. It must deliver greater valuable to customers to create comparable value at lower costs, or do both. Competitive strategy is about being different it means deliberately choosing a different set of activities to deliver a unique mix of value. Furthermore, Porter believes that the desire to grow has the most perverse effect on strategy. Tradeoffs and limits appear to constraint growth. Serving one group of customers and excluding others, for instance places a real limit on revenue growth. Differentiators lose sale to price sensitive customers. Managers are constantly tempted to take incremental steps that surpass those limits but blur a company's strategic position. eventually pressure to grow, or apparent saturation of the target market lead to managers to broaden the position by imitating competitors and making acquisitions. Compromises and inconsistencies in the pursuit of growth will erode the competitive a company had with its original varieties or target customers. Too often, efforts to grow blur uniqueness, create compromises, reduce fit, and ultimately undermine competitive advantage. The growth imperative is hazardous to strategy. For example, based on its successful experience in...

Words: 495 - Pages: 2

Dred Scott vs Sanford

...Dred Scott vs. Sanford: The Dred Scott vs. Sanford case is one of the most important cases that have ever been tried in the United States of America and was heard in the Old Courthouse of St. Louis. This case that is usually known as the Dred Scott Decision was a ruling by the Supreme Court of America that African people imported into the country and detained as slaves were not protected by the U.S Constitution and could never be American citizens. Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom from his master in a Missouri court in the year 1846. As part of his arguments, Dred Scott claimed that he resided in Illinois which was a free state and part of the Louisiana Territory. Therefore, he claimed that he was a free man because of his residence in a free territory in which slavery was prohibited by the 1820 Missouri Compromise (“Dred Scott v. Sanford” par, 1). However, Dred Scott’s suit for freedom in the local federal court in Missouri was unsuccessful. Eleven years later after his initial suit in the Missouri court, Scott brought a new suit in the United States’ Supreme Court. This was after the federal court ordered the jury to depend on Missouri law for the conclusion of the case regarding Scott’s freedom. Additionally, Scott decided to appeal to the United States’ Supreme Court following the decision of the Missouri Supreme Court to consider him as a slave. In his defense, Scott’s master maintained that the American Constitution did not allow people of......

Words: 2148 - Pages: 9

Dred Scott

...The Dred Scott Decision (1857) Jordan Stuart History 121- Early America to the Civil War Professor Hamilton November 11, 2013 Dred Scott, who was born into slavery in Virginia, moved with his owner to St. Louis, Missouri. After Scott’s original owner had died the ownership was sold to John Emerson. Throughout many years Dred Scott moved with John Emerson to many free states. Once Emerson died, the ownership of Dred Scott was passed to Irene Sanford Emerson, John Emerson’s wife. At this point Scott attempted to buy his freedom but Irene refused, thus creating an uprising of controversial court cases. Dred Scott claimed he had become free while living in free states and that once free he could not be reenslaved. Dred Scott fought for his freedom in court until his case made it to the Supreme Court. The Dred Scott decision of 1857 ruled that African-Americans, free or enslaved, could never be citizens of the United States and held no rights under the Constitution. This decision proved to have a dramatic effect on American politics. The ruling of Chief Justice Taney was the most important decision ever issued on slavery. The Dred Scott decision was controversial, raising many questions regarding African Americans as citizens, whether or not the congress had the right to prohibit slavery in any territory, and the equality of all men under the Declaration of Independence. The question brought up in court was whether a negro whose ancestors were imported into the......

Words: 646 - Pages: 3

Closing Case: Starbucks

...chapter 4 Closing Case: Starbucks In 2006, Starbucks’, the ubiquitous coffee retailer, closed a decade of astounding financial performance. Sales had increased from $697 million to $7.8 billion and net profits from $36 million to $540 million. In 2006, Starbucks’ was earning a return on invested capital of 25.5%, which was impressive by any measure, and the company was forecasted to continue growing earnings and maintain high profits through to the end of the decade. How did this come about? Thirty years ago Starbucks was a single store in Seattle’s Pike Place Market selling premium roasted coffee. Today it is a global roaster and retailer of coffee with more than 12,000 retail stores, some 3,000 of which are to be found in 40 countries outside the United States. Starbucks Corporation set out on its current course in the 1980s when the company’s director of marketing, Howard Schultz, came back from a trip to Italy enchanted with the Italian coffeehouse experience. Schultz, who later became CEO, persuaded the company’s owners to experiment with the coffeehouse format—and the Starbucks experience was born. Schultz’s basic insight was that people lacked a “third place” between home and work where they could have their own personal time out, meet with friends, relax, and have a sense of gathering. The business model that evolved out of this was to sell the company’s own premium roasted coffee, along with freshly brewed espresso-style coffee beverages, a variety of...

Words: 920 - Pages: 4

Complete Closing Case Study

...Tech 4420 Complete Closing Case Study Two Complete Closing Case Study Two on page 219 and answer all questions 1. Denver Health did create security measures to ensure that only the proper people can access the information. Doctor’s and nurses when they first arrive to work they sign on by inserting a smart card which contains that doctors or nurses credentials, once the smart card is inserted the end user still also has to supply their login and password. The help ensures that if a card is lost or stolen a random person or a different doctor or nurse is not able to use and look at other patient information. 2. Columbia College could put in place something similar to what Denver Health did. In this type of solution it could be a one stop shop for both students and faculty for anything that is Columbia College related. Both students and faculty could use it for quick access to student records. As a student I could then see if what classes are open, if any are available to audit, etc. all from the thin client. It would also allow for the faculty to have greater manageability. 3. The public cloud could be an option for Denver Health’s business continuity planning. The public cloud could be used as a tool or backup solution for Denver Health’s private cloud. Denver Health could work with a company such as Aamazon Web Service or AWS to create a backup cloud. In the case that all of Denver Health’s...

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Lincoln's Response to Dred Scott

...Douglas believed that the Declaration of Independence did not refer to the black race when they said that “all men are created equal”. He states that “they referred to the white race alone, and not to the African”. His interpretation of it was that it was directed to only those who were born in Great Britain, as well as resided there. Lincoln’s interpretation of the Declaration, however, was that it would offer more than just the freedom to British man. He even states that “I had thought the Declaration contemplated the progressive improvement in the condition of all men everywhere”, however it does not and Lincoln felt that the Declaration was of no use now if it referred to only those who were British. In his response to the Dred Scott decision, Lincoln mentions that all men are to be created equal and are entitled to the natural rights. Although he believed that the decision was unfair, he did still support colonization of free blacks because he believed that he could at least stop slavery from spreading into the free states. His initial aim was to preserve the union, without ending slavery where he seems to contradict his own beliefs. However, the purpose was that he felt that those who were free, deserved all the rights of a white man, however, those still in slavery, had to live under the conditions they were born to because they were still considered chattel. Based on this document, it definitely seems as if Abraham Lincoln could be considered an......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

Scott Peterson's Case

...The case of Scott Peterson who is convicted of murdering his wife, Laci Peterson and their 8 mouths old unborn son is one of the most controversial case during the last few years. In other people’s sights, this is a perfect marriage. While Peterson’s affair with Amber Frey could leads to his strong desire of being single again, which could be considered as his motive of murdering his wife. Even though Scott Peterson insists his innocence and the lack of direct evidence make it hard to connect him as the murder, the circumstances surrounding Laci Peterson’s death and the disposal of her body can be linked to only her husband. The evidences that point to Scott Peterson’s guilt will be presented as following. The first direct evidence is a piece of Laci Peterson’s hair that consistent with her DNA was found in a pliers in Scott Peterson’s boat. This direct evidence that leads to the fact that Scott is involved and might be partly responsible for his wife’s death. Meanwhile, there do have two witnesses proved that Scott was seen fishing at the place which is 19 miles way from his house at the night of Christmas Eve. Few months later, Laci Peterson’s death was discovered at the same spot. The police also found the cement residue in Scott Peterson’s boat which could be used to weigh Laci’s body down in water for months. Additionally, the police found out that Scott was looking at the tidal chart online just a day before Laci’s disappearance. Blood stain were also discovered in......

Words: 941 - Pages: 4

Closing Case

...Objectives * Key Terms * Key Points for Future Managers The Coaching Carousel It’s called the coaching carousel. Every year when football season ends, coaches get fired and new coaches get hired. And because every team needs a head coach, there is precisely one job at each team and that job has to be filled—quickly. Consider the National Football League. Every team wants to make the playoffs, so that becomes the critical measure of success. The day after the regular season ends is known as Black Monday, and most firings take place that day or a few days after. Of course, not all teams failing to make the playoffs fire their coach. Sometimes a team has a long history of success, and one bad year is considered an aberration. In other cases, a team is in the midst of rebuilding, so expectations are low to begin with. At the end of the 2013 season, seven head coaches were fired. So where are new head coaches found? Some come from a pool of former head coaches who were previously fired but are still considered viable prospects. For example, in early 2014, the Detroit Lions hired Jim Caldwell as their coach. Caldwell had been fired by the Indianapolis Colts after the 2011 season but subsequently had been performing well as an assistant coach. Other teams look to the college ranks. The Houston Texans hired Bill O’Brien, who’d had several years of experience as an NFL assistant and then spent two years as head coach at Penn State University. Still other teams look......

Words: 20032 - Pages: 81

Apple Closing Case One

...Closing Case One - Apple—Merging Technology, Business, and Entertainment This might sound hard to believe, but a bit more than a decade ago, Apple was on the brink of bankruptcy. Apple Computer Inc., now back from near oblivion, is blazing a trail through the digital world with innovation and creativity that has been missing from the company for the past 20 years. The unique feature of Apple’s competitive advantages is that they come from customers and users, not Apple employees. That’s right; the company welcomes products created by consumers to sell to consumers, a trend new to business. Capitalizing on the iPod With millions of iPods in the hands of consumers, many people are finding ways to capitalize on the product. John Lin created a prototype of a remote control for the iPod and took his prototype to Macworld, where he found success. A few months later, Lin’s company had Apple’s blessing and a commitment for shelf space in its retail stores. “This is how Apple supports the iPod economy,” Lin said. In the iPod-dominated market, hundreds of companies have been inspired to develop more than 500 accessories—everything from rechargers for the car to $1,500 Fendi bags. Eric Tong, vice presi- dent at Belkin, a cable and peripheral manufacturer, believes that 75 percent of all iPod owners pur- chase at least one accessory—selling over 30 million accessories to date. With most of the products priced between $10 and $200, that puts the iPod...

Words: 1125 - Pages: 5

Dred Scott

...Dred Scott Dred Scott was the name of an African-American slave. He was taken by his master, an officer in the U.S. Army, from the slave state of Missouri to the free state of Illinois and then to the free territory of Wisconsin. He lived on free soil for a long period of time. When the Army ordered his master to go back to Missouri, he took Scott with him back to that slave state, where his master died. In 1846, Scott was helped by Abolitionist lawyers to sue for his freedom in court, claiming he should be free since he had lived on free soil for a long time. The case went all the way to the United States Supreme Court. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Roger B. Taney, was a former slave owner from Maryland. In March of 1857, Scott lost the decision as seven out of nine Justices on the Supreme Court declared no slave or descendant of a slave could be a U.S. citizen, or ever had been a U.S. citizen. As a non-citizen, the court stated, Scott had no rights and could not sue in a Federal Court and must remain a slave. At that time there were nearly 4 million slaves in America. The court's ruling affected every enslaved and free African-American in the United States. The Supreme Court also ruled that Congress could not stop slavery in the newly emerging territories and declared the Missouri Compromise of 1820 to be unconstitutional. The Missouri Compromise prohibited slavery north of the parallel 36°30´ in the Louisiana Purchase. The Court declared it violated the......

Words: 393 - Pages: 2

O.M Scott & Sons Case

...A Case Study on O.M Scott & Sons Co. Table of Contents Objective……………………………………………………….…………1 Company Background……………………………………………………1 Ratio Analysis…………………………………………………………….1 Pro Forma Analysis……………………………………………………….3 Sensitivity Analysis……………………………………………………….3 Recommendations for Management………………………………………4 Summary of Case Study…………………………………………………..4 Appendix………………………………………………………………….5 Objective This paper will seek to analyze the financial statements of the O.M Scott & Sons Company during the years 1957-1961, in order to provide readers with a thorough understanding of the various factors that may influence the future success of this business. Additionally, recommendations based on an analysis of their financial statements will be offered for the management of O.M Scott & Sons to implement in the following years. Company Background Headquartered in Ohio, the O.M Scott & Sons Company has operated in the lawn care industry since 1868 and has grown into a successful business with a positive outlook. In fact, management within the company set an ambitious goal of increasing annual growth rate in sales and profits to 25% in the year 1959. According to management, one of the main factors limiting O.M Scott & Sons companies’ growth was the inability for their dealers to carry a sufficient amount of stock for customers. However, company officials feel that their use of a trust receipt program and other decisions will benefit the company’s current......

Words: 1551 - Pages: 7

Dred Scott V. Sandford

...Date Dred Scott v. Sandford The United States Supreme Court in March 1857 ruled that free blacks and black slaves were never citizens and would never gain citizenship in the United States. Additionally, the Supreme Court led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney made a declaration that 1820 Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional thereby legalizing slavery countrywide. The Plaintiff Dred Scott had appealed to the Supreme Court to gain his freedom after living in the Free States of Illinois and Wisconsin before moving to the slave state of Missouri (Van and Maltz, p.144). The Judge Taney, who staunchly supported slavery, wrote that because Scott was black which nullified his citizenship had no right to sue in the federal courts. This ruling was in agreement with the Court's majority opinion. In his writing, he emphasized how the Negro belonged to the white man as of property, and the white man could reduce him to slavery as he wished (O'Connor, and Yanus, p.120). He further wrote that the black man had no protection from the Declaration of Independence that justifies all men to be equal because the intent of the Declaration of Independence was not to include the enslaved African race. Scott had sued in a state court in 1846 for his freedom because he had sojourned in a free state for a surmountable amount of time. In 1840, the state court made a declaration that Scott was free. Mr. Sanford appealed this decision to the Missouri Supreme Court (Cromwell, p.165). The case reached...

Words: 422 - Pages: 2

Closing Case-Ikea

...MGNT 3650 June 12, 2011 Chapter 1 Closing Case-IKEA How has the globalization of markets benefited IKEA? Globalization of markets has benefited IKEA by making it easy to expand into different countries. Now that the whole world has excess to the internet, everyone is basically wearing and listening to the same things. This is very beneficial to IKEA because there isn’t a lot the company has to do with the style they originally started in Sweden. With the globalization of markets it makes it easier for customers to buy products from IKEA online or at the warehouse with their country “social” demographics and culture in mind. “The worldwide success of a growing list of products that have become household names is evidence that consumers the worlds over, despite deep-rooted cultural differences, are becoming more and more alike - or, as the author puts it, "homogenized." In consequence, he contends, the traditional MNC's strategy of tailoring its products to the needs of multiple markets may put it at a severe disadvantage vis-a-vis competitors who apply marketing imagination to the task of developing advanced, functional, reliable standardized products, at the right price, on a global scale.” How has the globalization of production benefited IKEA? This has saved IKEA time and money. IKEA has producers to supply each of its big markets; it helps by knowing the styles of each market. For example the producer......

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

How I Met Your Mother – HD – DUB/LEG Online | Eyeshield 21 Subtitle Indonesia | The 24 Most Painfully Awkward Things That Happened To People In 2018 This is painful.