E-Passports and Rfid

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By acad21
Words 1911
Pages 8
I. E-Passport Proposal Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the Bush Administration launched the Machine Readable Passport (MRP) program to increase border security. In 2005, the US government issued its first E-passports (see Fig 1) to select government officials and went public with issuance in late 2006, albeit amid numerous privacy concerns. The new passports contain traditional passport information (such as name, date of birth, gender, place of birth, date of issuance and expiration, and passport number) as well as personal biometric information for facial and fingerprint recognition purposes on a 64 kilobyte chip. Figure 2 shows the configuration of data in the E-passport (Yong & Bertino, 2007). The US Department of State and Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative determined electronic passports were necessary in order to facilitate faster immigration inspections and increase border protection and security. E-passports are scanned prior to inspections, providing border patrol agents additional assurances regarding authenticity, originality, and validity of the relationship between the holder and travel documentation. They also permit officials to scan passport information against watch lists and national no-travel databases to more accurately define prospective terrorists and other threats to the nation (US DOS, 2009).
II. Contactless Technology: Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) International standards for passports have been set by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) for the past 50 years. The ICAO accepted the RFID technology as a leading global standard due to its “global interoperability, reliability, durability, and practicality” (King, Meingast, & Mulligan, 2007). While some countries use other smart-card technology for their versions of E-passports, the 27 countries in the US Visa Waiver Program are required to use the RFID…...

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