Early Modern Europe – Major Forces for Change

In: Historical Events

Submitted By ExWizzard
Words 915
Pages 4
Early Modern Europe – Major Forces for Change

There are a lot of events that shaped the history of early Europe. Our ancestors had a lot on their plate when they discovered new lands and fought new diseases. One of the early forces that had a major impact were the crusades. The Crusades were a bunch of religious wars that were called on by the Pope and the Catholic Church in order to defend Christianity against the Muslims and get closer to the holy cities and other places in ancient Palestine. So what exactly does “crusade” mean? The word comes from an old French word “crois”, which means cross (if you haven’t guessed it). The crusaders (men who take vows to fight for Christianity) were not usually under a single banner, they all attached a cross to their clothes, but joining a crusade was usually voluntarily (depending where you were from). The Lords would get a notice that the Pope has called a crusade, and if they didn’t have any local problems of their own, they would go and fight the Byzantines. But the King of a country was still the same old mean guy, and if a lord or a noble died while fighting in the crusades, his land was possessed by the king, and other nobles were so righteous that they sold off their lands in order to buy weapons and armor to fight in the crusades. Not everything was so grim, the crusaders were facing a superior force and they had to adapt, they learned for example how to use a compass or how to build better ships. And while warring with other country’s they picked up some loot along the way, like silk, spices, sugar and brought the spoils back home, which enticed the Europeans to trade to gain more of these luxury good. In total there were 9 crusades, with varying degrees of success.
With increased trade, towns begin to develop across Europe as centers where people can come and share ideas and experience. They were mostly…...

Similar Documents

Major Changes to Regulations

...SUMMARY OF MAJOR CHANGES TO | |DFAS-IN REGULATION 37-1, CHAPTER 8 | |“OBLIGATION MANAGEMENT” | | | |All changes are denoted by blue font | | | |Substantive revisions are denoted by a ( preceding the section, | |paragraph, table or figure that includes the revision | | | |Hyperlinks are denoted by underlined, bold, italic, blue font | |PARA |EXPLANATION OF......

Words: 10809 - Pages: 44

A Major Change

...A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997). An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the 'divorce phenomenon' and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socio-economic framework. One type of explanation for rising divorce has focused on changes in laws relating to marriage. For example, Bilton, Bonnett and Jones (1987) argue that increased rates of divorce do not necessarily indicate that families are now more unstable. It is possible, they claim, that there has always been a degree of marital instability. They suggest that changes in the law have been significant, because they have provided unhappily married couples with 'access to a......

Words: 1029 - Pages: 5

Literature and the Individual in Early Modern Masterpieces

...Literature and the Individual in Early Modern Masterpieces John Milton was a unique individual with the artistic ability to write various forms of literature in several different languages that catered to a wide scope of genres. Milton had a profound impact on the English language because of his contributions to the English dialect (Crace, 2008). Milton was a devout protestant that was not afraid to show his dedication to his beliefs regarding religion and his civil rights, even if it meant casting a different outlook on religion entirely. Within today’s society it can be concluded that Milton revolutionized the English language this will benefit the American Culture in the past, present, and future times. Milton’s response to earlier writer’s regarding his religious and political beliefs were quite exquisite. Milton was highly educated in all subjects including, theology, philosophy, and mathematics. Therefore, he was active in the country of Europe where he had the opportunity to meet great Renaissance writers like Galileo (Longman, p. 1796). Milton took it upon himself to sacrifice his poetic writings to set that aside and work full-time toward the Puritan Reformation, in which he focused on religious and political pieces that focused on Puritanism. He adopted strong beliefs as an individual who encourage other people to adopt the same outlooks on religion and politics. Therefore, the classical authority that of Milton’s defining markers can be clearly defined through......

Words: 1069 - Pages: 5

The Night Battles and Peasants of Early Modern Europe

...The Night Battles Composing of most of the European population in the 1500’s and 1600’s, peasants played an important role in the development of Europe. In his book The Night Battles, Carlo Ginzburg gives a unique perspective on the lives of Friulian peasants through the analysis of inquisitorial records. During the inquisitions, peasants were categorized as witches or benandanti, which literally means well-farer. “The benandanti were a small group of men and women, who because they were born with a caul, were regarded as professional antiwitches. They told inquisitors that, in dreams, they fought ritual battles against witches and wizards to protect their villages and harvests from harm.” (Ginzburg. Back Cover) Although the lives of the benandanti were more exciting and dangerous, similarities do exist between ordinary peasants of early modern Europe and the Friulian benandanti. From the way they lived their lives and were uneducated, to the way they stuck together and were easily manipulated, the Friulian peasant and the ordinary early modern peasant share several characteristics. One of the major similarities between the benandanti peasants described by Carlo Ginzburg in The Night Battles, and the ordinary peasant from the early modern period is the importance of agriculture and farmland. Of the many characteristics that define a benandanti, perhaps the most reoccurring is that they are all defenders of their crops and farmland. The Friulian peasants revolved their lives...

Words: 893 - Pages: 4

Forces of Change & Accompanying Values

... The Forces for Change is a framework to help you understand today’s radically changing world and synthesize the breadth of complex, fast changing, interdependent factors  Are all changes bad? Change can be uncomfortable and awkward but it can also be positive. FORCES OF CHANGE AND THEIR ACCOMPANYING VALUES FORCES OF CHANGE & ACCOMPANYING VALUES Turbulence Intellectual capital, Intellectual propert, ,information sharing Networking, innovation, R&D INFORMATION AGE K-Economy GLOBALIZATION DEVELOPMENT Autonomy, Pride, Dignity Independence, Indigenization “CultureBound” Customer Focus; Speed, Responsiveness; Continuous Learning; Accurate & Up-To-Date Information Quality; Value Added; Cost Effectiveness; Humanization; Ecological Specialisation; Objectivity; Materialism; SystemsOrientation MODERNIZATION WESTERNIZATION Individualism; Secularism; Freedom Of Expression; Consumerism INDUSTRIALIZATION Mechanization; Rational Thinking; Bureaucracy; Efficiency; Productivity; Mobility; Discipline; Mechanical Time Orientation; Reliability Stable 1800 AGRICULTURAL Revolution Time line Simple division of labor, labor intensive, Collectivism, sharing 2000 FORCES OF CHANGE & ACCOMPANYING VALUES Turbulence Intellectual capital, Intellectual propert, ,information sharing Networking, innovation, R&D INFORMATION AGE K-Economy GLOBALIZATION DEVELOPMENT Autonomy, Pride, Dignity Independence, Indigenization “CultureBound” Customer Focus;......

Words: 23543 - Pages: 95

Early - Modern English Essay

...Althorp, Linthorpe, ‘-thwaite’ means ‘isolated area’ – Braithwaite, Langthwaite, ‘-toft’ means ‘piece of ground’ – Lowestoft, Nortoft, ‘-son’ means ‘surnames’ – Davidson, Henderson. The period considered Middle English is between 1150 and 1500. Due to the Norman invasion in 1066, there was a large French-speaking influence in England. The court, church and major landowners were mainly French speaking, while majority of the inhabitants still spoke English. Even though there was conflict both Norman French and English speakers managed to co-exist, and even learn from one another. The inevitable difference in communication found English progressively evolving and expanding with the language of the invaders. During the twelfth century, the upper class populace commonly used English as their first language, and in 1362, English was use for the first time at the state opening of Parliament. As the years progressed, the period saw many Old English word endings (inflections) being lost and replaced by prepositions e.g. by, with, from. By 1425, English was commonly used in universities, schools and general speech and writing. One of the major alterations in the English language began in this period; the Great Vowel Shift resulted in many people starting to pronounce their ‘vowels’ in a much different way. It took a couple of hundred years before the sounds started to resemble that of today’s vowels, but none the less, the Middle English time period was where it began. In 1458......

Words: 924 - Pages: 4

Forces for Change

...Forces for Change Author Note This paper was prepared for Management 689, Managing Change and Organizational Learning taught by Professor Doyle. Forces for Change Discussion of the readings It is evident that change within a business or organization is integral to its solvency and profitability. Even more important is to execute the process of change in a deliberate, methodical and precise manner. If a company brings about change too quickly and erratically, it can burn out quickly like a supernova leaving loss of focus in its wake. Conversely, if change is done slowly or not at all, it can miss a crucial window of opportunity that can never be recaptured causing the company to lose market share or file bankruptcy. Visual media has changed tremendously over the years due to the dynamic technology improving digital media. Consumers rented movie videos from their local video stores and cable television was emerging. Ever changing technology changed formats from the Video Home System (VHS) to compact discs (CDs) and digital video discs (DVDs). The latter format had improved picture quality and longer viewing capacity. Visiting a video store was an enjoyable jaunt for many families, who wanted to enjoy movies in the convenience of their own home when the weekends rolled around. With this in mind, I was saddened to hear the demise of Blockbuster Video, which first opened in 1985 and recently announced this year that it was closing all its brick and......

Words: 692 - Pages: 3

Evolution of Modern Europe

...Evolution of Modern State in Europe Introduction A break was marked in 1989 in the history of Europe. That year stands for the revolutions, breaking up of empires along with the re-ordering of the influence spheres. However, these changes happened in the established framework of the balance between the sovereign independent state and the power. However, 1989 has been unique, along with brining dramatic changes such as the re-ordering of alliances and the revolutions; it resulted in the change in the State system of Europe (Cooper, n.d.). Historically, the proper point of comparison is the year 1648 when after thirty years of war a system of modern European state was emerged in Westphalia. The same type of break point was marked in Europe in 1989. Moreover, it has resulted in not just the re-arrangement of the previous system but the formation of a new system. It is based on new forms of statehood in which the states are behaving differently as compared to the past. Furthermore, alliances, interference with the domestic affairs of one another along with the acceptance of the international court’s jurisdiction has highlighted that the present states are less absolute in terms of their independence and sovereignty (Cooper, n.d.). Furthermore, the first and second world war along with the Cold War resulted in devastation in Europe without any form of historical precedent. Moreover, it also froze Europe for almost forty years which allowed new systems and new ideas to......

Words: 1208 - Pages: 5

Major Forces That Have Determined the Direction of the Changes in the Education Sector

...MAJOR FORCES THAT HAVE DETERMINED THE DIRECTION OF THE CHANGES IN THE EDUCATION SECTOR A foundation has been laid down for the development of sustainable education worldwide. There has been specialize in literacy and skills therefore enabling the expansion and development of the education sector in Kenya and therefore the world at large. Over the years Kenya has noted plenty of changes that have helped improve the education system considerably within the last decade. I’ll begin with a significant ground changer that was the introduction of free primary education. 1. Introduction of Free Primary Education Unfavorable political and economic conditions in Africa throughout the 1990s hindered the expansion of the basic education that was undergoing numerous reforms. As noted, throughout the 1990s basic education went through numerous reforms however the unconducive political and economic conditions at the time were unable to support its growth. Having to rely on restricted resources and donor funding, the government experienced difficulties maintaining academic standards. Afterward the standard of education deteriorated and there was a rise within the numbers of school-age kids who weren't receiving formal education. Figures as an example show that huge school dropouts were recorded which out of about one million students who registered in standard one in 1993 and in 1998, but half a million got to standard eight......

Words: 2146 - Pages: 9

The Change of Europe

...The Change of Europe The history is everlasting change. Civilizations raise and disappear as the time goes by; some recorded in history, while some disappeared never to be known to the humankind in the future. The change might be a positive or negative no one can tell that other than those who come after the change. Europe might be a perfect example of this change. The start ofMohammed S Al-shaiba PRO NAME: Valorie Gehman Name of class: career and job planning Date: 2011-04-13 Part: 4 The Education, skills, and Experience that I need for my career choice I’m going to took about education, skills and how can that develop my experience for my career choice in the future. After choosing my job I Will see what are the job requirements and I am sure it is BA degree. My community college afford only Diploma degree so I will have to complete my degree in another place. I think I will continue my study in U.S.A but I am not sure about which university I want to go there. Talking with the native speaker around 2 years it will make me have a Fluently language and also I will hold a lot of responsibility there and that will help me in my career life, also meeting different people from different area that will make me easy to communicate with different countries. Almost all Universities Requests Ielts test because they want to know about our language if it is good or not. May some of them need ACT test but a lot of University doesn’t care about that test if I have a high...

Words: 343 - Pages: 2

Assess the View That Religion Is a Force for Social Change.

...Assess the view that religion is a force for social change. (18 marks) Sociologist take different views on the role of religion on society. Functionalist sociologist such as Parsons argue that religion serves to help its members by providing answers and comforting them through challenging period in their life. Whereas Marxist and feminist believe that religion acts as a conservative force for society, in order to prevent social change. Weber argues that religion can be a force of social change. From his study of the ‘protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism’, he argues that Calvinist beliefs helped to bring about major social change, in particular developing capitalism in Northern Europe. Calvinist led an ascetic lifestyle by working long hours, practising self-discipline and shunning all luxuries. As a consequence of their hard work they became wealthier, leading them to take this as a sign of God’s favour and their salvation. Weber argues that the acquisition of more and more money is the spirit of modern capitalism. Therefore this shows that the religious Calvinist beliefs played a major part in the emergence of capitalism into the world. However other sociologist argue that religion is a conservative force as is aims to preserve and stabilises society, which in turn maintains the status quo. Although Marxist and feminist have different views on the role of religion they both agree that it contributes to social stability. Marxist argue that religion is a......

Words: 678 - Pages: 3

Early and Modern Perspectives of Psychology

...Guadalupe Guerra August 30, 2015 General Psychology Early and Modern Perspectives of Psychology Throughout the years many great minds have opened up to the challenge in opening up to study how the human brain functions and what it can cause a person to do and feel; this is called Psychology. These theorists have each came up with their own ideas of why humans, as well as animals, function the way it does and even though each and every one of them have very different ideas it does mean that they are wrong. As time has passed these theories have become bigger, brighter and with more time they will more than likely continue this research which has a lot questions still unanswered. For example, in the late 1870’s and early 1900’s the study of psychology had just started in many places around the world. One of the first people to start this research was Wilhelm Wundt, also known as the “father of psychology”. He was the first to open a psychological laboratory in Leipzig, Germany around 1879 where he studied non-physical structure of the mind as his first attempt to bring objectivity and measurement to psychology. Wundt had a student by the name of Edward Titchener who believed that every experience could be broken down into individual emotions. Titchener also applied introspection method to thoughts and physical sensations; all this was known as Structuralism. During this time there were many minorities such as women, Hispanics and African Americans that contributed to......

Words: 488 - Pages: 2

Did Women Have an Early Modern Europe

...History 103g Did Women Have An Early Modern Europe During the emergence of the Early Modern Europe, nations were known to have developed both intellectually and culturally. Movements such as the Renaissance, Reformation, religious wars, scientific revolution, industrialization, Enlightenment, and French Revolution had brought about the nations’ development in terms of thoughts, expressions, and societal and political issues that characterized the Early Modern Europe. New knowledge was increasingly acquired. New thoughts on religion, natural, and political philosophy were increasingly developed. New instruments and machines were increasingly invented. Yet, only the males contributed to most of these tremendous developments, questioning whether or not women have an Early Modern Europe. Thus, to conclude whether women did experience an Early Modern Europe, women’s role on the movements that characterized the Early Modern Europe would have to be assessed. The period of the Renaissance was characterized by the emergence of a cultural movement, ‘humanism’, and classical art and architecture that are naturalistic, realistic, and humanistic. During this period, classical ideas were reintroduced in the increasing works of humanists and artists. Such include Petrarch’s ‘Rules for the Successful Ruler’, Machiavelli’s ‘From the Discourses on Livy’, Leonardo da Vinci’s ‘Vitruvian Man’, and Dürer’s ‘Adam and Eve’. These primary sources are all the works of male humanists and......

Words: 1887 - Pages: 8

Women Early Modern Period

...The main characteristics of the role of women in Europe changed for the worst during this period. To what extent do you agree with this view of the role and position of women in the Early Modern period? During the Early Modern period changes involving society and religion began taking place, creating a society that was beneficial to elderly men, whilst restricting women in most aspects of their lives, including life partners and even their ability to become financially independent. This all leads to the conclusion that their role in society ultimately changed for the worst during this period. Although some evidence does point to the fact that men sometimes experienced oppression and a lack of independence over their own lives. During the Early Modern period, women and their sexuality definitely changed for the worst. During this time people believed anatomist Vesalius about how a woman’s genitalia was the same as a man’s except it was outside in, this was presented in a book called De humani corporis fabrica libri septem, 1543. This led to the belief that women weren’t equal to men because as the Bible states Eve was made from Adam’s rib, and because of the fact men were supposedly created first, this implied importance for their role in society. Galen was one of the main people that disagreed with Vesalius and believed that men and women were sexually equal. However it is possible that Galen’s view wasn’t as supported because religion at the time supported Vesalius......

Words: 1437 - Pages: 6

Early Modern Indian Poetry

...Jibananda Das During the later half of the twentieth century, Jibanananda Das emerged as the most popular poet of modern Bengali literature. Popularity apart, Jibanananda had distinguished himself as an extraordinary poet presenting a paradigm hitherto unfamiliar. It is said that his unusual poetic diction, selection of words and thematic inclination took time to reach the heart of the readers. The poetry of Jibanananda has become the defining essence of modernism in twentieth century Bengali poetry. He is considered one of the precursors who introduced modernist poetry to Bengali Literature, at a period when it was influenced by Rabindranath Tagore's Romantic poetry. Towards the later half of the twentieth century the poetry of Jibanananda has become the defining essence of modernism in twentieth century Bengali poetry Surrealism was one of his tools that he used to navigate in the Bengali literature with courage. He has shown his majestic mastery in lot of poems like Banalata Sen, Eight years ago one day, chil, poems of Rupashi Bangla and others. Jibanananda Das's poetry is occasionally result of profound feeling painted in imagery of a type not readily and easily comprehendable. At times the connection between the sequential lines is not apparent and clear. Jibanananda Das also deviated from the traditional circular structure of poetry (introduction-middle-end) and the pattern of logical sequence of words, lines and stanzas. As a result, the thematic undertone is......

Words: 1180 - Pages: 5

cover iphone 7 | Resident Evil | Episode 026 vostfr