Educational Policies Essay

In: Other Topics

Submitted By listerpr1993
Words 905
Pages 4
Examine the ways in which educational policies may reproduce and justify social class inequalities
All throughout time there has been a steer away from social class inequalities to try and produce an equal educational system; however it will always have some elements that will be regarded as unequal to some extent.
Before 1870 educational policies reproduced social class inequalities extremely as education was only available to a tiny minority of the population. This generally consisted of the wealthy as formal schooling included fees. Some lower class children received an education during this time which was taught by either the church or local charities however this was extremely limited and not everybody received this. This in itself is a social inequality as not all children received any educational opportunities so had to rely on the knowledge and socialisation of their families. As times progressed and as the need for better educated people came about the 1870 Forster Act was introduced in the country. This act ensured that all those who didn’t receive any educational opportunities previously would be able to receive education from an elementary school, this was introduced to stop their being any inequalities throughout the class. Sadly this act did not fully allow class inequality to disappear, this was down to the fact that the education that occurred in the elementary schools was still minimal as it was only available between the ages of 5 and 10 due to the fact that the government wanted only minimal reading, writing and arithmetic for success at future jobs. This was extremely unequal as the upper class children who still went to a fee paying school got to stay there till they were 18 and had a much thorough education to allow them greater opportunities in life. Although this system has proved much more equal than previous years it still had class…...

Similar Documents

Educational Change

...The impact of educational change and the implications for my teaching practice Student: Taras Voevodin Student No.: 0517355 Lecturer: Terry Clark Convenor: Dr. Leesa Wheelahan INTRODUCTION This essay will analyse the impact of educational change and the implication for my teaching practice. It will analyse an educational institute and a key issue that impacts on my teaching practice. It will take a critical look at the context of this change by discussing the changing nature of work, lifelong learning and the learning society. This contextual analysis will consider the particular key changes being analysed. It will explain, analyse and theorise about the way in which the policy change impacts on education and on my teaching practice as a practicing ESL (English as a Second Language) teacher. It will discuss the extent to which adult and vocational education teachers can shape their own practice within the broad policy context that I have described and illustrated through the discussion of this particular policy change. It will discuss the Metropolitan South Institute of TAFE (MSIT) and changes involved with moving from a governmental department to a statutory authority and how that affects my teaching practice. Statutory Authorities are alternative management systems that answer to a board of directors and a Chief Executive Officer (CEO) like most large profit driven, private organisations. This essay will discuss......

Words: 4400 - Pages: 18

North Korea Foreign Policy Essay

...Assess the impact of foreign involvement on North Korea’s foreign policy and isolation: North Korea is, as stated by Bruce Cummings in North Korea – Another Country, “The Author of most of its own troubles”. The country is close to entirely isolated from the rest of the world maintaining only small contact with certain nations. Since the ceasefire of the Korean War, North Korea has become increasingly detached from the majority of the world; however what factors have led to this increased isolation? The heavy bombing of the North during the war, the continued existence of missiles aimed at the North, the fall of the Soviet Union, the Carter and Clinton governments steps on reconciliation with North Korea and the Bush Governments seemingly polaric policy re-opening tension with the nation, have all played a role in North Korea’s isolation but to what extent? The Korean War was, as the Cold War of the same era, an ideological clash between the two main systems, Communism and Democracy. The North, as a communist country, was an enemy of the United States in this Ideological Clash however the Korean War was, as stated by Bruce Cummings in his 2004 novel, North Korea – Another Country, “A War fought by Koreans for Korean goals”. Bruce Cummings is the most prominent western historian to write about North Korea and several of his books are on required reading lists for subjects at the Korean University in Seoul. Cummings presents a sympathetic view to North Korea’s scenario as...

Words: 1689 - Pages: 7

Information Security Policy Essay

...change elements of that file. This process can provide an average of 10-30 times or greater reduction in storage capacity requirements, with average backup retention policies on normal enterprise data. This means that many companies can store 10TB to 30TB of backup data on 1 TB of physical disk capacity, which has huge economic benefits. The Virtual tape library data deduplication technology is implemented around a VTL, the capabilities of the VTL must be considered as part of the evaluation process. It is unlikely that the savings from data deduplication will override the difficulties caused by using a sub-standard VTL. Consider the functionality, performance, stability and support of the VTL as well as its deduplication extension. The Impact of deduplication on backup performance is important to consider where and when data deduplication takes place in relation to the backup process. Although some solutions attempt deduplication while data is being backed up, this straight method processes the backup stream as it comes into the deduplication application, making performance dependent on the single node’s strength. Such an approach can slow down backups, jeopardize backup windows and degrade VTL performance over time. For maximum manageability, the solution should allow for granular tape or group level policy based deduplication based on a variety of factors resource operation, production schedules, time since creation and so on. In this way, storage efficiencies can......

Words: 1234 - Pages: 5

Essay on Collection Management Policies

...arise many problems. Written collection development policies are suggested to solve these problems. Thus the library should update its collection management policy document, which was several years old, to adapt the changes in this 21st century. The purposes of this essay are to discuss the importance of written collection management policy and the methods of revising the document relevant to a library at the beginning of the 2000s. Collection Development Policy According to Evans (1995), “Collection development” and “Collection management” are often used with much the same meaning – the process of meeting the information needs of a service population in a timely and economic manner using information resources locally held as well as from other organizations. Jenkins and Morley (1999) explain that “Collection development” implies building and growing, dealing with the selection and acquisition of library materials, while “Collection management” emphasizes the systematic management of a library’s existing collection, rather than selection and acquisition. However, American Library Association (1996) states that collection development includes selection, acquisition, user assessment, collection evaluation, collection maintenance and weeding. It is usually held that, to be effective, collection management must be based on an agreed, regularly reviewed collection development policy. “Collection development policy” (CDP) is the written statement of a plan to......

Words: 2199 - Pages: 9

American Foreign Policy Essay

...American Foreign Policy Essay Over the time span of 1793-1825 the U.S. had to undergo serious changes. It was this time period that marked its process of becoming a national super power. It gained a strong sense of identity but the effects that came with it were that of uncontrollable influence. The nation as a whole started to stand out from the rest of the world and shine as a beacon. But it was the things the nation did during this time frame that caused this shift. America’s Foreign Policy from 1793-1825 went through many changes that made isolation impossible to retain due to the effects of attempting neutrality, economic dealings, and The War of 1812. There are some scenarios in life where attempting to prevent something only gives it greater chance of happening. When attempting neutrality through the time period of 1793-1825 this happened fairly quick. The Neutrality Proclamation made by George Washington was aimed at staying neutral in terms of the French Revolution. Though this is what the proclamation was primarily focused towards it was neutrality overall that it was really encouraging. Washington wanted the U.S. to stay uninvolved and build up our resources first to become a well-developed nation. While this approach may have been able to work in theory it didn’t take into account the peoples and pro-war opinions. In document A, a passage from The Neutrality Proclamation by George Washington it states, “I have therefore thought fit by these presents to......

Words: 2247 - Pages: 9

Policy Essay

...MODULE 2 – ESSAY ANSWERS Chapter 4 In Whose Interest Does the Physician Act? 1. Why do physicians play such a crucial role in the delivery of medical services? Although only 25 percent of personal medical expenditures are for physician services, the physician controls the use of a much larger portion of medical resources. In addition to their own services, physicians determine admission to the hospital, the length of stay once in the hospital, the use of ancillary services and prescription drugs, referrals to specialists, and even the necessity for services in nonhospital settings, such as home care. The role of the physician has been shaped by two important characteristics of the medical system. The first is the legal system: only physicians are permitted to provide certain services. Second, both patients and insurers lack the necessary information to make many medical-related decisions. Patients depend on the physician for diagnosis and recommended treatment and have limited information on the qualifications of the physician or the specialists to whom they are referred. The patient’s lack of information places the physician in a unique relationship to the patient. The physician becomes the patient’s agent. 2. How might a decrease in physician incomes, possibly as a result of an increase in the number of physicians, affect the physician’s role as the patient’s agent? In addition to being the patient’s agent, physicians are suppliers of a service, and their incomes......

Words: 2825 - Pages: 12

Assess the Claim That the Main Aim of Educational Policy over the Last 25 Years Has Been to Create an Education Market.

...Assess the claim that the main aim of educational policy over the last 25 years has been to create an education market Some sociologists would argue the main aim of governmental reform in education over the last 25 years has been to create an education market 9marketisation) others would disagree and say the main aim of educational reform has been to tackle things like inequality between different groups in society. The conservative government guided by new right principles wanted to improve standards in education without spending much money on it. They decided the best way to do this was to create an education market or competition, the guiding principle was that if schools were in a market or competition with each other they would be forced to improve. The government introduced lots of different policies to achieve this. They decided to change the system to give parents more power in education and create a parentocracy, this would be achieved by parents being given the choice to which school they would send their child to rather than it just been based on catchment areas. This would cause completion combined with a change in how schools were funded. Funding was changed to formula funding this meant that schools would compete for students as they were now funded per pupil. To ensure parents were aware of what was on offer to guide their choices the government introduced a national curriculum, new examinations of GCSE’s and SATs that all schools would have to sit. ......

Words: 715 - Pages: 3

The Intelligent Essay Assessor: Applications to Educational Technology

...Intelligent Essay Assessor: Applications to Educational Technology Peter W. Foltz, New Mexico State University Darrell Laham, Knowledge Analysis Technologies Thomas K. Landauer, University of Colorado Abstract The Intelligent Essay Assessor (IEA) is a set of software tools for scoring the quality of essay content. The IEA uses Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA), which is both a computational model of human knowledge representation and a method for extracting semantic similarity of words and passages from text. Simulations of psycholinguistic phenomena show that LSA reflects similarities of human meaning effectively. To assess essay quality, LSA is first trained on domain-representative text. Then student essays are characterized by LSA representations of the meaning of the words used, and they are compared with essays of known quality in regard to their degree of conceptual relevance and the amount of relevant content. Over many diverse topics, the IEA scores agreed with human experts as accurately as expert scores agreed with each other. Implications are discussed for incorporating automatic essay scoring in more general forms of educational technology. 1. Introduction While writing is an essential part of the educational process, many instructors find it difficult to incorporate large numbers of writing assignments in their courses due to the effort required to evaluate them. However, the ability to convey information verbally is an important educational......

Words: 4151 - Pages: 17

National Educational Policy

...NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL POLICY Education - a continuous process which aims to prepare a person to play his role as an enlightened member of the society. In other words, it means all round development of personality of a person. The system of education introduced by the British Government in India was not suitable to needs of free, independent and developing India. Since our independence, India is trying to restructure its education policy to suit the needs of technological and industrial developments. Several Commissions under the chairmanship of well-known educationists have been setup in the past. The last commission on Education was set up under the chairmanship of Dr. D.S. Kothari in 1964. On the basis of its recommendation National Policy on Education was last declared in 1968. Since the adoption of 1968 policy, there has been considerable expansion of education in the country at all levels. Many of the formulation of 1968 policy, however, could not be implemented mainly due to lack of financial and administrative support. The political and socio-economic changes since then and growth of population made the government to think and announce a new education policy. In January 1985, immediately after the new government of Rajiv Gandhi came to power, it was announced that the Government would publish a document on education which would form the base for new education policy for the country. Accordingly "Challenge of Education—a policy per¬spective" was published by the......

Words: 2560 - Pages: 11

Re-Thinking the Relevance of Philosophy of Education for Educational Policy Making

...Re-thinking the relevance of philosophy of education for educational policy making Morwenna Griffiths MORAY HOUSE SCHOOL OF EDUCATION, UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH Abstract The overall question, ‘What kind of ‘philosophy of education’ is relevant to educational policy makers?’ is addressed by focussing on the following four themes: What meanings are attached to the term philosophy (of education) by philosophers themselves? What meanings are attached to the term philosophy (of education) by policy makers? What difference does place and time make to these meanings? How do these different meanings affect the possibility of philosophy (of education) influencing policy? The question is addressed using both philosophical methods and also some empirical evidence from conversations and conversational interviews with some philosophers of education and other educational researchers. The argument begins with an investigation of different ways of understanding philosophy and philosophy of education in relation to education and educational policy. It then examines first the current policy context and secondly some evidence about the practices of policy makers in relation to ideas and to research. It goes on to present some of the findings from the conversational evidence. The paper is drawn together in the penultimate section where I make some suggestions about possible fruitful relationships between philosophy and policy making. Finally, in the concluding section, I point out some......

Words: 7350 - Pages: 30

Social Policy Essay

...Examine the way in which laws and social policies affect family life From the 19th Century onwards the government have introduced different social policies in attempt to shape family life in Britain, to make it better for all family members, rather than only focusing on the traditional patriarchal Nuclear family. In 1963 the equal Pay Act was introduced, meaning that pay based on sex was abolished and men and women became more equal. This social policy created a higher standard of living as both partners would become wage earners, meaning the family was financially better off and could afford to meet all of the family’s basic needs and requirements. Women became more powerful and gained more authority due to this social policy, and therefore males were less dominant causing them to help out more within the home, which created more gender equality. A functionalist would agree with this social policy as they believe that it helps the family run more efficiently and makes family life better for all; however it does not follow Talcott Parsons (1955) as he argued that women should remain at home due to their biological differences, as they’re naturally suited to the housewife role. Feminists are also in favour, as they believe that men and women should be equals and receive the same rights as men. Especially radical feminists, who believe that women entering paid work is a great way for women to escape men, by women becoming wage earners they are no longer financially......

Words: 1118 - Pages: 5

Public Policy Essay

...Public Policy Examination 2 The Second Amendment in the United States Constitution states, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” In other words, the people are given the privilege to personally own a gun as a form of self defense. This amendment ensures a free state. It is a common debated about what exactly the Second Amendment is saying. Many people say it is one of the worst worded amendment in the United State Constitution. Some say that it states the right of each individual person, just like many of the other amendments, but others say the word Militia is incorporated in there for a reason. The second amendment took a significant role in both the Heller v DC and Miller v US. ? Jack Miller and Frank Layton were arrested for illegally carrying around a shotgun in public across the border of two states. They were arrested because they did not have a stamp on their gun that signifies they paid the taxes that were responsible to pay when owning a gun. This was necessary under the NFA, National Firearms Act. Miller argued that this violated his right to bear arms. The court understood the amendment as a right to a group of people brought together collectively for their same defense, rather than an individual right for their personal defense. It was decided that only guns can be used for militia service purposes only but this case did open the door to......

Words: 1342 - Pages: 6

Monetary Policy Essay

...borrowing will go up as the interest rates increase, not everything will be bad news for consumers. The consumers who have money in the bank such as savings, money markets and CDs have been earning practically nothing these past years. Now, they will have an opportunity to earn more interest rates in their savings. In the meantime, we have to continue waiting for the internal debate between officials, some are still willing to wait a substantial time period before raising the interest rates, and there are others who want to do it sooner. Works Cited Appelbaum, B. (2014, September 17). Fed Signals No Hurry to Raise Interest Rate. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/18/business/economy/federal-reserve-policy-statement-yellen.html...

Words: 668 - Pages: 3

Outsourcing Monetary Policy-an Essay by the Example of El Salvador and Montenegro

...Hochschule für Wirtschafts-, Rechtsund Sozialwissenschaften sowie Internationale Beziehungen Monetary Economics Outsourcing Monetary Policy An essay by the example of El Salvador and Montenegro Marisa Wenk (11-608-387) Charlene (Yi Hsuan) Jung (13-602-693) Vincenz Jahn (09-610-734) Prof. Dr. Carlo Strub 19. Dezember 2013 Table of Content 1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................................... 1 2.1 Background..................................................................................................................................... 2 2.2 Benefits ........................................................................................................................................... 2 2.2.1 Stability.................................................................................................................................... 2 2.2.2 Lower risk premia.................................................................................................................... 3 2.2.3 Eliminating the transactional costs .......................................................................................... 3 2.2.4 Domestic financial development ............................................................................................. 3 2.2.5 Better economic compatibility ...................................................................................................

Words: 5650 - Pages: 23

It255 Define an Acceptable Use Policy Essay

...IT255 Acceptable Use Policy (AUP) I have reviewed the list of forbidden traffic and came up with this acceptable use policy. Some ports (20&69) would be disabled denying file transfer if all traffic listed is forbidden. I propose the use of content filtering, file transfer monitoring, scanning and alarming for unknown file types from unknown or restricted sources. The restriction on downloading executables could be changed in the same fashion. Both of these guidelines could otherwise interfere with otherwise normal business practice and hinder the productivity of the company. The redistribution copyrighted material is restricted because the system administrator ensures all workstations have what they need. No exporting internal software or technical material in violation of export control laws. If a worker needs such software or material for a location that does not have it then they will be issued license for said use of such property. Workstations will run antivirus and malicious removal software. These programs will be update as new definitions and malicious code data are provided. The organizations data classification standard should address remote access. The company will deny outbound traffic using source IP addresses in access control lists. If remote access is allowed, encrypt where necessary. This will prevent any unauthorized access to internal resources or information from external sources. No unauthorized port scanning or probing on the company’s......

Words: 487 - Pages: 2

Active Raid - Kidou Kyoushuushitsu Dai-Hakkei | Ash vs Evil Dead | 美丽水世界汉化版