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Electrolyte is a scientific term for salts, specifically ions. The term electrolyte means that this ion is electrically-charged and moves to either a negative or positive electrode. Ions that move to the negative which are called cations are positively charged and Ions that move to the positive which are called anions are negatively charged. They can be divided into acids, bases, and salts, because they all give ions when dissolved in water. Electrolytes are present in the human body, and the balance of the electrolytes in our bodies is essential for normal function of our cells and our organs. Electrolytes are important because they are what your cells, especially nerve, heart and muscle use to maintain voltages across their cell membranes and to carry electrical impulses such as nerve impulses and muscle contractions across themselves and to other cells. The major electrolytes that are in our body are as follows: sodium (Na+), potassium (K+), chloride (Cl-), calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), bicarbonate (HCO3-), phosphate (PO42-), sulfate (SO42-).
Sodium is an abundant metallic element which is an important mineral for all living organisms. It is also widely used industrially to make an assortment of consumer goods. In a pure form, sodium is a soft, silvery gray, highly reactive metal. Pure sodium is usually stored in a nonreactive substance, as it oxidizes rapidly when exposed to air, quickly forming a thick coating. The soft metal appears in an abundance of compounds, such as sodium chloride, better known as salt. It also exists in high concentrations in seawater, and it is among the 10 most abundant minerals in the Earth's crust. The chemical element of sodium is also highly explosive when exposed to moisture and water. It is the major positive ion in fluid outside of cells. Na+, the chemical notation for sodium is a reference to a Latin word natrium, used…...

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...kidney enhancing sodium concentration of extra cellular fluid and potassium excretion in the urine, hereby reducing potassium level. Hypocalcaemia might occur as result of Tumor Lysis Syndrome which occur when large quantity of tumor call are destroyed rapidly and intracellular component such as potassium and uric acid are released to blood stream faster than the body can eliminate. Tumor lysis syndrome can indicate that cancer treatment is destroying tumor cells, resulting in electrolyte imbalances such as hypocalcemia . However if hypocalcaemia is left untreated, it can cause severe tissue damage and death. Ph and lab levels?!! QUESTION 4 Urine osmolality ranges from 500 – 800mOsm/kg and serum osmolality ranges from 278 – 300mOsm/kg (Pagana & Pagana, 2010, p. 980). According to Mr. George diagnostic studies, the serum and urine osmolality is abnormal. The movement and distribution of water between compartments is controlled by osmolality. Osmolality is the number of molecules and electrolytes dissolved per kilogram of urine. In SIADH there is excessive release of ADH produce by the tumor cells leading to increase extracellular fluid volume, water intoxication hyponatremia and increased excretion of sodium. Decrease sodium in extracellular fluids result to reduce serum osmolality and increased excretion of sodium makes the urine more concentrated as a result of more sodium solute in urine which result in elevated urine osmolality more than the normal range. QUESTION...

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