Elements of the Profession of Arms and Their Impact on the Military Logistician

In: Other Topics

Submitted By gabrycz
Words 3057
Pages 13
Elements of the Profession of Arms and Their Impact on the Military Logistician

by Major Eric A. McCoy
Is military service a profession or an occupation? Is there really a difference? The author argues that there is and that Soldiers definitely are members of a profession.

Following the Vietnam War, the Army suffered from an evident depression, particularly within the officer corps and noncommissioned officer corps, that led to a revamping of our professional institutions and doctrine. Observing this process, the late sociologist Charles Moskos theorized that the decline resulted from the Army seeming to develop the characteristics of a civilian occupation rather than the profession it had always considered itself to be.

The basic distinction between these two concep-tions of the military lies in their relationship to, and legitimization by, American society. Moskos noted that society legitimizes an institution “in terms of norms and values, a purpose transcending individual self-interest in favor of a presumed higher good. Members of a professional institution are often seen as following a calling captured in words like duty, honor, country.” Conversely, an occupational model receives its legitimacy in terms of the marketplace, where supply and demand are paramount and self-interest takes priority over communal interests.1

A generation later, we find similarities as we assess the impacts of a decade of persistent conflict on the all-volunteer Army. Our Army's senior leaders believe that, in adapting to the demands of combat in Iraq and Afghanistan as well as to the new strategic realities of the 21st century, we have been so busy that we have not consistently thought through how these challenges have affected the Army as a profession of arms.

The leaders therefore have launched a campaign designed for reflecting on and assessing how well we are…...

Similar Documents

Profession of Arms

...The profession of arms calls upon the skill and sacrifice of its members in ways that no other profession will. Reflecting upon nine years of combat, the Army is exploring the strengths that have sustained Soldiers and the challenges that they are facing as a profession. The Army has also made a commitment to education, efforts to sustain the bond of trust between the Army and the American public, and the impact of decentralized operations. What it means to be a profession and the unique challenges that the Army faces? I feel you’re not a profession because you say you are. Profession is society’s way of organizing expert work, the kind of work it takes years to learn. Professionals act and practice their knowledge, which is expert knowledge. The professionals’ work is absolutely critical to the survival of the society, going back to the gravity of a Soldier’s expert knowledge. True professionals are servants. They lead a life of servitude for the satisfaction of a job well-done. I feel that the tension in the Army between an occupation-based culture and a profession-based culture. The campaign is seeking to leverage the successes of the Army to maintain it as a profession and avoid becoming an occupation-based culture. I have never seen the Army so focused and as resilient as I see now. What is it about the profession that has helped achieve results in Iraq and increasingly in Afghanistan. In my opinion I recommended that Soldiers recommit themselves to the......

Words: 735 - Pages: 3

Profession of Arms

...“Yours is the profession of arms, the will to win, the sure knowledge that in war there is no substitute for victory, that if you lose, the Nation will be destroyed, that the very obsession of your public service must be Duty, Honor, Country.” ~ Gen. MacArthur The military is not a Profession. I submit that it is an occupation with professional values, which stands amongst other professions. Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary defines a profession as a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation. To classify the military as a profession would mean that completion of basic training, regardless of individual skill or education level, meets that definition. Officers are required to have completed at least four years of secondary education; however it does not have to be even remotely related to the field that they work. The US military holds a unique standard when compared to other civil and federal organizations. The US Military is a conglomerate of diverse individuals with varying levels of skills and education, who choose to forfeit many of their civil rights and for some more lucrative opportunities in order to serve; many joined because of a sense of a calling, others out of necessity but few if any believed that when they enlisted that they were joining a profession. As a means to instill a level of professionalism, the military instituted the use of the Warrior Ethos in 2003. This was one of the first in a series of steps...

Words: 853 - Pages: 4

Arms

...JULY 2013 SUBJECT:   Summary of the Army White Paper: A Profession of Arms 1.   Purpose:   To summarize the Army White Paper: A Profession of Arms and capture the thesis, main points, and objective of the writer. 2.   Facts: a. The author notes the purpose of his writing in the beginning prologue, “This White Paper serves to facilitate an Army-wide dialog about our Profession of Arms.   It is neither definitive nor authoritative, but a starting point with which to begin discussion.”   He alludes to future refinement of the paper once TRADOC receives feedback from the Army community. b. Organized into five sections, A Profession of Arms begins by defining “Profession” and its implications to the Army.   The paper then delves into the Army’s “Professional Culture,” before discussing the effects of “Army Ethics” in developing that culture.   Lastly, it analyzes the role of U.S. society in the development of Army ethics and culture.   The paper concludes with possible future changes in the meaning “Profession of Arms” after a decade of war and a request to begin a community dialogue on this topic. c. To start the discussion, the author defines Profession when he states, “Professions produce uniquely expert work, not routine or repetitive work.”   He continues by describing truly expert work as taking years of study and practice.   The writer transitions into how the Army is an “American Profession of Arms, a vocation comprised of experts certified in the ethical......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

He Military Impact of the Cold War on the United Sates

...The Military Impact of the Cold War on the United Sates Kin Ruan 4/8/12 D.Cooper Green Class Every big event usually has very huge impact affecting the world we are in nowadays. These events happened decide how the world is going to be, such as the Cold War that made changes in the U.S. military. The Cold War happened between the U.S. and USSR from 1945 to 1991. During the Cold War, the two superpowers were competing with each other. They had varieties of competitions in different ways such as nuclear arms race. One of the biggest reasons for their competitions is that the U.S. and the USSR have two different political systems. As the final result we occur today, the Cold War forced the U.S. to cease their nuclear weapons and instead focus on conventional weapons. Both the United States and the Soviet Union emerged right after the World War II as the two strongest powers in the world, advanced in various aspects such as technology, military, and economy. However, their development was based on two different political systems that to some extent go against each other. These two national systems were very different. The system in the U.S. called capitalism. Capitalism has been known by profit income, private wealth, competitive markets, and inequality classes. The system emphasizes on personal ownership and individual development. The system in the USSR called communism.......

Words: 1878 - Pages: 8

The Impact of Information Technology on the Accountancy Profession in Nigeria

...THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION IN NIGERIA By: Idongesit Efiong Utah ABSTRACT This research focuses on assessing the impact of information technology on the Nigerian Accounting profession by examining four areas: Impact on the public and private sector, the challenges and reaction to the challenges posed by information technological innovation and information technologies enhancing effect on the Accounting profession. INTRODUCTION It is evident that we are in information driven age where information technology is a driving tool in the public and private sectors. The replacement of mainframe computers with personal computers which were affordable to most users has ushered us into an era of proliferation of information, speed of assess to and ability to disseminate information. The information technology revolution has brought about a drastic change in the business environment, its structure and the business process. Information technology has become a strategic tool that drives the strategic initiatives of organizations and businesses. Manual processes have been replaced with automated processes, routine bookkeeping and recording of financial information is being done electronically, and the ease and speed of transacting business has greatly increases. The accountant as a major player in the public and private sectors cannot afford to be left out. To function properly and competently the accountant must take the changes brought about by......

Words: 2891 - Pages: 12

The Army a Profession of Arms to Its Core

...The Army a Profession of Arms to its Core Throughout a person’s life they will have many jobs. From those jobs a person can find a unique job that they will inspire them to make a long term developmental commitment. That worker has started the transitioned from an employee to a professional. A Soldier has the same opportunity to develop into a professional in the Army. ADRP 1 The Army Profession defines a profession as” a trusted self-policing and relatively autonomous vocation whose members develop and apply expert knowledge as human expertise to render an essential service to society in a particular field.”1 From this definition there are five aspects that prove the Army is a Profession of Arms. The first aspect is that the Army provides a vital service to society that it cannot provide itself. Federal Statue 10, U.S. Code, Section 3062(a) defines those vital services that the Army provides to the nation .If the Army didn’t provide security or support national polices the nation would be at the mercy of foreign or domestic threats. No other government agencies would be able to provide the same services at the same levels as the Army. The Army provides the services above by applying expert knowledge and practice for the second aspect. Like other professions the Army develops Soldiers in training from initial entry training thru the Army War College. The Army has also established professional development program while encouraging Soldiers seek civilian......

Words: 701 - Pages: 3

Enron Corporation: Impact on Profession

...ACCT 4450 June 2009 Enron Corporation: Impact on Profession of Chartered Accountancy/Auditing References: • Case “Enron Corporation and Andersen, LLP – Analyzing the Fall of Two Giants” Beasley et al, Auditing Cases – An Interactive Approach,4th Edition • Article “After Enron” John Lorinc, CA Magazine, December 2002 • Film excerpt shown in class “Enron: The Smartest Guys in the Room” Peter Elkind & Bethany McLean; Alliance Atlantis Exercise: Your group will prepare a presentation to the class (max 5 mins) on the results of the discussion of your assigned question. All questions are examinable on the final exam: 1) Who was impacted by the fall of Enron? Who were the users of Enron’s financial statements? There was implied or explicit reliance placed on various parties by the shareholders. Who were some of the parties mentioned, and what complaints were raised about these parties (whether legal or ethical)? 2) What was the “tone at the top” at Enron? How did this contribute to their demise? Does a company’s corporate culture impact an auditor’s assessment of audit risk? Explain. 3) Assess audit risk at Enron. Explain the factors that contributed to your risk assessment. (Also reference the Arthur Anderson e-mail notes from the retention meeting.) 4) Kenneth Lay, Chairman of the Board and prior CEO, testified at hearings that “I can’t be responsible for things I didn’t know about.” Jeffery Skilling, former CEO also......

Words: 336 - Pages: 2

The Impact of Information Technology on the Accountancy Profession in Nigeria

...The Impact Of InformatiOn Technology On The Accountancy prOfessiOn In Nigeria THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION IN NIGERIA By: Idongesit Efiong Utah ABSTRACT This research focuses on assessing the impact of information technology on the Nigerian Accounting profession by examining four areas: Impact on the public and private sector, the challenges and reaction to the challenges posed by information technological innovation and information technologies enhancing effect on the Accounting profession. INTRODUCTION It is evident that we are in information driven age where information technology is a driving tool in the public and private sectors. The replacement of mainframe computers with personal computers which were affordable to most users has ushered us into an era of proliferation of information, speed of assess to and ability to disseminate information. The information technology revolution has brought about a drastic change in the business environment, its structure and the business process. Information technology has become a strategic tool that drives the strategic initiatives of organizations and businesses. Manual processes have been replaced with automated processes, routine bookkeeping and recording of financial information is being done electronically, and the ease and speed of transacting business has greatly increases. The accountant as a major player in the public and private sectors cannot afford to be left out...

Words: 309 - Pages: 2

Impact of Information Technology on the Accounting Profession

...THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON THE ACCOUNTING PROFESSION. 1.1 Introduction It has become increasingly necessary for all businesses to incorporate Information Technology (IT) solutions to operate successfully and be able to maintain a competitive edge within the market they operate. As a result, many corporations have adopted Information Technology on a large scale by investing in Enterprise Resource Planning systems (ERPs) to accomplish their business transactions and data processing needs. Through the use of technology, various organisations have ventured into more efficient ways of conducting their business operations. Focus has since shifted to adopting the latest technology in order to beat competition. In light of the accounting division, this has meant adopting different forms of ERPs, some of which have led to huge failures even in reputable organisations. In some organizations, decisions with regards to adopting newer technology are made independent of the accounting function. This implies taking on such projects without prior consultation of personnel in the accounting division. As a result, some of the failures in those projects have adversely affected the accounting function of many organizations. In this study of the Impact of Information Technology on the accounting function I intend to establish a conclusion as to whether the impact being made by Information Technology on the accounting profession is positive or negative with particular attention...

Words: 1366 - Pages: 6

Impact of Technologyy on the Military

...IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE MILITARY INTRODUCTION Since the start of time armed forces or the military have been around. Used to fight for their countries or protect their lands from enemies, the military or armed forces have had a huge impact on the world and with that, counties have always tried to better one another by upgrading their weapons and army, which in the end has led to technology growing at a rapid rate. I’m going to discuss The impact of technology on the military and how warfare has changed from running into battle with a sword and a shield to sitting in an office on a computer controlling a drone thousands of miles away from the battlefield. MAIN BODY The military or armed forces are forces which are allowed to use deadly force if necessary. Usually the military will use deadly force when their country is under attack from another country or when they are engaged in war. The early form of military dates back to 2700 BC when a confrontation between Sumer(Iraq) and Elam(Iran) broke out near the modern Basra. From that point on countries would start to build up their military forces and weaponry. New weapons can dramatically change the face of war. Chariots were invented in the year 2000 BC, chariots were pulled by animals like the endangered Onager, Ox, Donkey’s but were later pulled by the horse. The chariot was a fast weapon, while one man would control the chariot and a second man would shoot arrows at the enemy soldiers. These became crucial to...

Words: 370 - Pages: 2

Hollywood Impact on Nursing Profession

...The social media has been used globally as a key vehicle for communication. Since the technology era began, it has played a major role in how people view certain events, races, professions, culture etc. The media is one of the most powerful forces out there, and it can put people together and pull apart as we can see in the ongoing presidential race. Nurses have had images ranging from the Angel of mercy to the sexual stereotype sometimes portrayed in works of fiction. The media portrayal on nurses has many negative impacts on the public’s image of nursing. About 70-80% of medical movies seen characterized nurses as a sexual object rather than professionals. After the media have created these images of nurses, people of the world began to keep the image in their mind and grew bias. Today, most medical dramas are physician dominated shows, offering viewers little to no truth about nursing profession. Shows like, ER, Grey’s Anatomy and House are three well-liked medical shows with a large audience. On most of the show, nurses are barely even a background noise, sometimes, they walk on and off the screen, dressed in tight fitted scrubs and holding clipboards contributing nothing to the care, meanwhile nurses are the largest group of health care professional providing direct patient care in hospital, and the quality of care is strongly linked to the performance of nursing staff but the popular media today reflects just the opposite. The invisibility of nurses on hospital......

Words: 576 - Pages: 3

Profession of Arms

...members of the American profession of arms in order to stimulate thoughtful discussion and broader debate about the proper limits of acceptable and effective professional conduct. These views are focused for most part on the obligations of commissioned officers, but they apply in many ways to the public and private conduct of senior non-commissioned officers, and indeed, all military members. They depend to a large degree on a particular understanding of the governing compact of this country and the behavior American citizens expect of their uniformed servants. The overall objective of the Army Profession of Arms campaign is for Soldiers and leaders to refine their understanding of what it means to be professionals expert members of the Profession of Arms after nine years of war and to recommit to a culture of service and the responsibilities and behaviors of our profession as articulated in the Army Ethic. Much of the initial discussion involving this campaign focuses on whether or not military service is a profession. Merriam-Webster's Dictionary defines a profession as "a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation; a principal calling, vocation, or employment; or the whole body of persons engaged in a calling. Based on the subtle differences between the definitions of a profession and an occupation, I believe that the dispute regarding the appropriateness of defining the military as a profession revolves around varying...

Words: 307 - Pages: 2

Profession of Arms

...PROFESSION OF ARMS The purpose of this paper is to express a set of views on the ethical obligations of members of the American profession of arms in order to stimulate thoughtful discussion and broader debate about the proper limits of acceptable and effective professional conduct. These views are focused for most part on the obligations of commissioned officers, but they apply in many ways to the public and private conduct of senior non-commissioned officers, and indeed, all military members. They depend to a large degree on a particular understanding of the governing compact of this country and the behavior American citizens expect of their uniformed servants. The overall objective of the Army Profession of Arms campaign is for Soldiers and leaders to refine their understanding of what it means to be professionals expert members of the Profession of Arms after nine years of war and to recommit to a culture of service and the responsibilities and behaviors of our profession as articulated in the Army Ethic. Much of the initial discussion involving this campaign focuses on whether or not military service is a profession. Merriam-Webster's Dictionary defines a profession as "a calling requiring specialized knowledge and often long and intensive academic preparation; a principal calling, vocation, or employment; or the whole body of persons engaged in a calling. Based on the subtle differences between the definitions of a profession and an occupation,......

Words: 825 - Pages: 4

Profession of Arms

...An Army White Paper THE PROFESSION OF ARMS I AM AN EXPERT AND I AM A PROFESSIONAL 9TH STANZA SOLDIER’S CREED CG TRADOC Approved 8 December 2010 Authority: This White Paper has been approved for distribution on 2 December 2010 by the Commanding General, Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), under his authority granted by the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff of the Army in the Terms of Reference dated 27 October 2010 for TRADOC to execute the ‗Review of the Army Profession in an Era of Persistent Conflict.‘ Purpose: This White Paper serves to facilitate an Army-wide dialog about our Profession of Arms. It is neither definitive nor authoritative, but a starting point with which to begin discussion. It will be refined throughout calendar year 2010 based on feedback from across our professional community. All members of the profession and those who support the profession are encouraged to engage in this dialog. Distribution: Distribution is unlimited. Yet, the material in this draft is under development. It can be referenced, but not referenced or cited as official Army policy or doctrine. Feedback and Participation: Comments on this White Paper should be sent to the Center for the Army Profession and Ethic (CAPE), Combined Arms Center, TRADOC. To get engaged in this review of the Profession of Arms, visit the CAPE website at http://www.us.army.mil/suite/page/611545 and click on the Campaign link. The website will also provide links to professional......

Words: 13494 - Pages: 54

U.S. Military Spending and Its Impact on the Economy’s Gdp

...U.S. Military Spending and its impact on the Economy’s GDP Matthew Magana Abstract This paper examines whether increases in military spending have a positive or negative impact on the U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The paper focuses on the three North American economies: Canada, Mexico and the United States as models to develop a case. It will also illustrate the utilization of multiple economic tools to produce variable outcomes to analyze the full spectrum of economics. It will also discuss the multiple statistical models such as Granger causality and Vector autoregression and the asymmetric results produced. Increased U.S. Military Spending and its impact on the Economy Given the long-accepted, theoretical direct relationship between investment and economic growth, if defense spending has a negative impact on investment, then it would seem reasonable that defense spending would have an adverse impact on economic growth. This was exactly the findings of two studies published in the seventies, zymanski (1973) and Lee (1973). Some studies attribute the negative effect of defense spending on economic growth to reduced investment. Another study argues that defense spending restricts export growth and economic growth because military expenditures compete for the same resources used in the production of exports. Which may also be a understood trade off for military spending vs. export and economic growth. However, other studies were unable to find any......

Words: 1973 - Pages: 8

Impact of Natural Disasters on Economic | 3M X5A Peltor X-Series Over-the-Head Earmuffs, NRR 31 dB, One Size Fits Most | The Quest for the Historical Jesus