Energy Sources and Consumption Level

In: Social Issues

Submitted By shen8610
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2. Energy Sources and Consumption Level
a) Fossil Fuel: Oil, Nature Gas and Coal
China is the second largest oil consumer and oil importer in the world.(EIA,2013) The demand of oil is driven by the rapidly growing economic and the large population. Oil consumption is also influenced by Chinese government’s energy polices, national oil companies and oil imports. In order to perform more efficiently the Chinese government has improved their policymaking and implementation capacity. Nation oil companies dominate the production of China’s oil. They also do oversea acquisition to meet the increasing demand of oil and develop more qualified technicians. China’s oil imports are increasing over years. It predicted that China will become the largest oil importers by 2013. Most of China’s oil fields are located onshore. They are more mature and the productions are approaching the peak of capacity. Now, China is more concentrated on developing fields which are located in new western interior provinces and offshore.
Nature Gas
The consumption of nature gas is rising very fast. In 2007, China became to be a net import of nature gas since the Chinese government promoted the consumption of nature gas to reduce the pollution from the use of coal.(EIA,2013) The major source of natural gas are from southwest of country and offshore fields such as Yellow Sea and South China Sea. Government encourages to developing more fields, pipelines and advanced technology to satisfy the rapidly growing need from corporations, factories and residences. China is also focus on importing more natural gas and building more pipelines from neighboring countries.
China is the largest producer of coal in the world. (EIA, 2013) Coal is the first primary energy in China. Before 2009, China is a net coal exporter. After 2009, China became a net coal importer. (EIA, 2013) In the past,…...

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