Environmental Science Ip 1

In: Science

Submitted By MsBlackBarbie41
Words 359
Pages 2


Instructor’s Name:

Assignment: SCIE211 Phase 1 Lab Report

Title: Human Impacts on the Sustainability of Groundwater

Instructions: You will need to write a 1-page lab report using the scientific method to answer the following question: • If current human development does not change, will groundwater sustainability be affected?
When your lab report is complete, post it in Submitted Assignment files.
Part I: Using the time progression of industrialization and human development, fill in the data table below to help you write up your lab report.

Time Period |Impact to Forest |Groundwater Levels |Saltwater Intrusion |Farming |Industrial development |Population | |1800s | | | | | | | |1900s | | | | | | | |2000s | | | | | | | |

Part II: Write a 1-page lab report using the following scientific method sections: • Purpose o State the purpose of the lab. • Introduction o This is an investigation of what is currently known about the question being asked. Use background information from credible references to write a short summary about concepts in the lab. List and cite references in APA style. • Hypothesis/Predicted Outcome o A hypothesis is an educated guess. Based on what you have learned and written about in the Introduction, state what you expect to be the results of the lab procedures. • Methods o Summarize the procedures that you used in the lab. The Methods section should also state clearly how data (numbers) were collected during the lab; this will be reported in the Results/Outcome section. • Results/Outcome o Provide here any results or data that were generated while doing the lab procedure. • Discussion/Analysis o In this section, state clearly whether you obtained the expected results, and if the outcome was as expected.…...

Similar Documents

Environmental Science

...The definition of environmental science is the study of the environment and the quest for the solution to environmental problems such as pollution, global warming, and disappearing resources. The subfield of environmental science that is interesting is ecology. Ecology is the study of the interactions of organisms and some physical aspect of their environment. An example is the study of how two individual populations of two different organisms impact their environment through a symbiotic or competitive relationship. The relationship between science and technology affect global problems in today’s society. As the development of technology increases, the impact on the environment also increases. The advancement of science and technology help increase the material lives of humans. Medical technology progression has extended the length of the human life and lower infant and child mortality rates that have dramatically increased the world population. This increase in the population leads to a decrease in natural resources that were also depleted. To compensate for the increase population rates, more land has to be cleared to make room for the population and thus destroying the environment and depleting its available resources beyond repair. The movement of people, goods, money, and information has drastically increased since the late 1980s due to technological advancements. This globalization has changed the nature of our society. This globalization has also led......

Words: 721 - Pages: 3

Environmental Science Paper 1

...Article: Community Resilience and Oil Spills in Coastal Louisiana | BIOL_115 – Environmental Science | Professor Dr. Heather Smith | Written By: Davin Alex | 10/28/2012 | | Write A Paper That Identifies What Question Is Being Debated. After reading the article on, “Community Resilience and Oil Spills in Coastal Louisiana”, it is quite clear that the unnoted question is, “How have the oil spill affected the coastal Louisiana—the pros, the cons, the cause, and the effects. For several months, this particular oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico has dominated international headlines. Since offshore oil extraction began in the 1930s, these coastal residents have coped with spills and other forms of ecological damage caused by exploration and pipeline-related activities. The harms of oil drilling along offshore coasts have been manifested by the recent accident the Deepwater Horizon exploration-well located in the Gulf of Mexico. It's easy to see the damage done to oceans, marine inhabitants and coastal communities, but there are other harmful effects as well (http://www.brighthub.com/environment/science-environmental/articles/71987.aspx). I live in Florida, and I have personally spoken to former residents of Louisiana, and they have stated that the discomfort of how their once clean and beautiful waters was appealing. Due to the spill, the waters are being scorned and to make matters worse it has affected most of the businesses on the coast, negatively. Identify...

Words: 510 - Pages: 3

Environmental Science"

...The Greenhouse Effect Ashley 24/1/2013 The Greenhouse effect is a process that is naturally occurring on our planet. The reason it is a concern is many scientists believe the process is being changed because of our use of energy in the last 100 years or so. Most greenhouses look like a small glass house. Greenhouses are used to grow plants, especially in the winter. Greenhouses work by trapping heat from the sun. The glass panels of the greenhouse let in light but keep heat from escaping. This causes the greenhouse to heat up, much like the inside of a car parked in sunlight, and keeps the plants warm enough to live in the winter. The earth's atmosphere is all around us. It is the air that we breathe. Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere behave much like the glass panes in a greenhouse. Sunlight enters the earth's atmosphere, passing through the blanket of greenhouse gases. The greenhouse effect works in the following manner (i) Energy from the sun passes though the earth's atmosphere in the form of visible light (sun light). (ii) Some of the sun's energy turns to heat and warms the earth's air and land. (iii) The rest of the sun's energy becomes infrared radiation and is re-emitted into the atmosphere. (iv) Greenhouse gases in the atmosphere trap some of this infrared radiation and bounce it back to the earth again, warming the planet even more. Greenhouse Gases Carbon dioxide It is considered the most predominant anthropogenic greenhouse gas, as 60% of the......

Words: 2044 - Pages: 9

Environmental Science

... Demographic Transition Santoya Rodriguez Environmental Science April 5, 2013 Demographic Transition Introduction Demography is a science that rarely makes general theories. Demographic transition refers to the logical sequence of historical phases every population passes as they become modernized (Azia, n.d). The basic principle of demographic transition is that there is an informal connection between modernization and a decline in fertility and mortality. In other words, as societies progress from pre-modernized to a modernized society they experience lower death and lower birth rates. Most of human history was characterized by high crude death rates (CDR). In fact, they averaged 40 or per thousand in most populations. High CDR was caused by a number of factors; however, epidemics and other social conditions were the most common causes. However, as seen in North America and Europe during the 19th century, as epidemics and other social conditions are improved, death rates decline. This particular pattern of change in mortality factors is called the epidemiologic transition, which represents one aspect of the demographic transition (Wright & Boorse, 2011). Four Phases of Demographic Transition In Phase I of demographic transition, a population is characterized by high CBR that is being controlled by equally high CDR. It is known as the most primitive of the phases because there is a high fluctuating CBR and CDR, which results in little to no population growth (Azia,......

Words: 1139 - Pages: 5

Environmental Science

...SC4730/1125 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SHIVAJI PRASAD UNIT1 WATER CYCLE Evaporation is the process by which water changes from a liquid to a gas or vapor. Evaporation is the primary pathway that water moves from the liquid state back into the water cycle as atmospheric water vapor. Studies have shown that the oceans, seas, lakes, and rivers provide nearly 90 percent of the moisture in the atmosphere via evaporation, with the remaining 10 percent being contributed by plant transpiration. A very small amount of water vapor enters the atmosphere through sublimation, the process by which water changes from a solid (ice or snow) to a gas, bypassing the liquid phase. This often happens in the Rocky Mountains as dry and warm Chinook winds blow in from the Pacific in late winter and early spring. When a Chinook takes effect local temperatures rise dramatically in a matter of hours. When the dry air hits the snow, it changes the snow directly into water vapor, bypassing the liquid phase. Sublimation is a common way for snow to disappear quickly in arid climates. (Source: Mount Washington Observatory) Why evaporation occurs Heat (energy) is necessary for evaporation to occur. Energy is used to break the bonds that hold water molecules together, which is why water easily evaporates at the boiling point (212° F, 100° C) but evaporates much more slowly at the freezing point. Net evaporation occurs when the rate of evaporation exceeds the rate of condensation. A state of saturation......

Words: 1045 - Pages: 5

Homework Assignment 1 Environmental Science

...w Keily Vilchez Environmental Science Professor: Nunez Homework Assignment #1 Practice Quiz 1) Describe why fishing has changed at Apo Island, and the direct and indirect effects on people’s live. Thirty years ago, the use of destructive fishing techniques such as dynamite fishing, trawling, and muroami had severely impacted the state of reefs and fish habitats, depleting fish stocks in the area. In response to this, scientists came to Apo Island to collaborate with the locals to develop reserves that allowed fish populations to replenish as well as to restrict any future fishing activities to low-impact methods such as lines, traps, and hand-nettings. The direct effect of this was that the available amount of fish went up, allowing locals to obtain fish with much greater ease. As they didn't have to spend as much time obtaining food, the locals had more time to devote themselves to building up the island's economy through other avenues such as tourism or through the development of infrastructure (such as schools). 3) Distinguish between a hypothesis and a theory. A hypothesis is the first postulation of an idea, usually based on an observation and the indication of a relationship. A theory is the final stage in the proof of an idea, where enough evidence has been collected to verify the exact relationship and there is no evidence refuting the postulation or contradicting the relationship. A theory is usually......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

Environmental Science

...sustainability strategies and solutions There are so many sustainability strategies and solutions that have been recently and in the past created but I can only provide information on a few. According to an article written on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency website increasing demands are being placed on finite water resources to supply drinking water, water for other societal needs (including energy, agriculture and industry), and the water necessary to support healthy aquatic ecosystems. Having adequate water of sufficient quality underpins the Nation’s health, economy, security and ecology. It is the responsibility of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to conduct research and analyses that will ensure that the Nation’s water resources are safe for use and can be sustained for future generations. To ensure that EPA decisions protecting water resources are based on sound science, EPA’s Office of Research and Development (ORD) has integrated its Drinking Water and Water Quality research programs to create the Safe and Sustainable Water Resources (SSWR) Research Program. The SSWR Research Program is undertaking development of sustainable solutions to 21st century water resource problems by integrating research on social, environmental and economic outcomes to provide lasting solutions The Strategic Research Action Plan for EPA’s Safe and Sustainable Water Resources Re¬search maps out a research program for the next approximately 5 to 10 years. It has......

Words: 1757 - Pages: 8

Environmental Science

...The Law of Conservation of energy Environmental Science Unit 3 Individual Project The Law of Conservation of energy Environmental Science Unit 3 Individual Project Abstract This paper will discuss multiple forms of renewable energy. I will lay out the advantages and disadvantages of each form of renewable energy and how they affect people, wildlife, and our environment. The Law of Conservation of Energy  The Law of Conservation of Energy states that the total amount of energy in an isolated system remains constant over time (is said to be conserved over time) although energy within the system can be changed from one form to another or transferred from one object to another (Law of Conservation, n.d.). This law applies to energy use in that we are taking a form of energy and changing it into a different form. We are not actually using up the energy but changing the form of it from one to another. An example of this can be solar energy. We take the energy from the sun and change it into usable energy for our homes, businesses, schools, and hospitals. This law also applies to energy conservation in that some energy is always wasted when being changed from one form into another. It is impossible to change energy without actually wasting some of it. In many energy conversions, more energy is wasted that is used for work such as automobile engines, they typically waste more than two-thirds of the total energy used, primarily through heat (Law of Conservation...

Words: 1612 - Pages: 7

Environmental Science

...Brandi Long Environmental Science-204 July 12, 2012 I-Lab#1 Deforestation Exercise 1 Discuss 5 products that come from tropical rain forests. A lot of the ingrediants that make of medication that is used in today’s world come from tropical rain forests, like Lapacho (Pav D’ arco). This is used for chemotherapy medicine for patients that have cancer. Lapacho has been noted to be beneficial for other conditions, like bacteria, viruses, parasites, arthritis and fungi. In fact, 70% of the plants used for anti-cancer drugs can only be found in the tropical rain forests. About 7% of paper pulp used to produce paper comes from the tropical rain forests. Mahogany and teak wood that is used for making furniture comes from the trees growing in the tropical rain forest. All the passion fruits used in the ingredients for shampoo all come from the tropical forest. Vanillas that are used for cooking and baking are from vanilla seed pods from the vanilla orchid grown in the tropical rain forest. Exercise 2 Discuss 5 major causes of deforestation. As the population grows world-wide, more volume is needed, like our food supply. Farmers will deforestation land to raise cattle, for meat. This would cause some deforestation from the cattle grazing. Workers go and lumber the trees so the wood could be used for materials; like paper. Creating roadways, whether for travel by vehicles and railroads they would need to clear land,......

Words: 768 - Pages: 4

Environmental Sciences

...| | | Name : Damian ClarkeSubject : Environmental ScienceUnit 1Centre: St. Mary’s CollegeCentre Number : 160073Candidate Number : 1600730296 | [Title : Human Impact on the Water Quality of the Santa Cruz/San Juan River] | | Table of Contents | Page Number | Site Reports | | Site 1:: Reservoir Road, Santa Cruz, Trinidad | 2 | Site 2:Akal Trace, La Pastora, Santa Cruz, Trinidad | 3 | Site 3:Cantaro Extension Rd, Santa Cruz, Trinidad | 4 | Site 4:Mt Hololo Rd Santa Cruz, Trinidad | 5 | Lab Reports | | Lab 1:Dissolved Oxygen and Biological Oxygen Demand | 7 | Lab 2:Total Suspended Solids | 10 | Lab 3:Total Dissolved Solids | 12 | Lab 4:Macro Invertebrate Fauna | 14 | Final Report | | Problem Statement, Objectives | 17 | Methods of Data Collection | 18 | Literature Review | 19 | Presentation and Analysis of Data | 20 | Discussion of Findings | 22 | Conclusions | 23 | Recommendations | 23 | Bibliography | 24 | Site Number: 1 Date: 28/11/13 Site: Reservoir Road, Santa Cruz, Trinidad (Control site – Furthest Upstream) Objective(s): To investigate a section of the river with little or no human impact to use as a control site. Activities: The class arrived at site 1 around 9:15am. Observations of the riverbed, the water itself, human influences and both flora and fauna were made.......

Words: 7190 - Pages: 29

Environmental Science

...SC4730 Environmental Science Unit 1 Lab 1: Environmental Awareness 1) Please indicate your city, state, latitude, and longitude. City: Los Angeles State: California Latitude: +34.05420 Longitude: -118.24100 2) What are the pollen count, wind velocity, and wind direction for you area? How does this contribute to allergic reactions? Pollen Count: Elm, Grass, and Ragweed. Wind Velocity: 3 MPH Wind Direction: South East 3) What type of soil do you have in your city? What is your distance to the closest farm? What crops are produced there? What fertilizers are applied and when? Soil: Fill soil and alluvium soil. Distance to nearest farm: 45 Miles Crops: Cherries Fertilizer Type: Pharmasoil Fertilizer Application Schedule: Once a year. 4) What is the major biome and vegetation type in your area? Biome: Mediterranean Vegetation: Agoseris Grandiflora, Mountain Dandelion 5) What is the genus and species of two dominant plants and two dominant animals in your area (no pets)? Dominant Plant 1: Dominant Plant 2: Dominant Animal 1: Dominant Animal 2: 6) What was the total rainfall in your area last year? Rainfall in 2013: 0.03 inches 7) Are there any animals in your area on the threatened or endangered species list? Plants? List using the genus and species as well as common name and indicate if they are threatened or endangered. 8) Name two species of native plants (those that were not introduced into the area). Is their range......

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Environmental Science

...Reducing My Environmental Footprint Kaplan University SC225-02 Environmental Science Professor Christina Kamnikar Prepared by: Using the carbon footprint calculator was a very interesting beginning to this assignment. Learning what your footprint is makes it “real” seeing actual numbers related to what you do helps to understand the footprint. After all this is not something we can go outside and see every day, being the invisible mysterious object that countries, politicians and even climate scientist have a hard time defining and identifying the causes and solutions. Plugging in the numbers to the calculator and seeing the results for mine was surprising. The U.S. average is 42,957 and my household with two adults and two cars came out to 26,086. Now I must point out that at this time being unemployed has a benefit to the environment. I have very limited mileage on my Jeep the last year and a half, so that helped my household numbers a lot. We recently purchased a new refrigerator that is energy star approved and that replaced one that was twenty years old. Mother Nature made us replace our furnace a few years ago. We had a flood that left 4.5 feet of water in the basement and causing us to have to replace our oil burning furnace and hot water source. Again it was over twenty years old and we have already seen a huge savings in fuel bills and with the new furnace I am sure a reduction in our carbon footprint. We live in a rural section and you have...

Words: 720 - Pages: 3

Environmental Science

...University of Phoenix Material Environmental Science and Human Population Worksheet Using the textbooks, the University Library, or other resources, answer each of the following questions in 100 to 200 words. 1. What would you include in a brief summary on the history of the modern environmental movement, from the 1960s to the present? In the 1960’s the general population started to become more concerned with the environment’s health and well-being, and became a huge social movement. In 1960 Earth Day was created and laws were passed to control air pollution. There were other laws passed, too, such as the endangered species act in the 70’s. The Environmental Protection Agency was created to enforce the laws that were passed in the 70’s as well. In the 80’s Ronald Reagan was elected to presidency and was more business oriented and allowed companies to overlook the environment protection laws. In the 90’s issues such as global warming became a huge concern to the nation. Overall, there were a lot of good things that came out of the laws set into place in the 60’s and 70’s, including that the water and the air was some of the cleanest ever reported. 2. Explain the primary concern over exponential population growth. What promotes exponential population growth? What constrains exponential population growth? The biggest concern over exponential population growth is the fear that eventually the amount of people will over power our planet and our...

Words: 377 - Pages: 2

Environmental Science

...Name: Vincent Zachary Subject: Environmental Science 120 Professor: Bob Chen Date: 10/4/2015 Midterm Part I 1.) Boston Harbor a) Please present evidence (data for a specific parameter) that water quality is better in Boston Harbor than it was 25 years ago. Explain why this data supports your claim that water quality is better now. Ans: According to one of the data collected by Andrea Rex for the Massachusetts Water Resources Authority, one of the parameters which shows the biggest improvement in water quality is the amount of metals being discharged from the period of 1991 to 2007. This can be seen from the graph below. These metals are considered to be extremely toxic if high doses are being discharged to the water. Hence, considering that the average number of pounds of metals being discharged in 1991 was immensely reduced from approximately 650 pounds to less than 100 pounds in 2007, this reaffirms the fact that water quality is better now. b) What can you do to make the water quality (with respect to this parameter) even better? Extend the data given above 25 years into the future. How clean can Boston Harbor water become (with respect to your measurement)? What controls the trajectory of this parameter? Be specific. Ans: Heavy metals can enter the Boston Harbor from various sources such as industrial discharge, vehicles, improper disposal of waste and household chemicals. Therefore, I can contribute to the betterment of the water quality by......

Words: 1550 - Pages: 7

Environmental Science

...Service. Once listed species reached a level of stable existence again, they were delisted. As of 2011, fifty-one species had been delisted. Any kind of harming, wounding, or killing is considered to be a violation. Violations of these laws have a variety of penalties. The maximum fine is up to $50,000 or a year of imprisonment, possibly both. I do absolutely believe this law has improved our societies and environments due to helping original life to be sustained. These animals and plants were created to be on this earth. They did not choose to be here and did not choose to be killed for human pleasure. This law has given these listed species another chance. References: Boorse, D. F. and Wright, R.T. (2011). Environmental Science: Toward a more sustainable future, Eleventh Edition. San Francisco, California: Pearson Benjamin Cummings. USDA Forest Service. (n.d.). Kudzu. Weed of the Week. Retrieved from http://www.na.fs.fed.us/fhp/invasive_plants/weeds/kudzu.pdf a.u. (2011). History of the United States endangered species act. Florida Museum of Natural History. Retrieved from http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/education/esa.htm...

Words: 651 - Pages: 3

Minna Atsumare! Falcom Gakuen SC | - Episode : 40 | free download ibrower for mobile