Ethical System Table

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By beflong2
Words 1417
Pages 6
Origins of Psychology and Research Methods Worksheet

Part I: Origins of Psychology

Within the discipline of psychology, there are several perspectives used to describe, predict, and explain human behavior. The seven major perspectives in modern psychology are psychoanalytic, behaviorist, humanist, cognitive, neuroscientific/biopsychological, evolutionary, and sociocultural. Describe the seven major psychological perspectives using two to three sentences each. Select one major figure associated with one of the seven major perspectives and describes his or her work in two to three sentences. Type your response in the space below.

Psychoanalytic- States that people are said to have sexual and aggressive drives. People’s behaviors are ruled by irrational forces and the unconscious, as well as instinctual and biological forces. It is believed people have no free will.
Sigmund Freud made his own theory in the 1890’s. Freud theory was that a hysterical patient could have these problems due to a painful childhood experience that they cannot remember. This theory states that there is influence of lost memories that shape our feeling, thoughts and behavior.
Behaviorist- Emphasizes objective, observable environmental influences on overt behavior.
B.F. Skinner research states that when you give a person positive reinforcement for a correct chose they will go out of their way to make the correct choice for that positive reinforcement. Also works the other way. When a person chooses a negative choice and you give them a negative reinforcement they will go out of their way to avoid the wrong choice to avoid the negative reinforcement.
Humanist- In the 1950s a new approach emerged, which stressed free will, which was a voluntarily chosen behavior, and self-actualization, which is a state of self-fulfillment.
Carl Rogers was one of the founders of the humanistic…...

Similar Documents

Ethical Systems Table

...University of Phoenix Material Ethical Systems Table • Fill in brief definitions of each primary ethical theory. • Identify alternate names or variations of each ethical system based on your reading of the text and supplemental materials. • Match the real-world examples listed below with the corresponding systems. The first one has been completed for you in the table. Real-World Examples A. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they like the taste of it. B. I believe that if sand is going to be eaten, it should be available for everyone to eat. C. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do. D. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is good for one’s health. E. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they decide they want to, regardless of whether it is someone else’s sand. F. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to make the decision themselves. G. I believe I will eat sand because it is the standard meal for my community. • Develop your own workplace example that fits with each system. Present each workplace scenario in a substantial paragraph of approximately 40 words. Although the table field will expand to accommodate your workplace examples, you may list them at the end of the table; make a note in the table to see the attached examples, however, so......

Words: 1026 - Pages: 5

Cisco Systems Ethical Strategy

...Ethical Strategy Review of Cisco Systems ethical strategy, what they say, what they do, and how it impacts their stakeholders. 2010 Contents Introduction 3 Background Information 3 Cisco’s Ethical Strategy 6 Stated Ethical Strategy 6 Stakeholder Analysis 9 Employees 9 Customers 13 Government 15 Suppliers 17 Shareholders 18 Communities 20 Institutionalization of Ethics 21 Explicit Components 21 Implicit Components 22 Corporate Environmental Management 23 Environmental Policy 23 Environmental Management Systems (EMS) 24 Crisis Management Policy 25 Overall Evaluations and Conclusions 26 Recommendations 27 Works Cited 29 Appendix 32 Appendix A - Cisco Code of Business Conduct 33 Appendix B - Cisco Ethics Decision Tree 34 Appendix C – Cisco Systems Inc. Board of Directors 35 Appendix D – Cisco CSR Awards and Recognition 36 Appendix E – Cisco’s Supplier Code of Conduct 39 Appendix F – Cisco’s Supplier Ethics Policy 40 Introduction The purpose of this paper is to see how a Cisco integrates their ethical and socially responsible practices into their business. The paper will look at the company background, and history. It will then analyze the ethical strategy of the company by reviewing the stated ethical strategy, statements and documents that support that strategy and how the strategy impacts the major stakeholders of the company. An examination of how Cisco institutionalizes their ethics strategy into the......

Words: 11516 - Pages: 47

Three Ethical Systems Pape

...Three Ethical Systems Paper (WK2) Rosalie R King Ohio Christian University ET 3000 Ethics Dr. Wolfe March 25, 2013 We all have ethics that we follow even if we do not realize that we are following them. They are applied in the decisions we make in are day to day life and even the choices we make for our future. For many their ethics and morals are things that they learn through their upbringing and their life experiences. Others also apply their faith to their already instilled ethics and morals. In the paragraphs below I will be defining unqualified absolutism, conflicting absolutism, and graded absolutism and give examples of different scenarios involving all three ethical systems. Then finally I will conclude by identifying which ethical system that I use most often when making ethical decisions. Unqualified absolutism is defined by the book as the view that there are many moral absolutes that never actually conflict; all alleged conflicts are only apparent, but not real. Under unqualified absolutism it states that we are able to avoid doing wrong. Under this system it states that right and wrong is determined by Gods laws and those laws are what we should follow in order to not do wrong. Under this system lying is not permitted because it is wrong. Under no circumstance should you lie to solve any issue that you might incur. The philosophy of this system tells us that there are no true moral conflicts, because God always provides us with the solution to our......

Words: 1487 - Pages: 6

Deontological Versus Teleological Ethical Systems

...Deontological Versus Teleological Ethical Systems ADJ/235 July 8, 2011 Deontological Versus Teleological Ethical Systems Ethical Systems Ethical systems are ordered principles or guidelines to make moral decisions. They are the source of moral beliefs. Ethical systems help define what is right or good. Ethical systems are morals that are shared by a group of people, but not all people always agree to what is right or good. There are seven major ethical systems. These major systems are ethical formalism, utilitarianism, religion, natural law, ethics of virtue, ethics of care, and egoism. Each of these major ethical systems is either classified as deontological, teleological, or virtue. Deontological Ethical Systems A deontological ethical system is based on the idea that we have a duty to do certain things and not doing certain things. The word deontological comes from “deonto” meaning “duty” in Greek (Wittjen). With the deontological ethical system, one would consider the basic duties and rights of individuals or groups and make a decision based on your moral beliefs. Ethical formalism is deontological and is a type of theory which defines moral judgments in terms of their logical form rather than their content. Ethical formalism is considered as an absolutist system. If something is wrong, it is wrong all the time. Just as if something if right, it is right all the time. For example, the death sentence is wrong because death to someone and anyone is wrong......

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Ethical Belief Systems

...A Systems Analysis of Plastic Debris in the Pacific Ocean Course: Integrated Environmental Systems Instructor: Steven Arnold Fall Quarter University of Denver By: Cletus Achibonga November 7, 2012 Table of content Title 1 Abstract 4 Introduction 5 1.1 Scope 5 1.2 Background 5 Animal and plant deaths 8 2.1 Birds 8 2.2 Mammals and other animals 10 2.3 Plants and plant food 11 Environmental impacts 12 3.1 Physical impacts 13 3.2 Chemical impacts 14 3.3 Biological impacts 14 3.4 Human impacts 15 3.5 Economic impacts 16 Societal Responds 17 Conclusion and Recommendation 20 References: 21 List of figures Figure 1: A pack of plastics at the shores of Kamilo Beach, Island of Hawaii 8 Figure 2: Bird corpse with ingested plastic 10 Figure 3: Seal entangled in fishing nets and lines 11 Figure 4: DPSIR model analysis of the pacific gyre 18 Abstract The pacific patch is the most devastating problem of our generation yet there is little public knowledge about the nature and severity of the situation. There is also little to no awareness as to the way we humans either intentionally or unintentionally contribute to the worsening situation in our water bodies. This study used the DPSIR model in analyzing the problem of the pacific gyre from a systems perspective. It focused on the impacts of the pacific gyre on the environment, plants, animals as well as the ecosystem...

Words: 3857 - Pages: 16

Describe the Distinctive Features of a Utilitarian Ethical System

...Describe the distinctive features of a Utilitarian ethical system The principle of utility states that actions are acceptable as long as they have an outcome of either happiness or pleasure. There are two main types of utilitarianism; Act utilitarianism and Rule utilitarianism. The two main figureheads of modern utilitarianism were Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill. Jeremy Bentham came up with the idea of the hedonic calculus. This was his system of measuring how good or bad a consequence is. It was also known as the greatest happiness principle. This meant simply that a good action is one that maximises general happiness or minimises pain. A bad action is the opposite of a good action. The hedonic calculus, used to decide whether actions are good or bad goes like this: 1) Its intensity- how intense will the pleasure or pain be? 2) Its duration- How long will it last? 3) Its certainty or uncertainty- How sure can we be that it will follow from our action? 4) Its remoteness- How far away is it in terms of time? 5) Its fecundity- the chance it has of being followed by similar sensations? 6) Its purity- The chance it has of not being followed by opposite sensations? 7) Its extent- To what extent will it affect others? We can use the hedonic calculus for examples such as abortion: 1) Its intensity- The pain of an abortion will be minimal physically but could cause great pain mentally. 2) Its duration- The treatment may only last for a......

Words: 846 - Pages: 4

Ethical Systems

...Ethical Systems Before I start writing this paper I would like to describe what ethics means to me. I believe that a person whom possesses a strong foundation of moral values is set to be a successful human being any where he or she goes, and any organization will feel lucky to have this kind of employee. Personal ethics are the moral structural foundation on which people build their life, where they feed themselves to receive knowledge to use it when they encounter an ethical dilemma, and also receive wisdom to value others, value society, and value themselves (Christine Scivicque 2007) As I mentioned before a person with great moral structural foundation has greatest chance to be more successful than those who did not have any kind of education on moral and values. But how do you build a strong moral foundation? At one point on the early stage of life people’s ethics has been influenced by several individuals and institutions, starting with parents, and family, then by teachers, religious leaders, and friends. Our parents teaches us on how to treat other people, how to dress, what is the right way to behave in front other people, and even how to eat, teachers take it to a higher level by teaching us to be honest with our selves and others, to learn and portrait our learning with out cheating on test, and assignments. Religious leaders also have influences on our ethics because they teaches us to be kind to others, to treat others the way we want to be treated, and......

Words: 726 - Pages: 3

Ethical Systems Table

...religion that had help me shape myself to be today who I became in life. Today I value the morals that my grandparents taught me. I learn to be fair, respectful, responsible, and more ethical. Today I consider the opinions of others; my religious leaders reinforce that principle of honesty in me that I was taught once by grandparents. Today as try to be a faithful Christian and try to follow the words in the bible “Don’t do to others what you don’t want to be done to you”. I try to watch myself that I don’t be unethical in my actions or unfair, special in at my work place. Being a believer had made tremendous effect in my performance at work. People may act unethical at the workplace without known it, for example; I use to leave 20 minutes early from work and to me it was ok because all my work was done. But this was unethical because I was stealing time from the organizations, one because if my boss needed me to do something extra or if it was a problem with my work I was nowhere to be found and two that in my time card I was not minus that 20 minutes that I was leaving early. Now that I became a believer I wait on to my boss tell me that I can leave. Acting ethical in an organization is very important, because if an organization is built on unethical actions it will not be successful for long. Ethical responsibility is the duty to follow a morally correct path (smallbusiness.chron). This why ethics are needed in organization to ensure that employees and leaders do the......

Words: 885 - Pages: 4

Personal and Ethical Belief System

...Personal Ethical Belief System and Professional Ethics Cherissa Boyd BSHS - 332 University of Phoenix August 15, 2011 David Elkins Personal Ethical Belief System and Professional Ethics In the profession of human services, every professional will at some point, include his or her personal ethical standards into his or her work with clients. My personal ethics are a huge part of who I am today, and these beliefs affect every decision I make whether it is personal or professional. I believe a person’s life experiences are what shape his or her personal ethical belief system and professional ethics. A person’s morals determine what is right and what is wrong in his or her life. Everyone is responsible for his or her actions whether it is right with rewards, or wrong with consequences. Combined with these factors, worldviews also plays a huge role in the decision-making process. The framework for decisions is created from a person’s values, beliefs, morals, and personal experiences. According to Freeman, (2000, p. ix) Ethics is “the study of standards of conduct and moral judgment; moral philosophy.” Ethics is a part of philosophy and an application of what we believe is true about our reality. Every person has a right to his or her own beliefs about what is true or not. These “Codes of ethics are designed to guide practitioners, protect the welfare of clients, safeguard the autonomy of professional workers, and enhance the status of the profession” (Freeman, 2000, p.......

Words: 3466 - Pages: 14

Bis 221 Week 1 Overview of Information Systems Table Bis221 Week 1 Overview of Information Systems Table

... visit www.workbank247.com http://workbank247.com/q/bis-221-complete-course-bis221-complete-course-bis/10425 http://workbank247.com/q/bis-221-complete-course-bis221-complete-course-bis/10425 BIS 221 Complete Course BIS 221 WEEK 1 Overview of Information Systems Table Complete the University of Phoenix Overview of Information Systems Table.  For each information systems type identified in the table, include the following in the appropriate columns: * A description of the information systems type and its benefits * Example of each information systems type, the name of the vendor who built it, and the vendor's website * Describe how you have seen them used in your organization or in an organization that you are familiar with  Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.   BIS 221 WEEK 2 Information Technology Ethics Issues Article Summary Locate a news article based on a recent event on ethical issues related to information technology. For example, Wikileaks, Snowden, etc...  Summarize your findings of the event/issue in the article in a memo of 350-700 words:  Include the following in your memo using the features of Microsoft Word: * A Microsoft Word memo template * A table * A minimum of two styles * An image * Either a bulleted or numbered list Format your assignment consistent with APA guidelines.  Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.   BIS 221 WEEK 3 Types of Electronic Commerce......

Words: 879 - Pages: 4

Ethical Issues in Information Systems

...Ethical Issues in Information System Sebron Fleming Strayer University CIS109 – Introduction to Management Information Systems November 22, 2015 Professor Jean-Robert Bokino Abstract Most would agree that the advancement of computer technology has greatly enhanced the lives of many in today's society; however, with these advancements some pitfalls have come into play that diminish these advancements. The greatest threat to the achievements that have been made is that the criminal element has found ways to intrude. One of the manners into which these intrusions have occurred is the criminal invasion of privacy and an attempt to attack the individual's identity. In many cases, these cyber attacks by criminals has caused a lose of consumer confidence and has forced internet users and consumers to carefully consider ways in which to protect themselves. The advancement of computer technology has allowed us to more easily and quickly accomplish those task that was at one time time consuming and both routine and exhaustive. We are now enabled to shop online via e-commerce and are afforded the ability to pay bills and even do our banking and pay taxes online. “New computer technologies for gathering, storing, manipulating, and communicating data are revolutionizing the use and spread of information. Along the way, they are also creating ethical dilemmas...forcing people to confront entirely new rights and responsibilities in their use of information and to reconsider......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Information Systems Ethical Issues

...Information Systems Ethical Issues Mrs. Monique Morris Intro to Management Information Systems – CIS 109 Strayer University Professor Masudur Chowdhury 09/06/2015 INFORMATION SYSTEMS’ ETHICAL ISSUES What are the ethical issues facing information systems? Ethical issues in information systems are a growing problem, with the advancement of technology. Everyone is using computers and the internet for personal tasks every day. People use the internet for paying bills, managing bank accounts and also for business transactions. The technologists in control of these information systems need to have great morals, and not be tempted to violate their ethics. The ten commandments of computer ethics are very similar to business ethics, and personal ethics. (Bidgoli, 2014) Basically, the commandments are for guidance to not do any harm or wrong towards another individual. There are laws against many of the issues with the information industry. For example, it is illegal to steal someone’s identity or personal information. Unfortunately, this is becoming more of a problem, the more people use computers for personal tasks. What are the more serious violations of ethics? One of the ten commandments of computer ethics is “Thou shalt not use a computer to steal.” (Bidgoli, 2014) This has got to be the most widely violated ethical issue. It is difficult to meet someone who has not been a victim of this violation. Identity theft is stealing. Unfortunately, to violate this......

Words: 748 - Pages: 3

Ethical Systems Table

...Phoenix Material Ethical Systems Table • Fill in brief definitions of each primary ethical theory. • Identify alternate names or variations of each ethical system based on your reading of the text and supplemental materials. • Match the real-world examples listed below with the corresponding systems. The first one has been completed for you in the table. Real-World Examples A. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they like the taste of it. B. I believe that if sand is going to be eaten, it should be available for everyone to eat. C. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do. D. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is good for one’s health. E. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they decide they want to, regardless of whether it is someone else’s sand. F. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to make the decision themselves. G. I believe I will eat sand because it is the standard meal for my community. • Develop your own workplace example that fits with each system. Present each workplace scenario in a substantial paragraph of approximately 40 words. Although the table field will expand to accommodate your workplace examples, you may list them at the end of the table; make a note in the table to see the attached examples, however, so your facilitator knows to look for scenarios below the table. • Format......

Words: 636 - Pages: 3

Ethical Systems Table

...empirical rule? • Can a z score be negative? Why or why not? Week Three Discussion Questions • What are the five steps used in hypothesis testing? How do you decide on an alpha significance level? • Why would you use a z test rather than a t test? Which do you think you will use more often? Why? • What is the difference between a critical value and a test statistic? How do you decide which test statistic to use? • When is it appropriate to use a one-tailed test versus a two-tailed test? Does direction of the test affect statistical significance? Explain. • What is a P-value? What does a P-value of .0000001 mean? • What are degrees of freedom? Illustrate with one new example. • How do you use a t-table to find critical value(s) for a one-tailed test and for a two-tailed test? Week Four Discussion Questions • In two-sample testing, when is it appropriate to use a t test versus a z test? • What are the criteria for using a t test for independent and dependent samples? • What are the assumptions in ANOVA? Which assumption is most important? Why? • What levels of measurement are used in ANOVA testing? Why do you think others are not used? • When using ANOVA, what parameter is used when setting up the null and alternate hypotheses? Why do you think this is important? • What does an F = 1 mean? • What are the criteria for using one-way ANOVA versus two-way ANOVA? Which criteria do you find......

Words: 2165 - Pages: 9

Ethical System Table

...definitions of each primary ethical theory. 2. Identify alternate names or variations of each ethical system based on your reading of the text and supplemental materials. Match the real-world examples listed below with the corresponding systems. The first one has been completed for you in the table. a. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they like the taste of it. b. I believe that if sand is going to be eaten, it should be available for everyone to eat. c. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do. d. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is good for one’s health. e. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they decide they want to, regardless of whether it is someone else’s sand. f. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to make the decision themselves. g. I believe I will eat sand because it is the standard meal for my community. 3. Develop your own workplace example that fits with each system. Present each workplace scenario in a substantial paragraph of approximately 40 words. Although the table field will expand to accommodate your workplace examples, you may list them at the end of the table; make a note in the table to see the attached examples, however, so your facilitator knows to look for scenarios below the table. 4. Format references according to APA standards and include them after the table. Ethical Theory or System Brief......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

ละคร อนิลทิตา | Charlotte Springer | Saving General Yang (Movie)