Ethics Comparison and Similarities

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Ethics Comparisons and Similarities

December 18, 2012

Abstract This paper will identify similarities and differences between the virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. This paper will also highlight how each theory addresses ethics and morality differently. In this paper, personal experience will be used to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three principles.

Ethics Comparisons and Similarities

Virtue is referred to as a character ethic. It theorizes that in the life we live we should try to cultivate excellence in everything that we do as well as in everything that others do. In fact, the Greek word for “virtue” translates to “excellence.” Virtues are considered to be both moral and non-moral (Boylan, 2009). Morally, what makes a good person? (Boylan, 2009). Non-morally, what does a person do to be the best he or she can be? As a personal example I am reminded of my youth during middle school and high school. As a student and participant in concert band and marching band, I would practice and continuously train myself to be a better musician. The more I practiced the music the correct way, the better I became. I strove for excellence. This is a good non-moral example. Utilitarianism is a theory that means an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for a group than any other alternative (Boylan, 2009). As an example I offer a line from a Star Trek movie “the needs of the many outweigh the needs of the one.” We have also heard mention of the greater good. This means it is morally correct to do what is best for the majority of the people. Deontological ethics, also know as deontology, involve judging the morality of an action based on adherence to a rule. The theory is that rules and obligations bind…...

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