Ethics Comparison and Similarities

In: Business and Management

Submitted By MOE1
Words 412
Pages 2
Ethics Comparisons and Similarities

ETH/316
December 18, 2012

Abstract This paper will identify similarities and differences between the virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. This paper will also highlight how each theory addresses ethics and morality differently. In this paper, personal experience will be used to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three principles.

Ethics Comparisons and Similarities

Virtue is referred to as a character ethic. It theorizes that in the life we live we should try to cultivate excellence in everything that we do as well as in everything that others do. In fact, the Greek word for “virtue” translates to “excellence.” Virtues are considered to be both moral and non-moral (Boylan, 2009). Morally, what makes a good person? (Boylan, 2009). Non-morally, what does a person do to be the best he or she can be? As a personal example I am reminded of my youth during middle school and high school. As a student and participant in concert band and marching band, I would practice and continuously train myself to be a better musician. The more I practiced the music the correct way, the better I became. I strove for excellence. This is a good non-moral example. Utilitarianism is a theory that means an action is morally right when that action produces more total utility for a group than any other alternative (Boylan, 2009). As an example I offer a line from a Star Trek movie “the needs of the many outweigh the needs of the one.” We have also heard mention of the greater good. This means it is morally correct to do what is best for the majority of the people. Deontological ethics, also know as deontology, involve judging the morality of an action based on adherence to a rule. The theory is that rules and obligations bind…...

Similar Documents

The Similarities Between the Aca and the Amhca Code of Ethics, They Both Providing Training, Guidance, and Direction in Making Ethic Decisions for Their Members (Aca, 2005) (Amhca, 2010). the Aca and Amhca Codes of

...The similarities between the ACA and the AMHCA code of ethics, they both providing training, guidance, and direction in making ethic decisions for their members (ACA, 2005) (AMHCA, 2010). The ACA and AMHCA codes of ethics cover a wide range of ethical and professional situations common to the practicing professional. An example of not having the correct training in multicultural counseling is in the case study of “Allison: The Case of the Well-Meaning Feminist”. Allison, a 28 year old student was counseling Carmen, 19- years old Latina, did not understand the Latina cultural. If Allison would of have training on the Latina cultural, she would have understood the importance that Carmen’s father plays a significant role in the family (Herlihy & Corey, 2006). The other similarity is the commitment of students, employee, and supervisory relationships. The commitment of students, employee, and supervisory relationships are similar in both codes of ethics emphasizing that it is unethical to engage in any relationships (ACA, 2005) (AMHCA, 2010). I have seen this first hand, where I used to work they did not like management having any relationship with employees. It could have cause friction between employees and management. Differences in Codes of Ethic Although, there are similarities between the ACA and the AMHAC codes of ethics there are some distinct between the two. One of the most noticeable is the difference in how violations of the code of ethics are addressed......

Words: 302 - Pages: 2

Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics

...Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory According to Boylan (2009), “ethics is the science concerning the right and wrong of human behavior.” It is a method that allows us to organize our values and go after them. It helps us answer questions like: do I seek my own happiness, or do I sacrifice myself for a greater cause? According to "Ethics - Definition And More From The Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary" (2012), ethics is “the discipline dealing with what is good and bad and with moral duty and obligation.” Because we are beings living together in society, we all go through tough moral decisions like a father deciding whether his son’s end-of-the-year school concert is more important than his business meeting, or accepting gifts from vendors when a contract bid is under evaluation. Moral decisions require moral reasoning and deliberation, which takes place within certain perspectives three of which are virtue ethics, utilitarianism, and deontologism. Virtue ethics focuses on how to be; studies what makes the character traits of people. A person who has these traits will act by habit in certain ways not because of its consequences but because it is what a virtuous person would do. The Boy Scout pledge is an example of virtue ethics because he pledges to be a certain person. Utilitarianism is the view that says “if an act will produce more happiness than will alternatives, it is the right thing to do, and if it will produce less happiness, it would be wrong to do......

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Comparison Between Deontological and Utilitarianism Ethics

...Comparison between deontological and utilitarian ethics Deontological ethics Deontology is a normative theory attributed to Immanuel Kant, which focuses on the concept of the duty. It is concerned on fulfilling what is believed to be a moral duty without considering its impact to other people. It takes the stand that the duty defines the right actions regardless of the consequences. The hold of deontological ethics is that doing right is what conform the moral laws. According to Kant, right actions are not done by following inclinations, impulses or obeying the principle of greatest happiness but are done simply and purely from the sense of duty. Kessler says that some ethical truths and norms are appropriate to everyone in the society, and therefore, people should always act morally irrespective of the outcome for their morals. In deontology ethics, actions are done for the sake of duty. The intrinsic moral feature determines the rightness or wrongness of the act taken by individuals. The duty should always be done by taking the right. For example, duty of a teacher is to benefit a student, and he would like to know the impact of different teaching techniques to the student so as to help him determine the technique which can and cannot benefit the students. Therefore, the rightness of the action is dictated by the rule of the act and not by the outcomes of the act. Rather, outcomes helps to determine the best action to up keep the established duty. Kant says that in...

Words: 1539 - Pages: 7

Compare the Similarities and Differences Between Virtue Theory, Utilitarianism, and Deontological Ethics.

...Ethics Essay Sandra Faye ETH/316 March 6, 2012 Irma Flores-Brothers Ethics Essay Ethics is the science of right and wrong in human action.” (Boyle, 2009, Chapter 1, Living in a World of Values). The overall purpose of this paper is to compare the similarities and differences between the three major approaches in normative ethics; virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. I will do this by analyzing these ethical theories and by describing them along with presenting the facts on how each theory relates to ethics and morality. It will also include a personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories. We have all been faced with the circumstances that have pushed our moral boundaries. Virtue ethics refers more specifically to one character embodying for determining or evaluating ethical behavior. In other words virtue ethics emphasizes one moral character.  According to Boylan (2009), virtue ethics is also sometimes called agent-based or character ethics. It takes the viewpoint that in living your life you should try to cultivate excellence in all that you do and all that others do. (Chapter 11, It’s All About Your Character: Virtue Ethics). For example, finding a wallet with money in it, and returning it to the rightful owner is an act of virtue. One of my proudest moments growing up as a 15years old......

Words: 665 - Pages: 3

Ethics

...Assignment - ACCT 1085 Ethics and Accountability – Semester 2 2013 Assignment details This is a group assignment. The marks available are 40 marks. The assignment word limit is 3,500 words (not including references and bibliography). Assignment is to be submitted via Turnitin and electronically. Due date for the assignment is Learning Outcomes of Assignment After completing this assignment you will have developed your ability to: • Collaborate and work in teams to research and provide advice to ethical issues facing accountants. • Undertake effective research into ethical practice and theory in a business context. • Identify and critically evaluate ethical problems based on your understanding of ethical theories and prior research.  • Apply the relevant ethical theories to business problems. • Analyse ethical issues in accountancy and provide advice. • Effectively communicate an ethical decision to a member of the profession. Assignment Select three of the recent corporate scandals listed below and prepare a report suitable for submission to a board of directors that discusses: a. the facts relating to each of the corporate scandals and how the scandal occurred. Identify any similarities between the three scandals. (3 marks); b. the stakeholders involved in the scandals with explanations of how they were affected by the scandal (4 marks); c. the ethical, legal, accounting......

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

A Comparison

...A Comparison of Values In today’s society, having a moral obligation to others is essential when interacting with individuals or growing a successful organization as Kudler Fine Foods. Valuing and respecting individuals creates an environment in which everyone can live and work together in a more harmonious environment. Upon completing the Williams Institute Ethics Awareness Inventory self assessment, reflecting on the results and my own personal values, I believe that Kudler Fine Foods and I possess similar values and moral obligations. As a manager of Kudler Fine Foods my ability to perform my duties that coincide with my values would allow me to further the growth of the organization and create an environment that is both positive to all stakeholders at Kudler Fine Foods. According to the Williams Institute Ethics Awareness Inventory self assessment my ethical profile was said to be most closely aligned with Obligation. I have always believed that it is my obligation to do what is morally right. The assessment summarized me as believing everyone has a right to individual respect, which in most cases is true and I do believe that most people have a right to individual respect. However, when individuals fail to respect others, the right to individual respect is no longer a right. I do have a strong belief that in order to become a person of good moral character I have to do what is right for not only me but others around me. The self assessment was insightful, and I do...

Words: 635 - Pages: 3

Similarities and Differences

...Black and White People: Differences and Similarities By Dercio Fernando Filipe Chauque Do not expect white to be the same as black people. In spite of their similarities, they are also very different from each other. Black and white people have feelings; they live in the same world. However, white people are racists, and black people are specials. Both groups are very sensitive. Black and white people have strong feelings. They can express their sensibility in many different situations. They help people suffering by hunger, natural disasters and many other different humanitarian cases. They cry when something afflicts their hearts. They get sad when do not reach their goals. They also share the same environment. Black and white people dwell at the same planet. They come from the same ancestors, Adam and Eve, who gave them the mortal sin. They have to breathe the same air. Wherever their location, there is only one sun that shine above them. None of them can skip from biological necessities. Both blacks and whites were made to live at the Earth without discrimination. When we treat someone differently because of the race, we call this action racism. In spite of a decrease of this kind of discrimination, most of white people are still racists. Some of them fear black people with no reason. Others think that black people cannot be intellectual. In short, white still despise black people. They feel themselves superiors and gods of the Earth. Even though blacks still respect...

Words: 390 - Pages: 2

The Differences and Comparisons of Ethics

...The Differences and Comparisons of Ethics When we think of ethics, we think of two words, good or bad. Through the history of our world, philosophers and scientists have devised several thoughts that include a system that we are able to use to determine who and what is good or bad. As a population, we can use these different terms and types of ethical theory to determine which style, form, or behavior of ethics fits with our beliefs and culture. Some of these different types of theories include virtue theory, utilitarianism, and deontological ethics. Although these all fall into the category of a theory of ethics and may seem to be similar, they are also very different. When looking at the virtue theory of ethics, we can see that the term character can be used in the place of virtue. According to Ben (2007), the virtue theory has roots that reach back to the time of Plato. Plato, and the virtue theory, suggest that all men and women would be happy if they would only grasp the eternal Form of the Good as his or her criterion. In contrast to the virtue theory, the utilitarianism theory suggests that a person present or have behavior of good for the entire team or group. One of the problems associated with this theory according to Boylan (2009) is that for any moral theory to work in a group, the group must first come to some terms of a general agreement. Knowing this and thinking on this statement, there are few times in my life where a team or group of people come...

Words: 561 - Pages: 3

Ethics Comparison Essay

...Ethics comparison essay Michael Njus ETH316 June 23, 2014 Aubrey Weekes Ethics comparison essay INTRODUCTION This paper will take a look at three different theories of ethics. The three theories are deontological, utilitarianism and virtue theory. The basics of ethics theories are similar in the fact that they are all a set of rules that govern what is deemed to be right or wrong, the following will define each and attempt to point out some differences in the theories. Deontological ethics, are ethical theories that place special emphasis on the relationship between duty and the morality of human actions. Deontology (Greek deon, “duty,” and logos, “science”) consequently focuses on logic and ethics (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2014) Utilitarianism is a doctrine that the useful is the good and that the determining consideration of right conduct should be the usefulness of its consequences; specifically:  a theory that the aim of action should be the largest possible balance of pleasure over pain or the greatest happiness of the greatest number. (Merriam Webster, 2014) Virtue ethics is a broad term for theories that emphasize the role of character and virtue in moral philosophy rather than either doing one’s duty or acting in order to bring about good consequences. (Athanassoulis, 2014) While the aim of all three theories is that we should strive to do what is right, the length that we should go to and who they would affect is the main difference in the three. The main......

Words: 620 - Pages: 3

Career Comparison

...Career Comparison for Accountants and Financial Analysts Prepared for Sara Ray Prepared by Career Consultant June 16, 2013 LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL Sara Ray 123 Brookside Dr. Holbrook, NJ 75486-1256 June 21, 2013 Dear Sara, Here is the report you requested on June 1st for a comparison between of a career as an accountant and a financial analyst. Based off our conversation, we took your interests and previous work experience into consideration as we compared specific criteria between these two careers. While working for your previous employer as a junior accountant, you show your ability for detail and organization. An accountant must possess these skills as well as the ability to work independently. I also gathered from our conversation that you are not one to handle a tremendous amount of pressure well. As a financial analyst, this is a skill that is required. You could be faced with many deadlines that could be very stressful. Your education course of study was also included to compare to the education requirements of each career and even though there are many similarities between the two, there are many differences. For example, both careers require good written and oral comprehension but an accountant needs to have excellent mathematic skills and be able to choose the right formula to solve a problem. This skill is not as important as a financial analyst as is the ability to develop solutions to complex problems that need to be solved....

Words: 2422 - Pages: 10

Ethics Assignment: Code of Conduct Comparison & Academic Honesty

...sanctions behaviors deemed as misconduct; in equal measure, one of the core provisions of the certified accountants’ body is competence; failure to live to these competence standards may fall under negligence which is punishable through disciplinary sanctions. Yet another accountants’ code of conduct pillar is credibility. The members should show respect and adhere to the professional credibility provisions; In Navarro College, students should remain committed to their studies and keeping off drugs is one way of maintaining such integrity because the institution has a policy of zero tolerance to drugs and substances abuse; sexual harassment is equally prohibited as seen in the (Navarro College code of conduct). These illustrations point to similarities between the expected codes of conducts of the two entities. Academic honesty is a very core value for anyone willing to succeed in school life. This is because it is through honesty that we get to gauge ourselves on whether we have achieved what we intended to achieve or not; having said that, all institutions emphasize on academic honesty. This means that the students are expected to be at their best code of conduct as far as sincerity in their academic work is concerned. One of the major barriers to meaningful gains in academics is plagiarism. Plagiarism in this context refer to the act of taking another person’s academic work and purporting to be yours without having cited such work as belonging to another author. In......

Words: 564 - Pages: 3

Similarities Between Consequentalist and Non Consequential Theory of Ethics

...Course name | Ethics in Administration | Course code | ADS452 | Credit hours | 4 | Resource person / contact no. / email | Nadrawina Isnin (082-678200 (O)nadrawin@sarawak.uitm.edu.my | Course outcomes | CO1 - Explain the concept of ethics, role, importance and various theories and thought of ethics in administration; | | CO2 - Identify the implications arising out of the ethical issues; and | | CO3 - Apply the concept, skills and methods used for evaluating ethical issues in case analysis and recommend strategies for improvement. | WEEK | HOUR | TOPICS | Teaching & Learning Activities | References | 1 | 2 | Overview of the course * Scheme of work * Assessment * Mid semester examination * Final examination | * Ice breaking * Entrance Survey * Blended Learning Requirement * Coursework requirement * Lecture & discussion (F2F) | Main text - Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. | 1 | 4 | Topic 1: Introduction to Ethics * The Concept of Ethics * Ethics & Morality * Sources of Morality * Ethics & Reason * The Importance of Study Ethics | * Lecture & tutorial(F2F) | Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and Practice. 9thed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall. | 2 | 4 | Topic 2: Ethical Theories * Consequentialism & Non-Consequentialism * Ethical Egoism * Utilitarianism | * Lecture & tutorial(F2F) | Thiroux, Jacques P (2008) Ethics: Theory and......

Words: 2956 - Pages: 12

Similarities and Difference

...Starting from birth, a person will go through a number of phases of development that will continue throughout his or her lifespan. The first step of development begins during infancy in which the development cycle will continue through his or her childhood, adolescence, adulthood along into his or her elderly stage of life. This assignment will discuss the similarities and differences in adolescent development on both males and females. The adolescent stage is when a human reaches the age of 12 to 19 years of age. Males as well as females will go through different stages of life that will stay with each gender throughout his or her lifespan. Is the experience of being an adolescent the same for males and females? Both male Both genders are unique; For example, various personalities along with life experiences. An adolescent can be influenced by a number of factors which include but are not limited to physical development, cognitive development, emotional development and social development. Both genders will go through all four stages of development in his or her own way. When a girl goes through the age of eight to eleven, they tend to be androgynous. A girl in this age group will view themselves as strong and confident as well as not afraid to express her feelings on what she may think about specific issues. Once she cross over into adolescence, she will begin to experience more pressure toward rigid conceptions of her gender role of development. According...

Words: 961 - Pages: 4

Code of Ethics Comparison

...Code of Ethics Comparison Abstract This paper is a comparison between the codes of ethics of the American Counseling Association (ACA) and the American Association of Christian Counselors (AACC). This paper aims to present the similarities and differences between the two codes of ethics. There are two main sections on this paper. The first section presents the general similarities and differences of the two codes of ethics. The second section presents the similarities and differences of the two codes of ethics on three specific areas: Confidentiality, Sexual Intimacies and Informed Consent. The author used the codes of ethics of both organizations in the process of comparing and contrasting. The general comparison reveals that the codes of ethics of the two organizations apply to the same profession but they differ in the foundation upon which their codes of ethics were crafted. The comparison on three specific areas reveals similarities in contents but differ in depth and details. Introduction The code of ethics is the heart and soul of any business or professional organization. This code of ethics sets the standard to which all business or professional activities of all of its members are measured. This code is the ultimate guide on how members of the organization should act in connection with the performance of their duties and obligations. Likewise, it is the basis upon which disputes can be settled or decisions are to be made. This is the protection of each......

Words: 1780 - Pages: 8

Comparison

...Comparison Matrix Paper Nyenye Matthews Grand Canyon University: RES-811 June 8, 2016 Comparison Matrix Paper At first thought, the journey of completing a doctoral program can be scary, nerve wrecking and/or cause you to have anxiety especially when faced with having to decide on a topic for your dissertation before you even start class. All of these feelings eventually subside once the newly doctoral learner starts their first course. The purpose of this paper is to compare three empirical articles on the topic of doctoral identity. Weidman & Stein (2003) wanted “to examine the relationship among an academic department’s informal structures and the socialization of doctoral students to the scholar role as reflected in their level of participation in scholarly activities”. Baker & Lattuca (2010), sought “to develop an interdisciplinary approach to the study of doctoral education as a path to the professoriate”. Visser, Visser & Schlosser (2003), investigated “critical thinking as a disciplined manner of thought which a person uses to assess the validity of something”. These articles address three different ways of how a doctoral learner can find their doctoral identity. Comparison of Research Questions Even though each study asked different research questions, it seems as though each group of authors developed research questions based on the same idea in mind; to determine if “Socialization of doctoral students to academic norms, developmental......

Words: 1186 - Pages: 5

Adventure Movies - Hollywood Adventure Movies- Best Adventure Movies Of All Times | Chuggington Ready To Build v1.2 mod apk | LIVE DUNGEON! Chap 1