In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By lilshorty466
Words 2607
Pages 11
Nichole Houghton

There are many issues that can be attributed to an individual’s cultural beliefs and how they can relate to another individuals specific cultural beliefs and set standards. Sometimes these issues can be minor and dealt with appropriately, but in other cases these cultural differences can be monumental and cause different societies to wage wars against one another. The way that an individual judges or perceives other cultures beliefs and standards based on the guidelines of their own culture is what sociologist refer to as ethnocentrism and is what we are going to be looking at in further detail in this paper. There are many factors that contribute to the persistent societal disputes and disagreements that are forever occurring throughout the globe. There is a great divide that can be felt in regards to understanding and accepting each individual society; each one has its own unique culture and many individuals are not capable of viewing a culture different than their own without passing predisposed judgments and ideas that are typically instilled by their own culture. Ethnocentrism is a term that sociologists use to define this universally occurring unaccepting set of attitudes and behaviors. Ethnocentrism can be attributed to social evolution, local & foreign competition and can also be a result of cooperation with what is considered to be the in-groups and not the out-groups (Axelrod & Hammond, 2003). The main concept of ethnocentrism is individuals seeing their specific group or culture as being the in-group or the superior to the other cultures and the individuals that they are comprised of. Judging another culture by the standards of their own; it is important to remember that ethnocentrism is not the same as racism (Rodriguez, 2013). Culture is a very important factor of ethnocentrism and it is…...

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...Ethnocentrism It is always troublesome not to understand another culture, especially, in New York City where we live in a society that is rapidly changing. The City has increasingly brought people of various cultures, to interact closer with each other. This interaction can be either positive or negative depending on the level of sensitivity and respect people have for other culture groups. These two types of behaviors are related to two important concepts known as ethnocentrism and cultural relativity. Ethnocentrism is “the attitude of prejudice or mistrust towards outsiders that may exist within a group (in-group) in relation to other (out-group)”…. (Harper-Collin Dictionary of Sociology). Importantly, there are also three levels of ethnocentrism: a positive one, a negative one, and an extreme negative one. The positive definition defines ethnocentrism as “the point of view that one’s own way of life is to be preferred to all others” (Herskovits 1973: 21). There is nothing wrong with such feelings, because “it characterizes the way most individuals feel about their own cultures, whether or not they verbalize their feelings” (Herskovits 1973:21). It is this point of view that gives people their sense of people-hood, group identity, and place in history. Ethnocentrism becomes negative when “ one’s own group becomes the center of everything, and all other are scaled and rated with reference to it”(Herskovits 1973:21). People of different......

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...မ်ိဳးျမင့္စိတ္ေနဝါဒ (Ethnocentrism) မ်ိဳးျမင့္စိတ္ေနဝါဒဆိုတာ လူမ်ိဳး၊ ဘာသာ၊ ဓေလ့ထံုးစံတူ လူမ်ိဳးအုပ္စုတစ္စုက အျခား မတူညီတဲ့ လူမ်ိဳးအုပ္စုတစ္စုကို ျပဳမူဆက္ဆံရာမွာ မိမိရဲ႕ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈတန္ဖိုး၊ စံႏႈန္းေတြကို အဓိက ဗဟိုျပဳလက္ကိုင္ထားၿပီး စဥ္းစား၊ ဆံုးျဖတ္ ျပဳမူလုပ္ေဆာင္ျခင္းသေဘာျဖစ္တယ္။ မူရင္းအဂၤလိပ္စကားလံုးက ေရွး ေခါမ စကားလံုး ‘Ethno’ (လူမ်ိဳး၊ ႏိုင္ငံ၊ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈတူ အုပ္စု) နဲ႕ လာတင္ စကားလံုး ‘Centric’ (ဗဟိုျပဳျခင္း) တို႕ ေပါင္းစပ္ထားျခင္းျဖစ္တယ္။ ဒီသေဘာမွာ မိမိရဲ႕ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈ၊ လူမ်ိဳး၊ ဘာသာ စတဲ့ သဘာဝအရ မတူညီႏိုင္တဲ့ ဝိေသသလကၡဏာေတြကို အေျခခံကာ အုပ္စုသေဘာအေနနဲ႕ စဥ္းစားေလ့ရွိၿပီး မိမိ အုပ္စုက သူမ်ားအုပ္စုေတြထက္ အရာရာမွာ သာလြန္တယ္၊ ယဥ္ေက်းတယ္၊ လူပီသတယ္၊ သဘာဝက် တယ္၊ ျမင့္ျမတ္တယ္၊ အျခား လူမ်ိဳးအုပ္စုမ်ားက မယဥ္ေက်း၊ လူမပီသ၊ သဘာဝမက်၊ ယုတ္ညံ ဟု လြဲမွားယူဆၿပီး မိမိအုပ္စုတစ္ခုတည္းသာ အခြင့္ထူးခံယူျခင္း၊ အျခားမတူတဲ့ အုပ္စုေတြကို ဖိႏွိပ္ခြဲျခားဆက္ဆံျခင္း၊ ကၽြန္ျပဳျခင္း စတဲ့ ဘက္လိုက္ဆံုးျဖတ္၊ မတရားမႈ ေတြ လုပ္ေဆာင္ေလ့ရွိတာေၾကာင့္ အက်ိဳးဆက္အေနနဲ႕ မတူညီတဲ့ အုပ္စုေတြၾကား ပဋိပကၡေတြ၊ အမုန္းေတြ၊ ရန္ညွိဳးေတြဟာ ေရရွည္ ႀကီးထြား အျမစ္တြယ္ လာေစတယ္။ ဥပမာ - ေရွးယခင္ လူျဖဴ လူမ်ိဳးႀကီး ဝါဒအရ လူျဖဴေတြကသာ ျမင့္ျမတ္တယ္ဆိုတယ္ သေဘာနဲ႕ အသားအေရာင္ရွိတဲ့ အာဖရိကအႏြယ္ဝင္ လူမ်ိဳးေတြကို အဓမၼ ကၽြန္ျပဳ ခိုင္းေစခဲ့တယ္။ ေနာက္ပိုင္း ကၽြန္စနစ္ ပေပ်ာက္သြားသည့္တိုင္ အာဖရိကအႏြယ္ဝင္ေတြအေပၚ ဆက္လက္ ခြဲျခား ႏွိမ္ခ်ဆက္ဆံခဲ့တယ္။ ဒီ မတရားမႈ ဆိုးက်ိဳး အရိပ္မည္းဟာ ဆယ္စုႏွစ္ေတြၾကာသည့္တိုင္ေအာင္ လက္ရွိ မ်က္ေမွာက္ေခတ္ အေမရိက နဲ႕ အျခား အေနာက္ ဥေရာပ လူ႕အဖြဲ႕အစည္းေတြမွာ လူမ်ိဳးေရးျပႆနာေတြ၊ အသားအေရာင္ ကြဲျပားသူခ်င္းၾကား ပဋိပကၡသေဘာေဆာင္တဲ့ တင္းမာမႈ......

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...E. Johnson Coberen Mark American Intercontinental University Abstract This paper describes the effect of ethnocentrism has on the individual and society as a whole. It covers three areas affected by Ethnocentrism. Those areas, centered on Ethnocentrism, are the individual, society, and multinational corporations. Ethnocentrism’s Impact on Society     Ethnocentrism is a widely used word to explain human behavior between different cultural entities. It’s when we judge another’s culture based on our own culture. In a sense, reading a book by its cover based on our own bias. Multinational corporations have many different interactions, touch points, between diverse markets, individual, and employees. Ethnocentrism should be considered when evaluating how it judge individuals, society, and multinational corporations based on our own experiences. At the individual level, ethnocentrism, can shape and influence multinational corporations, and a person’s culture simply from the process of immersion. I choose to watch “Farewell my Concubine” to gather further insight to ethnocentrism. Farewell My Concubine explores the effect of China's political turmoil during the mid-20th century on the lives of individuals, families, and groups, in this case, two stars in a Peking opera troupe and the woman who comes between them. Let’s discuss ethnocentrism and its effects, centered on Farewell my concubine. As individuals we have a tendency to draw on one’s own......

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...JUSTICE The world is full of inequalities and these inequalities defer from country to country. Some children are born into rich families and they get all what it needs to prosper in life. Others are also born into poor families and it even becomes difficult for them to survive. This situation is a matter of luck. We are not responsible for the social or economic class or country into which we are born. Some inequalities are deliberately imposed. Some are not because of bad luck but it is our societies or people that make it so. Racism and sexual discrimination are typical examples of inequalities that are imposed our societies or people and they are unfair. Fairness requires that opportunities should be open to those who qualify for it and it is clearly a good thing when government tries to enforce such equality of opportunities. But it is harder to deal with inequalities that arise in our ordinary events without deliberate racial ore sexual discrimination because even if equal opportunities are given to people without racial or sexual discrimination it will still come to the fact that it is only the rich who could afford these opportunities like good school, better health care and the like. Even with people of the same native talent, when a system of equality of opportunity is given, some people will have a head start and will end up with greater benefits than others. Differences in native talent will also produce big difference in the resulting benefits in a competitive......

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...DB #2 "Ethnocentrism" refers to the ethnicity and its social concerns. Ethnocentrism involves the belief that one’s group, race, religion, or class is more superior to others. This ethnocentrism is based on false assumption or mis-beliefs. The false assumption such as Hispanics have too many children, when in reality, the use of contraception is religiously prohibited. Most people who are ethnocentric are either unaware of their assumptions, or are just “prejudiced”. Open-mindedness or tolerance does not justify or excuse ethnocentrism. Assumptions are made about others can involve false or negative judgments.  For example, homosexuality.  Generally, homosexuality is frowned upon by just about every ethnic race, because it destroys societies moral and norms.  Most people are conservative and prefer that society stick to the norms and traditions, but then why is there a growing movement legally and morally to accept same sex marriage?  This issue has evolved from accepting same sex relationships, to same sex marriage, to if not accepted then its discrimination against this group of people, while all along, society loathes this "straying" away from the "natural" order of things.  The Catholic Church opposes same sex marriage and the social acceptance of homosexuality and same sex relationships, BUT teaches that homosexual personal deserve respect, justice and pastoral care. Same sex marriage has also become politically correct, and now religiously correct, as the "gay"......

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Analysis of Ethnocentrism Avatar

...Analysis of Ethnocentrism in Avatar In the film Avatar, Jake Sully, a human, mentally controls a body that contains cells of the Na’vi natives from the planet, Pandora, and he attempts to learn the culture of the Na’vi. In a long run, the effect of being exposed to enthnocentrism, primitivism, romanticism and exoticism, could have changed Jakes’s decision from helping the humans to helping and living with the Na’vi. The aim of this essay is to explore enthinocentrism and its three areas: the primitive lives of the Na’vi, Na’vi’s romanticism with nature, and the exoticism of Pandora’s features and its inhabitants. Ethnocentrism is the view of one’s own culture to be superior and normal over the other culture (Lundberg, 2013). To the humans, they view the Na’vi as “blue monkey” (Cameron & Laudau, 2009), and are disrespectful towards their culture. The Na’vi also show the same attitude towards humans, where Eytukan, the clan leader, said that Jake has an “alien smell” (Cameron & Laudau, 2009). The humans view the trees as merely just an obstacle, whereas the Na’vi valued the trees deeply, where they believe that the trees are sacred, and were used to communicate and worship their mother goddess, Eywa. In turn, both sides think of each other as inferior and uncultured creatures from their contrast of their own beliefs. Primitivism is the view of another culture that is less developed, evolutionary and technologically (Lundberg, 2013). A scene where the Na’vi gives the......

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Ethnocentrism and Self-Reference Criterion

...and Ethnocentrism are the main reasons for the Euro-Disney’s losses in the first year. The people of Paris who are not very familiar with American cartoons, lavish expenditure on the construction which exceeded $340 million than the expectations. Expensiveness, Olympics in Barcelona and various customs of French were not taken into consideration. French government quotas on non-French movies. Ignoring cultural aspects of French are the factors of Euro Disney’s poor performance in the first year. Chinese people lack of knowledge of Disney characters. Size of the park. Not exciting or similar to Chinese amusements parks are the factors for the Disney venture’s loss in Hong Kong. Q2. These factors are foreseeable and controllable. The proper market research could avoid many of the factors. When exploring international markets the cultural aspects must be considered. For example French have their own cartoon characters, promoting them along with the existing Disney mark characters could bring the locals close to the project. Economic situation of the marketing segment should have been taken into consideration to avoid the migration of customers. There should be something exciting in such parks to draw the customers in a new launch. In Hong Kong this is the first mistake which is not addressed. Ignoring self-reference criterion and Ethnocentrism is what seems to me is the major fault. This can be rectified; it is evident from the Paris Disney improvement. Q3. Ethnocentrism is......

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Ethnocentrism Essay and feel comfortable with where we originated. Our lineage is a big part of our lives, but it can also cause problems in understanding other people. Our ethnicity can cause a lot of conflict and change how we interact with people. It’s been a trend since the beginning of time to be wary of people that are different from you. And while ethnocentrism has caused many problems throughout history, there is a silver lining to most every way of thinking. It’s easy to be focused on a group of people that act, look, and talk like you do. Most places in the world have one or two different kinds of ethnicities, especially before modern technology in transportation became prominent in the world. Growing up and never experiencing different types of people can make you very wary about them, especially if you didn’t know they even existed before, as in the case with Native Americans. Humans have a tendency to dehumanize people they think are different from them. A lack of understanding can breed fear and resentment, and that’s when ethnocentrism can cause serious conflicts and problems amongst different races and cultures. At its worst, ethnocentrism can cause us to do drastic and horrible things like murder, genocide, and violent acts. With any group of people there’s bound to be extremists and they’re the ones that will try to convince the rest that their feelings and actions are justified. From the first US settlers to Nazi Germany there is horrible treatment against people......

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...own group over another group. This tendency has been variously labelled as ethnocentrism, intergroup bias, in‐group favouritism or in‐group /out group differentiation. It denotes a cultural narrowness in which the ethnically centred individual rigidly accepted those of the in‐group while rejecting those of the out‐group. In other words, Ethnocentrism is the point of view that one's own way of life is to be preferred to all others. Flowing logically from the process of early enculturation, it characterizes the way most individuals feel about their own culture, whether or not they verbalize their feeling. Therefore this essay will discuss what is understood by the term ethnocentrism and show how Ethnocentrism is bad in national politics. Firstly will define what ethnocentrism is, and discuss fully what is understood by the term. Secondly will show how ethnocentrism is bad for national politics. Thereafter a clear and concise conclusion will be drawn. Different scholars have given their understanding of the term ethnocentrism. According to anthropologists, the concept combines the belief that one’s own culture is superior to other cultures, with the practice of judging other cultures by the standards of one’s own culture (Den Van, 1970). Ethnocentrism is also defined as a feeling that one’s own group has a mode of living, values and patterns of adaptation that are superior to other groups. Ethnocentrism is a human universal phenomenon. It is believed by some scholars to be as......

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Ethnocentrism in Today's Church

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...Ethnocentrism is a major reason for divisions amongst members of different ethnicities, races, and religious groups in society. Ethnocentrism is the belief of superiority is one's personal ethnic group, but it can also develop from racial or religious differences. Ethnocentric individuals believe that they are better than other individuals for reasons based solely on their heritage. Clearly, this practice is related to problems of both racism and prejudice. While many people may recognize the problems, they may not realize that ethnocentrism occurs everywhere and everyday at both the local and political levels. Ethnocentrism in History Present Day Politics To solidify the definition of ethnocentrism, looking at the present day politics of the United States is helpful. With instances occuring since its conception, the United States has often thought of itself as more powerful, more economically sound, and just generally "better" than other nations. This has been shown by the country's tendency to dabble in situations occuring in other nations, such as the country's current involvement with affairs in the Middle East. Although the idea of every citizen in the United States belonging to one ethnicity is certainly debatable, since the country has citizens who originally came from all over the world, the feeling of national pride can stand in for a pure ethnicity in this case. European Imperialism Imperialism, the practice of taking over other lands, was......

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Ethnocentrism in Your United States

...Ethnocentrism in Your United States Tracey Keyes Rasmussen College This written assignment is being submitted on February 22, 2016, for Stacey Trushenski-Carlson’s G142/SYG1000 Introduction to Sociology course. Ethnocentrism in Your United States Ethnocentrism is the following: 1-judging another culture using the standards of your own culture, 2-claiming that another culture is better than your own and 3-people taking pride in their ethnicity. Ethnocentrism can have its positive and negative points as well. Positively it helps people to be proud of their ethnic culture and its traditions. It helps people feel linked to their past and relatives that have passed. Negatively, it’s wrong to think that your culture is superior or makes you more special than another. In the United States we are suppose to accept people of all cultures, religions, colors and races and because of this diversity it makes the United States strong a great nation. But due to ethnocentrism, it can set people apart and there is not always the “Us” but an “Us vs Them” mentality. I have witnessed a different form of ethnocentrism. It does not really have to do with cultures, but it has to do with a person’s title or position in the work place. A company I worked for had a supervisor who took his title way to far. Everyone is to work as a team and respect each other is what I have always been taught and that is most people’s work attitude or ethic. This supervisor......

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...(Ethnocentrism vs. Cultural Relativism) As a Sociologist, should we practice Cultural Ethnocentrism or Cultural Relativism? We must first understand the two distinct theories regarding perception of outside cultures: Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism. Ethnocentrism is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture.[1] The ethnocentric individual will judge other groups relative to his or her own particular ethnic group or culture, especially with concern to language, behavior, customs, and religion - these ethnic distinctions and subdivisions serve to define each ethnicity’s unique cultural identity.[2] The logical alternative to ethnocentrism is Cultural relativism, the practice of judging a culture by its own standards. Cultural relativism can be difficult for certain individuals to adopt: it requires not only openness to unfamiliar values and norms but also the ability to put aside cultural standards we have known all our lives.[3] No one ethnic group has the right to say that their particular system of beliefs and values are in any way superior to anyone else’s system of beliefs and values. What is right for one culture might be wrong for another. There is no absolute standard of right and wrong by which to compare and contrast morally contradictory cultural values. Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are mutually exclusive. The social sciences are limited to what can be observed, measured and verified. The question of what...

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Ethnocentrism Paper

...Golden Girls Sitcom SOC 315 September 17, 2010 Ethnocentrism is one who believes that their ethnic group is most important. They judge other cultures negativity when compared to their own culture. Any research or action that promotes strength of one group over another is called ethnocentrism. Ethnocentrism believes his or her race and ethic group is the most Important. Different workers and programs must understand that ethnocentrism is part of a population they serve. Acquiring cultural or social sensitivity prevents one from becoming less to indulge different cultures. It is how people learn to understand what they are interested in. To recognize value differences and qualities changes his or her that challenges his or her beliefs or culture. Collins O Airhihenbuwa,(2010). The sitcom Golden Girls involves the lives of four women living in the same house surrounded by joy and laughter pain, also some grief. The episode deals with Sophia wanting to be independent. She has the most wisdom of all of them. Sophia cultural background is Sicilian and comes from the old country. Her cultural ethnocentrism shows Italians are proud and strong people. They are also very sensuous people. Sophia old flame Augustine came to visit her to catch up on all their old friends. Sophia becomes home sick. She asks Dorothy for money to return to Sicily with Augustine. Dorothy refuses to give her the money. Sophia challenges her to a bowling match if she wins she goes home to visit her......

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