Final Notes

In: Science

Submitted By batoolshinawa
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1. Introduction to anatomical sciences
Define anatomy: * The study of the structures of the human body.
Name its subdisciplines: * Embryology: deals with the formation, early growth, and development of living organisms. * Histology: the study of the microscopic structure of cells and tissues * Gross anatomy: The study of the organs, parts, and structures of a body that can be seen with the naked eye
Describe different levels of structural organisation of the human body: * Chemical elements and compounds combine to form

* CELLS: basic units of life (cytology: study of the structure and function of the cells) * Group of similar cells and cell products that perform a special function.

* TISSUE: e.g. muscle, epithelia tissue (histology) * Two or more different tissues form: organs; e.g. heart, brain

* ORGAN: e.g. heart, brain (gross anatomy) * Set of organs with a common function form:

* SYSTEMS: e.g. digestive, urinary (gross anatomy) * All systems together

* HUMAN BODY (gross anatomy) Name the systems that make the human body: 1. Circulatory system 2. Respiratory system 3. Digestive system 4. Excretory system 5. Nervous system 6. Endocrine system 7. Immune system 8. Integumentary system 9. Skeletal system 10. Muscle system 11. Reproductive system Name the organs and describe their function: HUMAN BRAIN * Body’s control center * Receiving and sending signals to other organs through the nervous system and through secreted hormones. * Responsible for out thoughts, feelings, memory storage and general perception of the world. HUMAN HEART * Responsible for pumping blood throughout the body KIDNEYS * To remove waste and…...

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