Folklore Analysis Based on Propp's Seven Spheres of Action

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Analysis of Puteri Santubong and Puteri Sejinjang based on Vladimir Propp’s Seven Spheres of Action and the Binary Oppositions

The legend of Puteri Santubong and Puteri Sejinjang started when they were sent down to earth by Raja Kayangan to resolve the conflict in Sarawak between Pasir Kuning and Pasir Putih. The arrival of the two princesses who were equipped with their own unique talent, Puteri Santubong with her weaving skills and Puteri Sejinjang with her rice pounding skills, helped both the villages prosper. However, the appearance of Putera Serapi made the princesses love struck. The prince asked both of them to marry him but they refused to share. The princesses quarreled over the prince which also caused the villagers to fight amongst each other. Puteri Sejinjang hit Puteri Santubong on the cheek with her rice pounder and Puteri Santubong countered by striking her with her belidak, the tool she uses for weaving. Both princesses died and were cursed to become mountains, Gunung Santubong and Gunung Sejinjang. Based on Vladimir Propp’s seven spheres of action, seeing that Raja Kayangan had sent the two princesses to aid the people of the villages, he acts as the Dispatcher and by granting them special abilities he is also the Donor and the Helper. This in turn makes the princesses Heroes. The Princess, or in this folklore’s case, the Prince is the one that Puteri Santubong and Puteri Sejinjang wants to marry; Putera Serapi. But by ending the peace between the two villages also causes the princesses to become False Heroes ergo the Villains. The only binary opposition that can be found in the story is the time which the princesses chose to do their work. Puteri Santubong preferred to weave cloth at night time because the air was cooler while Puteri Sejinjang liked to pound rice during the day when the air was…...

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