Global Financial Crisis

In: Business and Management

Submitted By sklproject
Words 1547
Pages 7
Introduction

Global financial crisis started when sub prime mortgage market of United States collapsed. Since the global financial crisis took place, many developed and developing countries have been going through recession. It was believed that ongoing global financial crisis will not affect Bangladesh economy as badly as it can to other developed economy because economy of Bangladesh is not so dependent on international capital or foreign investment. But, still there are and will be some shocks of ongoing global financial crisis available for Bangladesh economy. So, Bangladesh economy will be affected by global financial crisis. Global financial crisis might reduce overseas job opportunities and export earnings. Global financial crisis may turn into a recession. Economy of developing countries including Bangladesh is already going through recession. Bangladesh is a low income country. If global financial crisis continuous then economy of Bangladesh will be suffering. Negative impacts of global financial crisis are beginning to show on the increasingly globalizing economy of Bangladesh. Export growth rate of Bangladesh has turned negative. Export of non-apparels items is being reduced. Depreciation of currencies by competing countries caused erosion of Bangladesh’s competitive strength in the global market. Remittance earnings could be badly affected in near future because number of job seekers going abroad halved as some countries either revoked or have stopped issuing new visas. So, global financial crisis is likely to have negative impacts on GDP growth of Bangladesh. As a result of global financial crisis, macroeconomic performance of Bangladesh is being weakened. Global financial crisis is likely to badly affect exports of Bangladesh as well as aid-flow and foreign direct investment in Bangladesh. About 75% of the exported garments and knitwear go to the…...

Similar Documents

Global Financial Crisis

...GLOBAL FINANCIAL CRISIS The Global Financial Crisis is considered to be the worst financial crisis to hit the global economy since the Great Depression. Around the world, stock markets fell, financial institutes collapsed or were bought out, banks stopped business with each other and governments had to bail out their banks and financial institutions. This in turn caused lots of unemployment and collapse of the real estate market, contributing to failure of businesses and industries, decline in consumer wealth and a decline in economic activity leading to the Global Recession. The Financial Crisis may have showed some traces in 2007 but it really hit on 15th September 2008 when the United States Government allowed Lehman Brothers to go bankrupt, resulting in all banks deemed to be risky. The immediate cause of the crisis was the bursting of the United States housing bubble which had peaked in 2006.By September 2008, housing prices in the United States began to decline after hitting their peak in 2006.Easy credit and a belief that house prices would continue to appreciate had encouraged many subprime borrowers to obtain adjustable rate mortgages. These mortgages enticed borrowers with a below market interest rate for some time, followed by market interest rates for the remainder of the mortgage’s term. Borrowers who could not make higher payments once the initial grace period ended tried to refinance their mortgages. Refinancing became more difficult, once......

Words: 1610 - Pages: 7

Global Financial Crisis

...Global Financial Crisis: impacts, solutions and predictions in GCC countries. Since the end of 2007 and the beginning of 2008, the world has been suffering from the global financial crisis. It is believed to be the worst financial crisis in 60 years at least since the Great Depression in 1930s, due to the speed, scope, and scale of its impact. The huge difference distinguishes the contemporary crisis from the others is that the other crises were concerned with economic inflation and the current one is concerned with economic deflation. The global financial crisis has started in America, then crossed the Atlantic before going global. It began in the mortgage markets of the United States and erupted through financial markets (Savona, Kirton, Oldani 3). Many factors have contributed to the economy's recession, where signs of housing bubble problem were seen at the end of 2007. Caused by low interest rates beginning on January 3, 2001, and ignored by regulatory agencies, Americans borrowed excessively for home mortgages and this phase lasted to 2004. After that, from June 30, 2004, interest rates started to rise which led to the mortgage being unbearable and eventually subprime. This phase was marked by the increasing foreclosures and it extended from 2005 to 2007. This lead us to the conclusion that global financial crisis occurred due to easy monetary policies along with tax cuts and to failure of regulatory arrangements (Desai 1-3). This was the origin of the global......

Words: 2243 - Pages: 9

Global Financial Crisis

...Positive and Negative Effects of the Global Financial Crisis Harlita H. Tomlinson Capella University BMGT8114: Accounting in the Global Era Dr. Wendy Achilles June 8,2014 Table of Contents Abstract 3 Positive and Negative Effects of the Global Financial Crisis 4 Background on the Global Financial Crisis 5 Global Financial Crisis and Its Negative Effects 9 Lack of Financial Sector Regulation and Oversights 9 Increase in the Number of Bankruptcies 11 Global Financial Crisis and Its Positive Effects 12 Designing Regulations to Monitor the Financial Sector 12 Global Governance as a Side Effect of the Global Financial Crisis 13 Lessons Learned 16 Domestic Lessons Learned 16 Global Lessons Learned 17 Lessons from Romania. 18 The Role of Financial Executives in GFC 19 Conclusions 21 References 24 Abstract The first financial crisis of the twenty-first century has not yet ended, according to Gorton and Metrick (2012), the wave of research on the crisis has already exceeded any single reader’s capacity, with the pace of new work only making this task harder. The Global Financial Crisis is considered by many economists to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. Global Financial Crisis resulted in the threat of the total collapse of large financial institutions, the bailout of banks by national governments, and market downturns around the world. In the aftermath of this crisis, the housing market declined significantly and has......

Words: 6647 - Pages: 27

Global Financial Crisis

...projected liquidity needs with projected available liquidity (from both asset and liability sources) for each time period. “This approach is superior to focusing on one or the other parts of the liquidity problem because it evaluates liquidity relative to bank needs” (Gup et al., 2007, p.356). APRA is proposing that banks in Australia hold more liquidity in the event of future crisis. The reason for this is “APRA noted that the financial crisis exposed the limitations of existing liquidity reporting rules when markets are under severe stress” (Baltazar, 2009, para.8). APRA (2009) said the financial crisis has highlighted the need for ADIs to have adequate levels of liquidity and robust liquidity risk management systems, and has provided considerable insights into better practice in this area. APRA supports the Basel Committee’s measures and agrees that greater international consistency in prudential regulation, promoted by the Leaders of the G20, will strengthen Australia’s prudential framework. Securitization is the process of taking an illiquid asset, or group of assets, and through financial engineering, transforming them into a security. It is an important source of liquidity for banks. A typical example of securitization is a mortgage backed security (MBS), which is a type of asset backed security that is secured by a collection of mortgages (“Investopedia,”2010). The securitization process involves a number of participants. In the first instance is the......

Words: 2362 - Pages: 10

The Global Financial Crisis and Protectionism

...------------------------------------------------- The Global Financial Crisis and Protectionism QUESTION 1: Why do you think calls for protectionism are greater during sharp economic contractions than during boom periods? * Protection of their own economic industries and to curb job losses * Interdependent economy to lessen the impact of economic loss on food, fuel and property prices * To protect job losses at national producers and possible bankruptcy * Developing countries were concerned about safety rules and environmental concerns. * In an emerging economy, a barrier to trade and blocking of imported goods due to safety and environmental reasons could spark entrepreneurs to grow the local economy with local jobs and local suppliers Protectionism = “Government actions and policies that restrict or restrain international trade, often done with the intent of protecting local businesses and jobs from foreign competition. Typical methods of protectionism are import tariffs, quotas, subsidies or tax cuts to local businesses and direct state intervention.” (http://www.investopedia.com/terms/p/protectionism.asp) QUESTION 2: Despite the sharp economic contraction during 2008-2009, the increase in protectionist measures was fairly modest. Why do you think this was the case? * After the 1930 economic slump, some of the trade constraints did more harm than good. * The WTO instituted protectionist measures to protect countries and provide a more......

Words: 663 - Pages: 3

What Are the Causes of the Global Financial Crisis?

...What are the causes of the global financial crisis? Name: Course: Tutor: Date:   What are the causes of the global financial crisis? Introduction Achieving stability has always been the number one priority in any county or organization. Financial stability is probably one of the most sort after achievement everywhere in the world. When a country or company fails to attaining financial stability then things are deemed to go wrong. The global financial crisis brought about the worst kind of financial instability in the global economy. It started in the United States and spread all over the world like wild fire. Even the top performing economies in Asia like China were not left out. This economic turbulence brought about both economic and social hardships (Helleiner,1994) . This was partly blamed on the already established Capitalist ideologies that prevailed especially in the United States. This crisis exposed most economies to financial difficulties as it proved the dependence of most nations on dollar denominated financial transactions. The only way to salvage these economies was through fiscal and monetary interventions by the Governments of the day. Bail-out packages were presented to major economy drivers and industries to help ease the financial crisis that had affected their operation. The collapsing of large financial institutions like the Lehman Brothers bank brought about a lot of chaos in the industry. Large bailout packages were used to help......

Words: 1976 - Pages: 8

Neoliberalism and the Global Financial Crisis

...Neoliberalism and the global financial Crisis Introduction The fusion of neoliberal beliefs and the western society started in the early 1970’s, it has incorporated in the society to such an extent that it can be portrayed as being impending. For more than forty years now neoliberalism has controlled governments, technology, housing and financial sector and has impacted our society in destructive ways. Neoliberalism reached a new height after the 2008 financial crisis leaving recession as an aftermath. Neoliberalism as explained by Harvey (2005) is a model of private enterprise which concentrates on the economy and its deregulation to empower a free market based monetary framework. Hillyard and Tombs (2004) see neoliberalism as a destruction breeding form of capitalism which they think makes a commanding dispute for, the state demanding to be considered in charge of methodically creating destruction. Neoliberalism as indicated by David Harvey is a "hypothesis of political monetary works on recommending that human prosperity can best be progressed by the augmentation of entrepreneurial opportunities inside of an institutional system portrayed by private property rights, individual freedom, unhampered markets, and free trade" (2005:2). The idea of neoliberalism in western social orders is connected with the Thatcher government in the UK and the Reagan government in the US which came to power in the late 1970s – mid 1980s henceforth presenting neoliberalism as a key......

Words: 3663 - Pages: 15

Global Financial Crisis and the Eu

...required to develop an essay addressing the issues described in the following statement: ‘Geopolitical crises and epidemics haven’t stopped the global economy from expanding by some 3 percent in 2014. However, the Eurozone will remain the world economy’s main problem, with growth in the single-currency bloc expected to be negligible. Problems in some of the Eurozone’s big economies are worrying analysts. The situation in Italy, for instance, is quite dramatic, with the economy stagnating. In France, high public deficits are a big worry; such a policy could not be continued for much longer. Underperforming fellow Eurozone nations could affect Germany’s own economic growth prospects, since they are the customers for most of Germany’s exports; it is expected that Germany’s gross domestic product will expand by just 1 percent in 2015. Despite the evident problems in Eurozone, Germany and France are determined to restore a confidence to the Euro.’ Discuss the statement, and use examples to justify your opinion. 1.0 Introduction The Global Financial Crisis or the ‘great recession’ as it is now known has been widely regarded as the worst global recession since the end of the Great Depression (Drezner, 2014). The events following the collapse of the US housing market and the subsequent financial meltdown has had consequences on a global scale, nowhere is this more evident than in the Eurozone (Allen & Ngai, 2012). The Eurozone, made up of 19 EU member states that......

Words: 5853 - Pages: 24

Global Financial Crisis and Protectionism

...seeking an approach that bridged East and West. I estimated that it would take perhaps six months to complete the book, and with the Dalai Lama as a coauthor, I figured that finding a publisher would be easy. As it turned out, I was wrong. Five years later, I was still working on the book. And the thick stack of rejection letters accumulating on my desk from literary agents and publishers was a growing testament to the prevailing wisdom in the publishing industry at that time: the belief that books by the Dalai Lama held no appeal to a mainstream audience. In addition, they claimed, the public simply didn’t seem to be interested in the topic of human happiness. By 1998, after years of continual rejections, and with my financial resources finally depleted, it seemed I had few options left. Still, determined to see that at least a few new readers could benefit from the Dalai Lama’s wisdom, I planned to use the last of my retirement savings to selfpublish a small number of copies. Strangely, however, it was right at that point that the mother of a close friend happened to make an offhand remark to a stranger on a New York subway—a stranger who turned out to be in the publishing industry—which initiated a series of connections that finally led to agreements with both a literary agent and a good mainstream publisher. And so, with a small first printing and modest expectations, the book was at last released. UNEXPECTED SUCCESS That was ten......

Words: 89236 - Pages: 357

Global Financial Crisis

...a period of economic downturn in the Western industrialized world. It lasted between the year 1929 to 1939, making it the longest and most severe economic slump to ever happen in the Western world. The depression began with a collapse of stocks prices on the New York Stock Exchange in October 1929. During the subsequent 3 years, stock prices fell drastically and by late 1932 they had dropped to about 20% of their value in 1929. The depression began in the United States but it turned in to a worldwide economic slump due to the trade engagements formed with the European economies. "US History(2016) argue that in part, the depression was caused by imbalances and weaknesses in the American economy in the 1920's. The nation's political and financial institutions inability to deal with downward economic cycle was exposed during the depression. Governments took little or no action during business downturn, depending on market forces to achieve economic correction. Market forces alone couldn't achieve recovery during the early years of the depression. This discovery inspired some changes in America's economic structure where the government assumed a principal role in ensuring economic stability. Smoot and Hawley (n.d) believe that the great depression had significant impacts in the political and economic spheres. Nations sought to protect their domestic production through tariffs and quotas for foreign imports. Franklin Roosevelt was elected to Presidency in the late 1932 due to......

Words: 624 - Pages: 3

Impact of Global Financial Crisis on Novotel

...research questions, literature review, conceptual framework, methodology used and justification, research methods and ethical considerations. Having an understanding of the food and beverage sector within Novotel Hotels in the Sydney Metropolitan area and the challenges it faces is important, in this selected case study it not only is effected by the Hospitality industry but also the tourism industry as well. Both these industries have felt hard and negative impacts from the global financial crisis and have definitely had an impact on our case study. This business research report identifies the need to evaluate the relationship between a decline in international tourist, the change in food and dining trends and the revenue of Novotel in the Metropolitan area. The research follows the deductive research method. For the purpose of this report the hypothesis is Novotel food and beverage sector in Sydney metropolitan areas is making a loss and losing customers because of the global financial crisis. The research was conducted through a mixture of qualitative and quantitative research methods including; the report samples the primary research methods such as sample questionnaires, observational research and interviews. The secondary research methods mainly included personal communication and researching the hospitality databases, tourism and Australian Bureau of Statistics Website. Table of Contents Executive Summary 1. Research Questions 4 2.......

Words: 2949 - Pages: 12

The Global Financial Crisis

...The Global Financial Crisis: Impact on Bangladesh A.K.M. Atiqur Rahman Professor Department of Economics North South University Overview I. Introduction: Genesis and Spread of the Crisis. II. Global Recession and LDCs III. Impact on Bangladesh IV. Recession and Export from Bangladesh V. Exchange Rate Movement VI. Remittance VII. Import and Tax Revenue VIII. Overall Impact IX. Policy Implications I. Introduction: Genesis and Spread of the Crisis. • Root: Mispricing in the Massive Credit Default Swap Market • Sub prime Mortgage: Bank transferred credit risk to third party through the process of securitization ( MDS, CDO) • Reckless growth of sub prime mortgage-lower yield in risky mortgage • Arbitrage drove the yields on all bonds & loans down • Expansion of consumer credit, housing price bubble Intriduction continued • Unsustainability of Credit default swap and subprime mortgages exposed • Housing bubble burst → mortgage default → foreclosures→ bank and insurance failure→ credit freeze • Spillover of financial crisis to real economy through virulent credit crunch →depressed aggregate demand • Sub prime mortgage default led to spillover effects around the world (Europe and emerging economies) via an elaborate network of derivatives Continued . Global consequence of the crisis includes: • Sharp rise in Unemployment in the US, Job loss in few other countries • Sharp fall in the stock market price around the globe,......

Words: 2083 - Pages: 9

Global Financial Crisis

...Global Financial Crisis: The 2007–2012 global financial crisis, also known as the Global Financial Crisis (GFC), late-2000s financial crisis or the second "Great Recession", is considered by many economists to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s.[1] It resulted in the collapse of large financial institutions, the bailout of banks by national governments and downturns in stock markets around the world. In many areas, the housing market also suffered, resulting in numerous evictions, foreclosures and prolonged unemployment. It contributed to the failure of key businesses, declines in consumer wealth estimated in trillions of US dollars, and a significant decline in economic activity, leading to a severeglobal economic recession in 2008.[2] The financial crisis was triggered by a complex interplay of valuation and liquidity problems in the United States banking system in 2008.[3][4] The bursting of the U.S. housing bubble, which peaked in 2007, caused the values of securities tied to U.S. real estate pricing to plummet, damaging financial institutions globally.[5][6] Questions regarding bank solvency, declines in credit availability and damaged investor confidence had an impact on global stock markets, where securities suffered large losses during 2008 and early 2009. Economies worldwide slowed during this period, as credit tightened and international trade declined.[7] Governments and central banks responded with unprecedented fiscal stimulus...

Words: 12476 - Pages: 50

Global Financial Crisis

... Mitch Abramson GOVT 123-01 Global Financial Crisis A collapse of the US sub-prime mortgage market and the bursting of the housing bubble in 2007 have had a ripple effect on the global economy. Furthermore, other weaknesses in the global financial system have surfaced. Some financial products and instruments have become so complex and twisted, that as things start to unravel, trust in the whole system started to fail. In turn lack of confidence in the economy has led to what is commonly referred to as the “great recession”. The question left to ask is, where do we go from here? The public is looking for an answer from economists to what will happen next. Because of the lack of certainty in the global forecasts, people are starting to lose confidence in the system. For example, in November 2008, the World Bank predicted the growth of the 2009 GDP to be 0.9%, while the International Monetary Fund predicted a 2.2% growth rate. In January 2009, the IMF revised its forecast to a 0.5% growth rate; two months later, the IMF revised its growth rate again by raising its forecast to 1%. Federal Reserve chairman, Ben Bernanke put it plainly in a speech given to the House Budget Committee by saying, “The uncertainty surrounding the outlook is unusually large.” Some economists have resorted to using three letters of the Roman alphabet to represent the future of the GDP growth. Those scenarios are the “U”, the “L”, and the “W” recovery. In a “U” style economy, economic growth will......

Words: 892 - Pages: 4

Global Financial Crisis

...EC-408E-INTL ECONOMICS-A-12/S3 DR. HAMID ZANGENEH The Global Financial Crisis & LIBOR London Interbank Offered Rate One Of The Largest Banking Scandals In History, An Emerging Controversy Over Whether Major Financial Institutions Have Been Manipulating The LIBOR, A Key Interest Rate Banks Use To Borrow Money From Each Other That Is ”Used As A Benchmark To Set Payments On About $800 Trillion Worth Of Financial Instruments.” MIT Professor Of Finance Andrew Lo Told CNN Money That The LIBOR-Manipulation Story “Dwarfs By Orders Of Magnitude Any Financial Scams In The History Of Markets” Anthony Bruno 7/21/2012 Abstract Following investigations into Barclays' manipulation of London Interbank Offered Rates (Libor), CFR's Sebastian Mallaby highlights three implications from the unfolding scandal: Conflicts of Interest Within Banks: Barclays' distorted reports on borrowing rates demonstrate the system's failure to prevent damage from conflicts of interest between banks and their traders. "Chinese walls don't work," Mallaby says. "It's a lesson we've learned over and over again in finance." The Role of Regulators: The alleged collusion between the Bank of England and Barclays indicates a critical challenge in the governance of financial markets: Regulators are forced to bend rules to protect banks, "not because they are bribed," says Mallaby, "but because they are blackmailed, in the sense that the banks, by threatening to go under and do untold damage to...

Words: 4736 - Pages: 19

Michael Peña | Braven-Il Coraggioso 2018 DTS ITA ENG 1080p BluRay x264-BLUWORLD | Health Care Provider And Faith Diversity