Government and Education

In: Other Topics

Submitted By ackerman56
Words 843
Pages 4
Government and Education
Critical Issues in Education
EDD 520

Government and Education Throughout the years in education, a trend has begun with researchers and education experts feeling that federal initiatives can save failing schools. Noll (2008) states, “While schooling in the United States has always been and primarily remains a state and local function, the federal government has played a significant role in initiating programs to meet specific needs and charting general goals” (Noll, p. 112). In theory, the government helping with education is a great idea. However, in reality, it is the author’s opinion that federal initiatives and the requirements to receive federal funding have gotten out of hand. One federal initiative is the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) passed by President George W. Bush in 2002. NCLB was meant to serve three main goals. First, an accountability system was put into place using state standardized tests, graduation rates as well as other indicators to judge how a school performed. The second goal of NCLB was to have schools produce an annual report with all of the required statistics of school performance for each school year. The third goal of NCLB was for every school to have a highly qualified teacher in every classroom by 2005-2006 (Noll, 2008). One thing that the author finds wrong with NCLB is that it puts too much unneeded stress on educators and administrators. If students test poorly or schools show low results on their yearly report, that school as well as its staff receives a negative mark on their education record for their campus. The school must then go through a program that is meant to fix what is wrong with the school and staff. The government puts this program together. Four years after the negative mark and the restructuring program, teachers as well as the principals will be up for…...

Similar Documents

Government Roles and Finances in Education

...Government Roles and Finances in Education [ 1 ] Running Header: GOVERNMENT ROLES AND FINANCES IN EDUCATION Government Roles and Finances in Education Alisha Ware – Roberson Grand Canyon University Education Foundation and Framework 11-25-2010 | Roles in Public Elementary and Secondary Education | Local | * Uses property tax revenues as a significant funding source * Provided governing body for the operation of a school district is the school board. * Set up and uses Parent-Teacher Organizations to amplify family participation * Responsible for involving students with disabilities in education by providing transportation, occupational or speech therapy, and counseling * Are responsible for the hiring of teachers, administers and other staff members * Sets salaries for district employees * Provides in-service training for employees * Adopt policies and regulations for the operation of schools. * Allocates budgets to different schools/programs * Oversees building construction/maintenance | State | * Have been required to develop and expand existing student assessment systems * Provide technical assistance to schools in need of improvement * Responsible for making rules regarding students with disabilities * Establish guidelines for curriculum * Administers Federal Education Policy * Charter/license schools * Set number of school days * Create school health/safety laws * License/certify teachers * Grant......

Words: 740 - Pages: 3

The Evolving Role of Government in Education

...Evolving Role of Government in Education The Evolving Role of Government in Education Kenneth Davis Grand Canyon University: EDU310 June 5, 2011 The Evolving Role of Government in Education The United States governments play an ever evolving role in education. They are responsible for many of the exceedingly particular rules and regulations that drive schools and districts to change. All of these legislative rulings are supposedly made to help America’s youth, but some of them are more idealism than realistic. This essay will describe some of the many cases and laws that have evolved or have had an impact on U.S. education. The United States educational system began on the laws and moral of the religion. In colonial times schools and religion went hand in hand. All of this country’s first schools and educational systems were the product of some particular religious sect. The first schools were used to educate the colonist children but the religious tensions and sectarian rivalries among early colonists had also used schooling to advance their ideals. Particularly the Universities such as Harvard founded in 1636, and Yale founded in 1707 were founded as seminaries to train future clergymen. Although this type of thought about how schools should be run still is around today, there has been much government involvement to change that stat quo. In cases such as Everson v. Board of Education, and Illinoisex rel. McCollum v. Board of Education......

Words: 956 - Pages: 4

The Evolving Role of Government in Education Essay

...The Evolving Role of Government in Education Lisa M. Turner EDU 310 Leah Barley July 17, 2011 The Evolving Role of Government in Education State and federal governments were not always a part of the education system in the United States. The United States Constitution did not consider schooling and education. When a new nation was founded, the authority of school functions and operations were delegated to local school districts. Over the years many changes have been made in regards to the authority of schools. State and federal governments are more involved now than they were years ago. States began assuming more responsibility for schools and education after World War II (Guthrie, 2002). This essay will discuss and describe how the evolving role of state and federal government in U.S. education, different cases and laws that have evolved or had an impact on education, and an analysis of the church/state debate in public education. There were originally two models for local school districts: the New England model and the Southern model. The New England model enacted the Old Deluder Satan Act in 1647, which established township school districts. Schools were local or municipal, school boards consisted of laypersons, and the school boards were viewed as a “special” government and their authority was limited to education. The Southern model established parishes, and these states had a heavy reliance on county government. During the early 20th......

Words: 1416 - Pages: 6

Government in American Education

...Government in American Education Hollie White GCU: EDU 310 Exploring Education as a Profession May 8, 2012 Government in American Education The federal government and the state government have very different roles when it comes to education. The federal government’s involvement in elementary and secondary education is primarily on an as needed basis for when there is a crisis. The Federal government provides funding for education but the state government is responsible for determining where the funds are allocated. Education is primarily a state and local government responsibility. It is the state and their communities that establish schools, develop the curriculum, and determine requirements for enrollment and graduation. The Supreme Court however, when required to, has made some rulings that have greatly impacted education and how the schools in America are run. In 1954 the rights of students was discussed in Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas. The actual finding was “Racial discrimination in public education is unconstitutional, and all provisions of federal, state or local law requiring or permitting such discrimination must yield to this principal.” (2010). After the ruling all public schools in the United States were forced to begin the process of desegregation. This decision was not accepted by everyone and had to be enforced to take effect in some cases. In 1957, Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus used the National Guard to block nine black students......

Words: 816 - Pages: 4

Government

...P1 Outline the responsibilities of the different levels of government in the UK UK Parliament ← → Taxes ↓ Welsh Assembly ← → Health → Public Services ↓ → Education Refuse collection ← → Housing Recycling ← ↓ → Town Councils Council Tax These are the different organisations and branches of government which help to keep the country and the public services running smoothly and efficiently. The system of government in the UK has two main levels: central government and local government. But we also have regional government and the the European Union which affect us. The central government is located in the London and run’s the whole country by taking over the most important responsibilities that any other government levels in the UK has. These responsibilities are making new laws, signing agreements with the other nations and also defending the nation. The central government has all these responsibilities because as it’s the main government within the UK, it contains the 3 political institutions which make up parliament...

Words: 424 - Pages: 2

Government

...the government, doesn’t matter if he or she accepts or denies the government. 1. Government A. Government Government: An institution that creates and enforces public policy. Public Policy: Is where the Government dedicates its energy and effort. Eg. Social Security, Medicare, Education B. Powers 3 Powers: Executive, Legislative and Judicial. 1. Executive: enforces laws 2. Legislative: Creates laws 3. Judicial: Interpret the law. 2. State Components and Formation A. Components 1. Sovereign (rules with power and is independent.) 2. Government 3. People A. China is biggest population B. India is next C. Allegiance/ loyalty/ patriotism. 4. Territory with recognized boundaries. A. Russia has the most territory. B. Theories on Formation 1. Force->Strength->weapon or physical- conqueror 2. Evolutionary A. Family – male is the head of the house B. Family+family= tribe/village C. Village+Village=city D. City+City=State E. State+State= Country 3. Divine Right- Monarchy A. God or Supreme Being gave the right to rule. 4. The Social Contract Theory A. Thomas Hobbes- The Leviathan 1. People: Everybody only cares for themselves, always live in a hostile situation. 2. People surrender their rights to the government. 3. Government gives protection to the people and makes calm out of all the chaos. B. John Locke- 2nd Treatise of the Government ......

Words: 789 - Pages: 4

Claim: in Any Field—Business, Politics, Education, Government—Those in Power

...Claim: In any field—business, politics, education, government—those in power should step down after five years. Reason: The surest path to success for any enterprise is revitalization through new leadership. Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the claim and the reason on which that claim is based. With the emphasis on the importance of revitalization to an enterprise in any field, the statement claim that changing leadership every five years will help an enterprise to achieve success. Well, revitalization is indeed essential to a successful enterprise; but the success of an enterprise is determined not only by revitalization, perseverance and consistency are also important. Besides, to make revitalization, new leadership sometimes is not a good resort; willingness to accept new ideas is the key. From these perspectives, simply changing leadership every five years is not a good way to ensure success of an enterprise. To any field, revitalization is crucial to an enterprise’s continuous booming. Through revitalization, we break former restrains on our mind and try different approaches to reach our goals. Good ideas and significant discoveries are always reaped in these new attempts. Before Columbus’ time, the only sea route from Europe to Asia was the one that bypass Africa. But Columbus dared to try a totally different way. As a result, he inadvertently discovered a new continent full of promising opportunities. We see......

Words: 652 - Pages: 3

How Can the Government Encourage Participation in Sports and Physical Education Among the Elderly and Handicapped?

...How can the government encourage participation in sports and physical education among the elderly and handicapped? A handicapped person is one who has some condition that markedly restricts their ability to function physically or mentally or socially while an elderly person may be defined as someone who is old or past the middle age. In today’s society both of these persons are considered disabled. These are people who have had little or no experience of physical activity or exercise and they firstly need to develop their motor skills through adapted physical activity programmes. However, appropriate opportunities for these people must be developed especially in physical education and sports. In addition there are some barriers that greatly contribute to low levels of their participation in physical activity and sports this includes poor provision of physical education (PE) in the community , negative experiences from society, low expectations from teachers, families and peers, lack of knowledge of what is available, lack of information and expertise, poor community facilities and lack of access to facilities and programmes, transportation difficulties, lack of coverage of a wide range of sports in the media, lack of experience of the benefits of physical activity, untrained staff and lack of accessible facilities, lack of companions who can facilitate/assist people with disabilities to access facilities and programmes when required, inadequate sponsorship and coaching......

Words: 514 - Pages: 3

Government

...Beatrice Walker HIS/301 Professor Lopez-Schermer June 10, 2013 Our four fathers as a way of check and balances created the Constitution. They believed that a strong federal government was needed for the country to survive. The constitution is the base for all laws in the United States. It’s the highest law in the United States. The constitution can be changed, when it’s changed it’s called and amendment. Among the amendments are the bill of rights and the reconstruction amendments. In this paper I will discuss how and why amendments become part of the constitution, what were some problems with the original document that motivated the adoption of the bill of rights, the effects of the bill of rights and the reconstruction amendments and their effects. How and why do amendments become part of the constitution? When the constitution was written, the Framers knew that the constitution would and could be amended. Article V of the constitution tells how an amendment can become a part of the constitution. It takes two steps to add an amendment to the constitution. The first step is the proposal. An amendment can be proposed by either two-thirds vote in congress, which includes both the House of Representatives and the Senate. The second step is ratification; the amendment has to be ratified by wither three-fourths of the state legislatures or by state conventions in three-fourths of the states. An amendment can only be ratified after two-thirds of the House......

Words: 1409 - Pages: 6

Government

...Jaycee Carrigan Mr. Daugherty 3rd Period February 6, 2015 The Importance of Sex Education Imagine a girl and a boy are in a sexually active relationship. They both have the choice to be in a sex education class, but both of their parents say no. 3 months later, they take a visit to the doctor for a check-up and find out that she is pregnant, at the age of 15. She didn't know how to use any contraceptives, and that is something that she could have learned in the sex education class her parents refused to let her take. 3 in 10 teen American girls will get pregnant before the age of 20. That’s nearly 750,000 teen pregnancies every year (11 Facts About Teen Pregnancy). About 10 years ago, you would hardly find any teenagers pregnant. Now a days, there are teen pregnancies left and right. This could be prevented by implementing sexual education in schools and homes. Sex education is a broad term used to describe education about human sexual anatomy, sexual reproduction, sexual intercourse, and other aspects of human sexual behaviors (Science Daily). Human sexual anatomy is the basic parts of the body used during sex and the sexual hormones that are involved. Sexual reproduction is another word for having children. Sexual intercourse, well, you know what that is. Human sexual behaviors are what makes us want to have sex, and what urges us to do it. Also, you learn how to use different contraceptives, such as condoms and birth control. These could help prevent teen......

Words: 1302 - Pages: 6

Outline Some of the Policies Introduced by the Governments to Create an Education Market in the Uk

...s Outline some of the policies introduced by the governments to create an education market in the UK Educational policies are strategies for education introduced by the government, the state have become increasingly involved in education and its policies now have a major impact on pupils’ opportunities and achievements. Firstly in 1944 the government introduced the Tripartite system (also known as the butler act) this policy stated that children aged 11 and above would be selected and allocated to three types of secondary school based on their aptitudes and abilities. These were identified by the 11+ exam, which was taken by every child at the age 11. The three schools were; grammar school who offered non-manual jobs and higher education. They were for pupils with academic ability who passed the 11 plus. Another school is the secondary modern schools, who offered a non-academic “practical” curriculum and access to manual work for pupils who failed the 11+. The third type of school was the technical school, existed in a few areas only. Another policy is The Education Reform Act, introduced in 1988 by the conservative government, established the principle of marketization in education favoured by the new right. This policy aimed to marketise education through increasing increase independence, competition and parental choice. Marketisation means that schools are run more like businesses, that have to attract customer (parents) by competing with each other in the market. ...

Words: 311 - Pages: 2

Government

...Houston Community College Homework 1-5 Presented To: Lloyd W. Gaddis By Yushana Ford Government 2305 8:00A.M- 9:30A.M Mon/Wed 09/20/2015 Chapter 1: The More Things Change…The More They Stay the Same 1. Analyze current problems and issues in American Government by applying Historical perspectives: -History Repeats Itself +A new Communication medium paves the way to Electoral Victory- Meaning the internet and social media have revolutionized American politics. Campaign advertising is the use of an advertising campaign through the media to influence political debate and ultimately voters. Political advertising has changed drastically over the last several decades. Harry S. Truman was proud of his accomplishment of shaking approximately 500,000 hands but his accomplishment was soon pale compared to the next presidential election with the advent of television, war hero and presidential candidate D.W Eisenhower created commercials to get votes and so on and it different with different elections and different decades. +The Power of Incumbency- It is usually used in reference to elections where races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbents. Incumbents have easier access to campaign finance and government resources that can be indirectly used to boost a campaign. Incumbency is any elected official who is already in office and seeking re-election. 2. Explain the Philosophical underpinnings of American Political System through...

Words: 10611 - Pages: 43

The Evolving Role of Government in Education

...The Evolving Role of Government in Education In society today, education is mainly funded by the government and almost govern by the government’s body or by a non-profit institution. The federal government has little to do with the operating of public school. Although when they intervene, a great change is made for the best in education. The government makes sure that a free education is provided for all children even if there may be a disability problem. The Federal Government role is not to get too involved with the public education, but it does assist public schools through a list of legislative actions. According to (Moore 2001), the first interaction of IDEA, the Education of All Handicapped Children Act, passed more than 35 years ago, had several positive elements. Regardless of the level of disability, a Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) is available for all children. In order to meet the needs of students with disabilities, an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) was established. Some students have different levels of disabilities that may require the 504 Plan. Students who qualify for this plan may not be listed as a special education student. Never the less they still may have some other type of disability they have trouble doing without some assistance. The 504 Plan should be developed by a committee that consists on the student, parent, teacher, counselor, and the 504 coordinator. In 2002, Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act......

Words: 822 - Pages: 4

Government

...things done or not. I then decided to do some research on you and found that your approval rating was very low at the time. A study was also just conducted a couple months ago with ratings of 41 percent of Michigan residents approving of you and 53 percent disapproved. There has also been another petition to recall you as governor of Michigan done by an organization called Michigan Rising. During my research I found that many people are upset that you are taking away from the middle-class and giving to the wealthy, also there are problems with Education, Unemployment, Housing and Taxes. But, last month a $49 billion dollar budget was signed into law. This budget will increase funding for education and public safety which has a small tax break for individuals. This budget was done well before the October 1st deadline and some worry that this causes cuts in education where it should be the focus. I agree with this because funding for education is limited and it’s causing tuition prices to go up, which there should be something done about it, but a more helpful solution to Michigan’s economy. Then there is also the New International Trade Crossing Bridge. Many Michigan residents are also upset about this and feel it is unnecessary while others support this decision because of the possibility of this bridge boosting Michigan’s economy and creating new jobs. My advice for this would be to make sure you also have a plan to fix some of the Michigan roads and bridges too because......

Words: 743 - Pages: 3

The Evolving Role of Government in Education

...Running Head: The Evolving Role of Government The Evolving Role of Government in Education Jennifer L Thompson Grand Canyon University: EDU-310 April 28, 2012 The Evolving Role of Government in Education Education in our public schools is very different than it was when the first schools were started. This is in part due to the changes in society, but also due to the changes in government control of our schools. Our founding fathers believed in the importance of education and many were involved with the creation of public education in America. Today, education is still a priority to most people in America. The fact that it is such a priority has brought about changes in the role of our government in the education system. Although education was a priority to our founding fathers, it was not mentioned in the original constitution. It is not mentioned in the initial Bill of Rights, either. However, the 10th Amendment states that the powers not delegated to the federal government “are reserved to the States, respectively, or to the people.” (Edmund Sass, 2012) This meant that the responsibility for public schools belonged to the individual states and not to the federal government. This allowed the individual states to set up their school systems in the manner that worked best for them. The schools ran in this manner for many years. Of course, with the different belief systems of the people in the different states, there......

Words: 1009 - Pages: 5

Kimrie Lewis | Game of Thrones 1x3 | Wholesale Program