Grammar

In: English and Literature

Submitted By hayhay1
Words 290
Pages 2
Idiomatic Expressions
Idiomatic expressions can be problems for non-native speakers because the meaning of the phrase is not literally what the words mean. Also known as
"colloquialisms," the only true way to learn them is one by one.
A poor man's _____: Something or someone not as good as others is "a poor man's version. A writer who uses exotic locations but is not very convincing would be a poor man's Ernest Hemmingway.
About-face : One who changes his or her mind completely is said to have done an aboutface.
Above board : If things are carried out legally and properly, they are said to be done
"above board."
Achilles' heel : A person's weak spot is his or her Achilles' heel, so-named because of the
Greek hero Achilles, who was invulnerable everywhere on his body except his heels.
Acid test : Proves whether something is good and effective or not.
Across the board : Something that applies to everybody applies across the board.
Albatross around your neck : An albatross around the neck refers to a problem resulting from a past action that continues to keep one from being successful.
Alter ego : A very close and intimate friend, from the Latin phrase that literally means
"'other self."
An old flame : A person with whom one once had an emotional, usually passionate, relationship—a person still looked on with fondness and affection.
Apple of your eye : Something or someone very special to you.
Costs an arm and a leg : Something very expensive.
As the crow flies : The shortest possible distance between two places.
As well as : In addition to
At loggerheads : People who are arguing and cannot agree on anything are at loggerheads. At the drop of a hat : To do something…...

Similar Documents

Grammar

...Page 1 of 2 www.englishgrammar.org – Grammar lessons, rules, and news for everyday use. Active and Passive Voice Exercise II Find the verbs in the following sentences and state whether they are in the active voice or the passive voice. 1. The tiger killed the deer. 2. The boy is learning his lessons. 3. This house was built by my grandfather. 4. Alice has been waiting for a long time. 5. Mother was making a cake. 6. The postman was bitten by the dog. 7. The thief was caught. 8. The accused were sent to jail. 9. The loud noise frightened the baby. 10. The dog chased the cat. 11. The letter was posted yesterday. 12. The oldman takes snuff. 13. The cat drank all the milk. 14. That boy of yours has broken my window again. 15. These shoes of mine pinch me terribly. Answers 1. verb ? killed (simple past); voice ? active 2. verb ? is learning (present continuous); voice ? active Page 2 of 2 www.englishgrammar.org – Grammar lessons, rules, and news for everyday use. 3. verb ? was built (simple past); voice ? passive 4. verb ? has been waiting (present perfect continuous); voice ? active 5. verb ? was making (past continuous); voice ? active 6. verb ? was bitten (simple past); voice ? passive 7. verb ? was caught (simple past); voice ? passive 8. verb ? were sent (simple past); voice ? passive 9. verb ? frightened (simple past); voice ? active 10. verb -chased (simple past); voice ? active 11. verb ? was posted (simple past); voice ? passive 12. verb ? takes (simple......

Words: 279 - Pages: 2

Grammar

...theo m t ti n trình thư ng l (nhưng không di n ñ t ý ñ nh c a cá nhân ngư i nói). You will be hearing from my solicitor. I will be seeing you one of these days, I expect. · D ñoán cho tương lai: Don't phone now, they will be having dinner. · Di n ñ t l i ñ ngh nhã nh n mu n bi t v k ho ch c a ngư i khác Will you be staying in here this evening? (ông có d ñ nh l i ñây t i nay ch ) 3.3.4 Future Perfect (th i tương lai hoàn thành): Trư ng ð i H c Kinh T ðà N ng Sưu t m và thi t k b i Ph m Vi t Vũ - 19 – Dùng ñ ch m t hành ñ ng s ph i ñư c hoàn t t vào m t th i ñi m nh t ñ nh trong tương lai. Nó thư ng ñư c dùng v i tr ng t ch th i gian dư i d ng: by the end of....., by the time + sentence We will have accomplished the English grammar course by the end of next week. By the time human being migrates to the moon, most of the people alive today will have died. 4. S hòa h p gi a ch ng và ñ ng t Trong m t câu ti ng Anh, ch ng và ñ ng t ph i phù h p v i nhau v ngôi và s (s ít hay s nhi u) The worker works very well. s ít s ít The workers work very well. s nhi u s nhi u 4.1 Các trư ng h p ch ng ñ ng tách kh i ñ ng t Trong câu ti ng Anh, có nhi u trư ng h p r t khó xác ñ nh ñư c ñâu là ch ng c a câu do ch ng và ñ ng t không ñi li n v i nhau. The boys in the room are playing chess. Thông thư ng trong các trư ng h p ñó, m t ng gi i t (m t gi i t m ñ u và các danh t theo sau – in the room) thư ng n m gi a ch ng và ñ ng t . Các ng gi i t này không nh hư ng ñ n vi c chia...

Words: 54422 - Pages: 218

Grammar

...GLOSSARY OF COMMON GRAMMATICAL AND WRITING TERMS Grammar terminology is useful when we describe and correct problems with writing. Though we’ve tried to de-emphasize terminology and teach through examples throughout this book, sometimes you need a definition. We’ve tried to emphasize areas that are both commonly used and commonly misunderstood, such as the use of modal auxiliaries like can, could, shall, should, etc. Punctuation marks are not included in this list; they have a separate section in this Appendix. “People who are experts in grammar don’t always write well, and many people who write well no longer think consciously about grammar … but when something goes wrong in a sentence, a knowledge of grammar helps in recognizing the problem and provides a language for discussing it.” — H. Ramsey Fowler – 265 – The Tongue and Quill a/an Active Voice Adjective Use a before consonant sounds and an before vowel sounds Shows the subject as the actor. (pages 73-74). Describes or limits a noun or pronoun. It answers “Which one? What kind? or How many?” Modifies or limits a verb, adjective or another adverb and answers “When? Where? Why? How much? How far? To what degree?” Conjunctive or Connective Adverb—transition words that often appears to connect clauses. Adverbs Antecedent Appositive Article Bibliography Noun, phrase or clause to which a pronoun refers or replaces. (pages 99100) Word, phrase or clause preceding or renaming a noun. Small set......

Words: 13750 - Pages: 55

English Grammar

...full PDF version of the Online English Grammar has a number of advantages over the version that you can find online for public viewing: q q q q It covers more grammar topics than the online version You can view it on your desktop as an easy reference guide It is easy to print out pages from this version using any standard printer You can access regular updates to the Online English Grammar now that you have purchased this copy. All that is required is that you supply your username and password to begin the download. You will receive regular emails when new updates are available. The update subscription is valid for one year from the date you purchased the item from us. WHAT ELSE IS PLANNED? After the outstanding response to our release of the Online English Grammar as a desktop edition, we are developing a range of new English language guides and worksheets to help both students and teachers with their English language requirements. These guides and worksheets will all be available as downloads from our website at http://www.English4Today.com and you will be notified of their release as we publish them. At the moment we have the following under development: q q q q q English grammar worksheets for teachers and students A Writer's Guide to Using English Writing Letters A Guide to English Pronunciation Grammar Games Pack We are also in the process of working on Version 2.0 of the PDF Version of the Online English Grammar - adding even more sections, sound......

Words: 48987 - Pages: 196

Grammar

...раскрывается суть нового грамматического явления, дается правило, в котором объясняются принципы выполнения соответствующих грамматических операций. Весь новый грамматический материал приводится в рубрике "Grammar Discoveries". Наряду с объяснением назначения, основных случаев употребления и формообразования нового грамматического явления, как правило, проводятся параллели с аналогичными по смыслу и назначению грамматическими явлениями родного языка. Затем следует серия коммуникативно окрашенных упражнений тренировочного характера, в процессе выполнения которых автоматизируется употребление новой грамматики. Следом идут речевые упражнения, предполагающие использование данного грамматического явления для решения поставленных перед учащимися коммуникативных задач. Особенностью предъявления грамматического материала в 7 классе является и то, что наряду с дедуктивным подходом к ознакомлению с грамматической стороной речи (от правила к практике) широко используется и индуктивный путь. В этом случае учащимся обеспечивается возможность наблюдать за употреблением грамматического явления в речи, а затем им дается обобщение по данному явлению в виде правила. Так, например, происходит овладение видовременной формой глаголов Passive Voice. Информация подобного рода также дается в рубрике "Grammar Discoveries" Обобщение (в виде правила) и многочисленные тренировочные упражнения обеспечивают осознание и дальнейшую автоматизацию соответствующего грамматического действия. В учебнике и......

Words: 1815 - Pages: 8

Grammar

...we would go to the park (...but it is bad, so we can't go) • If I was the Queen of England, I would give everyone �100. (...but I'm not, so I won't) Examples of use: 1. To make a statement about something that is not real at present, but is possible: I would visit her if I had time. (= I haven't got time but I might have some time) 2. To make a statement about a situation that is not real now and never could be real: If I were you, I'd give up smoking (but I could never be you) Examples: a. If I was a plant, I would love the rain. b. If you really loved me, you would buy me a diamond ring. c. If I knew where she lived, I would go and see her. d. You wouldn't need to read this if you understood English grammar. e. Would he go to the concert if I gave him a ticket? f. They wouldn't invite her if they didn't like her g. We would be able to buy a larger house if we had more money NOTE: It is correct, and very common, to say "If I were" instead of "If I was". 1. Present continuous conditional - form. This form is composed of two elements: the present conditional of the verb 'to be' (would be) + the present participle of the main verb (base+ing). |Subject |would be |base+ing | |He |would be |going | |They |would be |living | |Affirmative | |We |would be......

Words: 40654 - Pages: 163

Grammar

...by Karl Weber, M.A. English Grammar: Sentence Structure Study Guide Video Aided Instruction, Inc. Roslyn Heights, New York 1 #VAI-S1019 v1.0 This study guide should be used along with a program published by Video Aided Instruction, Inc. For more information, call 1-800 -238-1512 or visit us online at videoaidedinstruction.com. This study guide should be used along with the following program published by Video Aided Instruction. The instructor works through the exercises found in this guide – and much, much more – during the course of the actual program. Introduction Video Aided Instruction’s English Grammar Series makes the tricky rules of English grammar easier to learn than ever before – whether you’re new to English or you’ve been speaking it for years! Like most languages, English strings words together into sentences in order to communicate ideas. But many people find it difficult to construct English sentences correctly. This program will teach you the basic principles that govern how English sentences are constructed, and how to put these principles to use when you create your own sentences! Before you begin studying, let us make a few recommendations. First, have a notebook and pen ready so you’re prepared to take notes. You’ll probably want to use the many on-screen graphics to take notes for yourself – when you’re done, you’ll have a notebook on English grammar that you can refer back to again and again. Secondly, don’t forget to take......

Words: 1062 - Pages: 5

Grammar

...TeQuira Thomas - 986097 1. Type the sentences that answer the following questions: a. What sentence is the topic sentence of the paragraph? A trip to the ocean can be a relaxing escape from the everyday pressures of life. b. What sentence is unrelated to the topic and can be eliminated? You should always be careful to avoid overexposure to the sun at the beach. 2. List four things to look for when you’re proofreading. 1) spelling 2) grammar 3) punctuation 4) capitalization 3. Complete the following two steps: a. Define the term cliché. It is a stereotype or electrotype b. Write one sentence that contains a cliché. It is a cliché that when you have lemons, you have to make lemonade. 4. Name and explain two types of prewriting. 1) Brainstorming – making a list of ideas and thoughts about a selected topic before writing. 2) Freewriting - filling up a piece of paper with any idea that comes to mind without stopping to think or lifting the pen. 5. Choose one of the topics listed below and write a five-sentence paragraph using chronological order to arrange the details of the paragraph. To make a perfect grilled cheese sandwich you will need a pan, butter knife, butter, two slice of cheese, and two slice bread. First, butter both slices of bread. Next, lay two slices of cheese on one slice of bread, then the other slice. Heat a sauté pan over med heat. Finally, fry the sandwich until golden brown, cut in......

Words: 367 - Pages: 2

Grammar

...Grammar Recently I took a Grammar Mastery Test. This was a multiple choice test and asked the test taker to choose the sentence that used correct grammar. These sentences had three to four choices with different forms of grammar such as, who/whom, a/an, and I/me. Now I thought this test would be a breeze, unfortunately I was wrong. I thought I would do pretty well and knew what I needed to know about how and when to use certain words with certain phrases. I did not. While taking this test I realized I did not know as much as I thought and needed to study my grammar. I learned while taking this test that I use the wrong form of grammar when I write and when I speak. I am probably going to make a few mistakes writing this paper. Hopefully I won’t, or at least not too many. I knew that when you are referring to a sentence that has a subject and a verb agreement you use the singular verb with a singular subject, i.e.; the subject is the word list . The list is on the table. Although there can be many things on the list itself, list is singular and is the subject of the sentence, therefore it will use the singular adverb is instead of the plural are. I learned that when using neither/nor you have to pay attention to the noun or pronoun that the word neither/nor is the closest to. The neither/nor thing always gets me confused, but now that I have learned this rule I can pay more attention to the nouns or pronouns and choose the correct sentence. I also knew that with......

Words: 445 - Pages: 2

Grammar

...Grammar Quiz 6 (Fejl. pages 83-85) Correct the mistakes in the following sentences. There is one mistake per sentence. Explain your corrections. 1. I was very surprised by that he passed his exams despite his poor marks. 2. He told her about that he was planning a trip to Greenland. 3. In spite of the fact that the climate is changing and the temperature rising, this past winter was colder than ever. 4. They slipped out of the classroom without that the teacher noticed their absence. 5. They talked about to buying a house in the country. 6. She succeeded in convincing him of her plan, despite the fact of that he was against it at first. 7. Last year you assured me of that you were a loyal employee. Have you completely forgotten your loyalty? 8. I would like to draw your attention to the fact that he takes drugs and drinks excessively. 9. Please see to it that everyone receives their missing wages. 10. The principal was really worried about that the students spent too much money on clothes and alcohol. Correct or incorrect? If the sentence is incorrect, please correct it. 1. I look forward to hearing from you soon. 2. He is used to doing his homework while chatting on Facebook. 3. He is suspected of to using Google translate on his last assignment. 4. I used to be very good at knitting, but I have completely forgotten how. 5. The teacher insisted on giving the class an extra assignment before exams. 6. They......

Words: 513 - Pages: 3

Spanish Grammar

... BASIC SPANISH: A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOK Basic Spanish: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessible reference grammar and related exercises in a single volume. This workbook presents 20 individual grammar points in realistic contexts, providing a grammatical approach that will allow students not already familiar with these terms to become accustomed to their use. Each unit is included on a graded basis beginning with the simpler aspects of Spanish grammar and proceeding to the more complex points. Grammar points are followed by examples and exercises selected to reinforce mastery of the topic. Basic Spanish provides an ideal introduction to the language, with insights into the Spanish-speaking peoples and their related cultures. For use in the classroom, or for the independent learner, this workbook enables readers to express themselves in a wide variety of situations. Features include: • authentic reading texts to encourage an understanding of Spain and Spanish-speaking countries • reference to Latin American usage where appropriate • full exercise answer key • glossary of grammatical terms Basic Spanish is the ideal reference and practice book for beginners and also for students with some knowledge of the language. Carmen Arnaiz and Irene Wilkie are both Senior Lecturers in Spanish and Linguistics at the University of the West of England, Bristol. Titles of related interest published by Routledge: Modern Spanish Grammar: A Practical Guide Juan......

Words: 38366 - Pages: 154

Grammar

...NEW EDITION HIGH SCHOOL English Grammar & Composition BY WREN & MARTIN (With New Appendices) REVISED BY N.D.V. PRASADA RAO S. CHAND Page i New Edition HIGH SCHOOL ENGLISH GRAMMAR AND COMPOSITION By P.C. WREN, MA. (OXON) and H. MARTIN, M.A. (OXON), O.B.E. Revised By N.D.V. PRASADA RAO, M.A., D.T.E., Ph.D. Dear Students, Beware of fake/pirated editions. Many of our best selling titles have been unlawfully printed by unscrupulous persons. Your sincere effort in this direction may stop piracy and save intellectuals' rights. For the genuine book check the 3-D hologram which gives a rainbow effect. S. CHAND AN ISO 9001: 2000 COMPANY S. CHAND & COMPANY LTD. RAM NAGAR, NEW DELHI -110 055 Page iii PREFACE TO THE NEW EDITION Wren and Martin's monumental work High School English Grammar and Composition now appears in two editions. One is a de luxe edition, illustrated in full-colour, and the other is an ordinary edition without illustrations. The material in the book has been further updated where called for. It has been felt necessary in particular to revise some material in the chapters dealing with adjectives, active and passive voice, articles and prepositions. Appendix I, which deals with American English, has been expanded. Appendix II has been replaced with a newer set of tests covering the important areas of grammar. It was in the year 1972 that the shrewd visionary Mr. Shyam Lai Gupta obtained the permission of Manecji Cooper Education Trust for the revision of this book...

Words: 211294 - Pages: 846

Grammar

...Collins W ith CD English for Exams Grammar for IELTS Fiona Aish & Jo Tomlinson \ ■L& 11 * . ; P O W E R E D BY C O B U I L D ■ t; j ju B P H Contents Unit 1 O 2 Topic Grammar focus Holidays and travel Free time Exam Page number Grammar practice Sub-skill Simple tenses Present sim ple, past sim ple and present perfect Speaking Part 1 W riting Task 2 6 Continuous tenses Past continuous, present continuous, present perfect W riting Task 1 Reading 10 continuous 3 Fame Past N arrative tenses: past perfect and used to/would Reading Listening Section 2 14 Education Future 1 Witt and going to Listening Section 1 Speaking Part 3 18 The Internet Future 2 Present continuous fo r future and future perfect Listening Section 2 Reading 22 The family Word order and punctuation Subject + verb + object and punctuation W riting Task 2 Speaking Part 2 26 7 The environment Subject/verb agreem ent S ingular + p lu ra l nouns/verbs and determ iners Reading W riting Task 1 30 8 Food Countable/ uncountable nouns Countable and uncountable nouns Speaking Part 2 Listening Section 1 34 9 Employment and finance A rticles Using a, the or no article W riting Task 1 Reading 38 10 Youth Linking words and signposting Giving...

Words: 30105 - Pages: 121

Grammar

...Grammar S+V.1-s/es S+V.1-s/es Present Simple 1.กิจวัตร(Habits and repeated action) -always , usually , often , sometimes , never , every……. , hardly 2.ความจริง(Facts and general truths) 3.ตารางเวลา,แผนการที่วางไว้ S+is/am/are+V.ing S+is/am/are+V.ing Present Continuous 1.เกิดขึ้นขณะที่พูด(Happening at the moment of speaking) 2.เกิดในช่วงนี้ ไม่ต้องขณะที่พูดก็ได้(Happening around the moment of speaking) EX. She is working for an advertising for company. 3.เกิดในอนาคตแน่ๆ วางแผนแล้ว(Describe temporary) EX. My friend is coming tonight. Present ‘Perfect’ ÿResult(เกิดและจบแล้ว) S+has/have+V.3 S+has/have+V.3 1.เหตุการณ์เกิดในอดีตและเพิ่งสิ้นสุด -just , yet , already , finally , recently Ex.She have just finished reading book. 2.เกิดในอดีตแต่ไม่ระบุเวลาแน่ชัด -ever , never , once , twice , …… Ex.Have you ever been to Paris? 3.ดำเนินอดีตปจบ. และจะดำเนินไปอนาคต Past Present -since(จุดเริ่มเวลา/past simple) ,for+ระยะเวลา,so far,up to now Ex.She has studied Japanese for 5 years. Present ‘Perfect Continuous’ Duration S+has/have been+V.ing S+has/have been+V.ing ทำจากอดีต -> ปจบ.(ยังไม่เสร็จ)และจะต่อเนื่องไปอนาคต ทำแบบไม่หยุดพัก Ex.Jim has been waiting for Tom for 2 hours. Obligation from ourelves=must Obligation from other/organization/rules =have to Mustn’t->prohibition Have to->not necessary to do | Present+be | Past+have+V.3 | certain | Must be | Must have...

Words: 556 - Pages: 3

Grammar

...26. my 27. my 28. I 29. they 30. me 31. I 32. they 33. the 34. their 35. it 36. they 37.they 38. they 39. They 新编英语语法教程 第10讲 练习参考答案 Ex, 10A 1. Don’t speak loudly. The children are sleeping. 2. Don’t disturb me. I’m thinking. 3. The chidlren were jumping to keep warm. 4. The woman got mad. She was hitting her head against the wall. 5. Old Tom knows Russian, but he can’t speak it well. 6. I hope she likes these reses. 7. Halleck resembles his father very much in disposition and appearance. 8. This material feels soft. 9. I believe we will certainly achieve success. 10. Last night we dined at a Thai restaurant. These almost all the dishes taste hot. 11. In grammar, English differs greatly from Spanish/ 12. This bus can hold 40 people. 13. This rule applies to all the tourists. 14. They were talking about pollution of the environment. 15. Spring is here. The treetops are turning green. 16. The economic situation there has changed from bad to worse. 17. I’m getting old. I can’t walk such a long distance. 18. This trunk weighs 50 kilos. 19. Surely you are imagining things. 20. I am not feeling (I don’t feel) very tired. Ex. 10B 2. called off 3. carry out 4. catch up with 5. came round / to 6. cutting down 7. looked into 8. held up 9. turn up 10. Keep off 11. Knocked him out 12. let you off 13. leave out 14.mix up 15. bring up 16. blew it up 17....

Words: 28183 - Pages: 113

Shimmer and Shine (7) | Anker (16) | Managerial Economics - 1720 Words