Health Advocacy on Childhood Obesity

In: Social Issues

Submitted By janeanemarie
Words 2631
Pages 11
Health Advocacy on Childhood Obesity
Janeane Horan
Walden University
August third, 2014

Introduction According to the Center of Disease Control approximately 17% (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents aged 2—19 years are obese. Since 1980, obesity prevalence among children and adolescents has almost tripled (CDC, 2012). Today’s nurses are faced with a growing trend in overweight and obese children and have the responsibility to be the patient advocate and help. Health promotion is one of the most important aspects of nursing, and no matter what setting a nurse is in; they have the power to provoke change. Childhood obesity will be discussed in detail throughout this paper. Public policy needs to address the arising concern that childhood obesity has on today’s society. Creating an advocacy program based on two effective childhood obesity programs; The Power Up Initiative and Coordinated Approach to Child Health (CATCH) can do just that. The potential community-based advocacy program in this paper will address what needs to be included in school and after school programs to promote health and prevention of obesity. The program will also need to have a specific plan on what and how to educate local pediatricians and nurses regarding childhood obesity.
What is it and what is the cause? Obesity is defined as an excessive accumulation of fat in the body (Mckinney, E., James, S., Murray, S., Ashwill, J., 2009). Fat is accumulated in the body when there is a combination of increased caloric intake and decreased physical activity. There are many reasons for today’s childhood obesity epidemic, including cultural, genetic, behavioral, environmental, and socioeconomic factors (Mckinney, E. 2009). Obese children tend to have at least one overweight or obese parent (Small, L., Anderson, D., and Melnyk, B., 2007). Obesity rates are higher in urban…...

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