Heroism in Stanley Kubrick’s Films Paths of Glory and Full Metal Jacket by Comparing the Visual Styles and Narrative Structures and Offer Insight Into Kubrick’s Views on War.

In: Film and Music

Submitted By jacinto23
Words 1810
Pages 8
his paper will examine the topic of heroism in Stanley Kubrick’s films Paths Of Glory and Full Metal Jacket by comparing the visual styles and narrative structures and offer insight into Kubrick’s views on war.

Paths Of Glory is a 1957 film based on the First World War focusing on the political struggles of the French army as they battle the German army. It is a study of the bravery and cowardice that exists within the ranks of the army, as well as the results of extreme amounts of fear. The focus is primarily in the barracks and the court. The plot focuses on a group of soldiers who are charged with cowardice. No man is perfect, but war magnifies qualities such as honour and deceit, and this film illustrates this phenomena in a very clean, proper way. Paths Of Glory does not show actual combat very much, unlike Full Metal Jacket. Full Metal Jacket is a study of what becomes of a soldier at war. Set in the Vietnam War, it begins with a focus on the training of a platoon of U.S. marines and continues to follow the service of Private Joker in his experiences in Vietnam as he goes about his service. Full Metal Jacket is a well paced film that studies the violence of war, portraying the physical as well as the mental dangers in a hyper realistic way. One overarching element that ultimately combines both of these films is their emotional poignancy. Both are highly engaging, yet thoroughly disturbing films. These are two demonstrations against war, revealing the subject in an ironic and undeniably negative light.

Full Metal Jacket is a very rough film the whole way through. The pace is slow and slightly stiff, with a sort of boring, droning tone. The training base is extremely bland and lifeless, and the Vietnamese setting has a similar atmosphere. The behaviour of the soldiers is lazy. It is clear throughout that the training camp remade each soldier into…...

Similar Documents

Comparing 3 Short Films

...genre is to gain an understanding in the way that horror films are constructed and created to effectively represent the genre to its audience. This will expand my understanding of how technical, audio codes, setting and characterization are frequently used in constructing a piece of media text to either reinforce or deviate from stereotypes and audience's expectations. Bateman states that "Audiences are said to like the concept of genre (although we may not identify it by that name) because of its reassuring and familiar promise of repetition and variation" (A. Bateman, 2010, pg46.) During my independent research into horror and genre, conflicting arguments have become apparent in regards to genre and its definition. Bennett identifies genre as, "Encompassing groups of texts and categorizing them according to the characteristics they have in common" (Bennett, 2006, pg26) where as writer Barry Keith's arguments are contradictory stating that; "Genre movies are always about the time and place in which they are set." (Grant, 2006, pg6) Theses quotes have enabled me to identify the three pieces of horror genre media texts that I am going to analyze for my research investigation and how their construction is used to appeal to its audience with reference to; "Stalker-Lewis Farinella", "Lovefield-Matthieu Ratthe" and "Vanished-NewDawnFilm", and how their technical, audio, visual codes characterization and narrative are constructed to relay the genre to its audience.......

Words: 1521 - Pages: 7

Individual: Influences of Visual Media Paper

...System’s Golden Age 205 The Transformation of the Studio System 209 The Economics of the Movie Business 215 Popular Movies and Democracy In every generation, a film is made that changes the movie industry. In 1941, that film was Orson Welles’s Citizen Kane. Welles produced, directed, wrote, and starred in the movie at age twenty-five, playing a newspaper magnate from a young man to old age. While the movie was not a commercial success initially (powerful newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst, whose life was the inspiration for the movie, tried to suppress it), it was critically praised for its acting, story, and directing. Citizen Kane’s dramatic camera angles, striking film noir–style lighting, nonlinear storytelling, montages, and long deep-focus shots were considered technically innovative for the era. Over time, Citizen Kane became revered as a masterpiece, and in 1997 the American Film Institute named it the Greatest American Movie of All Time. “Citizen Kane is more than a great movie; it is a gathering of all the lessons of the emerging era of sound,” film critic Roger Ebert wrote.1 CHAPTER 6 ○ MOVIES 185 (c) Bedford/St. Martin's bedfordstmartins.com 1-457-62096-0 / 978-1-457-62096-6 MOVIES A generation later, the space epic Star Wars (1977) changed the culture of the movie industry. Star Wars, produced, written, and directed by George Lucas, departed from the personal filmmaking of the early 1970s and spawned a blockbuster mentality that formed a new......

Words: 19373 - Pages: 78

Interpretations of the Civil War in Early Film

...INTERPRETATIONS OF THE CIVIL WAR IN EARLY FILM One Film To Rule Them All In 1915, the blockbuster film, The Birth of a Nation swept the nation. In a pivotal scene, the attractive daughter of a former slave owner, whose cotton business had been ruined by the war, is stalked by a menacing looking black soldier, named Gus. He is shown with his shirt wide open and bare-chested. Flora, the stereotypical southern belle, notices the voyeur and is visibly shaken. Flora tries to hide from Gus, but Gus corners her and tells her that he wants her and that he is not married. Since the end of the Civil War, Flora has noticed several black soldiers in the area in the past few months harassing her family and other upstanding families. Gus forces Flora closer and tries to kiss her. In a panic, Flora slaps him and pushes him away. Flora flees into the woods. The ensuing pursuit shows Gus as a sex-crazed maniacal troll chasing down the seemingly innocent virginal fairy. Gus follows her absorbedly intent on raping her. Flora winds up on a cliff overlooking a series of jagged rocks. She stares at Gus and motions for him to leave her alone. In a silent ultimatum, she gesticulates that if he doesn’t leave then she’ll leap from the cliff to the rocks below. Gus is exposed as a beast, sweating and pulsating lustful desires. He moves closer to Flora to stop her from leaping. Unwilling to give herself to a black man and death being the only alternative, Flora jumps from......

Words: 5187 - Pages: 21


...LACAN AND CONTEMPORARY FILM EDITED BY TODD McGOWAN and SHEILA KUNKLE OTHER Other Press New York Copyright © 2004 Todd McGowan and Sheila Kunkle Production Editor: Robert D. Hack This book was set in 11 pt. Berkeley by Alpha Graphics, Pittsfield, N.H. 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Allrightsreserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without written permission from Other Press LLC, except in the case of brief quotations in reviews for inclusion in a magazine, newspaper, or broadcast. Printed in the United States of America on acid-free paper. For information write to Other Press LLC, 307 Seventh Avenue, Suite 1807, New York, NY 10001. Or visit our website: www.otherpress.com. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data McGowan, Todd. Lacan and contemporary film / by Todd McGowan & Sheila Kunkle. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 1-59051-084-4 (pbk : alk. paper) 1. Motion pictures-Psychological aspects. 2. Psychoanalysis and motion pictures. 3. Lacan, Jacques, 1901- I. Kunkle, Sheila. II. Title. PN1995 .M379 2004 791.43'01 '9-dc22 2003020952 Contributors Paul Eisenstein teaches literature and film in the English department at Otterbein College, Columbus, Ohio, and is the author of Traumatic Encounters: Holocaust Representation and the Hegelian Subject (SUNY Press, 2003). Anna......

Words: 97016 - Pages: 389

Society and Film

...sexual and overtly offensive. Pablo Picasso illustrates his view of women in the painting Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, where five naked prostitutes obscene postures are anything but traditional. The Color Purple directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the Pulitzer Prize winning novel written by Alice Walker, displays a plot that depicts the hardships African American women went through in the 1900’s concerning racism, prejudices, and poverty. All of these works of art have been deemed as socially offensive, improper, or distasteful, however these are the exact reasons why they are so significant. Artistic endeavors, including film, do need socially unacceptable content in order to evoke emotion, fit into a specific genre, and to present familiar material in an unconventional way. Unpleasant images are a form of artistic symbolism that creates a story without any words. The audience can digest the meaning and emotion behind what is on screen without having to be told. For example, American History X displays racism through the use of symbols and colors when Derek, one of the main characters, steps out on his front porch half-naked showing his bare white skin covered in dark tattoos of swastikas and white-power mottos (Smith 249). The racism displayed on his body will likely remain in the audience’s head even after they have left the theatre. The film Apocalypse Now follows the journey of a man through the Vietnam War, while illuminating the horrors, violence, and affects......

Words: 1390 - Pages: 6

Stanley Kubrick

...Running Head: KUBRICK Stanley Kubrick G138 Introduction to Film There have been many different directors that have had an important influence on modern film. Yet there have only been a handful that not only influenced it, but truly changed how an entire genre of film was perceived. Like no other before him, Stanley Kubrick forged a path that no other had treed. He had an eye for a story and a way to retell it in a manner that was uniquely different and memorable. On the quiet evening of July 26th 1928, in the Bronx of New York City Stanley Kubrick was born. At a very young age he showed a passion for music and especially photography. This same passion was not seen in his basic school work though. By the time he graduated High School he only had a 67 average. This low score made it very hard for him to find a college to attend. So instead he moved on to become a freelance photography for the magazine Look. As a photographer he was able to travel a great deal, an experience that helped in opening his eyes to everything around him. It created a thirst for knowledge and the desire to learn more. This desire brought him to the doorsteps of Columbia University where he enrolled as a non-matriculating student. While attending Columbia he became even more influenced by photography, which turned into a growing passion for the understanding of the film process. Often times, he would sit in during classes taught by Lionel Trilling, Mark Van Doren and Moses Hadas (SK-TMF,......

Words: 2094 - Pages: 9


...Narrative A narrative is a sequence of events that a narrator tells in story form. A narrator is a storyteller of any kind, whether the authorial voice in a novel or a friend telling you about last night’s party. Point of View The point of view is the perspective that a narrative takes toward the events it describes. First-person narration: A narrative in which the narrator tells the story from his/her own point of view and refers to him/herself as “I.” The narrator may be an active participant in the story or just an observer. When the point of view represented is specifically the author’s, and not a fictional narrator’s, the story is autobiographical and may be nonfictional (see Common Literary Forms and Genres below). Third-person narration: The narrator remains outside the story and describes the characters in the story using proper names and the third-person pronouns “he,” “she,” “it,” and “they.” • Omniscient narration: The narrator knows all of the actions, feelings, and motivations of all of the characters. For example, the narrator of Leo Tolstoy’s Anna Karenina seems to know everything about all the characters and events in the story. • Limited omniscient narration: The narrator knows the actions, feelings, and motivations of only one or a handful of characters. For example, the narrator of Lewis Carroll’s Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland has full knowledge of only Alice. • Free indirect discourse: The narrator conveys a character’s inner......

Words: 12257 - Pages: 50

War Games

...War is fundamentally a cultural phenomenon. It is profoundly entangled with shared meanings and understandings, stories both old and new, and the evolution of the same. These stories and meanings concern how war is defined, what it means to be at war, how enemies are to be identified and treated, how war itself is waged, and how one can know when war is finished – if it ever is. The shared meanings and narratives through which the culture of war is constructed are diverse: oral stories told and retold, myths and legends, historical accounts, and modern journalistic reports – and it’s important to note how the nature of those last has changed as our understanding of what qualifies as “journalism” has changed as well. Video games are worth considering in this context, not only because of their pervasiveness but because of their narrative power. They share much in common with film: interaction with them is mediated by a monitor, and they almost always feature a narrative of some kind that drives the action on the screen. However, video games are also different from other forms of media in that they are simulations – they go beyond audio-visual narrative and into at least an attempt to approximate a particular kind of experience. Further, unlike movies and TV, a feature of the experience they offer is active participation. This isn’t to say that movies and TV are passive; they’ve been too often dismissed as such, when viewing those forms of media in fact often involves complex...

Words: 6876 - Pages: 28

Punks with Cockscomb and Full Metal Jackets

...Punks with cockscomb and full metal jackets My personal opinion on this case is that punks should be allowed to be punks. Each generation have its own style and way to live. You can’t deny the youth to be themselves; this would result in a new generation of country-loving nutcase’s adults. Which I think we already had one generation to many of right? If you want your guardians to allow you to express in whatever way you want. Ask them, challenge them, torture them until you get an answer how their parents reacted when they found out their children listened to Pink Floyd, Jimmy Hendrix, The Doors, Led zeppelin and so on. Their parents would scream shout tear their hair out cry over how their small angel children could be seduced by this devil music. And still your parents as the tiny evil creatures they are sneak away listen to the music they thought fit to them best. There loving helpful careful parents thought they kids had become mentally deranged. When they wore “cool” outfits and listened to “cool” music. And now maybe you will be allowed to listen to the music you want to listen to ;) Just ask they are not that evil sly monsters you think they are (or at least most of them have a tiny bit of goodness far down into the abyss of their heart). They might even remember how it was like to be a kid back in the stone ages. Just a bird that have lost its wings (Broken down angel by Nazareth) Red strings of the cotton maze of life. She stretched after......

Words: 2330 - Pages: 10

Kubrick's Life

...26 July 1928, Stanley Kubrick, was born in New York City's Bronx neighborhood. Music at a young age, got curious about chess and photography. 17 years old, the famous photo magazine "Look" also began working as a photographer. Columbia University Lionel Trilling, Mark Van Doren, and like Moses Hadas attended classes given by renowned professors. Museum of Modern Art in any changes in the program was followed closely. Washington Square in New York City Marshal and Manhattan clubs, chess games of fortune did. DOCUMENTARY FILM FIRST Kubrick's first film essay, "Day of the Fight" with the name in 1950, he led all the money accumulated to date, boxer Walter Cartier subject of a documentary film of the 16-minute short. The first film yönetmenlikten assembly, he did everything from directing sound image. The film was bought by Howard Hughes and RKO şiketi legend movie was shown in New York, Paramount cinema. Look to the cinema to devote all his time on the success of the film magazine he quit his job. Kubrick's first film shot in 1950 until the end of 1955 continued to attract certain ranges, short documentaries. RKO'nun bid in 1951, "Flying Padre" now, Father Fred Stadtmueller'ı a documentary about the 9-minute, in 1953 for the International Federation of Seafarers "Seafarers," a 30-minute documentary called (Kubrick's first color film), and finally 1955 acquaintances in the debt-led "Killer's Kiss" in the film. In 1956, producer James B. Kubrick and Harris, who met......

Words: 1244 - Pages: 5


...STANLEY KUBRICK Stanley Kubrick was born in 1928 in New York City. Jack Kubrick's decision to  give his son a camera for his thirteenth birthday would prove to be a wise move: Kubrick  became   an  avid  photographer,  and   would   often  make   trips  around   New  York  taking  photographs which he would develop in a friend's darkroom. After selling an unsolicited  photograph to Look Magazine, Kubrick began to associate with their staff photographers.  In the next few years, Kubrick had regular assignments for "Look", and would become a  voracious moviegoer. In 1950 Kubrick sank his savings into making the documentary Day of the Fight  (1950). This was followed by several short commissioned documentaries Flying Padre  (1951), and The Seafarers (1952), but by attracting investors Kubrick was able to make  Fear and Desire (1953) in California. Despite mixed reviews for the film itself, Kubrick  received good notices for his obvious directorial talents. Kubrick's next two films Killer's  Kiss (1955) and The Killing (1956), brought him to the attention of Hollywood, and in  1957 directed Kirk Douglas in Paths of Glory (1957). Douglas later called upon Kubrick  to take over the production of Spartacus (1960), by some accounts hoping that Kubrick  would   be   daunted   by   the   scale   of   the   project   .   Kubrick   took   charge   of   the   project,  imposing his ideas and standards on the film.......

Words: 818 - Pages: 4

Paths of Glory and Glory

...“Glory” & “Paths of Glory” Film History Justice Dominique October 7, 2014 In "Paths of Glory" war is observed in positions of command. This film about an accurate affair in World War I mingles the idea that status differentiations are more significant than nationwide differences with the way soldiers were viewed or treated as dispensable in combat of war, the philosophy that soldiers are simply ragdolls in the paws of generals who put on a production of what war is if it were just a mere game, and meant absolutely nothing. In the whole film, it seems that the only upper class officer who even cared about his men was Col. Dax, who even spoke for the three men that were about to be put to death, for no reason at all. In “Glory” Captain Robert Shaw, 23, was an officer in the Federal Army throughout the American Civil War who came forward to lead the first establishment of colored soldiers. Shaw was compelled to go through with the prejudices of both the rival (who had commands to execute commanding captains of the new colored recruits) and of other officers who were even on the same side as himself (when the blacks were not allowed to fight or even own a pair of shoes), until Shaw, once again, stepped up. To prove his recruits had what it took to fight, Shaw sacrificed the 54th regiment to lead the charge on the impenetrable Battery Wagner, located on Morris Island. The characteristics of war are seen in moth of these films. In “Paths of Glory,” the common......

Words: 907 - Pages: 4

Kubrick's Sucess

...Kubrick’s Success Stanley Kubrick was one of the most famous and most recognized film directors of modern cinema. His milestone works were also often subject to controversy. It was yet ironic that the academy ignored him despite the perfectly executed elements in his films such as cinematography, narrative, production design and casting. It would be impossible to pin point the exact contributor to his success, since the combined form of all those elements are the source of the beauty and depth in his movies. For example the movie ‘Eyes Wide Shut’ would not retain the atmospheric intensity of the ballade if the music playing was ascend, which was a reversed version of a Romanian Liturgy. However, there must be a key element that distinguishes Kubrick from his contemporaries. Perhaps a secret formula? In my opinion a pattern of his style can be observed throughout his movies which is essentially staging to both convey an ambiguous narrative through visuals and add an overall visual aesthetic and beauty. This can also be identified as mise-en-scene. We can see that Kubrick was so keen on the on staging of the film that his movies took many shots until the perfect and satisfactory result was achieved by Kubrick. As one of the special photographic effects designer Douglas Trumbull in the movie ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’ indicates in his essay: “One of the most serious problem that plagued us throughout the production was simply keeping track of all the ideas, shots,......

Words: 1294 - Pages: 6

Film Essay

...dogs): the #1 The Rules of the Game September-October 2006 FILM COMMENT 33 Sunrise PREFACE THE BOOK I DIDN’T WRITE I n march 2003 i was having dinner in london with Faber and Faber’s editor of film books, Walter Donohue, and several others when the conversation turned to the current state of film criticism and lack of knowledge of film history in general. I remarked on a former assistant who, when told to look up Montgomery Clift, returned some minutes later asking, “Where is that?” I replied that I thought it was in the Hollywood Hills, and he returned to his search engine. Yes, we agreed, there are too many films, too much history, for today’s student to master. “Someone should write a film version of Harold Bloom’s The Western Canon,” a writer from The Independent suggested, and “the person who should write it,” he said, looking at me, “is you.” I looked to Walter, who replied, “If you write it, I’ll publish it.” And the die was cast. Faber offered a contract, and I set to work. Following the Bloom model I decided it should be an elitist canon, not populist, raising the bar so high that only a handful of films would pass over. I proceeded to compile a list of essential films, attempting, as best I could, to separate personal favorites from those movies that artistically defined film history. Compiling was the easy part—then came the first dilemma: why was I selecting these films? What were my criteria? What is a canon? It is, by definition,......

Words: 11026 - Pages: 45

Structure of Personal Narrative

...CLRC Writing Center Structure of a Personal Narrative Essay “Narrative” is a term more commonly known as “story.” Narratives written for college or personal narratives, tell a story, usually to some point, to illustrate some truth or insight. Following are some tools to help you structure your personal narrative, breaking it down into parts. The “Hook” Start your paper with a statement about your story that catches the reader’s attention, for example: a relevant quotation, question, fact, or definition. Introduction Set the Scene Provide the information the reader will need to understand the story: Who are the major characters? When and where is it taking place? Is it a story about something that happened to you, the writer, or is it fiction? Thesis Statement The thesis of a narrative essay plays a slightly different role than that of an argument or expository essay. A narrative thesis can begin the events of the story: “It was sunny and warm out when I started down the path”; offer a moral or lesson learned: “I’ll never hike alone again”; or identify a theme that connects the story to a universal experience: “Journeys bring both joy and hardship.” “Show, Don’t Tell” Good story telling includes details and descriptions that help the reader understand what the writer experienced. Think about using all five senses—not just the sense of sight—to add details about what you heard, saw, and felt during the event. For example, “My heart jumped as the......

Words: 797 - Pages: 4

mobilismno1 | Ray Donovan S06e02 | The X Factor UK S13E06 WEB x264-spamTV [eztv]