History 12

In: Historical Events

Submitted By beemarie
Words 5016
Pages 21
CHAPTER

The Industrial Age

17

Learning Outcomes
After reading this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

LO 1 Describe and discuss the development of the Industrial
Revolution in America after the Civil War, concentrating on the major industries and their leaders.

LO 2 Explain why the late 1800s in America have sometimes been called the “Age of Innovation.”

LO 3 Describe how America’s regional and local markets merged into one truly national market, and how this influenced the consumer demand for products and services.
9781133438212, HIST2, Volume 2, Kevin M. Schultz - © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. No distribution allowed without express authorization



The world that had consisted of small farms, artisans’ workshops, and small factories transformed into a full-scale industrial society.



The Art Archive / Culver Pictures

As the process of ensuring political, economic, and social rights of African Americans waned during the 1870s, most Americans turned their attenNo invention had more lasting impact than the incandestion to another transformacent light bulb. tion brought on by the Civil Strongly Disagree Strongly Agree War: the Industrial Revolution. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 During the half-century between 1865 and 1915, the United States evolved from a relative economic backwater to become the most powerful economy in the world. Industrialization played a key role in the nation’s advances, and both the Civil War and a core group of innovative, aggressive, farsighted, and opportunistic entrepreneurs were the main stimulants of growth. They embodied the optimism and inventiveness of the late nineteenth century, although they often pushed too far and engaged in practices we now see as unethical and corrupt, leaving wide gaps between the rich and the poor, between black and white, and between immigrant and native. Like…...

Similar Documents

History

...France and the Low Countreys. was published in England by an "N.B." (generally thought to be either Nathaniel Butter or Nicholas Bourne) and Thomas Archer.[11] The first newspaper in France was published in 1631, La Gazette (originally published as Gazette de France).[5] The first newspaper in Portugal, Gazeta[disambiguation needed], was published in 1641 in Lisbon.[12] The first Spanish newspaper, Gaceta de Madrid, was published in 1661. Post- och Inrikes Tijyuk ded as Ordinari Post Tijdender) was first published in Sweden in 1645, and is the oldest newspaper still in existence, though it now publishes solely online.[13] Opregte Haarlemsche Courant from Haarlem, first published in 1656, is the oldest paper still printed. It was forced to merge with the newspaper Haarlems Dagblad in 1942 when Germany occupied the Netherlands. Since then the Haarlems Dagblad has appeared with the subtitle Oprechte Haerlemse Courant 1656. Merkuriusz Polski Ordynaryjny was published in Kraków, Poland in 1661. The first successful English daily, The Daily Courant, was published from 1702 to 1735.[10][14] [edit]Americas See also: History of American newspapers Diario de Pernambuco, founded in 1825 is the first newspaper in South America. In Boston in 1690, Benjamin Harris published Publick Occurrences Both Forreign and Domestick. This is considered the first newspaper in the American colonies even though only one edition was published before the paper was suppressed by the......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

History

...Timeline Part I NOTE: Before starting the Timeline project please refer to the "Example Timeline Matrix" document. Instructions: Complete the matrix by providing the Time Period/Date(s) in column B, and the Description and Significance of the People/Event(s) to American History in column C. See complete instructions in the Syllabus for the Module 1 assignment entitled, “Timeline Part I.” NOTE: The timeline project does not need to be submitted to turnitin. NOTE: Please write your answers in a clear and concise manner. Limit your submission of the Timeline Part I up to 250 words per topic/subtopic. For example, if a topic is divided into 3 subtopics, you may write a maximum of 250 per subtopic listed. Be sure to cite all sources. Major Event/Epoch in American History | Time Period/Date(s) | Description and Significance of the People/Event(s) to American History | 1) Describe three different American Indian cultures prior to colonization. | 1600 & 1700 | | 2) The effects of British colonization on the Native Americans. | | | 3) The evolution of the socio-political milieu during the colonial period, including Protestant Christianity’s impact on colonial social life. | | | 4) The effects of the Seven Years’ War. | | | 5) The evolution of the concept of “God-given freedom of the individual” stemming from the Protestant Reformation and developing through the American Enlightenment and the Great Awakening, and......

Words: 362 - Pages: 2

The Majestic 12

...CIA now controls all the world’s illegal drug markets. At some point President Kennedy discovered portions of the truth concerning the drugs and aliens. He issued an ultimatum in 1963 to MJ-12 President Kennedy. He informed MJ-12 that he intended to reveal the presence of aliens to the American people within the following year and ordered a plan developed to implement decision. November 22,1963 President Kennedy’s assassination was ordered by the Policy Committee and the order was carried out by agents of MJ-12 in Dallas. Many other Patriots who attempted to reveal alien secret have also been murdered throughout the intervening years. Members of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Trilateral Commission control the major foundations, all of the major media, publishing interests, the largest banks, all the major corporations the upper echelons of the government, and many other vital interests. Throughout our history Aliens have manipulated and /or ruled the human race through various secret societies, religion, magic, witchcraft, and the occult. MJ-12 has presented each new president with a picture of a lost alien culture seeking to renew itself, build a home on this planet, and shower us with gifts of technology. In some cases the president was told “nothing”. Today, MJ-12 still exists and operates just as it always has. It is made up of the same structure, 6 from the same positions in government, and 6 from the executive members of the Council on Foreign......

Words: 935 - Pages: 4

History

...VI. ISBN 978-0-674-99639-7 LCL 327 Vol VII. ISBN 978-0-674-99673-1 LCL 345 Vol VIII. ISBN 978-0-674-99676-2 LCL 519 WWW. HUP. HARVARD . EDU / LOEB 3 R E C E N T LY P U B L I S H E D POLYBIUS Volume VI. The Histories, Books 28–39. Fragments TRANSLATED BY W. R. PATON REVISED BY F. W. WALBANK AND CHRISTIAN HABICHT FRAGMENTS EDITED AND TRANSLATED BY S. DOUGLAS OLSON The historian Polybius (c. 200–118 BC) was born into a leading family of Megalopolis in the Peloponnese (Morea) and served the Achaean League in arms and diplomacy for many years, favoring alliance with Rome. Polybius’s overall theme is how and why the Romans spread their power as they did. Covering the years 264–146 BC, he describes the rise of Rome, its destruction of Carthage, and its eventual domination of the Greek world. The Histories is a vital achievement despite the incomplete state in which all but the first five of its original forty books survive. For this edition, W. R. Paton’s excellent translation, first published in 1922, has been thoroughly revised, the Büttner-Wobst Greek text corrected, and explanatory notes and a new introduction added, all reflecting the latest scholarship. The final volume adds a new edition of fragments unattributed to particular books of The Histories. GALEN Method of Medicine, Volume I. Books 1–4 Method of Medicine, Volume II. Books 5–9 Method of Medicine, Volume III. Books 10–14 EDITED AND TRANSLATED BY IAN JOHNSTON AND G. H. R. HORSLEY Galen of Pergamum......

Words: 11934 - Pages: 48

History

...valuable training ground for American officers who would later serve in the Civil War. On February 22-23, 1847, General Taylor's forces defeated a Mexican army at the Battle of Buena Vista. The engagement made Taylor a national hero and would ultimately propel him to the White House. At the Siege of Veracruz, which took three weeks in March 1847, American forces made their first major amphibious landing in history. The fortress at Veracruz was considered to be nearly impregnable, but it fell to American forces who managed to surround it. In the summer of 1847, the US Army, under the command of General Winfield Scott, began moving toward Mexico City. On September 13-14, American forces defeated the Mexicans at the Battle of Chapultepec, a castle near Mexico City. The "Halls of Montezuma" mentioned in the "Marines' Hymn" immortalized the battle. A young lieutenant, Ulysses S. Grant fought in the battle, as did a young captain, Robert E. Lee. They would, of course, command entire armies in the Civil War. Fighting around Mexico City continued from September 12 to September 15, when American forces entered the city. The Mexican War was a valuable training ground for American officers, many of whom would later serve in the Civil War. The American diplomat Nicholas Trist negotiated the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, in which the United States claimed over 500,000 square miles of new territory. These lands included Texas, as well as the Mexican territories of New Mexico...

Words: 1497 - Pages: 6

History

...COURSE DESCRIPTION Surveys U.S. history from the end of the Civil War. Traces socioeconomic developments following the First World War and their impact on present American attitudes and policies toward domestic as well as international affairs. INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS Required Resources Schultz, Kevin M. (2014) HIST: Volume 2: U.S. history since 1865 (3rd ed.). University of Illinois at Chicago: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. (Note: This is a textbook uniquely created for Strayer and can only be purchased through the Strayer Bookstore. The contents of the book differ from the national title.) Supplemental Resources Alpha History. Retrieved from http://alphahistory.com American Experience. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org American Rhetoric. Retrieved from http://americanrhetoric.com A Multimedia History of World War One. Retrieved from http://www.firstworldwar.com Calisphere: University of California. Retrieved from http://www.calisphere.universityofcalifornia.edu/ Miller Center: University of Virginia. Retrieved from http://millercenter.org Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching. Retrieved from http://www.merlot.org COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES 1. Identify and discuss the different ways that the heritage of slavery, the Civil War, the Reconstruction, and segregation have shaped America’s history. 2. Summarize and discuss the ways that formal policies of government have influenced the direction of historical and social......

Words: 810 - Pages: 4

History

...History This article is about the academic discipline. For a general history of human beings, see History of the world. For other uses, see History (disambiguation). Historia by Nikolaos Gysis (1892) Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.[1] —George Santayana History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation")[2] is the study of the past, particularly how it relates to humans.[3][4] It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians. Events occurring prior to written record are considered prehistory. History can also refer to the academic discipline which uses a narrative to examine and analyse a sequence of past events, and objectively determine the patterns of cause and effect that determine them.[5][6] Historians sometimes debate the nature of history and its usefulness by discussing the study of the discipline as an end in itself and as a way of providing "perspective" on the problems of the present.[5][7][8][9] Stories common to a particular culture, but not supported by external sources (such as the tales surrounding King Arthur) are usually classified as cultural heritage or legends, because they do not support the "disinterested investigation" required of the discipline of history.[10][11] Herodotus, a......

Words: 598 - Pages: 3

Plans for Several 12 Mark Aqa as History

...12 marker: Explain why Trotsky did not become Soviet leader in 1924 1. Personality and background (Most Significant) Some colleagues were suspicious of Trotsky because of his relatively recent Menshevik past (1903-1917) – didn’t trust, he had already left Lenin once. Trotsky had a reputation for arrogance- Didn’t show up to funeral (1924) Some were wary of Trotsky because of his earlier role in commanding the Red Army- fear, still had some control over army therefore as a leader he would be too powerful. 2. Support (Major Reason) Trotsky did not have a strong Party base of support-  Stalin had acquired a number of seemingly unimportant party positions (Secretary, Lenin Enrolment- 1924) in his rise to power but when combined = insight into party and control. Other rivals, like Stalin would not easily accept him as Lenin’s successor - Z+K questioned T loyalty Triumvirate (1924 Party Congress) was gaining support, while Trotsky attacked Party bureaucracy. Link to personality– trusting of Stalin even though he had support (funeral and testament). 3. Uncertainty (Key Reason) There was general uncertainty about the leadership, mainly because Lenin had not made a clear decision and there was no official ‘post’ or mechanism in place for electing a leader Lenin’s Testament (1922) said “He is personally perhaps the most capable man in the present C.C., but he has displayed excessive self-assurance and shown excessive preoccupation with the purely......

Words: 1248 - Pages: 5

History

... World History Summer 2015 History 101 Dr. Mahdavi Student Learning Goals for Content and Skill Acquisition: This is a course in the history of the human community from approximately 1500 C.E. to the present. The course differs from the traditional Western Civilization class in that the entire world rather than Europe alone is the focus of study. The central questions the course will ask are these: What is Modernity, that is, what do we mean when we ask of "the modern world" in which we live? How have the political, social, cultural, and economic forces that we associate with modernity changed our world and its people during the past 500 years? Why has the intercommunication, interaction, and interdependence of the peoples of the world become so much more intense during the past 500 years than they were in earlier ages? How and why did western civilization rise to global domination in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, and how has the challenge of western power and cultural prestige affected the course of history of all the World's people? Finally a question that we should be asking throughout the semester: how have the patterns of world history over the past 500 years determined or affected 1) the way we now live and think, and 2) our prospects for peace, prosperity, and the "pursuit of happiness" in the coming decades? This course is NOT primarily a narrative survey of civilizations, dynasties, and nations. The history of......

Words: 1573 - Pages: 7

History

...world between 1500 and 1800. Some readers may be surprised to learn about the wealth, thriving global trade, and dominant manufacturing production in Asia that held sway until at least the end of the 18th century. Throughout much of this era, Europe was, in contrast to Asia, an unimpressive backwater of small countries and kingdoms. But Europe’s “discovery” of the Americas and an ocean route to Asia, just before the year 1500, changed all that. The West gradually worked its way into the global economy and planted the seeds for its imperial rise and eventual dominance over most of the modern world. After 1500, world regions—such as West Africa, East Asia, and South America—fused together into one global trade system. For the first time in history, each region of the world now interacted with the others. For example, enslaved African labor was used in South American plantations to sell cheap sugar to Europe. Silver from Mexico bought loans for Spain, and that same silver ended up in China to buy silk or porcelain for Europeans. And so on. A new global system emerged, forged of uneven relationships, in which a small part of the world, Europe, successfully exploited the world’s human and natural resources to its advantage. This was Globalization 1.0. Historians disagree on exactly when European empires began to “rise” and Asian empires began to “fall.” But most see it happening gradually over centuries of the early modern era. Just Before the Turning Point: 15th Century......

Words: 1604 - Pages: 7

History

...Gonzalez 1 Rachel Gonzalez AP U.S. History Mr. Cranston 20 March 2015 Chapters 12 and 13 Essay Assignment Major themes of history evolve as time progresses. From the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, to the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, massive shifts occur. Regarding work, exchange, and technology; America in the World; politics and power; as well as ideas, beliefs, and culture, the evolution between the centuries have changed the significant themes throughout the United States. Work, exchange, and technology play a huge role in Americans lives throughout each century. People rarely used money; services and products were paid for mostly through trades and barters. Home and work were not separated; they were the same place. Nobody stuck to a schedule; things were done as needed. Skills were acquired through apprenticeship. An apprenticeship lasted from three to seven years. Apprentices lived with their masters during this time period, while trading knowledge for labor. However, women were not allowed to have such apprenticeships. Women gained knowledge of domestic skills through their mother, as it was assumed that the women would marry. Some women would work respectably as: servants, laundresses, seamstresses, cooks, and food vendors—or not respected as prostitutes. Men directed the lives of family members and apprentices: deciding occupations for sons, marriages for daughters, etc. Women (the wives) were responsible for: food,......

Words: 3448 - Pages: 14

K-12

...Ang K+12 sa Edukasyon ng Pilipinas Kasalukuyan ng ipinapatupad ng pamahalaang Aquino ang programa nitong kung tawagin ay K+12. Ito ay ang pagdaragdag ng taon sa Basic Education ng bansa. Sa programang ito ay hindi na tatanggapin sa unang grado ang batang hindi nag-kinder bilang unang hakbang sa pagpapatupad nito. At ang isa pa ay ang dalawang taong dagdag  sa high school na ibig sabihin ay magkakaroon ng tinatawag na Senior High. Sa loob ng dalawang taon sa Senior High ay maaaring mamili ang isang estudyante ng kanyang espesyalisasyon na Technical/Vocational course o isport at iba pang pagpipilian. Ang programang ito ay naglalayong mapataas ang kalidad ng edukasyon ng bansa. Ang Pilipinas na lang kasi ang bukod tanging bansa sa Asya ang may pinakamababang bilang ng taon sa Basic Education. Suportado ang programang ito ng ilang sektor tulad ng mga nasa negosyo. Sa ganitong paraan diumano ay maari ng makapagtrabaho ang mga Pilipino kahit high school lang ang tinapos. Napakalaki ng problema ng bansa pagdating sa edukasyon. Sa mga pampublikong paaralan pa lamang ay masyadong siksikan sa mga silid. Bukod sa walang maayos na bentilador ay hindi na rin matutukan ng maayos ng mga guro ang kanilang mga estudyante sa sobrang dami. Ganito ang sitwasyon sa Metro Manila. Naiiba naman ang kwento pagdating sa mga malalayong lugar sa bansa. Naririyan ang mga estudyante na maraming oras ang ginugugol sa paglalakad ng ilang milyang layo makarating lang sa paaralan. Mas malala pa sa iba,......

Words: 2120 - Pages: 9

K to 12

...Republic of the Philippines Department of Education DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue Pasig City K to 12 Curriculum Guide ENGLISH (Grade 10) K to 12 Curriculum Guide ENGLISH (Grade 10) December 2013 THE FRAMEWORK I. PHILOSOPHY AND RATIONALE Language is the basis of all communication and the primary instrument of thought. Thinking, learning, and language are interrelated. Language is governed by rules and systems (language conventions) which are used to explore and communicate meaning. It defines culture which is essential in understanding oneself (personal identity), forming interpersonal relationships (socialization), extending experiences, reflecting on thought and action, and contributing to a better society. Language, therefore, is central to the peoples’ intellectual, social and emotional development and has an essential role in all key learning areas1. Language is the foundation of all human relationships. All human relationships are established on the ability of people to communicate effectively with each other. Our thoughts, values and understandings are developed and expressed through language. This process allows students to understand better the world in which they live and contributes to the development of their personal perspectives of the global community. People use language to make sense of and bring order to their world. Therefore, proficiency in the language enables people to access, process and keep abreast of information, to engage......

Words: 9662 - Pages: 39

History

...Research Paper Mental Health Irene Forchu VNT [pic][pic] Buzz Aldrin’s personality, his medical history, and his perceptions of his condition Introduction. This paper will present Buzz Aldrin as one of the prominent celebrity who was diagnosed with a mental illness. It was reported in June 2009 that he suffers with clinical depression and alcoholism but later improved his life considerably when he recognized and sought treatment for his problems. He is about 81 years and show signs to leave for another decade or more. This article will describe Buzz Aldrin personality as a celebrity, his diagnoses, his life history and his perception about his illness. All these will be summarized under the following subheadings; His personal life, History and achievements, his diagnoses and conclusion. Personal life Aldrin has been married three times: to Joan Archer, with whom he had three children, James, Janice, and Andrew, to Beverly Zile, and to his current wife, Lois Driggs Cannon, whom he married on Valentine's Day, 1988. He filed for divorce from Lois on June 15, 2011 in Los Angeles, citing “irreconcilable differences,” according to his attorney, one day after the couple separated. Aldrin is an active supporter of the Republican Party, headlining fundraisers for GOP members of Congress. In 2007, Aldrin confirmed to Time magazine that he had recently had a face-lift; he joked that the G-forces he was exposed to in space "caused a sagging......

Words: 1583 - Pages: 7

History

...Giovanny Veloz US History 3/28/12 On March 26th I visited the American Museum of Natural History. After 3 hours of roaming around I couldn’t find much that pertained to this history class so my friend that works there was able to sneak me into the American Historical Society right next door. This was a goldmine of information and exhibits pertaining to history during all different types of eras. Right in front of the museum was a life size statue of Abraham Lincoln and to my surprise, he was really tall. One document that really caught my eye was a rare handwritten copy of the Thirteenth Amendment, signed by Lincoln himself. I was intrigued by this document because all I was doing was looking at this piece of paper and imagining Lincoln sitting down actually signing this with a feather and some ink. Trying to picture yourself living back in those days is The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction”. The Emancipation Proclamation, which went into effect on January 1, 1863, was a major step towards the abolition of slavery, helping to fulfill the promise of the Declaration of Independence and renew the nation’s founding philosophy of human liberty. Due to the Civil War, Lincoln realized that changing the Constitution itself would not be sufficient...

Words: 640 - Pages: 3

Foxiedox | Contact Us | Estoy Vivo HDTV