History Midterm

In: Historical Events

Submitted By tstreet
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History 105 Mon-Wed: Midterm
March 20, 2013

1. Describe the motivation by Europeans for discovery, exploration and colonization of the Americas. Describe the differences among the countries in their colonization efforts and its affects on the continents?

I would like to think that one the first major motivations for Europeans to set for discovery, exploration, and colonization of the Americas was the fact that many people had died and was dying from the plague and fighting internal wars. One would think that out of death, desperation, and rampage; an extreme need to set out to find a better way of life was channeled. However, an increasing demand for the spices, gold, tobacco, expand territory, and silk which the Americas offered, was the first major motivation for European exploration. Obtaining spice was important so that they could season and cover up the flavor of the spoiled and rotten meat that they had to eat. Finding gold was important for wealth and silk was beneficial since it was a lighter material so that their skin was able to breath and for other reasons of vanity. Trade was very important since Europe didn’t have a lot of resources. The European’s natural curiosities about the world beyond Europe also lead to the expansion of trade routes. In order to fund these expeditions the Europeans had to receive funding from the monarchs. The monarchs were more than willing and able to provide the sponsorship and funding for the expeditions because in theory the explorers findings would bring the monarchs more wealth and royalties. A final factor that opened the Age of Discovery was the quest for religion. Christianity had arisen to become a world power in itself during the Dark Ages. Many Christians believed it was their duty to spread their faith. In light of this, monarchs and missionaries looked to spread religion as much as to…...

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