History of Internet

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By dojirah21
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THE INTERNET

Although you may already be familiar with its popular designation as the “information superhighway”, the Internet is usually a collection of computers, connected to a variety of means, to share information across vast distances. The Internet is what called a metanetwork, that is, a network of networks that spans the globe. It's impossible to give an exact count of the number of networks or users that comprise the Internet, but it is easily in the thousands and millions respectively. The Internet is also what we call a distributed system; there is no central archive. Technically, no one runs the Internet.

HISTORY & DEVELOPMENT

• In early 1970 – Defense Advance Research Project Agency (DARPA) of United States sponsored a research project that will design and develop an advanced mechanism for facilitating the flow of information between distributed computers. • Advance Research Project Agency (ARPA) funded the initial creation of the packet-switched network called the ARPANet. • Several other universities started joining the ARPANet and it reached a point when it had to be divided into two parts: 1. MILNet – for the military 2. ARPANet – for the non-military • By mid 1980’s – ARPANet had grown to more than 200 linked network with thousand of computers. • Recognizing the potential of ARPANet, a major network of research, education, and communication, the National Science Foundation (NSF) developed the NSFNet. • Different backbone network was created shortly after the NSFNet backbone was put into place. They are the NASANet (National Aeronautics and Space Agency), ESNet (Department of Energy) and other numerous organizations. • Today it has grown to what we call the…...

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