Ihrm in Japan

In: Business and Management

Submitted By maddyattitude
Words 3354
Pages 14
IHRM can be defined as a highly dynamic and constantly evolving field with new themes emerging, which transcends traditional approaches. (G. Hofstede, 2001)

The assignment contributes in developing a broad, detailed and rational study of Japanese HRM practices mainly recruitment and selection and also training and development. It tells us about what is the basic essence that makes them quintessentially Japanese. It tells how it is advancing towards a continuous evolutionary change. This assignment also tells the reader about the impact of culture, traditions, socio-economic and politico-legal angles that affect the very basis of Japanese HRM structure. Finally it tells the reader about the different changes in HRM practices due to the current scenario and ultimately leading the way and telling about the implications for Japanese HRM practitioners.

Japan is kind of very well designed society there is plans and structure for everything (Doole and Lowe 2000). Japanese management puts stress to secure survival, long term growth of company to benefit all incorporating the organization. It focuses on soft S of Mckinsey 7S concept i.e. staff style, skill and subordinate goal. Overall significance of HRM on management is high. There is a high importance of HR with stress on its strategic meaning.

Management in Japan since end of Second World War can be segmented into different stages shuffling between uniqueness and universal practices. Japanese culture strongly influenced by confusion culture saw close social relation as an inevitable attribute between family etc and it could be said that became the basis of employment system such as lifetime employment and seniority based wages considerably differing from contractual society trend underlying American culture.

Japanese core values include group orientation; can be justified by Hofstede’s low individualism score…...

Similar Documents


...aftermath of the tsunami of March 11, 2011, the people of Japan have not only the challenge of redevelopment but the safety from Fukushima and strength to build a healthy psychological future. When Fukushima Daiichi was designed and built with information of tsunami hazard, there were no known large tsunamis that hit that particular part of the coast (Noggerath 39). Once the news of the nuclear disaster was being announced it brought a series of new tragedies to the community. They were evacuated from the surrounding area of the nuclear plant because of the release of radioactive materials. Many are not able to come back to their homes due to the decaying contaminates emitting radiation. Although evacuations were set forth immediately, those that have been exposed will suffer a great deal of health problems. Cancer and tumors are likely for those who were exposed to high levels of radiation. Other problems facing many is the psychological repercussions leading to “stress related symptoms such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd), and medically unexplained physical symptoms”(von Hippel 33). There are services provided to those that want or need them provided through UNICEF, Association for Aid and Relief (AAR), and Red Cross. The shattering destruction brings survivors of the tsunami together to rebuild, mend their hearts, and live with uncertainties of toxic contamination. Japan has gone through the worst modern time......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3


...Japan Bill Cook Westwood College February 4, 2013 Japan History Japan is a country that has been around for a long time and is filled with conflicts and extremes. Japan is known for the way they do things and it’s state of the art technology, solid fighting traditions and superior creative achievements. Japan is an island that so close to the mainland, yet it’s still very much secluded. Throughout history, there have been several ideas that have been adopted from both Asia and the West that believe with Japan being so secluded from the mainland, this has developed the country into a distinctive cultural of crossbreeds. As a result, Japan is a country that has traces of many developments and it its own unique identity. Even though the Japan has very few natural resources and has experienced several natural disasters, Japan has learned to continue to push through a complicated system of where there is a great need of dependency and feeling the obligation to work together in the country where survival is quite difficult. Economy Every country has its own form of money, which is called currency. In Japan, their currency is called “Yen”. According to London South East of the History of Japanese Yen (www.lse.co.uk/currency), Japanese coins were first modeled on Chinese coins. 'The word “Yen” plainly means, “circle” and the original coins were rounded and had either a square or round hole in the center of the coin. Since 1871, Yen has been the approved unit of currency......

Words: 2965 - Pages: 12

Ihrm Factors

...management is the diversity of the world whether it is regulations, culture, religion, or language. In IHRM, companies run into more external factors that define how the workforce is selected and/or replaced, (Rioux, Ph.D., Bernthal, Ph.D. & Wellins, Ph.D.). For example, there are stricter practices regarding replacing a workforce in the US compared to other countries in the world. Such laws are designed to work in favor of employees than the employer in the US like unemployment liability and equal opportunity employment regardless of gender, race, age, looks, etc., (Rioux, Ph.D., Bernthal, Ph.D. & Wellins, Ph.D.). In a way, IHRM may engage in HR practices in a host country that might violate the business code of ethics in a country like Saudi Arabia where the two genders are segregated in the workplace which may limit the company’s diversification of workforce gender-wise. Another factor that may further contribute to the complexity of IHRM is the cultural differences across the globe which may affect the business culture, management style, and organizational structure. For example, in some cultures that are collectivist compared to the US individualistic approach, employees tend to focus more on the output of the unit as a whole rather than individual performance. The collectivist cultures tend to be more emotionally involved than individualistic; therefore, there is a need for IHRM to be more involved on a personal level with employees, (Deal, 2002). Furthermore,......

Words: 575 - Pages: 3


...Style of Japanese Corporate Management Image of Global Exposure Less than 20% of sales are made in Japan, while markets in emerging countries are expanding.
Ratio of employees with foreign nationality is more than half and all functions are being multi-nationalized. Sales companies: Localization is further promoted but also integration with service deposits is facilitated. In order to focus on maintenance and service business in the future, these bases and technologies are developed by the company itself. Factories: More globalized division of labor is promoted. Corporation with factories in Japan is also enhanced. R&D: They have a history of more than ten years. Research and development are divided. Japan is responsible for application research, and basic research is optimally deployed. (By intensively supplying manpower and money to ventures and research bases for cutting-edge technologies mostly in the U.S. and maintaining the sensitivity of the antenna at a higher level, access to world-class intellects is enhanced.) Japan still plays the central role with its ability for concurrent development, and development unique to each location is conducted locally.
Global headquarters (Japan) is specialized in coordination among functional regional headquarters and global control. Only some parts of it employ bilingualism. At the same time, regional headquarters in Japan is also established. Leaders are frequently exchanged across borders. A certain number of employees......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4


...Case Study 1: Matsushita’s Culture Changes with Japan Japan suffered one of the worst economic hit in history when the economic bubble deflated steeply in the 1990s. Stock prices and real estate slumped enormously mostly due to domestic monetary policies. As a result, companies in Japan faced financial trouble which triggered the cultural change in Japan. Before the Economic crisis, employee and the company have a particularly close relationship. The company is involved in the live of the employee. For example, a lot of companies require their employee’s manager to sign before they can rent an apartment. On the other hand employees are also very loyal and obliged to their company. With the company’s guaranteed lifetime employment policy, few employees will fancy changing jobs. Moreover they work hard in response to the generous benefit by the company. However after the economic crisis, companies cannot afford to pay that many benefits to the employees so they finally had to lay them off, which they never did. This cultural change propagates to traditional value change eventually when employees see that loyalty does not guarantee anything. Since then, younger employees started to think more about individual as opposed to group. Japan is moving towards more individualism than collectivism after the economic bubble. Nonetheless, this is a good opportunity for Japan to adapt to the globalization world and be more competitive. The cultural change will lead to greater......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3


...activities. They will assist with finding children acceptable schooling situations. Where possible, Tex-Mark staff will endeavour to provide a social support network. Repatriation Upon return all expatriates are required to go through a debriefing and career counselling session with HR staff. This should be held within two months of the person’s re-entry to the home location. v IHRM Case 1 – Spanning the Globe 3 Case 1 Activity In the role of Eric 1. Summarize your thoughts on the problems at hand, alternative solutions and your strategy on how to proceed at the forthcoming meeting. 2. How will your proposal solve the problems you have defined? 3. How can you defend your solution from budgetary concerns? In what way is your approach both a solution to the problems of expatriates at Tex-Mark and a good economic investment? Step back out of the role and answer the following 1. Does Eric’s personal background assist in his assessment of the problems he faces? 2. Would you have approached this situation differently? If so, what benefits would your different approach provide for Tex-Mark? v IHRM Case 1 – Spanning the Globe 4 International Human Resource Management Managing people in a multinational context Exhibit A Alistair Mackay’s short list of possible candidates ‘First candidate. Marie Erten-Loiseau. Born in Prague, her family moved to Toulon when Marie was twelve years old. Brought up in France, she was educated as an aeronautical engineer......

Words: 1840 - Pages: 8

Strategic Ihrm

...realities and introduced IHRM, this chapter describes international business strategy and how IHRM supports and enhances the international business strategies of the firm. The chapter starts with a general description of the process of international strategic management and then follows with an explanation of the evolution of international business strategy and describes how IHRM fits into the overall strategic management of the MNE. This includes describing the links of global business strategy to the performance of HR responsibilities in international business and discussing the outcomes that a strategically managed international business might expect from effectively tying together an international business strategy and SIHRM. The chapter then summarizes the findings of research studies on the nature and role of strategic IHRM. LEARNING OBJECTIVES * Describe the development of SIHRM and the process of international strategic management. * Describe the evolution of the MNE in terms of various stages of internationalization and the methods firms use to enter international markets. * Describe the process for developing MNE strategy and IHRM strategy and the relationship between the two. * The extent and nature of research into the practice of strategic IHRM. CHAPTER REVIEW OUTLINE I. Strategic International Human Resource Management: An Introduction SIHRM is the part of IHRM that focuses on creating and implementing IHRM policies and......

Words: 2870 - Pages: 12


...LONDON — Japan issued a travel alert for Europe on Monday, joining the United States and Britain in warning of a possible terrorist attack by al-Qaida or other groups. The Foreign Ministry in Tokyo urged Japanese citizens to be cautious when using public transport or visiting popular tourist sites. European authorities tightened efforts to keep the public safe in the wake of warnings by officials in several countries that the terrorism threat is high and extra vigilance is warranted. Washington warned Sunday that al-Qaida might target transport infrastructure. The U.S. State Department issued a warning directed at American citizens traveling in Europe, without singling out any specific countries, saying tourists should proceed with caution. Britain raised the terrorism threat level in its advice for citizens traveling to Germany and France to "high" from "general." It left the threat level at home unchanged at "severe," meaning an attack is highly likely, and said it agreed with the U.S. assessment for the continent as a whole. On Monday, French authorities arrested a man in his 50s who is suspected of several bomb threats in Paris, including one at a railway hub, a police official said. The man, who was not identified, was detained southwest of the capital on suspicions of links to a phoned-in threat at the Saint-Lazare train station. French authorities have recorded nine bomb alerts in the capital last month, including at the Eiffel Tower — a threefold......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2


...the education system, is Japan. Nevertheless, this country was not as well as in an earlier. After World War II, Japan became conscious about the importance of education, so it has tried hard to improve education system. Now, Japan became one of the most highly educated countries in the world. Every year, people come to Japan to receive education at different institutional. This essay, will discuss the three main points such as, the reasons of why students choose Japan, where international students come from and last but not least the most popular universities in Japan. There are several reasons why students choose Japan. According to Jasso (2009) "International Students in Japan 2009" " more than 132,720 international students as of May, 2009" .One of main reasons of why students choose Japan is because of high education standers and excellent research environment. However, Japanese universities are maybe like universities in any country, but the different exist. Research carried out by Studyjapan (n.d) " why study in Japan" the most famous reasons of studying in Japan is that Japan provide academic environment which helps students to feel comfortable and its also offer different kinds of majors such as, Japanese literature, electronics, international business administration or medicine . Moreover, both Japanese universities and institutes of higher education are able to offer research programs of virtually and different course studies. Japan contain many institutes......

Words: 869 - Pages: 4


...mechanical, or other means, including photocopying and recording, or in information storage or retrieval systems, without written permission from the Centre for Financial & Management Studies, SOAS, University of London. International Human Resource Management Course Introduction and Overview Contents 1 Course Objectives 3 2 The Authors 4 3 Course Structure 4 4 Learning Objectives 5 5 Study Materials and Resources 6 6 Teaching and Learning Strategy 6 7 Assessment 7 International Human Resource Management 2 University of London Course Introduction and Overview Centre for Financial and Management Studies 3 1 Course Objectives This course aims to introduce you to the study and practice of International Human Resource Management (IHRM). To benefit from this, you need, of course, to have a basic understanding of Human Resource Management (HRM) itself. HRM has developed from personnel management, but instead of concentrating primarily on the hiring and firing of staff, it is the strategic and coherent approach to the overall management of an organisation’s most valued assets – the people working there who contribute to the objectives of the business1. Its main aim is to develop personnel policies that improve employee relations at work. This course will, therefore, begin with an examination of the history and nature of Human Resource Management, before embedding it in its international context. In Unit 1, you will learn about the main tasks involved in......

Words: 8611 - Pages: 35


...More Globalization To Solve Japan's Prolonged Economic Stagnation: 2020 Tokyo Olympic, Establishment of Foreign Companies and Cultural Reform/Cultural Ramification Before Japan was globalized it was secluded from the rest of the world for nearly two centuries from1603 to 1868. This time period was called the Tokugawa Period. Even though Japan closed its ports to foreign trade, it was self sustainable and independent. This self sustainable society was maintained through its unique producer-consumer relationship and the "reuse recycle" practice in commerce due to the island's limited resources. Repair merchants such as tinker, ceramics repairers and truss hoop repairers supported a society where nothing was thrown away but instead carefully repaired and reused until the products were truly un-amendable. For example, tinkers used special techniques and charcoal heat to weld holes in pots and kettles with other metals; ceramic repairers glue broken ceramic pieces together with sticky rice and applied heat; paper makers buy used papers and blend them to make a variety of paper from writing paper to toilet paper (Staff). The Tokugawa Period served as a model of a flourishing sustainable society to the Japanese. After Japan was introduced to globalization during the Second World War, the nation benefited from becoming a export driven economy, business policies such as the lifetime employment policy promoted the efficiency of the company, and the cultural influences on business......

Words: 3659 - Pages: 15


...cars due to the design of road networks. However, the traffic problem is quite severe during the peak hour, hence time management is important to avoid disappointment when travelling by car. This is a country mix of heritage and modernization, so you can go diving and trekking if you are a natural lover or simply enjoy shopping in the metropolitan cities fulfilled with high end label around the world. 2.2 International Human Resource Management IHRM is an internationalization management approach which adopted by MNCs in order to effectively carried out human resource activities at international and national level. Similar activities and dimensions as domestic HRM are involved however it operates on a much bigger scale which requires more complex strategic consideration, coordination and additional HR functions. IHRM activities will have more external stakeholders influenced, higher level of risks exposure and more personal insights into employee’s lives and family situation (Dowling & Welch, 2004). Usually IHRM staffing process activities divided to four particular types: i. Ethnocentric approach – top management staffs are expatriates from parent country (Parent Country National) to ensure there is high level of control by headquarter at the subsidiary company and this is helps to unify the culture. ii. Polycentric approach – subsidiary employees (Host Country National) have certain level of decision making authority and company managed by local......

Words: 2432 - Pages: 10


...Question #1 Ancient Japan throughout history has been regarded as an autonomous and sovereign country, which successfully rid themselves from the influences of the Western world and the Asian mainland before the arrival of Commodore Matthew Perry in 1853. However, considering the origin of the nation’s religion, livelihood, and trade system, this statement may not be as accurate as believed by today’s society. Every civilization is influenced—at least in some aspect—from other empires, even an island (like Japan) isolated from all neighboring domains. Nonetheless, this widespread declaration may be present due to what is known in Japan as the Edo Period, where the Shoguns attempted to separate the kingdom from the rest of the world. By the time the Tokugawa family rose to power in 1603, religion in Japan had already been established. The faiths of Buddhism, Christianity, and Confucianism were all existent, each being introduced to Japan by different nations. Buddhism, which originated in India, made its way across Asia, reaching Japan in the 6th century from Korea. Japan similarly was exposed to Confucianism by the Chinese not long after the philosophy grew in popularity. Moreover, Christianity arrived in Japan from visiting European countries, first introduced by Portugal in 1543, who were interested in “converting the countrymen to the faith of Christ” (153). Europe managed, by 1614, to have approximately 1% of the Japanese population following Christianity, achieving......

Words: 807 - Pages: 4


...in those programs. Still more students work and learn through informal arrangements in other countries. • Duke runs or participates in three special academic centers that engage students and faculty in topics including the envi- ronment, global capitalism and national security, all with an international perspective. (See related piece in this section for details about these programs.) • Duke works with universities overseas to create faculty exchanges and collaborations, such as the Program in Public Law that links Duke Law with the University of Cambridge in England, as well as a visiting scholars program that each year brings to Duke Law academics and practitioners from countries as diverse as South Korea, Australia, China, Italy and Japan. Judy Horowitz on a trip to Seoul. Delving into the unknown “When I first came to Duke, I wondered how we would attract students from all over the world to Durham,” said Judy Horowitz, associate dean for international studies. “Duke is now in the forefront of international legal education. In 1981 it would have been hard to predict such growth.” Horowitz came to Duke from American University 21 years ago, where she had directed a program for African educators, and immediately set to work expanding international programs. She received that charge from then-Dean Paul Carrington. “He told me to run with it and see what I could develop,” Horowitz said. Few administrators had Horowitz’s level of preparation to extend Duke Law into......

Words: 58370 - Pages: 234


...Cultural Perspectives of Japan William Earl Barnes Jr. Abstract Japan is an island country sited east of the mainland of Asia. It is made up of a long, slender group of islands. The four main islands are Honshu (the largest), Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. There are more than three thousand smaller islands. Together, they have about the identical land area as the state of California. Across the Sea of Japan to its north and west are Russia and South Korea. To the east, where the sun rises, Japan borders the Pacific Ocean. The Japanese call their nation Nippon, which means “Land of the Rising Sun” Japan has a remarkable landscape. Mountains and hills cover most of the land. A chain of mountains runs down the middle of Japan. Snow-capped Mount Fuji, Japan’s highest peak, towers over Honshu Island. Swift streams flow from the mountains into the sea. Thick forests cover the mountainsides where deer and monkeys make their homes in the spring; the countryside is colored pink and white with the blossoms of plum and cherry trees. In southern Japan, summers are long and hot. In the north, winters are cold and snowy. Central Japan has an enjoyable climate, with warm summers and cool winters. The country is often shaken by volcanic explosions and earthquakes. Japan’s first powerful rulers were chiefs from the Yamato region. During the Yamatos’ rule, many visitors from other lands came to Japan. Scholars from china brought the Chinese writing system in the 400s. They also......

Words: 3523 - Pages: 15

Season 2 Episode 6 This Is Not Good | Tuesday Movie | Aku no Hana