Imo Counter Piracy Policy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By micheles
Words 1715
Pages 7
IMO Policy on Repressing of Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in the Western Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Aden (Horn of Africa region) Foreword: piracy in the Horn of Africa The United Nations (UN) and in particular the International Maritime Organization (IMO) have assertively tackled piracy since 2006.1 This effort is a response to the escalation of violence and the expansion of Somali piracy in the Horn of Africa, where, since 2004, ships, seafarers and property are constantly threatened by acts of piracy. Pirates are menacing shipping traffic close to vital choke points (Suez Canal, Hormuz Strait), disrupting freedom of navigation and the free movement of goods by sea, as well as jeopardizing regional stability. There is a strong body of evidence that Somali piracy is a tangible threat to the maritime community as a whole: however, IMO response (as a part of International Community action) has been seen as insufficient in order to efficiently fight pirates. This paper underlines positive and negative aspects of IMO counter-piracy policy, drawing the conclusion that despite substantial flaws and lack of pragmatism IMO action provides an essential catalyst able to orchestrate an international, comprehensive response against Horn of Africa piracy. Policy identification and implementation Current IMO counter-piracy policy is underpinned by an articulated set of papers, recommendations and agreements, which has been developed since 1998 and whose roots are even deeper. Actually, the legal framework at the basis of IMO approach is already recognizable in the UNCLOS 82 Convention, which clearly defines and condemns piracy and related acts. Also the 2002 ISPS code contains recommendations on safety of ships while underway, even though the Code is more counter-terrorism oriented rather than counter-piracy focused. However, it is from 2009 that IMO concretized its…...

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