Impact of Globalisation on Economic Growth, Quality of Life and External Stability

In: Social Issues

Submitted By stephroberts
Words 1244
Pages 5
Impacts of Globalisation
Globalisation, an important characteristic within the contemporary economic environment, is a term to describe the forces that transform an economy into one characterised by the embracement of the freer movement of trade, investment, labour and capital. The drive for globalisation has resulted in greater economic growth globally with an increased access to goods and services provided around the world. However, this increase in world output is often associated with detrimental effects in relation to the stability of a national economy being extremely susceptible to the ups and downs of the international business cycle, and also both positive and negative effects on the standards of living.

It is often difficult to categorize an economy as being globalised, yet there are several key indicators that suggest economic management decisions undertaken by government’s have, resulted in globalisation. The main evidence to suggest the globalisation of nations has been the growth in global markets, changes in global consumption and resource use patterns, and the establishment of international agreements as well as the rise transnational corporations.
Globalisation has been essentially driven by the breaking down of economic barriers between nations over recent decades that have resulted in greater worldwide economic growth. This has been spurred on by the trend towards the deregulation of national economies, as well as reforms to encourage greater competitiveness within the global markets. As a result globally, there has been the general reduction of restrictions on trade and foreign investments. In addition to this, there have been major technological advancements of the last half-century and as a result of this technology growth, transport costs have also reduced dramatically, making trade more cost-efficient. Communications costs have also…...

Similar Documents

Impacts of Globalisation

...Impacts of Globalisation The Management of People & Organisations INTRODUCTION Globalisation has significantly impacted the functionality and prosperity of people, organisations and how they are managed. Of these impacts, a vast collection of influences have lead managers to both realise and take advantage of highly rewarding business opportunities as well as confront challenges that could be detrimental to the success of their organisations. The purpose of this essay is to examine the effects of globalisation on the management of organisations and people via the analysis of particular environments including the economic, cultural, technological and sustainable environments. Each factor, having considerable correlation with each other will delve into issues including anti-capitalist backlash, parochialism and geocentric attitudes, technological acquaintance and the eco-effectiveness of decisions made by leadership. The analysis indicates that challenges managers face from globalisation in managing people and organisations will need to be addressed by the adaptation of geocentric attitudes covering the embrace of a global leadership mindset, the appreciation of cultural diversity and the development of technological know-how to accompany the existing and essential leadership skills including change management, decision making and strategic rational. ECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT Primarily considering the economic environment and the initial rise of globalisation is......

Words: 1424 - Pages: 6

The Impact of Globalisation - Ikea

...IKEA The Impact of Globalisation Definition of Globalisation Globalisation is the process by which organisations or businesses start operations on an international scale by committing facilities and resources in foreign countries. The International Monetary Fund, (IMF) continues to believe that this will lead to global convergence through aspects of trade and transactions, capital and investment movements, migration and the movement of people and dissemination of knowledge. Mission Statement - “to create a better everyday life for the many”. Focus Areas & Goals:- Children: IKEA believe that children are the most important people in the world. By supporting their local communities, they hope to assist in children to achieve their fullest potential through development and learning. IKEA has experience in this area and can make a difference. Environment: “Low Price, but not at any price”. IKEA aim to have a positive impact on the local environment and how their business may impact upon it. Their store effectiveness, is measured on how environmentally responsible they are. (IKEA.com (2012). About IKEA, The IKEA Way) Introduction Ingvar Kamprad was born in 1926 on a farm called Elmtaryd, in the small Swedish village of Agunnaryd. At the young age of just 5, he was already showing that he was to become a successful entrepreneur by selling matches to his parent’s friends and neighbours and within two years was selling further afield by travelling to other villages......

Words: 3499 - Pages: 14

The Impact of Vat on the Economic Growth of Bangladesh

...Introduction * Objectives of the study * Salient features of Bangladesh’s current tax system * Growth trends and revenue structure of Bangladesh * Contribution of direct and indirect taxes to revenue * Reasons for introducing vat in Bangladesh * Ratio of VAT to Revenue & VAT to Tax * Revenue Structure during Pre and Post VAT Regime * VAT Rates in Selected Countries * VAT Productivity in Selected Countries * Some Important Features of VAT in Bangladesh * Tax Base for VAT * Arguments For VAT * Arguments against VAT * Reforms in VAT: Current Initiatives Introduction: Value Added Tax (VAT) is imposed on value added by a manufacturer of a firm or distributors. Value added tax means a tax on the amount by which the value of an article has been increased at each stage of production. It is a multistage consumption tax imposed on goods and services, which is collected at every stage of production and distribution rather than at the retail stage alone. Objectives of the Study: We can gain knowledge about the tax system (especially VAT) of Bangladesh by studying this topic. As following aspects of tax we can learn from this study: 1. To present an overview of tax system of Bangladesh. 2. To evaluate Govt. Performance in collecting revenue. 3. To identify the effect of the tax system (especially VAT) to economic development of Bangladesh. 4. To identify the problems and weaknesses of collecting revenue......

Words: 1866 - Pages: 8

The Impact of Globalisation on Multinational Companies

...Table of Contents The Impact of Globalisation on Multinational Companies 2 Introduction 2 McDonalds’ Introduction 3 Globalisation and McDonald’s 3 Globalisation strategy of McDonald 5 1. Think Globally but Act Locally 7 2. Pricing 8 3. Advertising/Promotional strategies 8 4. Social responsibility 9 Challenges for McDonald 10 Conclusion 11 Reference 12 The Impact of Globalisation on Multinational Companies Introduction Globalization is a term used to describe the trend of growth; trade practices between undertakings perform beyond the geographic and economic boundaries, so that they exist (Waters, 2001 Brinkman, Brinkman, 2002). Globalization is used to describe the nature of the dominant international trade and business, as they are no longer limited to serving specific groups of consumers in the country (Levy, Hammond and Gross, 2003), the globalization of the increase is due to the expansion of economic and capitalist drive to achieve growth, and taking existing resources , improve the degree of efficiency of the operation. Thus, globalization is also very closely related to the outsourcing companies seeking to existing units, the production moved to another country, economically sensitive wage labour. A typical example of this is the first McDonald's in 1955 as a company in California, opened in 2013, is now in 195 countries and has more than 30,000 restaurants. This process, because it is difficult to control, some multinational companies......

Words: 3182 - Pages: 13

Economic Growth & External Sector Behavior

...The report entitled “Analysis of Economic Growth and External Sector Behavior” mainly focuses on the study of the structure of the external sector of Bangladesh and its impact on GDP. It involves economic models developed to determine the impact of each sector-Export, Import, Foreign Aid and Remittance, on GDP of Bangladesh. It also involves an analysis of the behavior of these factors in three SAARC countries and the application of the regression model developed. The economic model was developed based on the past behavior of GDP and the external sector. It indicated that Remittance is the sector having the most significant impact on GDP and aid the second most significant. While imports negatively affect economic growth, exports have played a very important role over the period. The remittance of Bangladesh has been increasing over the last few years. Hence, its impact on GDP has also been rising. In the span of 34 years export as percentage of GDP increased from 2.2% to 15.4%. Hence, performance was moderately good. The economy has been suffering from ever increasing trade deficits, despite several export promotional measures. Large import payments mainly account for this problem. Foreign aid shows large fluctuations over the period Finally, an analysis was conducted on the behavior of the external sectors in the SAARC countries using the regression model. Export was found to be the dominant sector in India, while imports had the minimum impact on GDP. Pakistan was found to......

Words: 12238 - Pages: 49

Effect of External Debts on Economic Growth

...Södertörns högskola | Department of economics Magisteruppsats 30 hp | Vårterminen 2013 The Effect of External Debt On Economic growth – A panel data analysis on the relationship between external debt and economic growth. Av: Dereje Abera Ejigayehu Handledare: Joakim persson Handledare: [Handledarens namn (teckenstorlek: 12p)] Abstract The impact of external debt on economic growth is a debatable issue between scholars since the onset of the debt crisis in 1980’s. This thesis examines whether external debt affects the economic growth of selected heavily indebted poor African countries through the debt overhang and debt crowding out effect. This is carried out by using data for eight heavily indebted poor African countries between 1991 to 2010.The result from estimation shows that external debt affects economic growth by the debt crowding out effect rather than debt overhang. Moreover, in an attempt to mark out debt servicing history, the thesis found the selected countries are not paying (servicing) more than 95% of their accumulated debt. Key Words: External Debt, Debt overhang, Debt crowding out, debt servicing and Table of Contents CHAPTER ONE .....................................................................................................................................1 INTRODUCTION ..................................................................................................................................1 1.1 Background of the study.............

Words: 12805 - Pages: 52

The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth in Nigeria

...INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS THEMES AND ISSUES MMN222154-13- AB THE IMPACT OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH IN NIGERIA BY AZUMONYE M. CHUKWUEMEKE S1344407 INTRODUCTION Over the years, the debate on the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) as a factor that induces economic growth has received the attention of policy makers, researchers and international organizations (Tumala et al, 2011). There is no denying that most countries strive to attract foreign direct investment (FD1) because of its putative advantages as a tool of economic development. Therefore, this essay seeks to ascertain the extent at which growth in foreign direct investments (FDIs) influences economic growth in Nigeria in the long-run and investigated the empirical relationship between FDI and privatization. Nigeria, after independence began with an economy that was mostly driven by the public sector. According to Tumala et al (2007), Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Decree (NEPD) of 1972 imposed several restrictions on FDI entry, thereby earning the tag „the indigenization policy‟. It reserved 22 business activities exclusively for Nigerians, including advertising, gaming, electronics manufacturing, basic manufacturing, road transport, bus and taxi services, the media and retailing and personal services. Foreign investment was permitted up to 60 per cent ownership and provided that the proposed enterprise had, based on 1972 data, share capital of N200, 000 ($300,000) or......

Words: 3070 - Pages: 13

Ict and Its Impact on Economic Growth

...of Arts & Commerce Vitthalwadi-East Email-Id :- kadam.a333@gmail.com Contact No:- 9029787363 ICT AND ITS IMPACT ON ECONOMIC GROWTH Exploring the growth potential of ICT ------------------------------------------------- Abstract: ------------------------------------------------- Past decade saw the growth of service sector and marveled on the growing potential of the IT industry. This became more relevant if we see the exponential growth of Internet along with T.V and Radio. So Information Technology (IT) along with Communication Technology (C.T) converges to give us a unique combination of ICT-Information and Communication Technology. This paper attempts to understand the contribution of ICT in the growth story of India. It analyzes the contribution towards growth with the help of four major components of ICT: Internet, Telecom, IT sector, T.V and Radio. The paper presents data and statistics providing sample evidence of the ever growing contributions of ICT towards income generation and employment for the country and thus having a major economical impact. Finally the paper concludes with the fact that it is high time to acknowledge the relevance of ICT within the service sector and growth cannot be looked exclusive of it. Information and Communication Technology:- Number of different studies find that there is a positive impact of the spread of ICT on national output (Röller and Waverman 2001, Sridhar and Sridhar 2004).According to a recent......

Words: 2424 - Pages: 10

The Impacts of Economic Growth

...The Impacts of Economic Growth Economic growth is the increase in the amount of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. It is conventionally measured as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product, or real GDP. There are many positives and negatives with economic growth. Economic growth improves standard of living through sustained GDP growth, it improves tax revenues and provides the government with more money to spend on healthcare, education etc. Growth boosts business profits, a stronger economy increases consumer confidence therefore allowing people to purchase luxuries and once again improve their standard of living. Economic Growth will also increase employment, as growth increases as do business profits, therefore companies have more available finances to be able to pay wages and therefore levels of employment increase. Economic Growth can help protect the environment, as business profits increase, companies have more finance and can therefore invest in carbon investment, innovation and research and development to reduce the amount of harmful substances released during the production stages, therefore reducing their effect on the environment. On the other hand, economic growth poses as a threat of inflation risk. Increase in demand may be more than available supply and will therefore cause prices to rise, so consumer confidence decreases along with standard of living and business profits. Economic growth can have a......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Economic Growth Impacts

...The Impacts of Economic Growth Economic growth is the increase in the amount of the goods and services produced by an economy over time. It is conventionally measured as the percent rate of increase in real gross domestic product, or real GDP. There are many positives and negatives with economic growth. Economic growth improves standard of living through sustained GDP growth, it improves tax revenues and provides the government with more money to spend on healthcare, education etc. Growth boosts business profits, a stronger economy increases consumer confidence therefore allowing people to purchase luxuries and once again improve their standard of living. Economic Growth will also increase employment, as growth increases as do business profits, therefore companies have more available finances to be able to pay wages and therefore levels of employment increase. Economic Growth can help protect the environment, as business profits increase, companies have more finance and can therefore invest in carbon investment, innovation and research and development to reduce the amount of harmful substances released during the production stages, therefore reducing their effect on the environment. On the other hand, economic growth poses as a threat of inflation risk. Increase in demand may be more than available supply and will therefore cause prices to rise, so consumer confidence decreases along with standard of living and business profits. Economic growth can have a......

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

The Impact of Tax Revenue on Economic Growth

...study The political, economic and social development of any country depends on the amount of revenue generated for the provision of infrastructure in that given country. However, one means of generating the amount of revenue for providing the needed infrastructure is through a well structured tax system (ogbona and ebimobewei, 2012). The vital role that taxation play in an economy cannot be overemphasized. Tax is a compulsory levy imposed by government or its agent on her citizens in order to raise revenue for the funding of economic activities. Nkoro and worlu, 2012 defined Tax as a fee charged or levied by a government on a product, income, or activity. If it is levied directly on personal or corporate income, it is called a direct tax. If it is levied on the price of a good or service, then it is called an indirect tax. The main reason for taxation is to finance government expenditure and to redistribute wealth which translates to financing development of the country (Musgrave and Musgrave, 2004, Bhartia, 2009). Apart from revenue generation prowess of tax, it is also used by the government to discourage consumption of certain goods. Taxation is a fiscal tool that most government uses to regulate both the micro and macro aspect of an economy. Generally, The importance of tax lies in its ability to generate revenue for the government, influence the consumption pattern of the people and also regulate the economy through its influence on vital aggregate economic variables......

Words: 1418 - Pages: 6

Economic Growth

...Bangalore University Bachelor of Business Management (New Scheme) SEMESTER SCHEME OF EXAMINATION UNDER SEMESTER : BBM COURSE SEM NO. PAPER NO. 1.1 TITLE OF THE PAPER LECTURE HOURS 04 MARKS UE 90 RM 10 TOTAL MARKS 100 I 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2.1 II 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 III IV V LANGUAGE: KANNADA/SANSKRIT/URDU/TAMIL/ TELUGU/ADDITIONAL ENGLISH/ MARATHI/HINDI ENGLISH BUSINESS ECONOMICS FUNDAMENTALS OF ACCOUNTING BUSINESS MANAGEMENT BUSINESS MATHEMATICS TOTAL LANGUAGE: KANNADA/SANSKRIT/URDU/TAMIL/ TELUGU/ADDITIONAL ENGLISH/ MARATHI/HINDI ENGLISH BUSINESS STATISTICS FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOTAL BUSINESS COMMUNICATION HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT MARKETING MANAGEMENT CORPORATE ACCOUNTING SERVICES MANAGEMENT INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS INDIAN CONSTITUTION TOTAL BUSINESS RESEARCH METHODS BUSINESS LAW COST ACCOUNTING FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT PRODUCTION & OPERATIONS MANAGEMENT LAW AND PRACTICE OF BANKING COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS TOTAL INCOME TAX STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING COMPUTER APPLICATION IN BUSINESS PROJECT MANAGEMENT ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT TOTAL 04 04 04 04 04 24 04 90 90 90 90 90 540 90 10 10 10 10 10 60 10 100 100 100 100 100 600 100 04 04 04 04 04 24 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 28 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 28 04 04 04 04 04 04 24 90 90 90 90 90 540 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 630 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 630 90 90 90 90 90 90......

Words: 19726 - Pages: 79

Economic Impacts of Globalisaiton

...growth, joining the WTO also leads to high unemployment and structural changes in domestic industries. China also needs to follow trade rules set by the WTO, including intellectual property rights, which China has broken the law in the past. This strategy has both negative and positive consequences, but ultimately China has benefited more than suffered. In 2001, China joined the World Trade Organization in response to the globalisation trend and reduced its trade barriers, opening up to foreign investments and international trade. This was beneficial to the economy as it further brought major beneficial changes in its economy such as having access to the world market, attracting foreign investment, adopting new ways of management and the access of new technologies. Additionally, to further contribute to their high economic growth levels, China introduced a 5-year economic program in 2010 to build socialised harmonised countries in order to balance the wealth distribution, improve education, Medicare and social security. This has already began to increase China’s level of GDP by 45% and their Human Development Index (HDI) has risen by 0.3 in the past 40 years. However, recent trends show that despite the improvements in economic growth and development in China, in recent decades, the richest 10% of the Chinese population (mostly living in coastal cities) owns 45% of the nation’s wealth, while the poorest 10% own only 1.4% of it. The coastal cities benefit more from......

Words: 1794 - Pages: 8

Economic Growth

...A-LEVEL ECONOMICS ECON4/Unit 4: Mark scheme 2140 June 2014 Version 1.0 Final The National and International Economy Mark schemes are prepared by the Lead Assessment Writer and considered, together with the relevant questions, by a panel of subject teachers. This mark scheme includes any amendments made at the standardisation events which all associates participate in and is the scheme which was used by them in this examination. The standardisation process ensures that the mark scheme covers the students’ responses to questions and that every associate understands and applies it in the same correct way. As preparation for standardisation each associate analyses a number of students’ scripts: alternative answers not already covered by the mark scheme are discussed and legislated for. If, after the standardisation process, associates encounter unusual answers which have not been raised they are required to refer these to the Lead Assessment Writer. It must be stressed that a mark scheme is a working document, in many cases further developed and expanded on the basis of students’ reactions to a particular paper. Assumptions about future mark schemes on the basis of one year’s document should be avoided; whilst the guiding principles of assessment remain constant, details will change, depending on the content of a particular examination paper. Further copies of this Mark Scheme are available from aqa.org.uk Copyright © 2014 AQA and its licensors.......

Words: 7373 - Pages: 30

Impacts of Globalisation

...Globalisation can be defined as the process by which regional economies, societies and cultures have become integrated through a global network of communication, transportation and trade. However, in this study, the focus will be on the economic dimensions of globalisation whether positive or negative. According to, Kendall 2008, “Soros, who has a more limited but very important perspective nevertheless, equates globalisation with “the free movement of capital and the increasing domination of national economies by global financial markets and multinational corporations.” Accordingly, globalisation here is defined simply as the integration of markets for goods and services, capital and labour. Globalisation has had great impacts on increased trade and corporate outsourcing, cash flows and the implementation of fiscal policy reforms in the Caribbean region. Firstly, with the increase of trade through globalisation it provides a notable opportunity for increased exports because of the dynamism of trade. Secondly, corporate outsourcing with the increase of trade volumes enhances the income flow into a region. Thirdly, structural reforms facilitated significant increase cash flow in the Caribbean. Fourthly, the implementation of fiscal policy reforms were designed to reduce expenditures and increase revenues. Firstly, with the increase of trade through globalisation it provided a notable opportunity for increased exports because of the dynamism of trade. According to, Shelah,......

Words: 1638 - Pages: 7

Watch Movie | Active Raid - Kidou Kyoushuushitsu Dai-Hakkei | Ash vs Evil Dead