Impressionist and Post Impressionist Art

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IMPRESSIONIST AND POST IMPRESSIONIST ART 2
Abstract
The art movement known as Impressionism began in the 19th century with a group of artists in Paris repelling from the traditional art of the period and its severe rules. (Impressionism.info, 2005). Through the 1870s and 1880s, they exhibited their art independently receiving bitter criticism from the prevailing art community of the time in France. The name “Impressionism” was coined by art critic Louis Leroy in a scathing review of Claude Monet’s Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise) in the newspaper Le Charivari. (Wikipedia, 2012). Impressionist artists were seen as radical. They strayed from the conventional art of the time by painting landscapes, still life, portraits and scenes of modern life, with colors loosely brushed and unstructured contours and lines. They also painted outside, allowing a different perspective of light. The interaction of light was given priority. Details were inconsequential, small brief brush strokes of mixed and unmingled pure color were used to give the overall impression of vibrant, impassioned hues. (Wikipedia, 2012).
The Academie des Beaux-Arts controlled French art at that time, while Napoleon III was warring and rebuilding Paris, this era saw expanding industrialization, urbanization and economic growth. The Academie held the annual Salon de Paris where artists could display their works. This was a judged event which represented the standards of the Academie. The Salon jury would reject the paintings of early Impressionists each year, while praising the artists who utilized the approved content and style. In 1863, Edouard Manet’s Le déjeuner sur l'herbe (The Luncheon on the Grass) was rejected by the jury along with a remarkably large number of paintings that upset French artists. Napoleon III…...

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