Indonesian Culture

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Belladora1
Words 2412
Pages 10
I. Introduction
I was born and raised in Jakarta, Indonesia which located in West Java. Indonesia has more than 17,000 islands, and it’s the largest archipelago in the world. Each island has different cultures and languages. Regardless of all the diversity and an overwhelming size, the heart and soul of Indonesia can be represented by two islands, Java and Bali. This includes Indonesia's capital city of Jakarta. Balinese culture is one of the most outstanding aspects of Indonesia. Even though Bali and Jakarta are located in the same country, the cultures are significantly different from each other. The majority of Balinese cultures are based on their religion which is Hinduism. Therefore, Balinese have kept most of their traditional culture for centuries. On the other hand, Jakarta is a metropolis city and a lot more diverse and westernized compare to Bali. Some of the most outstanding features of Balinese culture include ceremonies of marriage, birth and death, holidays, social customs, unique time concepts, meaning of colors, ethical values, verbal and non-verbal communications. This paper will explore a more detailed overview of Balinese culture compare to the westernized culture of Jakarta.
II. Balinese Culture compared to Jakarta
Bali’s island is located just south of the equator and east of Java. Bali consists of active volcanoes, tropical rain forests and is surrounded by a variety of beautiful beaches. This island has turned out to be a popular tourist attraction for many visitors from around the world. It has an estimated population of two percent of the total Indonesian population (Skwirk). Balinese culture is much different compared to Jakarta. Jakarta is the capital city of Indonesia and has a lot more diverse cultures, religions, holiday celebrations, clothing, etc. Each holiday and religious celebration is based on the family’s ethnic…...

Similar Documents

Culture of Malaysia

...Culture of Malaysia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search Life in Malaysia Culture Cuisine Demographics Economy Education Ethnic groups Film Health Holidays Languages Literature Malaysian English Music Politics Religion Religious freedom Society Sport Transport Tourism Indian Chinese The culture of Malaysia draws on the varied cultures of the different people of Malaysia. The first people to live in the area were indigenous tribes that still remain; they were followed by the Malays, who moved there from mainland Asia in ancient times. Chinese and Indian cultural influences made their mark when trade began with those countries, and increased with immigration to Malaysia. Other cultures that heavily influenced that of Malaysia include Persian, Arabic, and British. The many different ethnicities that currently exist in Malaysia have their own unique and distinctive cultural identities, with some crossover. Arts and music have a long tradition in Malaysia, with Malay art dating back to the Malay sultanates. Traditional art was centred around fields such as carving, silversmithing, and weaving. Islamic taboos restricted artwork depicting humans until the mid-20th century. Performing arts and shadow puppet shows are popular, and often show Indian influences. Various influences can be seen in architecture, from individual cultures in Malaysia and from other countries. Large modern structures have been built, including the tallest twin buildings in the......

Words: 5380 - Pages: 22

Indonesian Decentralization

... 3 -Background Literature Survey 4 -Observations 8 -Conclusions and Recommendations For Future Studies 9 -Appendix/Bibliography/References 10 Acknowledgements I would like to thank Prof. Perrie, for initiating this project and letting us choose suitable topics to analyse. Introduction to topic Indonesia is a country with around 240 million people. From being one of the worst hit countries of the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998 it has become one of the largest countries in the South East Asia in terms of Economy. With a population so big and also a diverse ethnic culture to keep in mind the reforms which were propagated after the financial crisis has been largely the decentralisation of the Government. Background Literature Survey Indonesia has seen many difficulties through its history. In today’s world its problem is how it adapts to the changing economic scene and also become a country which is seen as competitive in an already competitive Asian continent. The country is seen as one of the giants of Asia, even though political and economic factors have stabilised quite recently (Indonesia had its first direct presidential Elections in September 2004). The Asian Financial Crisis which hit in 1997, though was a turning point for this country. It came as a surprise to most people and even the......

Words: 2448 - Pages: 10

Indonesian Quality Award

...terencana sangat diperlukan pada fasilitas-fasilitas produksi, jika tidak akan mengakibatkan kerusakan “ Unit Kritis” dikarenakan : * Kerusakan fasilitas tersebut akan menyebabkan terhentinya seluruh aktivitas proses produksi. * Kerusakan fasilitas tersebut akan mempengaruhi kualitas produk. * Investasi yang ditanamkan dalam fasilitas tersebut cukup besar. * Kerusakan fasilitas tersebut akan membahayakan pekerja, baik kesehatan maupun keselamatannya. Oleh karena itu pemeliharaan sebelum mesin mengalami kerusakan sangat penting dilakukan. Bagaimana pun, konsekuensi kerusakan harus benar-benar dipertimbangkan. Bahkan beberapa kerusakan kecil dapat mengakibatkan malapetaka untuk produktivitas ke depannya. Indonesian Quality Award (IQA) Indonesian Quality Award (IQA) adalah penghargaan pencapaian kinerja ekselen organisasi yang diukur berdasarkan hasil assessment menurut kriteria Malcolm Baldrige. Proses penilaian untuk pemberian penghargaan ini berlangsung setiap tahun. Participant dalam penghargaan ini adalah organisasi/perusahaan yang bergerak dalam bidang Bisnis, Non Bisnis, Kesehatan dan Pendidikan baik swasta maupun pemerintah. Proses "awarding" diawali dengan "assessment" dan dilanjutkan dengan penganugerahan  penghargaannya. Kegiatan ini diselenggarakan oleh IQA Foundation secara periodik setiap tahun. Tujuan pemberian penghargaan : * Memberikan Penghargaan kepada organisasi atas usaha membangun kinerja ekselen, dan pencapaian dan pertumbuhan......

Words: 764 - Pages: 4

Mass Graves and 1965 Indonesian Killings

...Mass Graves and memories of the 1965 Indonesian Killings The mass graves have been recognised as a violation of international humanitarian law. The PKI was the blame to the result of the killing, the PKI were extraordinary cruel in the way they allegedly tortured and killed seven army victims of the September 30th movement. The Islamic organisation offered a personal apology for the violence that led the PKI crimes against the humanity.The group members of Ukuwah Islamiya Kaloran violently obstructed YPKP coordinated reburial of remains of victims from 1965. The remains had been recovered from a mass grave in Wonosobo. During the 2004 elections the government ban on former political prisoners preventing for elections. In August 2005 many of anti-communist groups also protested outside capital Jakarta State Court against the action brought by ex-political prisoners from LPKP. The act, against the current President back then and his predecessors including Suharto, sought to repeal the 1966 verdict banning the Communist Party, historical correction, compensation and restoration of the names of victims. These event revolve around the impact and understandings of the September 30th Movement outcome. The events outspread differently in several parts of countries; the violence amounted to a counter-revolution proposed to restrict the mass mobilization and popular engagement released by the national revolution some two decades earlier. The aim of this event was to destroy the......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Fiscal Policy Evolution and Distributional Implications: the Indonesian Experience

...THE IDEAs WORKING PAPER SERIES Paper no. 01/2012 Fiscal Policy Evolution and Distributional Implications: The Indonesian experience Smitha Francis Abstract This paper analyses Indonesia’s resource mobilisation and public expenditure policies against the backdrop of her inequality trends and macroeconomic policy evolution. It is argued that the country’s fiscal policy stance has been adversely impacted by her monetary and financial sector policies under an open capital account, with attendant regressive distributional implications. Juxtaposing the analysis of revenue mobilisation trends and taxation policies with the evidence of increasing asset and land concentration and persisting high inequalities reveals that the increase in income tax revenue did not necessarily come from the upper income profiles or corporate profits. Meanwhile, although government expenditure to GDP ratio has improved after 2003, capital expenditures and social expenditures other than those in education continue to remain low. Further, the current pattern of fiscal decentralisation does not seem to be effective in addressing the existing disparities. JEL Classification H 200; H 500; H 700 Key Words Indonesia, fiscal policy, public finance, inequality, taxation, revenue, government expenditure, financial liberalisation, IMF debt conditionalities, decentralisation Smitha Francis is Principal Economist, Economic Research Foundation, New Delhi. Email for correspondence:......

Words: 16175 - Pages: 65

Culture

...Culture Culture is the most important and basic concepts of sociology. Culture is a blueprint to how each group will live their lives. In sociology culture has a specific meaning. Sociologist believe every human being is cultured, every human being participates in a culture. According to Tischler (2014) Culture is defined as all that human beings learn to do, to use, to produce, to know, and to believe as they grow to maturity and live out their lives in the social groups to which they belong, (p. 50). Culture is a product of society and it is shared by the members of society. There are so many topics culture hits on, some are: Culture and Biology, Culture Shock, Ethnocentrism, Material Culture, Nonmaterial culture, Language and Culture, Symbols of Culture. Culture is an individual choice. Culture determines and guides us through life. Culture is transmitted from one generation to another is a learned behavior and not inherited biologically. We are raised the way our parent’s culture would raise their children for example; Catholics when the child is new born they get baptized, live their communion, confirmation, get marry and so on. We are programmed from young to this way of living. Other religions or cultures way of living is different. (Culture and Biology). From young we grow accustom to our way of living our culture. So when we travel to other countries we expect to continue our normal daily activities. But we experience culture shock when we aren’t able......

Words: 483 - Pages: 2

Indonesian Alphabeth

...Indonesian alphabet |A a |B b |C c |D d | |Aa |a |/a/ |a as in father | |Bb |bé |/b/ |b as in bed | |Cc |cé |/t͡ʃ/ |ch as in check | |Dd |dé |/d/ |d as in day | |Ee |é |/ə/ |e as in under | | | |/ɛ/ |e as in get | |Ff |éf |/f/ |f as in fish | |Gg |gé |/ɡ/ |g as in gain | |Hh |ha |/h/ |h as in harm | |Ii |i |/i/ |i as in it, in, or is ...

Words: 265 - Pages: 2

Uniqlo Indonesian

...fashion trends (uniqlo.com). 2.0 Country Profile Political The Indonesia politics occur in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, the both head of state and head of government are whereby the President of Indonesia and a multi party democracy. Administrative power is performable by the government. Legislative authority is accordance in both the government and the two People's Representative Councils. The Judiciary is autonomous of the executive and the legislative body (princeton.edu). The 1945 constitution accommodated for a limited separation of executive, legislative power and jurisdiction. The system of government has been showed as the characteristics of president and congress. Following the Indonesian rebellions of May 1998 and the abdication of President Suharto, a few political changes were set in movement by means of changes through constitutional amendment of Indonesia, which brought about changes to all departments of government (princeton.edu). Changes likewise included an important approach of decentralization of political and monetary force. Considerable political forces were inherited to the nation's regions and were given control in excess of a great part of the state budget. Despite the fact that this mass decentralization risked expanding the rate of embezzle, it elevated regional governments to settle on a large portion of the crux choices about how best to utilize local assets (Aspinall, 2010). Therefore, local......

Words: 4329 - Pages: 18

Culture

...Across Border Assignment Culture The word culture is not a foreign word to people in this world as wherever they are and whatever they do, they will always find culture in their house, their surroundings and maybe around the world. But really, what is culture? According to Moran, Harrin and Moran in Managing Culture Differences (2011, pg. 10), culture is a distinctly human means of adapting to circumstances and transmitting this surviving skill and knowledge to the following generations. It gives people a sense of who they are, of belonging, of how they should behave and of what they should be doing. Culture also impacts behavior, morale and productivity at work and includes standards and patterns that influence the attitudes and actions of a company. Culture is stated to be changing but very slow in motion. Based on the definition above, culture can be pointed as the ultimate source of human conflict as there are many cultures which are adapted in this world and these different cultures resulted to different types of politics, economics, ideologies, arts, beliefs an etc. If people, businesses and countries have the same culture, they will get along and come together. However, if they have different culture, they will not manage well together and possibly have a conflict as they all think that they are standing on what is right and the other parties are wrong. As a global person who works across border, one should understand the different cultures in this world and......

Words: 1316 - Pages: 6

Culture

...Doing business with Indonesia John Edma Keiser University Australia and New Zealand: Doing business with Indonesia The cultures of New Zealand and Australia, to a great extent, differ from the cultures of the rest of the Asian countries. Focusing specifically on the relationship between the two countries with Indonesia, there is a great cultural diversity. Indonesia, just as the rest of the Asian countries, believes in creating long term relationships so as to gain profits in business. Australian business cultures, on the other hand, aim at making fast profits before creating a long term relationship. Indonesian company managers care about the people they deal business with to keep them motivated and happy (Kearney, 2006). The Indonesian companies tend to believe in mutual respect to achieve effective and productivity. The managers believe western companies should adjust to the culture, the taboos and languages of all the Asian companies. Indonesia is unique in its diversity and extent among the clusters of islands in Asia. Over 60% of the country’s population resides in Java Island. Through the diversity in culture, the national ties remain strong. Despite the difference between the cultures of the countries, they still have to reach a consensus in dealing businesses. The countries have to adapt to the cultures of the fellow business partners. In dealing in Business for a long with Asian countries, Australia and New Zealand have gone to......

Words: 1037 - Pages: 5

Culture

...Game Based Learning Zainal A. Hasibuan, Yugo K.Isal, Baginda Anggun N.C., Mubarik Ahmad, and Nungki Selviandro phase to implementation phase. Next, experimental games to study the influence of game culture on students. Finally, the conclusions of the article and future research. Abstract—Indonesia is a country consisting of thousands of islan. With many islands in Indonesia then there are many cultures of various ethnic groups scattered across Indonesia. With the cultural diversity that exist in Indonesia, then the existing culture must be preserved because the culture is a very important element in representing the personality of a country. There is a tendency that Indonesian young generation do not recognize their cultures. "Desa Maya Budaya Indonesia" (DayaBaya) : Virtual Village with Indonesian Culture - is a game developed to introduce Indonesian culture to young generation. This game simulates a virtual village located in a region in Indonesia that can be developed according to the player’s desires and wishes. The simulation will help young generation to know various cultures of Indonesia at the early stage. This game has also been tested on 48 students from Vocational High School,and a result from this experiment shows that the game improves user’s knowledge about cultures. II. PREVIOUS STUDY In the previous studies, the DayaBaya game has been developed. In this section, the game for education, game plan, game design and game development will be explained. A. Game......

Words: 3417 - Pages: 14

Indonesian Fdi Entry

...difficulty is reflected in the country’s ranking of 109th out of 189 countries in the World Bank Doing Business Report of 2016. Restrictive legislation, bureaucracy as well as Indonesia’s diverse cultural are several entry barriers for foreign companies seeking investment opportunities. Often, it is necessary to find a local partner to enter the Indonesian market, and to form an international joint-venture can is one of the way to enter the marketplace. Even though it remains difficult to enter the Indonesian Market, the government started to implement measures to facilitate foreign investments since 2007: • Making it easier to start a business: Indonesia introduce online procedures to create a business structure • Reduced regulatory complexity: Indonesia introduced an online system for filling and paying social security contributions. International Joint Venture in Indonesia : In Indonesia, it is necessary for any foreigner who want to start a business, including a joint-venture, to conduct his business activity through a foreign investment company, called PMA (Penanaman Modal Asing). The PMA is regulated under the Indonesian Company Law. The contract signed by the two parties of the JV, setting out the respective rights and obligations of both parties is called a JVA (Joint-venture agreement). Concerning management obligations, it is important to underline the role of company director. Indeed, the company director is held personally responsible for losses......

Words: 833 - Pages: 4

Causes of the Indonesian Financial Crisis

...Causes of the Indonesian Financial Crisis When the financial crisis hit Asian countries in mid-1997, Indonesia did not escape the impact. It became one of the worst hit countries during the crisis. The question to be answered is what really caused Indonesia, which at the time had a magnificent economic growth to collapse along with most of Asian countries. This paper studies the factors that may be causing the crisis and how the combination of them could lead to such crisis. Indonesia’s Economy before the Crisis * Indonesia under the governance of President Suharto was considered a growing and vastly developing country, with a 7.9% growth in GDP in 1996. GDP per capita first surpassed $1000 in 1995, growing significantly from mere $70 thirty years ago. Total GDP was US$227 billion in 1996. (exhibit 1) * Surplus on merchandise trade through the 1980s and 1990s. Manufactured exports grew from less than US$1 billion in 1980 to more than US$9 billion in 1990. In 1996 total exports was US$49.8 billion, with a growth of 9.7% from the previous year. 76.5% are from non-oil and gas exports. Main destinations were Japan followed by USA and Singapore. * In 1996, imports totaled US$42.9 billion, grew 5.7% from the previous year. * Indonesia was the third-largest FDI recipient in the Asia Pacific, averaging over US$31 billion per year from 1994 to 1996. In 1997 before the crisis, FDI was US$16 billion. * In 1991, foreign debt increased 66% from 1988. In 1992, the......

Words: 1180 - Pages: 5

Indonesian Law

...apply as of the date of its issuance. Stipulated in Jakarta On : December 27, 2007 PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA signed DR.H.SUSILO BAMBANG YUDHOYONO The copy correspond to the original. Deputy Cabinet Secretary for Legal Affairs, signed and sealed Dr. M. Iman Santoso -6- APPENDIX I TO THE PRESIDENTIAL REGULATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA NUMBER DATE : 111 of 2007 : DECEMBER 27, 2007 The List of Business Sectors Closed to Investment NO. 1 2 BUSINESS SECTOR Gambling/Casino Historical Inheritance ancient the etc.) 3 4 Government Museums Traditional /Environment 5 6 Monuments Sacred sites Place’s of Destination (the 92324 92439 Culture & Tourism Culture & Tourism Occupation 92321 92323 Culture & Tourism Culture & Tourism and (temples, Ancient palaces, of KBLI 92429 92323 FIELD Culture & Tourism Culture & Tourism inscription, ancient remains past, buildings, religious duties, remains of the past, cemeteries, etc.) 7 Utilization of (collecting) 01501 Forestry -7- NO. BUSINESS SECTOR Natural Coral KBLI FIELD 8 Catching fish species written in Appendix I CITES 05011 Marine & Fishery 9 Management Radio and Organization of 64223 Communications Informatics & Frequency Spectrum Monitoring and Satellite Orbits 10 Institution Broadcasting Television 11 Procurement and Organization of 63310 Transportations for (LPP), Public Radio and 92131 Communications Informatics & Inland......

Words: 10479 - Pages: 42

Indonesian Government Debt

... Indonesian Domestic & Foreign Debt Since the Old Order (Orde lama), Indonesia has used foreign borrowing to finance development. Indonesia utilized foreign debt during the first period of 1966 . In the early 1960’s as a new independent country, government needs fund to finance country’s development. While only limited domestic fund source available with undeveloped domestic capital market, to fill domestic saving–investment gap external fund was the only available source. It is defined the primary goal of external fund was to accelerate urgently needed economic growth, where the external debt would turn into government’s spending which in turn would generate investment and to accelerate the growth. As economy developed, it was expected that the government could earn sufficient foreign exchange to service foreign obligations, to accelerate the development process, and gradually to lessen the country’s dependence on external resources. And still in the 1990’s, external public debt actually was not solely addressed to fill the financing gap of the government but rather to fill up budget deficit in order to foster the economic growth rapidly. The huge growing number of external debt used however has not always significantly contributed to the growth expected. It’s true that the economic growth used to reach the level of 7% in the middle of 1990’s. But on the other hand, the debt service also increased significantly. The debt......

Words: 1299 - Pages: 6

American Indians as Mascots | Would I Lie To You S12E6 Episode 6 | Boruto: Naruto Next Generations Episode 64 English Sub