In: Business and Management

Submitted By sivaraman88ks
Words 2591
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Construction in general is the process of building or assembling of architecture. The construction sector is responsible for building new houses, apartments, factories, offices and schools. It also builds roads, bridges, ports, railroads, sewers and tunnels, among many other things. In addition, it maintains and repairs all of those structures and produces the basic materials such as concrete that are used to make them. The industry’s significance is due not only to the fact that it provides the buildings and infrastructure on which virtually every other sector depends, but to the fact that it is such a sizeable sector in its own right. The construction industry is Europe’s largest industrial employer, accounting for about seven percent of total employment, and in the Europe, the US and Japan combined, it employs more than 40 million people. Among all Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, the construction industry accounts for an average of 6.47 percent of GDP.

History since Industrial Revolution:

There were many factors that revolutionized the construction industry after the industrial revolution. The invention of Portland cement, glass, reinforced concrete, architectural glasses, cranes etc. has brought in a huge leap in the technology.


Portland cement was developed from natural cements made in Britain in the early part of the nineteenth century, and its name is derived from its similarity to Portland stone, a type of building stone that was quarried on the Isle of Portland in Dorset, England. The most common use of Portland cements is creating concrete. When water is mixed to the cement it hardens in the time of drying thus creating a very stable structure. This started giving the buildings great strength and look. There are two types of Portland cements namely…...

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