International Business Strategy of Volkswagen

In: Business and Management

Submitted By rjatheendran
Words 6449
Pages 26
2012

International Business
Globalization - Volkswagen
Akshayita Saxena Anirudh Kunjal Avinash Unni Nair Nilisha Aggarwal Rahul Raghunathan Raj Jatheendran Santosh Gaurav

Volkswagen – Das Auto
INTRODUCTION : A BRIEF HISTORY Volkswagen, in English, translates to “people’s car”, and the German Labour Front originally founded this company in 1937, with the sole purpose of manufacturing cars for the common man, in a German car market dominated by luxury cars. The People’s car, available at a mere 990 Mark, was positioned around factors such as better fuel efficiency, reliability, ease-of-use and economy of usage. Its first prototype, the kdF-Wagen, had a distinctive round shape to its design (the Beetle continues with this design even today) and had about 336,000 takers. By 1946, the Wolfsburg factory was producing close to 1000 cars a month, a remarkable feat in those times. Post the 2nd World War, Volkswagen served as an icon for the resurrection of West Germany, and showed signs of international expansion by selling its first model in the United States of America in 1949, and its sales services were standardized there by 1955. The Golf Type-I model, was given the title “Beetle” by the quirky, hugely popular advertisement campaigns run in the U.S. then, and was officially adopted by Volkswagen only in 1998. By 1961, VW expanded its production line to include Type-III and Type-IV models, and in 1964, VW bought over the Auto Union and the NSU, successfully creating a merger between the two companies creating the modern day firm Audi, while providing technical expertise to VW.

Fig: Time-line of VW models from 1940 to 1975

Between 1974 and 1990, VW began to expand its range of cars, and almost mirrored those of the giant German auto manufacturers such as BMW and so on. Expansion plans included moving to Spain, via the purchase of SEAT, a Spanish automobile…...

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