International Policy

In: Business and Management

Submitted By saimahanafi17
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INTERNATIONAL POLICY IMPLICATIONS FOR CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA.

INTRODUCTION

• According to the International Labour Office, any activity other than study or play, remunerated or unremunerated, carried out by a person under the age of 15 years is defined as child labour.

• 90 % of the total child employment is concentrated in Asia & Africa, with more than 44 million child labourers in India alone.

REVIEW OF LITERATURE

• Economic Impact of child labour-

a) Micro family level- Short run effect on house hold income, long run effect on house hold poverty through human capital.

b) Macro variables- Long run growth & development, FDI & Labour market.

• Forms of Child Labour-

a) Hazardous and non-hazardous activities

b) Agricultural and non-agricultural work

c) Jobs in the modern and traditional industries

d) Economic and non-economic activities

e) wage earners and unpaid family workers

• Effect of Child Labour-

a) Loss of human capital.

b) Slows down technological progress.

c) Health problem.

• Causes of Child Labour-

a) Lack of enforcement of minimum age requirement (confusion regarding description of age limit of child)

b) Poverty & schooling problem (inaccessibility of school & lack of quality education).

c) Rigid cultural & social role limiting educational attainment.

d) Acceptance of social class separation.(lower castes expected to perfirm manual labour and hence do not attend school)

• Child Labour & International Business,Globalisation and trade

1.Role of Business in the economy of child labour (firms may employ children directly,goods and services produced by children are purchased by other firms).

2.Child labour creates unfair CA for developing countries (lower labour costs,transferring jobs to the third world)

3.…...

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