Japan Motocycles War

In: Business and Management

Submitted By tuongxuanbo
Words 19652
Pages 79
Japan’s
Motorcycle
Wars

alexander.indd 1

4/14/2008 9:29:25 PM

alexander.indd 2

4/14/2008 9:29:25 PM

Jeffrey W. Alexander

Japan’s

Motorcycle
Wars

alexander.indd 3

An Industry History

4/14/2008 9:29:25 PM

© UBC Press 2008
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, without prior written permission of the publisher, or, in Canada, in the case of photocopying or other reprographic copying, a licence from Access
Copyright (Canadian Copyright Licensing Agency), www.accesscopyright.ca.
17 15 14 13 12 11 10 09 08

54321

Printed in Canada with vegetable-based inks on FSC-certified ancient-forest-free paper
(100% post-consumer recycled) that is processed chlorine- and acid-free.
Library and Archives Canada Cataloguing in Publication
Alexander, Jeffrey W. (Jeffrey William), 1972Japan’s motorcycle wars : an industry history / Jeffrey W. Alexander.
Includes bibliographical references and index. isbn 978-0-7748-1453-9
1. Motorcycle industry – Japan – History. 2. Motorcycling – Japan – History. I. Title.
HD9710.5.J32A43 2008

338.4’762922750952

C2007-907431-6

UBC Press gratefully acknowledges the financial support for our publishing program of the
Government of Canada through the Book Publishing Industry Development Program (BPIDP), and of the Canada Council for the Arts, and the British Columbia Arts Council.
This book has been published with the help of a grant from the Canadian Federation for the
Humanities and Social Sciences, through the Aid to Scholarly Publications Programme, using funds provided by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, and with the help of the K.D. Srivastava Fund.
Printed and bound in Canada by Friesens
Set in Minion, Meta, and ITC Machine by Artegraphica Design…...

Similar Documents

Japan

...beings such a small island Japan is actually has a huge cultural impact on the world. Most of it's early cultural has been influenced by other countries and empires mainly China and has since the early B.C era of times has evolved into the prosperous culture we have today. Japan today is rich and diverse and unique from any other Asian country and culture today. In Ancient Japan before the the establishment of city states, Japan was no different from any other early civilization were they had many hunter gathering villages and tribes. The men in this culture typically Hunted and the women stayed at home and harvested and domestic work. The thing that make Japan so unique is that other early civilization did not put such a heavy influence on pottery and art like the early Japaneses did. This period in Japaneses history is known as the Jōmon period. Art in this era is consisted of pottery and vases decorated in many beautiful gems such as Jade. Even there weapons had an artistic appeal to it. This early Art influence has molded Japan into the innovative country it is today. The Heian period is noted as the peak of Japan ancient culture were its art and literature are still a very influence part of today's culture. During this time the Chinese involvement in Japan had reduced to a minimal and many Chinese invention were expanded upon and made better and more useful. This advancement of already useful goods is tradition that still has strong impact in japans culture today.......

Words: 2324 - Pages: 10

Japan

...Japan Bill Cook Westwood College February 4, 2013 Japan History Japan is a country that has been around for a long time and is filled with conflicts and extremes. Japan is known for the way they do things and it’s state of the art technology, solid fighting traditions and superior creative achievements. Japan is an island that so close to the mainland, yet it’s still very much secluded. Throughout history, there have been several ideas that have been adopted from both Asia and the West that believe with Japan being so secluded from the mainland, this has developed the country into a distinctive cultural of crossbreeds. As a result, Japan is a country that has traces of many developments and it its own unique identity. Even though the Japan has very few natural resources and has experienced several natural disasters, Japan has learned to continue to push through a complicated system of where there is a great need of dependency and feeling the obligation to work together in the country where survival is quite difficult. Economy Every country has its own form of money, which is called currency. In Japan, their currency is called “Yen”. According to London South East of the History of Japanese Yen (www.lse.co.uk/currency), Japanese coins were first modeled on Chinese coins. 'The word “Yen” plainly means, “circle” and the original coins were rounded and had either a square or round hole in the center of the coin. Since 1871, Yen has been the approved unit of currency......

Words: 2965 - Pages: 12

Japan

...Market has become vital to the U.S. Economy. Japan is the number one export market for the United States. In 1993, Japan accounted for 37.6 percent of the total growth in U.S. value-added exports. U.S. food products, in particular, are a huge market in Japan. American agricultural exports to Japan in 1993 were $8.7 billion. About one-third of Japanese agricultural imports come from the United States. However, there is sometimes a mixed reception in Japan regarding products from the United States. Japanese, on one hand, wish to do things "American" ever since the Second World War. But, on the other hand, U.S. products are perceived as less sophisticated than Japanese and European food products, in product formulation or packaging. Also, U.S. products are considered not as safe as domestics ones, due to the use of pesticides and chemical additives and the partiality of the Japanese consumer to purchase Japanese items. The reason for the large volume of exporting to Japan is due to United State's comparative advantages. Food products are very expensive to produce in Japan. Japan's current labor shortage, combined with import restrictions and domestic price stabilization programs, have driven up domestic production costs. The Japanese food consumption pattern consist of an openness to foreign products and a strong interest in things international. All types of international cuisine can be found in Japan. Many varieties of tropical and imported......

Words: 314 - Pages: 2

Japan

...Daimyo… Bushido The Closing of Japan Nobunaga vs. Hideyoshi Matthew Perry Chapter 11: London on September 2, 1666-the great fire destroyed it. Francis Bacon-leading advocate of the empirical method Inductive reasoning Empirical method Rene Descartes Deductive reasoning Deism Johannes Kepler-had made detailed records of the movements of the planets, substantiating Copernicus’s theory that the cosmos was heliocentric (sun-centered), not geocentric (earth-centered) Galileo Galilei-improved the design and magnification of the telescope Geocentric Heliocentric The law of falling bodies (gravity) Pope Urban VIII Giordano Bruno Isaac Newton-computed the law of universal gravitation in a precise mathematical equation, demonstrating that each and every object exerts an attraction to a greater or lesser degree on all other objects The Industrial Revolution Lunar Society-a group of prominent manufactures,inventors,and naturalists met in and around Birmingham each month on the night of the full moon to discuss,chemistry,,medicine,gases,electricity,and every subject that may contribute to the fruitful society. Thomas Hobbes-argued in Leviathan that the people needed to submit to the authority of a ruler to prevent anarchy. The social contract gives up individual sovereignty in exchange for protection from depravity. Absolutism Social contract John Locke-argued that a ruler has limited authority; if the ruler fails to protect the people’s rights, then the......

Words: 1147 - Pages: 5

Japan

...Style of Japanese Corporate Management Image of Global Exposure Less than 20% of sales are made in Japan, while markets in emerging countries are expanding.
Ratio of employees with foreign nationality is more than half and all functions are being multi-nationalized. Sales companies: Localization is further promoted but also integration with service deposits is facilitated. In order to focus on maintenance and service business in the future, these bases and technologies are developed by the company itself. Factories: More globalized division of labor is promoted. Corporation with factories in Japan is also enhanced. R&D: They have a history of more than ten years. Research and development are divided. Japan is responsible for application research, and basic research is optimally deployed. (By intensively supplying manpower and money to ventures and research bases for cutting-edge technologies mostly in the U.S. and maintaining the sensitivity of the antenna at a higher level, access to world-class intellects is enhanced.) Japan still plays the central role with its ability for concurrent development, and development unique to each location is conducted locally.
Global headquarters (Japan) is specialized in coordination among functional regional headquarters and global control. Only some parts of it employ bilingualism. At the same time, regional headquarters in Japan is also established. Leaders are frequently exchanged across borders. A certain number of employees......

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Japan

...Case Study 1: Matsushita’s Culture Changes with Japan Japan suffered one of the worst economic hit in history when the economic bubble deflated steeply in the 1990s. Stock prices and real estate slumped enormously mostly due to domestic monetary policies. As a result, companies in Japan faced financial trouble which triggered the cultural change in Japan. Before the Economic crisis, employee and the company have a particularly close relationship. The company is involved in the live of the employee. For example, a lot of companies require their employee’s manager to sign before they can rent an apartment. On the other hand employees are also very loyal and obliged to their company. With the company’s guaranteed lifetime employment policy, few employees will fancy changing jobs. Moreover they work hard in response to the generous benefit by the company. However after the economic crisis, companies cannot afford to pay that many benefits to the employees so they finally had to lay them off, which they never did. This cultural change propagates to traditional value change eventually when employees see that loyalty does not guarantee anything. Since then, younger employees started to think more about individual as opposed to group. Japan is moving towards more individualism than collectivism after the economic bubble. Nonetheless, this is a good opportunity for Japan to adapt to the globalization world and be more competitive. The cultural change will lead to greater......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

Japan

...in World War II On August 6th, 1945, the first atomic bomb intended to kill man was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan by the United States of America. Three days later, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan, in hopes to force Japan to finally surrender. There is much controversy, even to this day, as to whether to deployment of the first atomic bombs were warranted and absolutely necessary. While the bombings did end the treacherous World War II, they ended up killing over 240,000 people. While Samuel J. Walker, a World War II historian, claims that “The fundamental issue that has divided scholars over a period of nearly four decades is whether the use of the bomb was necessary to achieve victory in the war in the Pacific on terms satisfactory to the United States”, the debate also boils down to other factors, such as the fact that it was part of the total warfare that began in WWII, it was more desirable than invasion, and it actually saved lives but hastily ending the war. Arguments against the bombing of Japan revolve around the inherent morality of the atomic bomb, especially considering Japan’s underdeveloped nuclear advancements and the actual necessity of the Atomic bombs. The two atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Japan were absolutely necessary despite the immorality because of Japan’s refusal to surrender, the bombs ended up saving more lives than it spent, it was part of total warfare, and it was the most efficient way to force Japan to......

Words: 1766 - Pages: 8

Analysis of the Authors Interpretation of Postwar Japan and Purpose in the Writing of “Reckoning with War in the Museum”

...Analysis of the Authors Interpretation of Postwar Japan and Purpose in the Writing of “Reckoning with War in the Museum” In “The Reckoning with War in the Museum”, Laura E. Hein paints a picture about postwar Japan through her summary depicting the history of the then freshly built Modern Art museum, Kamakura, founded just after World War II. The Kamakura Museum of Modern Art was established in 1951 by Kanagawa Prefecture, led by assistant director Hijikata Teiichi, and designed to create a new institution that would exemplify a democratic aesthetic as well as inhibit Japan from repeating such a devastating war. The curators sought for a museum that embodied both the concept that artistically Japan was an exact copy of modern Europe and the idea of a single national civilization in Japan. This is significant because this was all occurring around the time when Japan was still under the Allied Occupation. The occupation aimed to make japan into a peaceful democratic country from 1945-1952. During this time, Japan’s people were very stressed out with changes affecting every bit of their lives including changes in disarmament, liberalization, democratization, modernity, and the overall stress to reach perfection as an Asian country with other countries watching their every move. However, Japan was also unified by the strong aspiration to avoid repeating this disastrous experience. For example, as Laura Hein states, “postwar Japanese saw their task as reshaping Japanese......

Words: 944 - Pages: 4

Why Does Japan Become Involved in World War Two?

...Why does Japan become involved in World War Two? Japan’s involvement in World War II was not focused on the conflict in Europe; rather it was focused on its own expansion into surrounding countries and the consequences that arose from this. More specifically Japan entering World War II was caused due to Japan’s attempt to conquer China and its continued march on East and South-east Asian territory. Japan’s expansion and entering World War II is closely linked due to key reasons including: Japan’s need for resources/land, imperialism/expansionism and military control. Japans need for natural resources in early war years is one of the driving factors in why they became involved in World War Two. Japan is a highly populated island country with little to no resources and also with a rapidly increasing population. This made Japan very trade reliant with other countries mainly consisting of the United States for oil and raw metals. The constant reliance of importation of raw materials to maintain its economy worried Japan. When the depression hit in the late 1920’s “more than forty countries raised tariffs on Japanese goods”. Since Japan was so reliant on trade they were forced to act in the form of securing natural resources for themselves. This meant the expansion into China. In 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria. Japan believed Manchuria offered many natural resources and it boasted nearly 200,000 square kilometres for her growing population. The Mukden Incident was the excuse......

Words: 962 - Pages: 4

Japan

...When Japan is mentioned, the first picture painted in ones mind is the look of the ancient temples, a mountainous terrain covered in mist, bullet trains among other famous features. These are among the unique aspects that are synonymous with the Asian nation that today is one of the leading economies in the world. Like other countries however, Japan has its history and the general information that one has to take a detailed look at in order to understand the nation well. Japan is an island nation that lies in the eastern side of Asia continent in the Pacific Ocean. It neighbors countries like China, North Korea, South Korea, and Russia which are to the east of Japan, while on the south it borders Taiwan. Japan stretches from Sea of Okhotsk in the north towards south up to the East China Sea forming a chain cluster of islands those total up to 6,852 islands that together are known as the Japanese Archipelago. Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku are the four largest islands in the mountainous nation of Japan accounting for around twenty seven percent of the whole land area. In total, Japan sits on 377,915 square kilometers with land forming 364,485 sq km and water occupying the rest 13,430 sq km. Comparing the area occupied by the whole of Japan to an equivalent in the U.S, it is said to be slightly smaller in size than the state of California. This island nation has a relatively long coast line that stretches for 29,751 km. Legendary stories trace the creation of the......

Words: 2384 - Pages: 10

Japan

...the education system, is Japan. Nevertheless, this country was not as well as in an earlier. After World War II, Japan became conscious about the importance of education, so it has tried hard to improve education system. Now, Japan became one of the most highly educated countries in the world. Every year, people come to Japan to receive education at different institutional. This essay, will discuss the three main points such as, the reasons of why students choose Japan, where international students come from and last but not least the most popular universities in Japan. There are several reasons why students choose Japan. According to Jasso (2009) "International Students in Japan 2009" " more than 132,720 international students as of May, 2009" .One of main reasons of why students choose Japan is because of high education standers and excellent research environment. However, Japanese universities are maybe like universities in any country, but the different exist. Research carried out by Studyjapan (n.d) " why study in Japan" the most famous reasons of studying in Japan is that Japan provide academic environment which helps students to feel comfortable and its also offer different kinds of majors such as, Japanese literature, electronics, international business administration or medicine . Moreover, both Japanese universities and institutes of higher education are able to offer research programs of virtually and different course studies. Japan contain many institutes......

Words: 869 - Pages: 4

How Did Two Major Conflicts, the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War a Decade Later, Influence Western Perceptions of Japan and Asia?

...6) How did two major conflicts, the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) and the Russo-Japanese War a decade later, influence Western perceptions of Japan and Asia? The Sino-Japanese War from 1894-1895 and the Russo-Japanese War a decade later were monumental events in the history of Asia and its ripples were felt in the Western world. In the Sino-Japanese War, the Western world witnessed the fruits of Meiji Japan’s modernization program, its modern military, routed the Chinese hitherto the dominant Asian power. Japan’s victory defeat of Russia became a significant milestone in modern history, marking the first major modern conflict where an Asian nation had defeated an European power. As such, this study seeks to present in detail the changes in Western perception towards Japan, as it became a modern military power and its image of the Asian people in the aftermath of both events. Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895) The outcome of the Sino-Japanese War meant that Japan had successfully displaced Qing China as the dominant power in East Asia, marking a remarkable shift from millennia old power arrangements in the region centered on China. This turn of events did not escape Western observations and led to Japan being recognized as the dominant Asian power. According to the historian Sarah Paine, ‘Before the war, the most widespread Western image of Japan was undoubtedly provided by William S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan, the famous operetta duo. The year 1885 marked the premiere of......

Words: 2248 - Pages: 9

Japan

...To Be or Not to Be: Japan’s Reliance on Mahan’s Strategy during World War II Geographically, Japan is an island nation that is slightly smaller than the state of California, with an area of 377,915 square kilometers. However, Japan has a coastline that is almost 30,000 kilometers in length in comparison to the United States coastline, which is 19,924 kilometers in length. It is narrowly separated from modern-day Russia, North Korea, South Korea, and China by the Sea of Japan and the East China Sea. On maps the largest cities in Japan are on the Eastern side of the island chain, looking toward the Atlantic Ocean, and it boasts few natural resources, besides fishing. The geography of Japan and its proximity to its neighbors has shaped the strategic policy of Japan for centuries, and has driven the necessity of a strong navel strategy. However, it did not always have naval aims. During World War II, while Japan strongly relied on the writings on Alfred Thayer Mahan (1840-1914) in developing their national and naval strategy. However, their strategy had some fatal flaws that would prevent a victory or a negotiated settlement with the United States. Mahan is often compared to the highly esteemed Jomini and Clausewitz, who were famous for their land-based military strategy. However, many of his ideas were not new; they were derived from historical sources from which he distilled and clarified some major concepts. Mahan’s huge contribution to Navel strategy was......

Words: 2943 - Pages: 12

Japan

...More Globalization To Solve Japan's Prolonged Economic Stagnation: 2020 Tokyo Olympic, Establishment of Foreign Companies and Cultural Reform/Cultural Ramification Before Japan was globalized it was secluded from the rest of the world for nearly two centuries from1603 to 1868. This time period was called the Tokugawa Period. Even though Japan closed its ports to foreign trade, it was self sustainable and independent. This self sustainable society was maintained through its unique producer-consumer relationship and the "reuse recycle" practice in commerce due to the island's limited resources. Repair merchants such as tinker, ceramics repairers and truss hoop repairers supported a society where nothing was thrown away but instead carefully repaired and reused until the products were truly un-amendable. For example, tinkers used special techniques and charcoal heat to weld holes in pots and kettles with other metals; ceramic repairers glue broken ceramic pieces together with sticky rice and applied heat; paper makers buy used papers and blend them to make a variety of paper from writing paper to toilet paper (Staff). The Tokugawa Period served as a model of a flourishing sustainable society to the Japanese. After Japan was introduced to globalization during the Second World War, the nation benefited from becoming a export driven economy, business policies such as the lifetime employment policy promoted the efficiency of the company, and the cultural influences on business......

Words: 3659 - Pages: 15

Japan

...Cultural Perspectives of Japan William Earl Barnes Jr. Abstract Japan is an island country sited east of the mainland of Asia. It is made up of a long, slender group of islands. The four main islands are Honshu (the largest), Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. There are more than three thousand smaller islands. Together, they have about the identical land area as the state of California. Across the Sea of Japan to its north and west are Russia and South Korea. To the east, where the sun rises, Japan borders the Pacific Ocean. The Japanese call their nation Nippon, which means “Land of the Rising Sun” Japan has a remarkable landscape. Mountains and hills cover most of the land. A chain of mountains runs down the middle of Japan. Snow-capped Mount Fuji, Japan’s highest peak, towers over Honshu Island. Swift streams flow from the mountains into the sea. Thick forests cover the mountainsides where deer and monkeys make their homes in the spring; the countryside is colored pink and white with the blossoms of plum and cherry trees. In southern Japan, summers are long and hot. In the north, winters are cold and snowy. Central Japan has an enjoyable climate, with warm summers and cool winters. The country is often shaken by volcanic explosions and earthquakes. Japan’s first powerful rulers were chiefs from the Yamato region. During the Yamatos’ rule, many visitors from other lands came to Japan. Scholars from china brought the Chinese writing system in the 400s. They also......

Words: 3523 - Pages: 15

Main Computer Components - 386 Words | The Man in the High Castle | Baker Street Peculiars (001-004+TPB) (2016-2017) (digital) (Minutemen-...