Jeremy Bentham

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Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832)
Born February 15, 1748, Jeremy Bentham, was an English philosopher, economist and theoretical jurist, the earliest and chief expounder of utilitarianism. (Plamentaz, 2013) He was the first to produce a utilitarian justification for democracy with much to say about prison reform, religion, poor relief, international law and animal welfare. As a visionary well before his time he also advocated universal suffrage and the decimalization of homosexuality. (Plamentaz, 2013)
At the early age of three Jeremy Bentham was a child prodigy, reading multi volumes on the history of England. The first school he attended was Westminster and from there went on to Queen’s college where he received his degree in 1763. He then studied law at Lincoln’s Inn. At Lincoln’s Inn he spent more time conducting chemical experiments than reading law book. Instead of practicing the law he decided to write about it; and he spent his life criticizing the existing law and suggesting ways for improvement. (Who was Jeremy Bentham?, 1999-2014)
Mr. Bentham’s first, A Fragment on Government, appeared in 1776. (Plamentaz, 2013). His most important theoretical work is the Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation (1789), in which most of his moral theory—which he said reflected “the greatest happiness principle” is described and developed. (Sweet) He targeted legal fictions. It was obvious when looking at his main criticisms of the law that his method was analytical and empirical. Bentham’s moral philosophy clearly reflects his psychological view that the primary motivators of human beings are pleasure and pain. Bentham admits that his version of the principal of utility is something that does not admit of direct proof, but he notes that this is not a problem as some explanatory principles do not admit of any such proof and all explanation must start…...

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