Job Analysis and Rewards

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jmsmith1
Words 3120
Pages 13
Chapter 04 Job Analysis and Rewards Answer Key

Changing Nature of Jobs

True / False Questions

1. In most modern organizations, jobs are largely well established and change little over time.
FALSE

2. Job analysis is the process of studying jobs in order to gather, analyze, synthesize, and report information about job requirements.
TRUE

3. Competency based job analysis seeks to identify and describe the specific tasks, KSAOs, and job context for a particular job.
FALSE

4. The traditional way of designing a job is to identify and define its elements and tasks precisely and then incorporate them into a job description.
TRUE

5. Traditional job design is marked by formal organization charts, clear and precise job descriptions and specifications, and well-defined relationships between jobs.
TRUE

6. Changes to jobs have become so radical that the concept of "jobs" is no longer a useful concept in most organizations.
FALSE

7. Advances in technology are one of the major reasons for changes in jobs.
TRUE

8. A job family is a grouping of positions that are similar in their tasks and task dimensions.
FALSE

9. The smallest unit into which work can be divided without analyzing separate motions, movements, and mental processes is called an element.
TRUE

10. Many small-business owners, general managers of start-up strategic business units, and top management members perform flexible jobs that are difficult to classify in traditional job analysis.
TRUE

11. Measures of engagement reflect specific skills sets that are readily measured through job analysis.
FALSE

12. Competency analysis is one way to incorporate engagement into job analysis.
TRUE

Multiple Choice Questions

13. A job description is best defined as _____.
A. the organization's…...

Similar Documents

Job Analysis

...Job Analysis Jen C. Martinez PSY 435 October 1, 2012 Dr. Ellen Myers Job Analysis There are many reasons for analyzing jobs. One reason would be to study and evaluate exactly what a job requires. Another reason would be to describe specifically what skills are needed and the qualifications that are required to complete the job properly. The positions should be stated very clearly what is required so that all of the employees know what is expected of them without having any confusion. The person performing the job analysis should be able to watch a person performing the job or, at the very least know exactly what the job is supposed to accomplish so that the basic characteristics of a potential employee can be evaluated. Jobs change; therefore the job description will change as well. There are some companies that search for an easier, less physical ways while maintaining the same results. There are some employees who are able to find these ways and that is one reason why job descriptions change over time. The position that I have chosen to analyze is a Casual Quality Assurance Technician with Nestle Waters North America. The main purpose for this job is to make sure that all processes from raw materials to the finished product is compliant with the Nestle Waters North America standards. The right candidate would also be responsible for inspecting the products for any flaws and be able to diagnose the issue if there is a problem. The position also requires record......

Words: 1112 - Pages: 5

Job Analysis

...JOB ANALYSIS Job analysis is the process of collecting, analyzing, and setting out information about the content of jobs and the related qualifications necessary for one to perform them. The process involves use of methods and procedures to determine the duties, responsibilities, working conditions, working relationships, and required qualifications. Job analysis produces the following information about a job: 1 Overall purpose: Why the job exists and, in essence, what the holder is expected to contribute. 2 Content: the nature and scope of the job in terms of tasks and operations to be performed and duties to be carried out — i.e. the processes of converting inputs, such as knowledge, skills and abilities, into outputs (results). 3 Accountabilities: The outputs or results for which the job holder is accountable. 4 Performance criteria: The criteria, measures or indicators that enable an assessment to be carried out to ascertain the degree to which the job is bro performed satisfactorily. 5 Responsibilities: the level of responsibility the job holder has to exercise by reference to the scope and input of the job; the amount of discretion a flowed to make decisions; the difficulty, scale, variety and complexity of the problems to be solved, the quantity and value of the resources controlled; and the type and importance of interpersonal relations. 6 Organizational factors: the reporting relationships of the job holder, i.e. to whom he or she reports either directly (line......

Words: 1054 - Pages: 5

Job Redisgn & Workplace Rewards Assessment

...Job Redesign and Workplace Rewards Assessment University of Phoenix Human Motivation PSY/320 Job Redesign and Workplace Rewards Assessment The position of a research coordinator at Mayo Clinic executes the primary components of a research study with the direction from a principal investigator or supervisor. This position is fundamental in complying with regulatory laws and institutional guidelines for the research studies that the group is involved. They prepare and edit study communications and have the responsibility to ensure that all requirements are achieved. They identify problems, enroll study participants and teach study protocol participants what their role is in completing the study. The research coordinator is responsible for accuracy and timeliness in completing study activities and helps with data collection, storage of information and must be able to organize, maintain and retrieve study materials and documentation when is needed or requested. They must be able to recognize defined adverse events and report these to the appropriate parties. (Mayoweb.mayo.edu, 2008). The qualifications for this position require an associate degree in the physical or social sciences or a health-related field or extensive experience in either a health care program, or significant experience in the research setting. Employees must be highly advanced in medical terminology and exhibit a medical background. They must be experience in patient-related......

Words: 1254 - Pages: 6

Off Job and on Job Analysis

...manage this project “Comparative analysis on-job & off-job training effects on employee performance”. Secondly I am thankful to all my teachers who have up till now provided me with the standards of excellence. I would especially like give me thanks to Sir Salman Zia who helped me hard and it is because of his guidance that gets motivated and completed my research work in very fine manner. Finally but more specifically we want to thanks our parents and friends without them, I would not be able to complete our project effectively. Table of Contents Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..….………4 chapter 1 5 Introduction…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………5 chapter 2 7 Review Of Literature…………………………………………………………………………………………………………….7 chapter 3 22 Methodology…………………………………………………………………………………...…………………………………22 chapter 4………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..25 Analysis………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…………………….25 chapter 5………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..40 Summary &Conclusion…………….…………………………………………………………..…………………………..40 Policy Recommendations…….….…………………………………………………………..…………………………..…41 References…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..………43 Appendix………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..…….45 ABSTRACT This study about Comparative Analysis of on-job & off-job training effects on......

Words: 6836 - Pages: 28

Job Analysis

...resources, job analysis plays an important role of it. It provides information regarding positions in the organisation. It is an important topic as well as a vital employment tool which can assist with   HR activities and potential and current employees, ‘Job analysis is the systematic study of positions to identify their observable duties and responsibilities, as well as the knowledge, skills and abilities required to perform a particular task or group of tasks’ ( Kovac,2006, p.1). Methods of conducting job analysis There are many different methods/ways to conduct a job analysis. It is dependent on organizational needs and what resources are available.   Questionnaires, observations and interviews are very common methods.   Although individual methods are used exclusively, several can be used in combination.   In fact, it is recommended that utilizing more than one method is more sensible (How, 1998), (Dessler, 2005).   Reasons for job analysis Job analysis can be used in determining training needs by identifying training content, the assessment tests which need to be used to measure the effectiveness of training, the equipment to be used in the training process, and the methods of training. Job Analysis can also be used in compensation to identify the skill levels, the compensable job factors, the work environment, the responsibilities, and the required level of education and salary level. In selection procedures, job analysis can be used to identify job duties......

Words: 14761 - Pages: 60

Job Analysis

...Resource Management Review j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w. e l s ev i e r. c o m / l o c a t e / h u m r e s Job analysis for a changing workplace Parbudyal Singh ⁎,1 School of Administrative Studies, York University, 4700 Keele Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3 a r t i c l e i n f o a b s t r a c t Job analysis sits at the heart of all human resource practices, making it a critically important management activity in every organization. However, with increasing competition, shorter product life-cycles, rapid technological innovations, and the changing nature of organizational structures, its underlying assumptions are becoming increasingly questionable in today's dynamic work environment. Moreover, the methods used by traditional job analysis are simply not applicable to many new and emerging jobs and some authors feel it may even be an obstacle to organizational success. This has led to calls for a more proactive and strategic approach to job analysis so that the procedures will continue to be relevant. In this article, I emphasize the need for a strategic approach to job analysis, present a strategic job analysis framework, and discuss implications for organizations. © 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Keywords: Strategic job analysis Job analysis Changing workplace Competency modelling 1. Introduction Job analysis may be viewed as the hub of virtually all human resource management activities necessary for the successful functioning...

Words: 12360 - Pages: 50

Job Analysis

...ever the Hell this means. Getting back to your question in the specific. Understanding job analysis information. I am guessing but I believe it means understand how to do your job and understand how others should be doing theirs and do it. Even if they mean something else it probably is just a straight forward concept and saying it in a round about way to make it sound really important. Jeez Louise these people can make you nuts with all their craziness. I would have loved to bash one of my boss's brain in with his best practices paper weight. Don't let it get to you like me. Best Regards Bob Summary: Many companies and managers use job descriptions and job analysis to set employee goals and objectives, so they are tied into the needs of the work unit or company. In this article, you'll learn what job descriptions (and job analysis) are, their uses and applications, and how they can be used to improve performance. What is job analysis? Before we can discuss job descriptions, it is important to understand the distinction between descriptions and specifications. Job analysis is the combination of job descriptions and job specifications. For simplification purposes, "specifications" are the skills and background necessary to perform the responsibilities of the job. Since specifications are often a matter of conjecture and/or judgment, we have often advised that they not be listed on a job description and, if they are, that they have been determined by more than one person......

Words: 2143 - Pages: 9

Rewards, Motivation and Job Satisfaction

...Introduction Rewards, Motivation and Job Satisfaction are important and significant variables to the organization success as it is an employee’s attitude towards their job. The higher the job satisfaction, the more the employees will hold a positive attitude towards their jobs. Similarly, the organization will have low turnover rate and better in talent retention. (Sarwar & Abugre, 2013) Therefore, an organization’s strategy is linked to job satisfaction of the employees as it has direct impact on productivity and profitability. (Khalid, et al., 2011) In many organizations, employee turnover is a major issue because of the cost involved with new hiring and training. The purpose of this study is to find out the relationship between job satisfaction and employees performance in Gas Pte Ltd. (Sarwar & Abugre, 2013) Chapter 2 – Literature Review In the past, the organizations provide a permanent guarantee for the job and employees will in return give the organizations their loyalty and their best performance. However, this is a dream now which show that the job satisfaction in the organization has changed over the years. Employees are more educated and highly trained in skill. They are able to perform their duties based on their capabilities to achieve the goals of the organization. As a result now, organizations should recognize what are the needs to motivate their employees to deliver their best to the organizations. (Zaidi & Abbas, 2011) 2.1......

Words: 1921 - Pages: 8

Rewards, Motivation and Job Satisfaction

...Introduction Rewards, Motivation and Job Satisfaction are important and significant variables to the organization success as it is an employee’s attitude towards their job. The higher the job satisfaction, the more the employees will hold a positive attitude towards their jobs. Similarly, the organization will have low turnover rate and better in talent retention. (Sarwar & Abugre, 2013) Therefore, an organization’s strategy is linked to job satisfaction of the employees as it has direct impact on productivity and profitability. (Khalid, et al., 2011) In many organizations, employee turnover is a major issue because of the cost involved with new hiring and training. The purpose of this study is to find out the relationship between job satisfaction and employees performance in Gas Pte Ltd. (Sarwar & Abugre, 2013) Chapter 2 – Literature Review In the past, the organizations provide a permanent guarantee for the job and employees will in return give the organizations their loyalty and their best performance. However, this is a dream now which show that the job satisfaction in the organization has changed over the years. Employees are more educated and highly trained in skill. They are able to perform their duties based on their capabilities to achieve the goals of the organization. As a result now, organizations should recognize what are the needs to motivate their employees to deliver their best to the organizations. (Zaidi & Abbas, 2011) 2.1......

Words: 1921 - Pages: 8

Job Analysis

...JOB ANALYSYS Basics of Job Analysis: Job analysis is a systematic gathering and organization of information concerning jobs. Job analysis puts a job under the microscope to reveal important details about it. Specifically, it identifies the task, duties, and responsibilities of a particular job. * A task is a basic element of work that is a logical and necessary step in performing a job duty. * A duty consist of one or more tasks that constitute a significant activity performed in a job. * A responsibility is one or several duties that identify and describe the major purpose or reason for the job’s existence. Job Description: A job description is a summary statement of the information collected in the job analysis process. It is a written document that identifies, defines and describes a job in term of its duties, responsibilities, working conditions and specifications. Example: Job Description of an Assistant Officer are shown in bellow: * Checking all payments of the Organization * Assist in monthly Internal Audit on various Department * Preparation of report on regular work. * Assist in auditing on VAT & Tax Computation * Assist in auditing Bank reconciliation statements * Perform any other task given by the management relating to Audit / Investigation on time to time. Key Learning Point: * Concept of job description. Specific Job Description: A specific job description is a detailed summary of a job’s task, duties...

Words: 4262 - Pages: 18

Job Redesign and Workplace Rewards Assessment

...Job Redesign and Workplace Rewards Assessment Aubrey Snyder Human Motivation PSY/320 July 25, 2011 Laurel Taron Job Redesign and Workplace Rewards Assessment Motivating employees demands a clear understanding of motivational theories and human behavior, alike. Only then will the employer be in a position to reach the true self of his or her employees. Understanding human behavior and motivation and in turn knowing how to apply this information to the workplace potential is essential to good management, which allows employers to successfully motivate employees as well as ensure employee satisfaction (Reeve, 2009).  Employee motivation and satisfaction are positively related to performance and productivity. So, motivational strategies can purposefully be used as a catalyst that is very beneficial for the employer and the employee alike (Reeve, 2009). An organization’s success is built on its employees’ performance. Companies offer innovative ways to engage employee’s motivation, essentially enhancing the employee’s drive and determination. In addition to increasing motivation, companies create effective ways for employees to manage conflict. Without patience and care, an organization can be faced with damaging results. Each company has its own way of analyzing and resolving unwanted conflict, usually with the help of its ethics program. Employees play a major role in the company’s success. Therefore, conflict and motivation management should be created with......

Words: 2117 - Pages: 9

Job Analysis

...“A job analysis is the process of getting detailed information about jobs” (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, & Wright, 2014). The job analysis breaks down the skills, knowledge and abilities necessary to perform a position. All positions begin with a job analysis, it is the drawing board for what the position requires. When it comes to a Customer Service Representative position a human resources manager must make sure to perform a detail assessment of what are the job duties, what skills are needed, what is the work flow, and how many employees are need for the position. There are many approaches that a human resources manager can take to conduct a job analysis of the customer service representative position. Three approaches that are important in conducting a job analysis are job-oriented, worker-oriented, and skill-oriented. “Job-oriented focuses on the work activities” (University of Oklahoma, 2014). This list the activities that are required for the job which will be listed within the job description. “The job description is a list of the task, duties and responsibilities that a job entails” (Noe, Hollenbeck, Gerhart, & Wright, 2014). The major pro of this approach is that it gives a clear understanding of what the job entails. It tells exactly what the duties of the job are and helps to outline other components of the job including compensation, training, benefits, etc. The major con of this that it only gives what the duties are for a position but it does not tell......

Words: 1591 - Pages: 7

Job Analysis

...Milkovich−Newman: Compensation, Eighth Edition I. Internal Alignment: Determining the Structure 4. Job Analysis © The McGraw−Hill Companies, 2004 Chapter Four Job Analysis Chapter Outline Structures Based on Jobs, People, or Both Job-Based Approach: Most Common Why Perform Job Analysis? Job Analysis Procedures What Information Should Be Collected? Job Data: Identification Job Data: Content Employee Data “Essential Elements” and the Americans with Disabilities Act Level of Analysis How Can the Information Be Collected? Conventional Methods Quantitative Methods Who Collects the Information? Who Provides the Information? What about Discrepancies? Job Descriptions Summarize the Data Describing Managerial/Professional Jobs Verify the Description Job Analysis: Bedrock or Bureaucracy? Judging Job Analysis Reliability Validity Acceptability Usefulness A Judgment Call Your Turn: The Customer-Service Agent Three people sit in front of their keyboards scanning their monitors. One is a sales representative in Ohio, checking the progress of an order for four dozen picture cell phones from a retailer in Texas, who just placed the four dozen into his shopping cart on the company’s website. A second is an engineer logging in to the project design software for the next generation of these picture cell phones. Colleagues in China working on the same project last night (day in China) sent some suggestions for changes in the new design; the...

Words: 15273 - Pages: 62

Job Analysis

... | | | | | | | |Job |4 | | |Analysis | | | |Lecture Outline | | | |Strategic Overview |In Brief: In this chapter, Dessler explains the uses of | | |The Nature of Job Analysis |job analysis information and carefully describes the | | |Uses of Job Analysis Information |methods of conducting a job analysis. The tasks of | | |Steps in Job Analysis |writing job descriptions and job specifications are also | | |Methods of Collecting Job Analysis Information |outlined. Finally, he discusses the trends of enlarging | | |The Interview |and de-jobbing positions. ...

Words: 4966 - Pages: 20

Job Analysis and Job Design

...Assignment 1 1 Job Analysis and Job Design Introduction Human Resource Management (HRM) systems consist of two major components: job analysis and job design. They have widely-differing contributions on building HRM systems attributed to the change of organizational strategy. This regards to job descriptions, specifications, and different approaches to redesigning the organizational HR systems. The implications of a boundary-less organization are examined that all context of the boundary organization is interdependent in communications, recruitment, selection, compensation and training (Fombrun et al. 1984). It also examines how environment, strategy, and organization are correlated to each other regarding to the conceptual framework for both job analysis and design of work. It initially becomes the most significant element to organizational strategy as to maximize organizational performance. This essay discuss how job analysis and design of work contribute in terms of building a more sophisticated human resource management (HRM) systems, regarding to both positive and negative outcomes from different approaches. It also illustrates the contributions of changeable job analysis in a regular basis as to fulfill the rapid-changing demand of working environment, in addition to a well-developed job redesign approach to support organizational strategy. Job Analysis and Competencies Job analysis could be categorized into job descriptions and job specifications,......

Words: 1537 - Pages: 7

TECNO T371 - 2.4 Dual Sim Mobile Phone - GREY -11% KSh 2,399 KSh 2,699 (14 Offers from KSh 2,399 ) (2) Buy now | Mr. Mercedes | Detective Conan The Raven Chaser 2009 m-HD BluRay AAC x264-ghost.zer...