Juvenile Process and Corrections

In: Other Topics

Submitted By finnab19
Words 1167
Pages 5
Fatimah Innab

Juvenile Process and Corrections

JUS 374 Juvenile Justice Systems and Processes

Debra Nadeau

May 7, 2012

Justice has always been the goal of our court system, but it is not always assisted, especially in cases involving juveniles. The judiciary process has progressed from a system that did not originally consider juveniles, to one where juveniles have their own court proceedings, facilities, and even laws. The juvenile justice system has come a long way, and individuals have worked very hard in its creation. A juvenile is considered to be an individual, under the age of 18, approaching an adult. However, approaching an adult does not always mean that juveniles will have an adult mindset. Therefore, juveniles may need extra attention to help get their lives on track. This paper will examine the process and corrections of delinquent juveniles.

The police and other law enforcement agencies usually have first contact with juvenile offenders. Juveniles can come into contact with law enforcement in three ways. First, law enforcement officers may see a law violation and respond. Second, officers may receive a report of delinquency and investigate it. Third, juvenile offenders might turn themselves in, accepting responsibility for a delinquent behavior. Officers have a variation of options to control juveniles when they come into contact with them. These options can be grouped into informal and formal options.

The more serious the delinquent behavior, the less discretion that officers have to informally resolve the matter, basically not arrest the youth. Officers have four informal options when dealing with juvenile offenders. First, ignore the behavior, second, give the juvenile a warning and call his or her parents, three, make a referral to a social service agency, and finally, take the youth to the police…...

Similar Documents

Corrections

...-Corrections is a booming business prisons + crime = profitable industry we have an Increasing number of people under correctional supervision 6 million people under the correctional system by the end of the century - Tough on Crime Political Stance popular public policy 20 million victimizations in 2009 repeat violent felons off of the streets treat minors as adults create mandatory sentencing laws reduce time-off-for-good-behavior - Shift in Public Opinion 4.3 million violent crimes 33 million personal theft crimes - 7.2 million 3% (1 in 33) of adults in the U.S. are under some sort of correctional supervision -Probation (community sentence) and parole are NOT the same thing -1.3% average annual increase from 2000 to 2009 But declined 1.3% in 2010 to 2009 “has the correctional population supervision increased or decreased from 2000 to 2009?” Answer: INCREASED - the majority of people in the corrections system are on PROBATION - Percentage breakdowns for types of offences: 9% Public Disorder (35% federal) DUI, indecent exposure, drunken disorderly, prostitution, etc. 18% Drug Offence (51% federal) 19% Property Offense (less than 10% federal) 53% Violent Offenses (less than 10% federal) - Regions highest to lowest South West Midwest Fed? North East - Top 5 States Federal Texas California Florida New York Notes From Ch. 1 in Textbook- - Penology the study of the use of punishment for criminal acts - Penitentiary typically......

Words: 4157 - Pages: 17

Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections

...Juvenile Justice Process and corrections Arica Kritz CJA/374 January 27, 2014 Joseph Maffia Introduction Every child within the juvenile justice proceedings will receive an individualized plan for rehabilitation, (sometimes this may include punishment). This plan is specialized for the specific needs of the juvenile and with success the results will produce a law abiding and high functioning juvenile, in which will help guarantee these positive behaviors through adulthood. Case study Seventeen year old Xander L. is a black male with a history of gang affiliation amongst several criminal behaviors beginning at the age of 13 (i.e., stealing a purse, breaking and entering, and possessing drugs.) As a result of his criminal activities Xander has been on probation twice and has spent a year in a juvenile correctional facility. His most current violation (in which he pleaded guilty) of the law was possession of a concealed weapon. Xander lives with his mother in a high crime neighborhood and he does not have a relationship with his father. His mother is a working adult who does not enable Xander’s behaviors, for she has called the police on him in the past. However, Xander and his mother are close as a result he would like to receive his general equivalency diploma (GED) to make his mother happy. After Arrest As a result of Xander’s possession of a concealed weapon, a law enforcement professional arrests the juvenile. Considering Xander’s extensive history......

Words: 991 - Pages: 4

Corrections

...polices, courts, and corrections. Each component will be defined according to the criminal justice system. Police are people that keep the community in peace with issues and are in charge of regulating the crime and affairs within their city limits. Each police force follow the same laws in there state. But in every city is different on how they enforce it and the leniency. Then you have the federal police agencies which would be the FBI, NSA, DEA, CIA, ATF, DHS, SS, and U.S. Marshals. They all do the same thing but they do it in higher law which deals with the Federal laws and there stand point. The Criminal Justice System is in place to enforce the law in a public order. Which it protects people from crimes and harm. The courts deal with people that have broken the law set in place of the system. Which are the offenders that go in and whatever they are being charged with the judge or the jury determine the sentence depending on what the case is. The courts also do more than that. They also help out with getting warrants and information for an arrest which then goes back on the police to do their job to bring the justice of peace. Corrections depends on the service of corrections you talk about because you have probation, parole, juvenile corrections, and social services. This area of people keep the offenders in line with things they have to do to meet requirements in order to go back in live like everyone else. Also the people that are in corrections also can have......

Words: 587 - Pages: 3

Juvenile Justice Process and Correction

...Juvenile Justice Process and Correction Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections The following information is intended for the parent of a document gang member Xander L. a 17 year-old African American male whose have several juvenile adjudications with the Shelby County, Tennessee Juvenile Court. Xander prior adjudications include purse snatching, breaking and entering, and drug possession. Xander was 13 years old when he committed his first juvenile offense. He was placed in a juvenile correctional facility for a year and on probation twice. Xander resides in the housing projects with his single mother that currently works two jobs. The father has never been a part of this life; however Xander and his mother have a close relationship. She is not happy with his behavior. Xander currently plead guilty for possession of a conceal weapon, however he would like to make his mother proud by obtaining his general equivalency diploma. The purpose of this information is to explain or describe the process after a juvenile arrest, intake processors, court operation, and the disposition. In Tennessee, there is an intake procedure at the juvenile courts.  Juveniles are informed of the charges against them and their rights.  There is no statutory requirement for the court to inform a juvenile of the collateral consequences possibly resulting from adjudication. Once the police officer refers a case to juvenile court, a prosecutor or juvenile court intake officer (often a......

Words: 1033 - Pages: 5

Juvenile Court Process/ Cjs 220

...Juvenile Court Process CJS/220 February 28, 2014 Harvey Smith Juvenile Court Process The juvenile court system was put in place for people that commit crimes or have disciplinary problems that are under the age of eighteen. After the age of eighteen a person must be tried in adult court or depending upon the severity of the crime. Initially juvenile court was put in place as a form of rehabilitation for youth. The Juvenile Court System is managed under the theory of rehabilitation rather than punishment in which acts as parens patriae. (Meyer & Grant, 2003). Parens patriae is when a parent is reluctant or incapable to control a child, the state has the power to step in and act in the child’s and society’s best interest (Meyer & Grant, 2003). Juveniles do not succumb to the same rules as adults when being taken into custody. The juvenile justice system is directed toward protecting a youth’s privacy, protecting the youth from harm, and providing treatment or support services rather than punishment (CJI, ch.14). Once a juvenile is found guilty of a crime they are sent a juvenile detention center opposed to being sent to a jail or prison. I believe the juvenile process should differ from the adult process depending on the crime. At a certain age you are able to think logically and understand right from wrong and if you commit a crime you should be able to understand the severity of it. If you steal from a store and you’re under the age of......

Words: 322 - Pages: 2

Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections

...entrust youths to the most suitable program; taking into consideration all the comparative expense and dissimilarities in success of each program (Greenwood, 2008). Whenever distrust happen about which program specific kind of youths should be entrusted to, appraising should be organize to decide which of the participate option is best. Last but not least, once programs have been accomplish they must be observe to verify that they follow the program plan as knowing. Traders of many confirm programs have created their own allegiance proportion implement locally created programs will need local progression of such tools (Greenwood, 2008). One cause for the unhurried procedure is mainly not enough stability for performance within the juvenile justice system, or even any capacity to measure result (Greenwood, 2008). Only infrequently does an authority take delinquency prevention and intervention seriously enough to measure the result of its attempt preferably. It tends to appraise bureau on how well they meet quality for safeguarding the health and security of their demand, and stopping runaways or occurrence need self-discipline without the accessibility of such information as re-arrest or high school graduation rates (Greenwood, 2008). There is a small force on authority officials to update their performance. Second difficulty is not enough money. Applying proof-based programs, primarily the blueprint designs is costly training a single group of therapists and their......

Words: 1127 - Pages: 5

Juvenile Process and Corrections

...Juvenile Process and Corrections Juvenile Process and Corrections Detained Dispositional Hearing Jurisdictional Hearing [Detained] Rehearing Pretrial Hearing [Released] Home Supervision Detention Hearing Probation Commitment Detention Pretrial Hearing Petition Detained The officer will have several choices as how to handle the situation. First the officer would need to determine if the situation is serious enough to take Collen directly to the Juvenile Center intake unit. The officer could also decide to write a citation and make Collen, and her aunt sign a promise to see a probation officer at the Juvenile Center. In this case with Colleen M. the officer took Colleen to the Juvenile Center intake unit and asked that charges be filed since the situation was serious with the death of a neighbor. The officer will have several choices as how to handle the situation. First the officer would need to determine if the situation is serious enough to take Colleen directly to the Juvenile Center intake unit, or if writing a citation. Colleen and her aunt would sign a promise to see a probation officer at the Juvenile Center. The officer needs to investigate then to receive the evidence and facts to determine if the death was caused by Colleen acting in a reckless or criminal negligence. Or if Colleen had not simply...

Words: 1326 - Pages: 6

Cjs 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process

...CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email Us : homeworkregency@gmail.com CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email Us : homeworkregency@gmail.com CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email Us : homeworkregency@gmail.com CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email Us : homeworkregency@gmail.com CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email......

Words: 1978 - Pages: 8

Cjs 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process

...CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email Us : homeworkregency@gmail.com CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email Us : homeworkregency@gmail.com CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email Us : homeworkregency@gmail.com CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email Us : homeworkregency@gmail.com CJS 220 Week 8 Checkpoint Juvenile Court Process To Buy this Class Copy & paste below link in your Brower http://www.homeworkregency.com/downloads/cjs-220-week-8-checkpoint-juvenile-court-process/ Or Visit Our Website Visit : http://www.homeworkregency.com Email......

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5

Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections

...Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections Aimee Pallais John Peterson July 22, 2014 Juvenile Justice Systems and Processes Throughout the years juvenile delinquents have been known as children who do not know any better, children who come from unloving and dangerous families and environments. The majority of these juveniles are not fully punished for the crimes they commit, they receive very little punishment therefore they do not understand their wrong doing. On the other hand, there are a few juveniles that are treated and punished like adults, this all depending on the crime committed. For example, if a 15-year-old boy commits a brutal murder he will be tried and prosecuted as an adult. If a 13-year-old boy commits a brutal rape he will also be tried and punished as an adult. Punishing juveniles as an adult for serious and not so serious crimes is necessary. This teaches the juveniles that there are consequences for their bad actions. Many people believe that these particular juveniles are better off in a rehabilitation enter or in a prevention and intervention program rather than in prison for the rest of their lives. People must understand that if a young boy or girl feel grown up enough to commit a murder, rape, or armed robbery, then they must accept a grown up punishment. There are a great amount of children who believe they are grown up and believe that they can handle grown up situations and consequences. The difference is that the decisions made by these...

Words: 782 - Pages: 4

Juvenile Delinquency and Juvenile Crime

...Juvenile Justice System Ruben Lopez, University of Phoenix CJA/204 – INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE ON13BCJ05 Judge Michael Sachs July 28, 2013 Juvenile Justice System In the middle ages, children were treated as adults and received the same punishment as adults, whether it be public shaming, corporal punishment or confinement. In our country, the early American Puritans changed the way children were viewed because they believed that children could not reason the same as adults, so they did not want to hold them to the same standards ("CJi Interactive", 2011). With the Puritans view of children and not holding them to the same standards as adults, it started the juvenile justice system in our country. This was the first step that lead to what the system is today. Delinquency and Status Offenses According to Schmalleger (2011), he defines delinquency as, “juvenile actions or conduct in violation of criminal law, juvenile status offenses, and other juvenile misbehavior.” and defines status offense as “An act or conduct that is declared by statute to be an offense, but only when committed by or engaged in by a juvenile, and that can be adjudicated only by a juvenile court.” (p. 543 and 547). The difference between children who are delinquents and those who are status offenders is the laws that are being violated. Delinquent children violate laws that are criminal and if they were adults, they would be labeled as criminals. Status offenders are children who...

Words: 1765 - Pages: 8

Juvenile Court Process

...Juvenile offenders are young persons who cannot be tried as adults because they are too young. Juvenile court process are not like adult court process. When a juvenile gets caught doing something bad they do not go to jail. They get taken to law enforcement but the parents are contacted so they can pick them up there. That is the intake process. The next step after that is the adjudication process. That is when the charges are reviewed and the juvenile has court hearings. Usually the hearings for juveniles are not public. They are usually behind closed doors. If the juvenile is convicted then that is the disposition process. That is when they determine what kind of punishment the juvenile will receive. For example if they need to go to a juvenile rehab or probation, or if they need to get sent to boot camp and also if they need to pay any restitution for any damage they need to pay for. Like for example to pay for a damaged window or to pay for something they have stolen from a grocery store. Young teenagers are considered juveniles until the age of 17. After the age of 17 they can be tried as adults. Most juveniles learn their lesson the first time they get in trouble. Some do not and continue to get in trouble. Sometimes that happens due to the fact that their parents do not care about them. They come from families with no dads around only moms or vice versa. I think juveniles should be punished the hard way as soon as they start acting up and getting into trouble. That way...

Words: 304 - Pages: 2

Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections

...Juvenile Justice Process and Corrections Journal Entry Today I got caught up once again. This life is tough, living in the projects, not having or even knowing my father, and my mom is always working. She has two jobs and I never really see her. I try to stay out of trouble, but for some reason always find my way back to it. My name is Xander, I’m only 17, and tonight I know I have disappointed my mom again. I have a long rap sheet already at this young age, everything from robberies to possession of narcotics and burglary. I guess I just don’t learn my lesson. I was hanging out with some of my friends from the block and one of them told me to hold a gun. I told him I didn’t want to, since I have been already locked up in for a year in juvenile hall. I get caught again they may charge me as an adult or longer jail time in juvenile hall. He then told me if I were down for the gang I would hold it. Pretty much made me take the gun from him and place it in side my pants. I couldn’t say no, plus we needed protection. We cant just hangout in the streets and not have protection from our rivals. I was inside my buddy’s car when we got pulled over. We were all on probation, and had some weed visible in a cup holder. The cop pulled us out of the car. I ran, I’m on probation and have a gun on me. The cops chased me and found me in bushes. It all happened so fast that I forgot to throw the gun out. He searched me and found the gun in my waistband. That could’ve gone a lot worse if I...

Words: 937 - Pages: 4

Juvenile

...Corrections Position Paper: Juveniles Tried as Adults by Michael Holland There are thousands of children who have been sentenced as adults and shipped off to adult prisons all across the United States. The juvenile justice focuses on rehabilitation rather than punishment, as is the modern trend in corrections compared to the past. Although the focus is on rehabilitation and recidivism, until offenders are willing to accept the responsibilities and consequences for their own actions, change cannot occur. Each state’s statutes outline the guidelines that determine whether or not a juvenile offender should be tried as an adult. It would be foolish to ignore both security and safety issues that stem from youth now being incarcerated as adults. My belief is that a juvenile offender would have to meet a specific criterion to be tried as an adult based on age, priors, and type of offense. We have the ability to reach children at an impressionable time in their lives and show them there is an alternative to life behind walls because fifteen year olds do not belong in an adult prison. As with any topic of debate, there are two sides to the argument for juveniles being tried as adults. Those who support this notion argue valid points which shouldn’t be overlooked when dissecting this topic. First and foremost, the most important factor in my opinion and one that makes me question my position of stance; by trying a juvenile as an adult we are deterring and minimizing crimes...

Words: 1160 - Pages: 5

History of Juvenile Correction Philosophies and Facilities

...Name Teacher Juvenile Justice 113 I1 Date History of Juvenile Correction Philosophies and Facilities To talk of the history of juvenile correction philosophies and different juvenile correction facilities, one should understand a brief juvenile justice history to bring us to a point where a correction philosophy or correction facility would be needed. Dealing with juveniles in criminal matters can be traced back as far as the beginning of time. However, early Europe in the fifth century A.D. is where we will start. What is considered a juvenile??? At this time in history the age was fixed at seven for determining whether youths would be exempted from criminal responsibility. With the onset of puberty, at the age of twelve for girls and fourteen for boys, youths were held totally responsibility for their socially unacceptable behaviors. English juvenile justice had some 160 to 200 capital offenses statutes listed for which children could be executed. In London in 1785 eighteen of twenty juveniles were executed. Executions of juveniles continued into the 1800s. (Bartollas, Miller, 2014, p. 4) Here in the United States during the colonial period juvenile justice was shaped by the culture and religious ideas of the Puritans. The family was expected to control their children and when juveniles were caught breaking laws they were sent back to their families for punishment. Of course the older the child got the greater the chances the juveniles would be dealt with by......

Words: 1475 - Pages: 6

Let It Snow | Pataakha | Watch Now