Keynes

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"Джон Мейнард Кейнс и его общая теория"
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ

ВВЕДЕНИЕ 3 ЛИЧНАЯ И СЕМЕЙНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ 5 КЕЙНС И ЕГО РАБОТА 6 "ОБЩАЯ ТЕОРИЯ ЗАНЯТОСТИ, ПРОЦЕНТА И ДЕНЕГ" 9 НОВИЗНА ГЛАВНОЙ ИДЕИ "ОБЩЕЙ ТЕОРИИ" 10 Методологическая связь с концепцией меркантилизма 11 Методологические расхождения с классиками и неоклассиками 11 КОНЦЕПЦИЯ МУЛЬТИПЛИКАТОРА ИНВЕСТИЦИЙ 12 ХВАЛЕБНЫЕ МНЕНИЯ 19 ЛИЧНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ И СМЕРТЬ 20 КЕЙНСИАНСТВО В СОВРЕМЕННОМ МИРЕ 21 СПИСОК ИСПОЛЬЗУЕМОЙ ЛИТЕРАТУРЫ 23

ВВЕДЕНИЕ

Джон Мейнард Кейнс, 1-ый барон Кейнский, графство Суссекс (5 июня 1883 – 21 апреля 1946) был британским экономистом, чьи идеи во многом повлияли на современную макроэкономику, как в теории, так и на практике.
В начале Кейнс был простым экономистом, пытающимся решить некоторые вопросы, ясные ответы на которые еще не были предложены обычными экономистами. В конце концов, он опрокинул основной постулат о том, который он назвал "классической экономикой", что экономия является ключом к экономическому росту и что экономия всегда приведет к инвестициям. Кейнс пришел к выводу, что аппетит к инвестициям, как правило, подкармливает аппетит на экономию, в результате чего экономический рост и занятость ниже опускаются ниже возможного уровня до тех пор, пока не вмешивается правительство. В 1930-х годах Кейнс возглавил революцию в экономическом мышлении, переворачивая старые идеи неоклассической экономической теории, в соответствие с которой свободный рынок будет автоматически обеспечить полную занятость до тех пор, пока заработная плата рабочих остается гибкой. Он писал: "Классические теоретики напоминают евклидову геометров в неевклидовом мире, которые, обнаружив, что на опыте прямые параллельные линии часто пересекаются, обвиняют линии в том, что они не прямые, как единственный способ объяснения столкновений, которые происходят. Однако, по правде говоря, нет иного…...

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