Korea Beginner

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By priscillachc91
Words 1064
Pages 5
1.Vowels 모음
 The vowels are based on sky, land, and human, which are regarded as the fundamental elements of the world according to Oriental philosophy. The vowels are based on these three characters, and they were made according to the principle of combination. Let’s learn Korean vowels.
모음
vowel

이름 name 음가
Phonetic value

연습
Practice

ㅏ ㅑ ㅓ ㅕ ㅗ ㅛ ㅜ ㅠ ㅡ ㅣ

아 야 어 여 오 요 우 유 으 이

[a] as like ‘car’

아 야 어 여 오 요 우 유 으 이

[ja] as like’ yahoo’

[eo] as like ‘up’

[yeo] as like’ young’

[o] as like ‘go’

[yo] as like ‘yo-yo’

[u] as like ‘moon’

[yu] as like ‘you’

[eu] as like ‘ taken’

[i] as like ‘ bee’

Page 1 of 12

2.Consonants 자음
 The consonants are based on the structure and the shape of the organ used when pronouncing that consonant (mouth, lips, tongue, throat, and teeth). Let’s learn Korean consonants.
자음
consona nts

이름 name 음가
Phonetic value

연습
Practice

ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ

기역 giyeok 니은 nieun 디귿 digeut 리을 rieul 미음 mieum 비읍 bieup 시옷 siot 이응 ieung 지읒 jieut 치읓 jieut 키엌 kieuk 티읕 tieut 피읖 pieup 히읗 hieut

[g/k] as like ‘goal’ [n] as like ‘no’ [d/t] as like ‘door’ [l/r] as like ‘lion/ rain’ [m] as like ‘mother’ [b/p] as like ‘boy’ [s] as like ‘sky’ [sh] as like ‘ship’ [no sound] [ng] as like ‘song’ [c/j] as like ‘jucy’ [ch] as like ‘chicken’ [k] as like ‘Korea’ [t] as like ‘tiger’ [p] as like ‘pie’ [h] as like ‘home’

ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ

Page 2 of 12

3.Double vowels 겹 모음
 These characters combined two or three vowels. Let’s learn Korean double vowels.
겹 모음
Double vowel

이름 name 음가
Phonetic value

연습
Practice

ㅐ ㅔ ㅒ ㅖ ㅘ ㅙ ㅚ ㅝ ㅞ ㅟ ㅢ

애 에 얘 예 와 왜 외 워 웨 위 의

[ae] as like ‘and’ [ja] as like ‘end’ [eo] as like ‘yeh’ [yeo] as like ‘yes’ [wa] as like ‘Hawaii’ [wae] as like ‘weight’ [oe] as like ‘way’

애 에 얘 예 와 왜 외 워 웨 위 의

[wo] as like‘ want’ [we] as like…...

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