Lab 1.1

In: Computers and Technology

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Unit 1. Assignment 1. Homework 1. Why is the CPU the most important component in a computer?
The CPU stands for Central Processing Unit. It does all the processing for the entire system. Without it, your computer can't do anything. It has nothing to process information. It's just dead without it. 2. What number does a bit that is turned on represent? What number does a bit that is turned off represent?
When a bit is turned on, it represents a "1". When it is turned off, it represents a "0". The exact value depends on where the bit is within the byte it is part of.
In the binary number 0000 0001, the last bit is set to 1 and represents the number 1. 3. What would you call a device that works with binary data?
Digital Data is data that is stored in binary, and a Digital Device is any device that works with binary data 4. What are the words that make up a high-level programming language called?
The words that make up a high-level programming language are known as key words or reserved words. 5. What are the short words that are used in assembly language called?
Mnemonic
6. What is the difference between a complier and an interpreter?
A compiler translates code from a source language (e.g. C, C++, and Java) to a target language, which can then be executed by a (virtual or physical) machine.
An interpreter reads code in an interpreted language (e.g. PHP, Perl, and Java Script) and directly executes the contained instructions. 7. What type of software controls the internal operations of the computer’s hardware?
The programs that control and manage the basic operations of a computer's hardware are generally referred to system software.

Lab 1.1: GUI vs. Console Programming

1. What similarities do you see between the two programs?
The similarities that I see between the two programs are the way the answers are displayed. Easy display…...

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