Law- Theories of Corrections

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Theories of Corrections
Correction theories are based on two common principles within the corrections Some correctional systems use punishment as the primary approach, others stress rehabilitation. This has been a huge debit and for some one approach is better then the other, but how to chose what to do with a criminal. Some belive, and have a strong argument that, imprisoning someone like that merely adds to the problem. In jail and correctional facilites, offenders rarely learn new skills, except how to be a more successful criminal. When locked in a prison or jail, criminals are surrounded by their peers of other criminals with the same stories, and “advise” on how to or what they did, therefor learning new ways to try and get away with crimes. After being released they potentialuy use the things they have learned in the correctional setting to comit the same or different crimes, based on their new knowledge they have learned with “locked up”. Underneath this approach is the view that “if we do the crime we pay the time”. Twenty-five percent of criminal activity can be reduced by lengthy prison sentences. This is a small amount, and doesn’t appear to be that effective. The punishment model supports the: * the war on drugs * the transformation of the prison through new surveillance technologies (making it safer for guards, in particular) * restorative justice for victims * privatizing prisons
This is to make them more efficient and cost-effective.
Those on the rehabilitation side believe crimes are usually committed because of social and/or because of economic reasons.

References
(Website reference Example- keep in alphabetical order)
The criminal justice system. (2013). Retrieved from http://personal.uncc.edu/mfmckenz/Socy3173.The Criminal Justice System.htm
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