Leadership Models

In: Business and Management

Submitted By kdone
Words 1750
Pages 7
Leadership Models
University of Phoenix

Leadership Models
Leadership is a group phenomenon that includes interpersonal influence or persuasion, is goal directed and can lead others through certain actions or to achieving goals through influence, and has hierarchy within the group that can be formal and well defined or informal and flexible. Leaders assist in establishing goals and reaching those goals through actions, allowing individuals in leadership positions to be effective (Nahavandi, 2006). Leadership research has been and will be completed by many individuals and has led to many theories and models to be developed that have both similarities and differences. Four theories or models of leadership that have been researched and developed include trait theories, transactional leadership, transformational leadership, and situational leadership. The research on each of these has varied in amount and focus, but mostly the information has helped to develop theories and styles that can be important in understanding and developing leadership skills (Clawson & Bevan, 2006).
Trait Theories
The first type of leadership theories studied revolved around the traits effective leaders were shown to have. Trait theories of leadership focused on what traits an individual has that assist in his or her leadership abilities. These traits were considered innate or heritable and were believed to be passed down through familial generations (Zaccaro, 2007). Originally the traits were believed to be a part of the individual from birth, but later enduring traits were considered just as important. Traits important to these theories included “accuracy in work, knowledge of human nature, and moral habits” such as judgment, speech, interpersonal, and administrative skills (Zaccaro, 2007, para. 1). Researchers would measure specific traits thought to be found in indivduals who…...

Similar Documents

Situational Leadership Model

...lSITUATIONAL LEADERSHIP MODEL A question that leaders face every day is in what way should they lead their followers. Some believe that everyone can be treated the same in every situation. The problem with this, however, is that not every follower reacts to a leadership style the same, and not every situation calls for the same style of leadership. The situational leadership model promotes leadership that is flexible, and caters itself to different situations and different people within an organization. The first thing a leader has to do is classify the abilities and willingness of his followers. The categories described by the situational leadership model are: able and willing/confident, able but unwilling/insecure, unable but willing/confident, and unable and unwilling/insecure. Once a leader knows his follower's abilities and willingness, he can plot them on a graph that shows the importance of a task and what kind of relationship the leader needs to have with that follower. The first style on the graph is the telling section. This section is for tasks that require a high level of supervision but do not require the leader to have a good relationship with the follower. In this style, a leader will be very specific with the follower about what he wants done, how the task should be done, and when it should be done by. The leader is more concerned about the follower completing the task correctly rather than the growth of the follower. This form of leadership is used a......

Words: 554 - Pages: 3

The Four Situational Leadership Models

...The four situational leadership models Abstract In this paper the team was asked to discuss the similarities and differences of the four situational leadership models. In the following paper I will discuss the SLT models which are Fielder’s Contingency Model, Vroom, Yetton and Jago Model, House’s Path-Goal Model, and Hersey-Blanchard theory. I will define the theories as well as compare and contrast the SLT models. Introduction to Situational Leadership Styles The situational theory model addresses the fact that “one size does not fit all” in the realm of leadership styles. There is no single best approach to manage a workforce; rather it is about choosing the appropriate leadership style for the right people to maximize communication and performance. Employee’s motivation is driven by a manager’s capability to adapt to their workforce and culture. These four SLT models combine a range of managerial styles that are tailored to adapt to the different personalities within an organization. Some are more flexible than others. Overall, they seek to expand the knowledge base on leadership theories and provides a more modern approach to understanding effective leadership models compared to the traditional model that states the same leadership tactics will be effective across the entire organization (Irgens, O. M. 1995). The following sections will provide insight into each of the models. Based on Fiedler’s theory, a leader’s behavior is......

Words: 1414 - Pages: 6

Leadership Model, Model

...Leadership Models Leadership styles cannot be fully explained by behavioural models. The situation in which the group is operating also determines the style of leadership which is adopted. Several models exist which attempt to understand the relationship between style and situation, four of which are described here: • Fiedler's Contingency Model. • Hersey-Blanchard Situational Theory. • Path-Goal Theory. • Vroom-Yetton Leadership Model The models described have limited validity, but are still widely used. [pic] Fiedler's Contingency model Fiedler's model assumes that group performance depends on: • Leadership style, described in terms of task motivation and relationship motivation. To determine one’s basic style, Fiedler created the least preferred co-worker (LPC) questionnaire-containing 16 contrasting adjectives. • Situational favourableness, determined by three factors: 1. Leader-member relations - Degree to which a leader is accepted and supported by the group members. 2. Task structure - Extent to which the task is structured and defined, with clear goals and procedures. 3. Position power - The ability of a leader to control subordinates through reward and punishment. High levels of these three factors give the most favourable situation, low levels, the least favourable. Relationship-motivated leaders are most effective in moderately favourable situations. Task-motivated leaders are most effective at either end of...

Words: 939 - Pages: 4

Leadership Model

...A Leadership Model:Developing Rather Than Finding One That WorksIn this day in age, an organizations key to success is to “get to the top” and get there yesterday.   In the past organizations might have taken pride in the attempts that they had made to become successful. Though they may have failed many times, they were on a mission to find what worked best for their employees, their managers and the organization as a whole.  Fast forward to the 2000s and the bookshelves are filled with books upon books on how to get rich quick, how to succeed with cold calls, and how to find success through managing others.  It is for this reason some of these books have reached the status of “best seller.”  The question however is: are they “best sellers” or are they “Great practical advice that could truly make an organization succeed with easy methods to follow, understand, and keep going long term”?  Among these books, one can find the latter mentioned, but the important part is taking the key concepts and molding them into what is needed for each individual organization.  Even within the same vertical, different methods may work for one but bring another to its demise. These seekers should not be searching for a cookie cutter method, unless that is, their employees are cookie cutters.It is vital when learning how to manage a team and an organization to remember the beginning vision and the values to uphold.  It is also important to determine one’s own dedication and align those around......

Words: 4750 - Pages: 19

Leadership Model

...Leadership Model Paper Joshua Streich Executive Management MBA5000 Professor Nwanne September 6th, 2013 Table of Contents Introduction 3 Leadership Model 4 Value and Vision 4 Direction and Alignment 6 Motivate and Empower 10 Learning and Change 13 Summary 16 References 17 Introduction: What is leadership? How do we know if we are a successful leader? Peter Drucker once asked, “What is it that all leaders have in common (O’Toole. 1999)?” Drucker simply answered his own question by stating, “All leaders have only one thing in common: followers” (O’Toole. 1999). He defined the prime role of a leader as “creating followers” (O’Toole. 1999). Leaders inspire and motivate people to take action, producing a change that strategically moves the organization forward. There are eleven generally agreed upon traits that leaders possess. These traits include self-confidence, trustworthiness, dominance, extroversion, assertiveness, emotional stability, enthusiasm, sense of humor, warmth, self-awareness, and a high tolerance for frustration (O’Toole. 1999). For several years now, a large number of newly published books have focused on various aspects of management (Pierce & Newstrom, 2011, pg.4). This has been a result of many individuals demanding information and analysis of how to properly manage and stay ahead of the competition through better management and leadership practices. There are many different management and leadership theories......

Words: 4405 - Pages: 18

Twes Leadership Model

...Leadership Inspirational leadership is essential along with the forward-looking strategy aligned with the organization’s vision, values, and mission goals, to maximizing employee engagement and organisational performance. Leadership behavior is extremely important as employee’s perception about their leaders has direct impact in the performance of the organisation. Leading challenge for the organisation today is the gap in leadership pipeline. Our strong belief that better leaders produce better business results for the organisation helped us create leadership development interventions enabling leaders to make much larger impact on the organisation. People want to be guided by those they respect and who have a clear sense of direction. A sense of direction is achieved by conveying a strong vision of the future. People demand visionary leaders who trust and respect of their teams; let them know what they do is important and difference; able to create organisational cultures that foster not only performance, but also a sense of pride and fun. A leader’s role is to raise people’s aspirations for what they can become and to release their energies so they will try to get there. Leaders need to inspire others to achieve and grow as quickly as the environment and responsibilities demand. But it is essential to remember that being in a leadership role can be lonely and frustrating; one must be prepared to take the rough with the smooth. Leadership is now recognised as a transferable...

Words: 485 - Pages: 2

Leadership Models

...Leadership Models University of Phoenix Leadership Models Leadership is a process by which a person influences others to accomplish an objective and directs an organization or project in a way that makes it more cohesive and coherent (Rost, 1993). Leadership is also a collaborative endeavor among individuals, making it a relationship. The coursework of a Bachelor of Science in Healthcare Administration prepares students for such roles. Identifying managerial leadership models and theories that can enhance and promote the delivery of healthcare services across the continuum of care is extremely important, and this will be the primary focus of this paper. One of the advantages of working in a medical facility while earning a BS in healthcare administration is that the student is able to witness many scenarios which are discussed and learned within the classroom setting. For example, in the leadership and development class, questions would arise regarding a particular management style and how individuals seemed unqualified for the position. Is it his or her style or personality that people question? This question would also come up from time to time during class discussion, and a question this writer often reflected on. As individuals grow into a leadership position, they learn his or her individual style with the ultimate goal of enhancing, promoting and delivering healthcare services across the continuum of care. Being a good leader requires an individual to......

Words: 662 - Pages: 3

Leadership Models

...Leadership Models Essay Abstract It is not possible to reflect every aspect of each theory, due to the complexities of the models and the wide-ranging opinions of scholars that have studied each concept over many years. However, the purpose of this paper is to discuss four leadership models that are not only interesting but will support growth to those aspiring to become scholars, practitioners and leaders in a particular field of study. These theories were selected to provide information and to offer a review of the characteristics and main points of significance of each theory. The following models will be examined: Transformational leadership, Transactional leadership, Situational leadership and Charismatic leadership. It is important to look at each model separately to understand and define the uniqueness of each of the theories. In addition, to providing definitions for each model, a brief summary will state general similarities. The summation will also indicate that each of the leadership theories is unique with a particular purpose and outcome. Leadership Models Essay Many leadership models have accumulated for as long as there have been leaders. To determine the characteristic associated with leadership styles and the relationship to the zeitgeist some theorists have defined leadership into attribute approaches and periods. “The scientific study of leadership can be roughly divided into three periods: the trait period from......

Words: 1415 - Pages: 6

Leadership Models

...Leadership Models MBA FP 6006 Capella University Introduction This paper investigates two leadership theories which support innovation within an organization. The paper discussed discovery and delivery skills of innovative leaders and my own discovery and delivery skills and how I can utilize them to support innovation within an organization. Leadership Lens The article titled “Diagnosing educational leadership problems: a Situational approach “(Gates, Blanchard, & Hersey, 1976) joins the original theorists with a practitioner of Situational Leadership Theory (formerly known as “Life Cycle Theory of Leadership”) to explain a then-seven-year-old conceptual framework that was born equally from writer and practitioner quests for a leadership style that would prove apropos when applied to most contexts, and two behaviors that were the core of prior leadership models: task behavior and relationship behavior. Task behavior refers to how much a leader will detail for followers the steps and requirements needed to complete a particular task. Relationship behavior alludes to a leader’s level of participation in communication with followers so as to supply socio-emotional support (or “psychological strokes”) and active facilitation. The co-creators of this mode of thinking, acting, and behaving have each secured their places in the history of leadership theory in spite of less than favorable assessments of their mental baby. What began...

Words: 944 - Pages: 4

Leadership Approches and Models

...LEADERSHIP APPROACHES AND MODELS Introduction This paper introduces two models that support innovation in today’s business world. The Transformational Leadership Model and the Situational Model. Both models are described in depth and show how they can be used in today`s diverse workforce. The Discovery and Delivery Skills describes how the research in the Innovators DNA provides an inside look into how you can become more innovative. In today`s fast pace get it done era, innovation is key in the success of any business. Leadership is vitally important and to combine styles and models to achieve success is needed in today`s market. Discovery and Delivery is an area where every leader or potential leader must take a look at their own strengths and weakness and reevaluate what they need to do to improve. Leadership Models that Support Innovation in Organizations Transformational Leadership Model: Transformational leadership theory, started with the works of Burns and was later researched and supported by Bass. Bass took the concepts of Burns into a more operational working model that is commonly referred to as the Transformational Leadership Model. Five categories were established originally in the works of Bass and Avolio; they were idealized influence as: attributed charisma, behavioral charisma, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration (Antonakis and House, 2014). With the five parts idealized......

Words: 1649 - Pages: 7

Varoom Model of Leadership

...Discussion Summary of the Vroom Model of Leadership Christine Cambruzzi MGT/230 Management Theory and Practice April 6, 2015 Professor Quinton Murphy Discussion Summary of the Vroom Model of Leadership The Vroom Model of Leadership places various points of situational questions on a scale to be rated high or low. Then it places styles of leadership along a continuum of potential leadership behaviors and bases them on the degree of authority exercised by the manager and the degree of importance to employees in making decisions. The theory finds that successful leaders have a clear understanding of the organizational forces and have good personal awareness. The Fiedler Contingency Model was created in the mid-1960s by Fred Fiedler. He was a scientist who studied the personality and characteristics of leaders. His model states that there is not one best style of leadership. It states instead that a leader's effectiveness is based on the situation. This is the result of two things which are the leadership style and situational favorableness. The Results With the Vroom method the researchers found there were three factors that influence the choice of a leadership style.  They are the leaders own personality, beliefs, values, knowledge, experience and confidence in the employees. Next was the employees need for independence, ability and readiness to take feedback about the importance of the issue. Lastly was the organizations culture, pressures...

Words: 548 - Pages: 3

Leadership Development Model

...responsible for success. The career growth model at PepsiCo focuses on the development of leaders from within the organization. Career growth at PepsiCo is brought about by the close collaboration among employees, managers and organization. The extensive framework of people processes at PepsiCo ensures the effectiveness of translation of the career growth model into leadership development aligned with the larger business goals. These include performance management, talent and career development, 360-degree feedback, periodic reviews and succession planning. The leadership development model at PepsiCo basically considers five factors: * Proven results * Leadership capability * Functional excellence * Business knowledge * Critical experiences Proven results PepsiCo believes in reinforcing consistent business and people results from its employees. The track record of previous performances with lasting impact is thoroughly analyzed. For instance, Steven Reinemund had an immaculate track record in the company’s Pizza Hut and Frito-Lay divisions before becoming the CEO of PepsiCo from 2001-2006. Leadership capability PepsiCo provides a layout to assess an executive’s contributions to the organization as a leader. The various evaluations and 360-degree feedbacks employed by PepsiCo help bridge the gaps of leadership competencies for its executives. PepsiCo considers the following elements while training its employees for leadership and coordination......

Words: 563 - Pages: 3

Leadership Model Paper

...The Social Change Model and Servant Leadership Theory: Comparisons and Contrasts Introduction Leadership is essential for all successful organizations. However, the form of leadership that is practiced by various leaders is vital in determining how the activities of the organization are managed. There are many different forms of leadership practiced in differing environments. Servant leadership and social change models are some of the most common leadership theories used in pursuit of organizational success. This paper will describe in detail the servant leadership and social change models and contrast their methods of leadership. Also I will seek to explain how they could be applied in the leadership role of any given organization. Servant leadership Robert K. Greenleaf introduced the concept of Servant Leadership in his book “Servant Leadership: A Journey into the Nature of Legitimate Power and Greatness”. In the description of servant leadership, Greenleaf describes servant leadership as: a natural feeling where the leader feels that they should serve the people first (Greenleaf, 2002) . Greenleaf describes a servant leader as a leader who puts the needs of his or her people first before other personal needs associated with the role. A servant leader will strive to ensure that they prioritize other people’s needs first and ensure that their welfare is paramount. According to Greenleaf, The difference manifests itself in the care taken by the servant-first to......

Words: 3582 - Pages: 15

Leadership Models

...Contents Leadership Models 1 Lincoln on Leadership and Civil War Leadership 1 Personal Traits 3 Ethics 4 Learnings from Tim Irwin and Tony Dungy 6 Personal Leadership Development 7 Leadership Models 1. We have studied several leadership models. a. Upon which model(s) are you building your personal leadership foundation? I have found useful parts of several different leadership models. Principle Centered Leadership fits best in my leadership style. The aspects of Principle Centered Leadership that I find most important is that values and convictions is the driving force in my leadership. I especially connected with the values and traits exhibited by Lincoln in the Lincoln on Leadership book by Phillips. b. In what ways will that model(s) help you increase your leadership effectiveness. Leading by principles gives us consistency and flexibility in our decisions. Our principles guide us but allows us to make decisions based on our standards rather than based on rules. Fewer rules allow others more flexibility and empowers them to make good decisions for that particular situation. This will help me to be more effective by empowering others to be more effective. Lincoln on Leadership and Civil War Leadership 2. Lincoln on Leadership and Civil War Leadership Case Examples a) What do these quotes imply to you and me? i. “The life of Abraham Lincoln, especially his presidency, demonstrated that he possessed all of the great leadership......

Words: 3099 - Pages: 13

Emergent Model of Leadership

...Necessary Conditions For Leadership (Many) Sufficient Condition For Leadership (Single) E F F E C T I V E Behavior Values & Beliefs Philosophy Of Life L E A D E R In Life you will never get what you don’t want; You may be able to get what you desire Fig 1 Emergent Model of Leadership Given above is an emergent model of Leadership, this model operates at the philosophy level where the underlying thought is given at the base of the model. The left hand side of the model points to the necessary and sufficient conditions as inputs into making an effective leader . ( We shall explore later to see what may be these conditions ) . The right hand side of the model tries to articulate what goes on inside the effective leader with his philosophy of life being at the core of his operations as an effective leader . Values and beliefs form the next circle and these are manifested in behavioral attributes. With this model at a single point in time we will explore leadership over the time continuum . Deepak Pandit EFPM 08 While it is possible to consider several necessary conditions of leadership the following three emerge as clear candidate’s for inclusion in the above list in the left hand side of this model. • • • Followership Competency Vision The sufficient condition for this model is related to the core philosophy of life that the leader operates on and this is at a spiritual plane. We cannot have an effective......

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

John Hamilton | Watch movie | Small Appliances