Learning Perspectives

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Learning Perspectives
Jacquelyn Johnson
Grand Canyon University

Learning Perspectives When you start to discuss how and when learning take place, you often refer to the educational theories of behavioral, constructivism, and cognitive. Education cannot operate without psychology because of the way people learn through various dimensions and learning perspectives. They are good for a teacher because they help with knowing where to begin in applying the learning process. They also can guide the teacher to know what to predominately expect from the incoming students. Here you learn about the behavioral, constructivism, and the cognitive theories and how they can be used in the classroom through activities and lessons. The behavioral theory expresses the approach of learning through experiences with reinforcements and penalties. For example, when someone is given money to for working, it is likely that person will return to work the next day to continue getting paid. However, this theory discontinues learning. In fact, according to Atherton (2011) “simply reinforcing every instance of desired behavior is just bribery, not the promotion of learning.” Nevertheless, behaviorists believe there is a time and place where this theory is helpful in the classroom. Teachers can use this theory in the classroom effectively when teaching rules and regulations. The theory works best with information that is straight forward with little room to be flexible. For example, in a classroom there has to be order, therefore, a teacher can incorporate a behavior management system to reinforce positive behavior. As an activity that you will put on the, (Don’t rule me out) lesson plan would be making a pocket chart and three tickets for each child. Each ticket needs to be a different color with a specific meaning to each color. Every time a student breaks a rule the tickets will be…...

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