Logical Fallacies

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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Logical Fallacies Defined
Jamie Osborne
American InterContinental University

Fallacies can be viewed as a mistake or error. There are many different fallacies with different meanings for each. The following paper will discuss 9 logical fallacies. The paper will also include definitions for each of the 9 fallacies as well as examples of being applied to real life scenarios.

Logical Fallacies defined Everyone has gotten into an argument with someone once or twice in their lifetime. Some people have mastered their skills in being argumentative while others are lacking in that department. The following will be a list of 9 different types of argument styles that could take place in one’s argument scenario. We have all been in an argument and more than likely used one or more of these in arguments that we have had in the past. The first logical fallacy to discuss will be Mere Assertion. By definition mere assertion means while arguing one’s point no matter what the opposing party may have to say their argument is right because that person believes it to be the truth. To further explain will an example P1- Mermaids are real and have inhabited the sea since the beginning of time. P2- Mermaids are in fact real and inhabit the sea because I believe they do. C- Mermaids are real and have inhabited the sea since the beginning of time because I believe they do. Therefore due to the fact that I believe that mermaids are real and that they inhabit the sea because I believe this to be true this must be in fact the truth nobody can tell me otherwise. The second logical fallacy to discuss is Circular Reasoning. This occurs when the person arguing their point has matching premise and the conclusions are identical. To give a real life example of this P1- A person with the desire to quit smoking cigarettes has a long road ahead of them. P2- This person…...

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