Lpn Labs

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Submitted By sexiangelmelissa
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Normal 24 Hour output of urine? 1500cc
Minimum urine output over 24 hour time period? 600CC* It is OK for the intake to exceed the output by 500cc
BUN 7 - 18 mg/dL
Creatinine (CR) 0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL
Urine Specific Gravity 1.010 - 1.030- measures the concentration of particles in the urine.Increased urine specific gravity may be due to: * Dehydration * Diarrhea * Excessive sweating * Glucosuria * Heart failure (related to decreased blood flow to the kidneys) * Renal arterial stenosis * Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) * Vomiting * Water restrictionDecreased urine specific gravity may be due to: * Excessive fluid intake * Diabetes insipidus - central * Diabetes insipidus - nephrogenic * Renal failure (that is, loss of ability to reabsorb water) * Pyelonephritis
WBC- white blood cell count 5000 - 10,000 male 4,500 - 11,000 female
RBC- red blood cell count 4.5 - 6.2 Millionmale 4.3 - 5.9 ; female 3.5 - 5.5
HGB- Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen 14 - 18Hgb = carries O2↑ Hgb = dehydrationmale 13.5 - 17.5 g/dL ; female 12 - 16 g/dL
HCT 42 - 52Hct = volume of packed RBC's↑ Hct = dehydration↓ Hct = anemia
How to Hgb (hemoglobin)& Hct (hemocrit)as a guide to Hydration Status- Normal: Hct = 3 x Hgb

Platelets 140,000 - 400,000
ESR - erythrocyte sedimentation rate. a test that indirectly measures how much inflammation is in the body. 0 - 10 mm/hrTest for inflammation.

Calcium 9 - 11 mg/dl serum
Phosphorus 3.0 - 4.5 mg/dl
Ca-?? relationship ex: ↑ Ca, ↓ Ph
Na- sodium 135 - 145 mEq/L
K- potassium 3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
MG (Normal / Critical)- magnesium Normal: 1.5 - 2.5 mEq/LCritical: 3.0 mEq/L antidiuretic hormone (ADH), is a neurohypophysial hormone found in most mammals. 2.3 - 3.1 pg/ml

Cholesterol < 200
LDH < 100 mg/dLLDL (Bad) Cholesterol: slowly build up in the inner walls of the arteries…...

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