Lpn Labs

In: Science

Submitted By sexiangelmelissa
Words 323
Pages 2
Normal 24 Hour output of urine? 1500cc
Minimum urine output over 24 hour time period? 600CC* It is OK for the intake to exceed the output by 500cc
BUN 7 - 18 mg/dL
Creatinine (CR) 0.6 - 1.2 mg/dL
Urine Specific Gravity 1.010 - 1.030- measures the concentration of particles in the urine.Increased urine specific gravity may be due to: * Dehydration * Diarrhea * Excessive sweating * Glucosuria * Heart failure (related to decreased blood flow to the kidneys) * Renal arterial stenosis * Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) * Vomiting * Water restrictionDecreased urine specific gravity may be due to: * Excessive fluid intake * Diabetes insipidus - central * Diabetes insipidus - nephrogenic * Renal failure (that is, loss of ability to reabsorb water) * Pyelonephritis
WBC- white blood cell count 5000 - 10,000 male 4,500 - 11,000 female
RBC- red blood cell count 4.5 - 6.2 Millionmale 4.3 - 5.9 ; female 3.5 - 5.5
HGB- Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen 14 - 18Hgb = carries O2↑ Hgb = dehydrationmale 13.5 - 17.5 g/dL ; female 12 - 16 g/dL
HCT 42 - 52Hct = volume of packed RBC's↑ Hct = dehydration↓ Hct = anemia
How to Hgb (hemoglobin)& Hct (hemocrit)as a guide to Hydration Status- Normal: Hct = 3 x Hgb

Platelets 140,000 - 400,000
ESR - erythrocyte sedimentation rate. a test that indirectly measures how much inflammation is in the body. 0 - 10 mm/hrTest for inflammation.

Calcium 9 - 11 mg/dl serum
Phosphorus 3.0 - 4.5 mg/dl
Ca-?? relationship ex: ↑ Ca, ↓ Ph
Na- sodium 135 - 145 mEq/L
K- potassium 3.5 - 5.0 mEq/L
MG (Normal / Critical)- magnesium Normal: 1.5 - 2.5 mEq/LCritical: 3.0 mEq/L antidiuretic hormone (ADH), is a neurohypophysial hormone found in most mammals. 2.3 - 3.1 pg/ml

Cholesterol < 200
LDH < 100 mg/dLLDL (Bad) Cholesterol: slowly build up in the inner walls of the arteries…...

Similar Documents


...POINT LISAS CAMPUS Esperanza Road, Brechin Castle, Couva www.utt.edu.tt LAB 1 Decomposition reaction Aim: Determination of the number of moles of water molecules of crystallization present in hydrated Magnesium Sulphate (MgSO4.xH2O) Apparatus: Mass balance, test tube, test tube holder, heat-proof mat and bunsen burner. Reagents: Hydrated sodium carbonate. Theory: Chemical decomposition, analysis or breakdown is the separation of a chemical compound into elements or simple compounds. A more specific type of decomposition is thermal decomposition or thermolysis, which is caused by heat. ABA+B, the reaction is endothermic, since heat is required to break the chemical bonds. Most decomposition reaction require energy either in the form of heat, light or electricity. Absorption of energy causes the breaking of the bonds present in the reacting substance which decomposes to give the product. When a hydrated salt is heated it decomposes into a pure form of the salt and water. MgSO4.xH2O MgSO4 + H2O Procedure: Refer to Handout Results: A. Mass of test tube/g = 21.77 B. Mass of the tube and salt/g = 24.0 A table showing the mass of the test tube and salt after 3 consecutive heating: Heating | Mass of the test tube and salt/g | 1st | 23.96 | 2nd | 23.81 | 3rd | 23.81 | Calculations: G. Mass of anhydrous magnesium sulphate/g = F - A = 23.81 – 21.77= 2.04 H. Mass of water of crystallization......

Words: 2572 - Pages: 11

Personal Plan for Role Transition from Lpn to Rn

...Personal Plan for Role Transition from LPN to RN Name Course Tutor Assignment #1 XX University Date Personal Plan for Role Transition from LPN to RN Being a Licensed Practical Nurse for three years was extremely exciting and rewarding for me. I have enjoyed being a caregiver to those who are sick. Nursing is regarded as a respected and admired profession. I’ve always admired and looked up to nurses. Registered Nurses is in need in every field of medicine. They can choose to work in various fields of medicine and are able to work in specialized areas of the hospital such as the Emergency Room, Operation Room, Critical Care Unit, and Intensive Care Unit. Last year, I decided to return to school to continue my education for BN, as my goal is to work as RN in the future. Transition from LPN to RN doesn’t occur in single day, it takes time and step by step planning. With every step, I will acquire new knowledge, skills, values, attitudes, confidence and behaviors associated with RN role. The five expected outcomes/goals of the LPN-RN change 1. I will develop effective communication skills/techniques within one year. Communications is very essential part in nursing profession. The quality of a nurse’s communication is important factor in nursing care. It is also very important to establish and modify nurse-client relationship; I will acquire effective communication skills by speaking and writing clearly, and by practicing attentive listening. I will accept and......

Words: 811 - Pages: 4


...and Code of Conduct Preface LAB #1 ix vii Perform Reconnaissance and Probing Using Zenmap GUI (Nmap) Introduction Deliverables Hands-On Steps 1 1 3 14 15 2 Learning Objectives 1 Evaluation Criteria and Rubrics LAB #1 AssessmeNt WoRksheet LAB #2 Perform a Vulnerability Assessment scan Using Nessus Introduction Deliverables Hands-On Steps 19 19 21 31 32 20 Learning Objectives 19 Evaluation Criteria and Rubrics LAB #2 AssessmeNt WoRksheet LAB #3 enable Windows Active Directory and User Access Controls Introduction Deliverables Hands-On Steps 35 35 37 49 50 36 Learning Objectives 35 Evaluation Criteria and Rubrics LAB #3 AssessmeNt WoRksheet LAB #4 Configure Group Policy objects and microsoft® Baseline security Analyzer (mBsA) Introduction Deliverables Hands-On Steps 53 53 55 63 64 54 Learning Objectives 53 Evaluation Criteria and Rubrics LAB #4 AssessmeNt WoRksheet iii 38351_FMxx_Pass4.indd 3 23/04/13 5:13 AM iv Contents LAB #5 Perform Protocol Capture and Analysis Using Wireshark and NetWitness Investigator 67 Introduction Deliverables Hands-On Steps 67 67 69 80 81 68 Learning Objectives Evaluation Criteria and Rubrics LAB #5 AssessmeNt WoRksheet LAB #6 Perform Business Continuity Implementation Planning Introduction Deliverables Hands-On Steps 85 85 86 87 90 91 Learning Objectives and Outcomes 85 Evaluation Criteria and Rubrics LAB #6 AssessmeNt WoRksheet LAB #7 Relate Windows......

Words: 26285 - Pages: 106

Lpn Notes

...Why have you chosen to pursue a career in nursing? My desire to pursue a career in nursing only grew as I became part of the healthcare field. -making differences in peoples lives, whether it’s through teaching, providing care or supporting a family. Each aspect of care allows me to give personally of myself and feel rewarded at the end of the day, knowing I made a difference. Being a nurse is one of the most rewarding and meaningful careers that one can have. Nurses make the difference in people’s lives by what they do and what they don’t do. -being challenged -healthcare is about lifelong learning. Began as an LNA (inspired by my mom) and have gone on to achieve my LPN. Am ready to begin the next step in furthering my education and career as an RN. -grandfather passing away and seeing my mother’s compassion and love confirmed that I wanted a career where I made a difference. -although my mother planted the seed, it was the patients -You get a tremendous amount of responsibility and when you see your patients improve, you know it is because of what you did - I taught my patients how to improve their own hygiene and health care and got satisfaction from watching them make the changes I suggested. -On a regular job I give patients advice, comfort the dying, teach patients how to care for their disease processes. Where else can you get such job satisfaction to know that every day you influence peoples lives for the better, their health for the better and......

Words: 369 - Pages: 2

Lpn to Rn Role

...Transition: LPN to RN…Is it the right decision for everyone? The debate is as old as the professions themselves, and in a society where success is most often measured by “climbing the corporate ladder” the choice between becoming an LPN/LVN or an RN is not always easy. While an RN license provides more opportunities for promotion, an LPN/LVN license can be earned more quickly with less time needed in school. Nurses at all levels face the challenge of balancing work with school, family obligations and other external commitments, and often, these factors play a large role in determining available finances and time available for educational pursuits. For people considering a nursing career, RN programs are sometimes excluded as most classes are daylight programs. Accelerated and evening programs exist, but clinicals and preceptorships are generally offered during the day. LPN training programs, being shorter to begin with, are much more flexible and usually offer part-time, night, and weekend hours. As people evaluate the career choice that’s right for them, educators must work to match the student with the best career fit, and it’s equally important for future nurses to understand the requirements and potential benefits of careers and an LPN/LVN and RN. Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses, known as LPNs or LVNs, depending on the state in which they work, provide basic nursing care under the supervision of a registered nurse or physician. Typically tasks such as......

Words: 1414 - Pages: 6


...36 LAB #3 | Network Discovery and Reconnaissance Probing Using Zenmap GUI (Nmap) LAB #3 – ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET Network Discovery and Reconnaissance Probing Using Zenmap GUI (Nmap) Course Name and Number: Student Name: Instructor Name: Lab Due Date: Overview In this lab, you used the Zenmap Graphical User Interface (GUI) for the free Nmap Security Scanner application to perform network discovery and security scans. After the initial IP network reconnaissance task, you identified the IP hosts, servers, operating systems, and applications. You identified the risks, threats, and vulnerabilities within the IT infrastructure. This utility is essential for information systems security practitioners to perform routine tasks, such as taking network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime. Lab Assessment Questions & Answers 1. What interfaces on LAN Switch 1 and LAN Switch 2 are configured with Telnet, and which interfaces are configured with SSH for remote terminal connectivity? Assessment Worksheet 2. Explain both the information systems security practitioner and hacker perspectives of using a security 37 scanning application such as Zenmap GUI (Nmap). 3. How many tests did your Intense Scan definition perform? List them all after reviewing the scan report. 4. Describe what each of these tests displays within the Zenmap GUI (Nmap) scan report. 3 Network Discovery and Reconnaissance Probing Using......

Words: 303 - Pages: 2


...ISSC362 Week 1 Lab #2: Implement Hashing and Encryption for Secure Communications Instructor Name: ________________ Lab Assessment Questions 1. Compare the hash values calculated for example.txt that you documented during this lab. Explain in your own words why the hash values will change when the data is modified. 2. Why are the MD5sum and SHA1sum hash values the same every time you calculate for the “example.txt” sample file? What if they were different when you re-calculated the hash value at the other end? 3. 2 4. 3. If you were using corporate e-mail for internal and external communications but did not want to encrypt an e-mail message, what other security countermeasure can you deploy to ensure message integrity? 4. If you are using corporate e-mail for external communications that contain confidential information, what other security countermeasure can you deploy to maximize confidentiality of e-mail transmissions through the Internet? 5. What is the difference between MD5sum and SHA1sum hashing calculations? Which is better and why? 6. Where can you store your public keys or public certificate fi les in the public domain? Is this the same thing as a public key infrastructure (PKI) server? 7. What do you need if you want to decrypt encrypted messages and fi les from a trusted sender? 8. What encryption mechanisms are built into Microsoft® Windows XP Professional? 9. Which Windows encryption......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Lpn to Rn Transition

...Licensed Practical Nurse (LPN) to the Registered Nurse (RN) role in the nursing process, as well as this nursing student’s observation of the role changes in the Home Health Care setting compared to literature reviewed. It will also include changes that must be made in this nursing student’s practice in order to assume the role of a Registered Nurse. Relationships and Transitional Changes from the LPN to RN Role According to the Oregon State Board of Nursing: “Practice of registered nursing” means the application of knowledge drawn from broad in-depth education in the social and physical sciences in assessing, planning, ordering, giving, delegating, teaching and supervising care which promotes the person’s optimum health and independence… “Practice of practical nursing” means the application of knowledge drawn from basic education in the social and physical sciences in planning and giving nursing care and in assisting persons toward achieving of health and well-being.” (Oregon state board of nursing…..) The Licensed Practical Nurse is a very important team member of the health care setting. Under direct supervision of a Registered Nurse and within the scope of practice, the LPN assists in the nursing process. The LPN collects subjective and objective data by observing and interviewing the patient, as well as performing a limited physical assessment. The LPN also can help......

Words: 1348 - Pages: 6

Lab 1 Binary Conversion Lab

...Gian Ciannavei Lab 2: Number Conversion Lab Task 1: Below is an example that shows how to turn the decimal number ‘125’ into a binary number. 125/2=62 R1 62/2=31 R0 31/2=15 R1 15/2=7 R1 7/2=3 R1 3/2=1 R1 2/1=1 R1 Binary number = 1111101 Task 2: Add correlating weights together to gain decimal value from binary number. 1-2-4-8-16-32-64< Weights 1-1-1-1-1-0-1<Bits 64+32+16+8+4+1=125 Task 3 on next page Gian Ciannavei; Lab 2 Task 3: Below is an example on how to turn the decimal ‘210’ into a hexadecimal using the division by 16 methods. 210/16=13 R2 13 (lsd) 2 (msd) 16-1 <weights 13-2 <Digits=D2 Next is an example of how to turn a hexadecimal into a decimal, in this case, back to ‘210’. 16*13=208 1*2=2 2+208=210 Note: You can also convert the decimal number into binary and turn the binary number into a hexadecimal. 210/2=105 R0 105/2= 52 R1 52/2=26 R0 26/2=13 R0 13/2=6 R1 6/2=3 R0 3/2=1 R1 ½=1 R1 210=11010010 1101=13 0010=2 13(LSD) 2(MSD) =D2 Task 4: Convert hexadecimal number E7 into a decimal. 14(LSD) 7(MSD) =E7 14*16=224 7*1=7 224+7=231 Gian Ciannavei; Lab2 Convert hexadecimal E7 into binary, and then back to decimal to check answers. 14(LSD) 7(MSD) =E7 14*16=224 7*1=7 224+7=231 231/2=115 R1 115/2=57 R1 57/2=28 R1 28/2=14 R0 14/2=7 R0 7/2=3 R1 3/2=1 R1 ½=1 R1 Binary = 11100111...

Words: 317 - Pages: 2


...Tissues The Integumentary System 35 43 The Cell: Transport Mechanisms and Permeability–Wet Lab Classification of Covering and Lining Membranes 49 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages 53 The Axial Skeleton The Fetal Skeleton 59 67 81 87 93 103 77 The Appendicular Skeleton Articulations and Body Movements Microscopic Anatomy and Organization of Skeletal Muscle Gross Anatomy of the Muscular System Histology of Nervous Tissue 113 119 125 Exercise 16A Skeletal Muscle Physiology: Frogs and Human Subjects Exercise 18A Neurophysiology of Nerve Impulses: Wet Lab Gross Anatomy of the Brain and Cranial Nerves Electroencephalography Human Reflex Physiology General Sensation 153 157 167 177 173 Special Senses: Vision 133 Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerves, and the Autonomic Nervous System 145 137 Special Senses: Hearing and Equilibrium Special Senses: Olfaction and Taste Functional Anatomy of the Endocrine Glands iii Exercise 28A Role of Thyroid Hormone, Pituitary Hormone, Insulin, and Epinephrine: Wet Lab 183 Exercise 29A Blood Exercise 30 Exercise 31 Exercise 32 189 199 205 209 Anatomy of the Heart Conduction System of the Heart and Electrocardiography Anatomy of Blood Vessels Exercise 33A Human Cardiovascular Physiology: Blood Pressure and Pulse Determinations 217 Exercise 34A Frog Cardiovascular Physiology: Wet Lab Exercise 36 Exercise 38 Exercise 40 Exercise 42 Exercise 43 Exercise 44 Exercise 45 Exercise......

Words: 120457 - Pages: 482

The Journey of an Lpn

...Health Care Interview The person I chose for my interview is Marlene Jones-Wallace. She is 42 years old and she is a LPN or in other words a Licensed Practical Nurse. Marlene has been a LPN for 7 years at Montefiore Medical Center. She works within the Emergency field. I have gained information about what is takes to become a LPN, What do they do? And other information I felt that we should know. A licensed practical nurse or LPN works under the direction of registered nurses and doctors. They care for patients who are sick, injured, recovering or disabled. A licensed practical nurse is also known as a licensed vocational nurse or LVN. The job involves a variety of daily tasks ranging from dressing wounds to feeding infants. On the job, Licensed Practical and Licensed Vocational Nurses perform a variety of functions. These functions can be maintaining records of patients' histories, provide dressing or bathing assistance, update doctors and registered nurses on a patient's status, measure vital signs, assist doctors and registered nurses with tests and procedures, caring for and feeding infants, assemble and or use and clean certain medical equipment, start IV drips or give medication, and monitor medication and a patient's response. Most LPNs are trained to work in all aspects of health care, but there are some who specialize in certain areas. LPN’s or LVN’s can be found in all kinds of medical settings like hospitals, clinics, physicians' offices, nursing homes and even......

Words: 1102 - Pages: 5

Lpn Career

...the sick isn't always a tolerable sight. The skills of an LPN goes far beyond education. A nurse must be compassionate, observant, firm but fair, and most of all willing to the support for the patient. These skill are innate, they cannot be taught but developed from within. While LPNs should possess a compassionate nature, they sometimes need to be thick-skinned when it comes to occasional unkind treatment from others. ("Licensed Practical Nurses."Ferguson's Career Guidance Center) A care provider whitout a heart is a poor care provider. As an LPN you are responsible for makings sure that the patient receives the proper care that is laid out by the Physician.    Paragraph 3-- To become an LPN, you must first complete an approved practical nursing program. Many nursing students are opting for a four-year degree because of the accompanying increase in job status and opportunities. LPN programs are generally offered through two-year colleges and vocational and technical schools. Some programs are offered in high schools.  Then upon completion of the program the student must take the examination required for licensing known at the State Boards Examination for Nursing. . ("Licensed Practical Nurses."Ferguson's Career Guidance Center) I'm am well on my way to achieving my goal because I have made the first steps necessary to the process to becoming a LPN. This career path is very beneficial in my mission in life. Successful LPNs must have physical strength, flexibility and......

Words: 774 - Pages: 4


...Sonia Graham Normal Lab Values   | REFERENCE RANGE | SI REFERENCE INTERVALS | BLOOD, PLASMA, SERUM | | | Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) | 8-20 U/L | 8-20 U/L | Amylase, serum | 25-125 U/L | 25-125 U/L | Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) | 8-20 U/L | 8-20 U/L | Bilirubin, serum (adult) Total // Direct | 0.1-1.0 mg/dL // 0.0-0.3 mg/dL | 2-17 µ mol/L // 0-5 µ mol/L | Calcium, serum (Total) | 8.4-10.2 mg/dL | 2.1-2.8 mmol/L | Cholesterol, serum | < 200 mg/dL | < 5.2 mmol/L | Cortisol, serum | 0800 h: 5-23 µ g/dL // 1600 h: 3-15 µ g/dL | 138-635 nmol/L // 82-413 nmol/L | | 2000 h: ≤ 50% of 0800 h | Fraction of 0800 h: ≤ 0.50 | Creatine kinase, serum (at 30 ° C) ambulatory | Male: 25-90 U/L | 25-90 U/L | | Female: 10-70 U/L | 10-70 U/L | Creatinine, serum | 0.6-1.2 mg/dL | 53-106 µ mol/L | Electrolytes, serum | Sodium | 135-145 mEq/L | 136-145 mmol/L | Chloride | 95-105 mEq/L | 95-105 mmol/L | Potassium | 3.5-5.0 mEq/L | 3.5-5.0 mmol/L | Bicarbonate | 22-28 mEq/L | 22-28 mmol/L | Magnesium | 1.5-2.0 mEq/L | 1.5-2.0 mmol/L | Gases, arterial blood (room air) | pH | 7.35-7.45 | [H + ] 36-44 nmol/L | PCO 2 | 33-45 mm Hg | 4.4-5.9 kPa | PO 2 | 75-105 mm Hg | 10.0-14.0 kPa | Glucose, serum | Fasting: 70-110 mg/dL | 3.8-6.1 mmol / L | | 2-h postprandial: < 120 mg/dL | < 6.6 mmol/L | Growth hormone - arginine stimulation | Fasting: < 5 ng/mL | < 5 µ g/L | | provocative stimuli: 7 ng/mL | > 7 µ g/L | Immunoglobulins, serum |...

Words: 635 - Pages: 3


...© Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC NOT FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION © Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC NOT FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION © Jones Bartlett Lab #2© Jones &SALE ORLearning, LLC Vulnerabilities to &SALE ORLearning, LL AligningBartlett DISTRIBUTION Risks, Threats, and NOT FOR DISTRIBUT NOT FOR COBIT P09 Risk Management Controls © Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC Introduction © Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC NOT FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION NOT FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION Ask any IT manager about the challenges in conveying IT risks in terms of business risks, or about translating business goals into IT goals. It’s a common difficulty, as the worlds of business and IT do not inherently align. This lack of alignment was unresolved until ISACA developed a framework called COBIT, © Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC first released in 1996.Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC © ISACA is an IT professionals’ association centered on auditing and IT governance. This NOT FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION The lab lab will focus on the COBIT framework. NOT FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION uses the latest two versions: COBIT 4.1, which is currently the most implemented version, and COBIT 5, which is the latest version released in June 2012. Because COBIT 4.1 is freely available at the time of this writing, the lab uses this version to © Jones & Bartlett Presentation is done making use of a © Jones & Bartlett Learning, LL present handling of risk management. Learning, LLC set of COBIT......

Words: 2487 - Pages: 10

Itt Lab 7 Lab Doc

...© Jones & Bartlett Learning, LLC. NOT FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION Lab #7 - Assessment Worksheet Using Encryption to Enhance Confidentiality and Integrity Course Name and Number: _____________________________________________________ john schenberger Student Name: ________________________________________________________________ Instructor Name: ______________________________________________________________ Lab Due Date: ________________________________________________________________ Overview In this lab, you learned how cryptography tools can be used to ensure message and file transfer integrity and how encryption can be used to maximize confidentiality. You used Kleopatra, the certificate management component of GPG4Win, to generate both a public and private key as both a sender and a receiver. You used the sender’s keys to encrypt a file, sent it to the receiver, and decrypted it using the receiver’s copy of the keys. Lab Assessment Questions & Answers 1. If you and another person want to encrypt messages, should you provide that person with your public key, private key, or both? The public key is the only key that I will share with another person as part of the handshake in order of the encryption take place. 2. What does Kleopatra allow you to do once it is installed? Kleopatra allow you to encrypted messages, files and text with a private key. 3. What key type was used to create the certificate on Kleopatra? What other types of encryption key......

Words: 285 - Pages: 2

mrskeptiz | Konsol Oyunlar | Sweetheart