Many Aspects of an Individual's Environment Can Affect His/Her Health.

In: People

Submitted By johnyola
Words 2471
Pages 10
The aim of this essay is to examine the notion that many aspects of an individual’s environment can affect his/her health. To do this I (avoid using the personal pronoun “I”) will look at both the physical and social aspects of a person’s environment (the students were asked to consider both the physical and social environment – students who covered only one of these got a low mark) . I will attempt to make clear the links between these elements and will consider how they impact on health.

There are numerous factors influencing health, such as age, race, gender to name a few. However, for the purpose of this essay I intend to concentrate on a number of other elements also thought to be key factors influencing health; social class, employment, income, housing and place of residence. (This has set the scene well showing that the student knows that many factors can affect health but then tells us which ones she will concentrate on).

Social Class

Table 1 Social class classification

Higher managerial and professional
e.g. company directors, bank managers, senior civil servant
e.g. doctors, barristers and solicitors, teachers, social workers
Lower managerial and professional e.g. nurses, actors and musicians, police, soldiers
Intermediate
e.g. secretaries, clerks
Small employers and own account workers e.g. publicans, playgroup leaders, farmers, taxi drivers
Lower supervisory, craft and related occupations e.g. printers, plumbers, butchers, train drivers
Semi-routine occupations e.g. shop assistants, traffic wardens, hairdressers
Routine occupations e.g. waiters, road sweepers, cleaners, couriers
Never worked and long term unemployed .
The source of this information should be given under the Table

In an attempt to identify the main determinants of health and illness, research studies have often…...

Similar Documents

His/Her Divorce

...His and Her Divorce Perhaps nowhere is this difference more evident than in the debate over which partner—the ex-wife or the ex-husband—is the primary victim of divorce. Both are affected by the divorce, but often in different ways. The first year after divorce is especially stressful for both ex-spouses. Divorce wields a blow to each one’s self-esteem. Both feel they have failed as spouses and, if there are children, as parents (Demo and Fine 2010). They may question their ability to get along well in a remarriage. Yet each has particular difficulties that are related to the sometimes different circumstances of men and women. In this discussion, we are primarily speaking of divorced men and women who are parents. Her Divorce Women who were married longer, particularly those oriented to traditional gender roles, lose the identity associated with their husband’s status. Getting back on their feet may be particularly difficult for older women, who usually have few opportunities for meaningful career development and limited opportunities to remarry (Yin 2008). Women of the baby boom generation and later have usually had significant work experience, so they may find it easier to reenter the work world, if they are not already there. Divorced mothers who retain sole custody of their children often experience severe overload as they attempt to provide not only for financial self-support but also for the day-to-day care of their children. Monitoring and supervising......

Words: 1038 - Pages: 5

Health Policies and Health Determinants

...the ways that health can be conceptualized by a society. What are the determinants of health in humans? What is the connection between how a society defines health and how it pursues health? Has increased access to technology changed that perception over the last decade? Discuss the connection between health policies, health determinants, and health. Abstract Health policies, health determinants and health are all categories that are intertwined with one another. As technology becomes more advanced within the health industry, society’s perception on healthcare may change for the better or for the worst. And with the new technology, new policies arise. Deliberate the ways that health can be conceptualized by a society. The World Health Organization makes a concept of health in a way that a patient should be cared for in all aspects of their well-being. This not only includes the physical concepts but also the social and psychological components of their health. What this means is that society should not only conceptualize health but also pursue health in all of the areas mentioned. There are many influences to our health whether it is our beliefs, the economy, social and cultural way of living, physical environment and the circumstances that we are dealt with. With that being said, health is the basic and dynamic force that affects the way we live our life. An example of factors that impact health positivity is:...

Words: 1446 - Pages: 6

“How Can Diverse Workforce Affect the Organization”

...various backgrounds and experiences. Many companies see workplace diversity as an investment toward building a better business. Although workplace diversity provides many benefits, it also poses many challenges to employees and managers. To reap the benefits of workplace diversity, employees and managers must understand the challenges and know how to effectively deal with them. Diversity is commonly interpreted in relation to ethnicity, gender and culture. Diversity also captures the differences and similarities between individuals and group, encompassing race, ethnicity, gender, culture, age, sexual orientation, religion, language, education, family status, physical and mental ability. These demographic variables are related to other important diversity characteristics such as values, attitudes, interaction styles, physical and cognitive abilities and non-work commitments. The impact of diversity is both positive and negative. The research questions was: How can diverse workforce affect the organization? Table of Contents Chapter 1. Introduction 4 Background of the Study 4 Statement of the Problem 4 Purpose of the Study 5 Research Questions 6 Chapter 2. Literature Review 6 Chapter 3. Methodology 12 Data Analysis 12 Final Results 14 References 15 CHAPTER 1. BACKGROUND Today, globalization has become increasingly important and common for many organizations as......

Words: 3487 - Pages: 14

Culture Influences an Individual’s Perception of Illness and Health

...2: “Culture influences an individual’s perception of illness and health.” 1000 wrds There are many definitions for 'culture' with the anthropologist Sir Edward Tylor (1871) cited by Ravalico (2006) defining it to mean 'that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by a member of society.' Culture also influences how one perceives their health and the idea of what it means to have ‘good health.’ One community group whose culture strongly impacts on individual’s perception of illness and health is the Australian Aboriginal community. Aboriginal Australians have a shorter life expectancy than others (ABS 2008, Shaouli et al 2011) which threatens Aboriginal culture as ‘elders’are the transmitters of Aboriginal culture. Aboriginal people experience worse health and more disease with the latter being three times more than that for the total Australian population (NATSIS 2008 cited by ABS 2008). Culture is one of the many social determinants of health and affects health (Carson, Dunbar, Chenhall and Bailie, 2007). Some indigenous people are fatalistic about their health (Thackrah and Scott 2011) although most can access medical help when needed providing they trusted their medical practitioners (ABS 2008, DATSIPD 2009). Other obstacles include language, lack of public transport and telecommunications (Shaouli et al 2011). Therefore, the impact of culture on individuals’ health is crucial to......

Words: 1621 - Pages: 7

Promoting Good Health

...Unit F912: Promoting Good Health Health & Social Care AS Contents Page A01 – Pages 3 - 13 A02 - A03 – A04 – Promoting good health This unit explores what is good health, the models, the range of lifestyle choices and societal factors which influence health and well-being. Health and well-being are not only affected by an individual’s lifestyle choices (e.g. smoking, eating unhealthy ‘fatty food), but also by societal and environmental issues (e.g. living near a motorway – high pollution levels) Government policies and legislation have an imperative part to play in the promotion of good health, as the introduction on screening programmes (e.g. cervical smear test, antenatal screening etc.); which prevent ill health, has been an incredible and useful tool. Health promoters also have a significant role to play in helping individual’s using services to make the right decision about their health. As their choice of presentation approach can make or damage a health promotion campaign. Further, health promoters need to take into account the presentation methods, and to ensure that they have been chosen well to confirm that the message is successfully put over to the individual to whom it is directed. What is ‘health’? The Worlds Health Organisation (WHO) defines health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. However, others may simply define health as the absence of......

Words: 5634 - Pages: 23

Save Many as You Can

...Save as many you as you ruin. “Save as Many as You Ruin” is a short story written by Simon Van booy. The short story focuses on life an existence. The main character of the short story is Gerard and focuses on him and his thoughts. The story is a distinction between present and past. The short story gives us the question, who he really is, and who should he be? Gerard is man who comes from Manhattan. Gerard is around 35-40 years old, which we know because he has a daughter, and had her for eight years. The story start out in Media’s res, by Gerard walking down the streets of Manhattan. It is Winter, because it is very snowy. “At the end of each block the sidewalk disappears under a pool of gray ice water”. The short story is told in chronological order, but it does have flashbacks. The flashbacks happen to Gerard, when he thinks back upon a certain time. The short story is told by a third person narrator. And it is seen from Gerard’s point of view. “Gerard thinks of his own footprints and how soon they will disappear”. Gerard was once married, but his ex-wife left him only 6 month after she gave birth to Lucy. So now are Gerard and Lucy living alone together. We are not told anything about his friends, but one thing is for sure, he earns a lot of money. We know that because he can afford a nanny who I It iss around quite a lot. The starting point of the story is when Gerard is on his way home from work. On his way home, we are told about his life events from the past,......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4

His Needs, Her Needs

...Liberty Baptist Theological Seminary Book Critique: His Needs, Her Needs: Building An Affair-Proof Marriage by Willard F. Harley, Jr. A Paper Submitted to Dr. Brown In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Course Preventing Ministry Failure LEAD 625 By Adrian Mack 27 January 2014 CONTENTS SUMMARY 2 CRITIQUE 3 EVALUATION 4 Summary In His Needs, Her Needs, Willard F. Harley, Jr. is not solely talking about affairs, but is elaborating on the underlying themes of communication and selflessness. In the first chapter, Harley explains that when a person explains their relationship problems to someone external to the relationship, it can easily lead to an affair because a bond forms with this new person and he or she understands the needs that one yearns for in their life, time and again able to meet the needs if an affair begins (Harley 20). During his tenure counseling couples, Dr. Harley has recognized that men and women each have unique preferences in regards to their needs, and often differing perspectives on how the relationship would be “perfect.” Harley conceptualizes this with his analogy of a bank. Hence, communication, both talking and listening about problems and needs, is not the only necessary means to improve a relationship, but one must be willing to make the relationship work by considering not only themselves, but their significant other. For Harley, it is not about whether or not one is......

Words: 1242 - Pages: 5

Psychology and Health Problems

... Psychology and Health Problems Tammy Salter PSY/210 August 9, 2011 We ask ourselves these questions everyday like: What are Germs and why does one become ill? Do viruses play a part or do Poor lifestyle choices play a large role? The Multi-factorial Model explains this; there are many reasons that an individual’s health may suffer. One’s environment, biology, socioeconomic status, sources of stress, and even personality all help to determine if someone will fall ill. Physicians and mental health professionals, as well as their patients, can benefit from this information. When an individual knows what is causing his or her health problems, he or she is better prepared to take steps to cure or prevent these problems. Maybe, like the old wives tale, it is believed that being outside with a wet head caused that persistent cold? Most of the listed reasons do play a role in whether or not an individual will become ill, but there are others issues that are contributed as well. One of the causes of health problems in individuals is environmental factors. How does one’s environment makes him or her sick? Consideration must be given to an individual’s environment. Is there clean drinking water available? Can an individual venture outside without fear of what toxic chemicals may be taken the human body when breathing the air? Some people worry about illness with every drink of water and breathe of air they take in. The World Health Organization (2008) stated that “Thirteen...

Words: 1268 - Pages: 6

The Factors That Affect Health Status

...2The Factors that Affect Health Status and Patterns of Ill Health P3: Describe current patterns of health and how they are monitored – Patterns of ill health in the UK are monitored through the use of statistics. The UK National Statistic organisation is responsible for producing these statistics in order to illustrate and identify patterns of ill health within the UK. Government statistical departments play a vital role in identifying and monitoring patterns of ill health in the UK, of which include: * The Department of Health * Health and Safety Executive * NHS Information Centre for Health and Social Care Statistics can be collected from records such as birth certificates, the death register and hospital admissions records. Records can be used for further analysis in order to gain more specific information, for example the weight of a new-born baby, or the reason an individual was admitted into hospital. The government has made the use of having these records available a legal requirement so that the statistics may be available when they are required. Statistics can be collected through the use of surveys, i.e. the national census of which is held every 10 years in the UK by the government. The national census survey has been in place since 1801 and takes into account each individual within a household. It is able to provide an outline of the UK which enables us to compare geographical areas. However statistics are not always accurate for what......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2

How Does the Allowance of the Student Affect His/Her Performance

...ALLOWANCE OF THE STUDENT AFFECT HIS/HER ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE A RESEARCH PAPER Presented to DR. THERESITA POBLETE Department of Community Development College of Public Affairs Mindanao State University In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Course CD 160 (Techniques and Methods of Social Investigation) Second Semester, 2013- 2014 By COSARY B. PANGILAMUN March 2014 I. INTRODUCTION A. BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE The students’ intellectual capacity and improvement varies from their Academic Performance is said to be one of the crucial areas of the learner’s life since it serves as an output of what the student learned and a reflection of what kind of students they are. Some learners may not be bothered whether they progress or not, however, in the flip of the other side, their parents are left with great distress if their children do not perform well. But, judgments of the students’ academic performance can’t be measured hundred percent for there are multiple factors that arise when it comes to studies. These facets need or should be considered for a better understanding of the students’ performances in school. Researchers have found out that determinant “of learners’ performance has been the subject of ongoing debate among educators, academic and policy makers. Various factors affect students in many ways under different circumstances. These factors take in socio-economic, psychological, emotional, and environmental aspects. Different......

Words: 5608 - Pages: 23

How the Environment Affects Learning

...How the environment affects learning Dennis Skinner American Military University/COLL100 April 30, 2010 Michael Carmichael How the Environment Affects Learning This paper will discuss how our environment affects learning. We will discuss how important the environment is in the early years of one’s life in early childhood development. We will also discuss how one’s interest in learning plays a vital role in learning. We will also discuss how active learning and development plays an integral role in those years between teenager and adult and as well as what influences that has on being successful in life. We will also examine the two learning environments, home and school, and how each are changing and as well as how these two environments will play significant roles as each student discovers what’s real and what’s not real and how each help the learning process. Lastly, we will consider how the learning environment is continuing to change and how the digital age will change the way we learn and as well as the effect it will have on our future students and how it will affect the path they choose to follow their dreams. In the early years of development the environment plays as big a role in how children learn and how they development more than any other time in their life. In environments where children are not only taught that it’s ok to learn, but to also enjoy the process leads to an active learning environment where children are allowed the......

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

How Social Media Can Affect Privacy and Employment

...How Social Media Can Affect Privacy and Employment The right to privacy is a value in American culture; however there is no Constitutional right that protects an individual’s privacy. Everyone has an opinion to what privacy means to them; personally I feel that privacy is the information about myself or my family that I do not want others to know. When individuals choose to expand their space or allow things to become public on the internet or digital media, they are allowing themselves to be viewed by others, and therefore relinquishing privacy. When individuals post images and opinions online they are unaware that the post may limit future employment opportunities. People need to be conscious of the possible impact that social and digital media may have. I agree that privacy should be a personal choice to determine. It is our responsibility to post information about ourselves that represents who we are as a whole person. How an individual portrays themselves should be the same online as it is off. When applying for a new job you are prepared for the drug testing, and the background check; however it never crossed your mind that this potential employer may also run a check on your Facebook page, Twitter page or any social media groups you may be associated with, “75% of recruiters are required by their companies to do online research of candidates, and some 70% of recruiters in the United States report that they have rejected candidates because of information online”......

Words: 1697 - Pages: 7

Environment Affects Business Model

...How do changes in the environment affect the success of a company’s business model? First of all I will like to define business model; the business model describes how an organization creates, delivers, and capture value economic, social, or other forms of value. The Business Model is part of the Business Strategy. To create a successful business model, managers must choose business level strategies, that will give the company a competitive advantage over its rivals. They must decide customer needs, customer groups, and distinctive competencies. Organizations use business models to develop business strategies and earn profits from business operation. Business owners or executive managers may be responsible for creating these business models, and a company’s productivity will be affected by the environment where the business operates. Changes in economic factors can either help or hurt any business chance of success. Any increase in the availability of workers, may allow companies to more hiring, this will help or increase the production output, which can dramatically change a business model. Also, a decrease in the availability of labor may debility companies’ ability to produce goods or services efficiently and effective. Also physical resources allow companies to produce as many goods as possible. When resources begin to diminish, companies may face high production costs for production. Companies with successful business model need to......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

How Stress Affects Health

...How Stress Affects Our Health November 25, 2015 How Stress Affects Our Health In life there is not one human being who has not felt the anxiety or heart pounding feeling of being stressed. I believe this is a silent disease that slowly takes over one’s life one way or another. According to Kiev (1974), from a medical standpoint stress is just a nervous tension because life is being lived too quickly; therefore, the energy is being wasted. Stress can wear an individual out and cause heath issues once entering adulthood. Feeling stressed is so common in everyday life that it has become a way of life. When individuals are under stress they tend to panic, not realizing the toll it is taking on their body and mind. Stress starts to affect the body by prolonging the levels of fat, causing the immune system to diminish and leaving the body weak and vulnerable to infections (Reinhold, 1996). There are several types of stresses that can affect you and cause cognitive issues, emotional issues, mental issues, and physical issues. A type of stress that many come across several times in their life is short-term stress. Probably the most common type of stress that there is. This type of stress that last for a small amount of time, hens the name short-term stress. An example of short-term stress is when there is a deadline on an assignment in school or work. It is something that once you have completed and turned in on the deadline all stress is completely gone. Chronic life......

Words: 1393 - Pages: 6

The Changes in the Environment Affect Into Operations

...Week 1 Mostafa Salah-eldin m.salah-eldin 1: DQ#12 How do changes in the environment such as demand changes, new pollution control laws, the changing value of the dollar, and price changes affect operations? Name specific impacts on operations and the supply chain for each change. Support your response with references to the text or websites. Include the reference documentation in the response. Forum2: DQ#15 Give examples of a global business located in your country with which you are familiar. How has globalization of this business affected operations and its supply chain? Describe the business, what countries are they located, products, services? What is meant by ‘supply chain’? Submit your response via a word doc. Save as yourname_week1DQ12 Ther changes in the environment affect into operations Supply and demand Supply and demand is a fundamental factor in shaping the character of the marketplace, for it is understood as the principal determinant in establishing the cost of goods and services. The availability, or "supply," of goods or services is a key consideration in determining the price at which those goods or services can be obtained. For example, a landscaping company with little competition that operates in an area of high demand for such services will in all likelihood be able to command a higher price than will a business operating in a highly competitive environment. But availability is only one-half of the equation that determines pricing......

Words: 3003 - Pages: 13

Lote 75 Peliculas En 25 Dvd Etiqueta Nuevos Precintados | Sword Art Online II: Sword Art Offline II English Subbed | proiettori