Mayo

In: Business and Management

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Elton Mayo

Introducción

El ensayo de Elton Mayo busca mostrar de manera resumida sus ideas y su trabajo.

Trabajo sobre la fatiga y su mejor experimento fue el que realizo para Western “Electric Company”.

Capitulo I: La fatiga

La fatiga es la condición fisiológica normal pero cuando se convierte en patológica ya se debe considerar un problema.

Existen numerosos intentos por medir la fatiga en la Industria y se centran en medir: las horas de trabajo, los accidentes laborales, las condiciones atmosféricas, la iluminación estudio de movimiento y otros.

La fatiga industrial reduce la capacidad de trabajar y es vista en: variación del output, tiempo perdido, rotación laboral, enfermedad y mortalidad, accidentes y grado de esfuerzo desplegado.

Capitulo II: La Monotonía

La monotonía o estado estacionario se vio visto incrementada en la industria moderna.

Siendo una de las causas de la baja en la producción la monotonía.

Una de las conclusiones de Wyatt es que la experiencia del aburrimiento esta relacionado con procesos repetitivos.

El postula que el grado de aburrimiento esta relacionado con las condiciones de trabajo:

• Cuando el trabajo es cambiado cada cierto tiempo

• Cuando se paga de acuerdo al producto

• Cuando se introducen metas

• Cuando el trabajo permite formar grupos sociales

• Cuando se introducen descansos fuera de los programados

• Se podrá reducir el grado de aburrimiento

Además los trabajadores con inteligencia superior son los que mas fácil se aburren.

Capitulo III: El experimento “Hawthorne”

Western Electric Company

Este experimento busco medir el efecto de la iluminación en la productividad de los trabajadores. Para lo cual disminuyo la iluminación a un grupo de estos pero el resultado que arrojo no era significativo con respecto a los que…...

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