Media Violence

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Psychology 324 Assignment: Does Media Violence Cause Aggression?
The question of whether media violence causes aggression has been a topic of debate for decades. The innovation and creation of the television, computer and radio has altered the manner in which individuals acquire information regarding the world around them, including views on how violent the world is (Busman & Anderson, 2001). With the average American child being exposed to eight thousand murders and one hundred thousand acts of violence via television by the time they graduate from elementary school, it is not surprising that many critics of media violence are of the opinion that it leads to aggression (Bushman & Anderson, 2001). However, if one studies the reviews more carefully, it can be seen that there is no real scientific evidence that media violence causes aggression (Freedman, 2002). Numerous articles, experiments and studies have been published either supporting or opposing the question. In this essay two such articles will be explained, namely “Media Violence and the American Public” (Bushman & Anderson, 2001) which supports the idea that media violence causes aggression and “Villain or Scapegoat? Media Violence and Aggression” (Freedman, 2002) which opposes the idea that media violence causes aggression.
Media Violence is defined as the graphic representation of physical aggression by a human or human-like persona towards another individual or inanimate object (Huesmann, 2007). Media is however not exclusively limited to visual mediums such as television, video games and computers, but also extends to radio and music lyrics (Wynne, 2013). Anderson, Berkowitz, Donnerstein, Huesmann, Johnson, et al. (2003) defined aggression as any degree of behaviour that results in or has the intention of harming another individual. Aggressive…...

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