Mosaics

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tahera
Words 1394
Pages 6
SUBJECT: Art & Architecture

TOPIC: Mosaics

Introduction

A simple form of art, Mosaic uses hundreds of small tile or pottery pieces to build large pictures and images either on the floor or on walls. The tiny little pieces of tile are known as tesserae. This technique has been adopted by many cultures throughout such as in Rome, Greece and in Middle East. The technique used in its cladding is very effective due to which this art form is long lasting Popular belief states that the Middle eastern architecture is heavily influenced by the middle ages roman and Byzantium culture and therefore has included their signature style of mosaic art form in their architecture. This holds true because the Middle Eastern region makes extensive use of this art form in its architecture especially in mosques and other such structures. Byzantium essentially inherited the mosaic art form from the Roman Empire. Even though now, Middle East is predominantly Islamic, it was once inhabited by other religions such as Greeks and Romans, thus mosaic art is invariably a part of architecture throughout the Middle Eastern region. But an important difference in Byzantium and Islamic mosaic art is the motif itself. Byzantium and Roma era made extensive use of animal and human figures. The mosaic art was depiction of life, thus extensive use of animals, birds and human forms. But in sharp contrasts, Islamic architecture even though has embraced mosaic art; it did not adhere to anthropomorphism. Adaptation of Sassanid and Byzantium styles along with Germanic Visigoths made a huge impact on the architectural designs of Islamic buildings and structure, but it essentially evolved this art to make a unique form of it self consisting of geometric patterns instead human and animal forms.

In order to represent the importance of mosaics in the Middle Eastern culture one can refer to Jerash,…...

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