N+ Chp 5 Key Terms

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By nick779
Words 270
Pages 2
N+ chp 5 key terms

Classful masks- default subnet masks associated with class A, B, C address classes.
Private IP addresses- designated IP networks reserved for internal use
Octet- a group of 8 bits
Prefix notation- another name for slash notation.
Slash notation- using a slash followed by a number to represent a subnet mask.
Dotted decimal notation- using periods to divide decimal numbers
Classful mask- default subnet masks associated with class A, B, C address classes
Default gateway- the ip of a router/multilayer switch to which a networked device sends traffic destined for a different subnet other then the local subnet.
Bootstrap protocol- a way of assigning IP addresses, subnet masks and default gateways to diskless workstations from a database.
Dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP)- a dynamic way of configuring IP addresses, default gateways, and subnet masks without the need for a database.
Zeroconf- assigns link local IP addresses, resolves pc names to IP, and locates network services.
Link local IP address- a non routable IP address usable only on a local subnet.
Automatic Private IP addressing- allows a networked device to assign a private IP address from the 169.254.0.0 /16 network.
Borrowed bits- bits added to the subnet mask.
Block Size- the increment you count an octet based off of the interesting octet.
Classless inter domain routing (CIDR)- shortens the classful mask by removing 1s from it.
Unicast- a transmission from one device to another single device.
Multicast- a transmission from one device to multiple specific devices.
Anycast- transmission flow from one to nearest ( from the perspective of a router's routing table) flow…...

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