Nave Granelera

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Nizzuz
Words 707
Pages 3
NAVE GRANELERA

Antecedentes:

Un grupo de inversionistas con antecedentes en el negocio del transporte de carga por vía marítima, quiere evaluar un proyecto para la compra de una nave granelera. Para esto cuenta con información relacionada con el comportamiento del mercado mundial de naves así como los costos y riesgos que este negocio implica.

El proyecto consta en la adquisición de una nave con una edad máxima de 5 años; el costo de la nave es US$ 28´000,000 a la que se deberá acondicionar y tripular estimándose un gasto de equipamiento inicial de US$ 400,000. Para fines del proyecto se espera vender la nave en 10 años a un precio de US$ 12´000,000

Ingresos:

Los ingresos se dan por el alquiler diario de la nave a terceros. Los contratos de alquiler de nave (charter party) contemplan que la embarcación es puesta a disposición de quien la toma (charteador) y podrá ser utilizada para transportar mercaderías cumpliendo con una serie de normas internacionales relacionadas con la seguridad y las buenas prácticas.

El charteador asume los gastos relacionados con el combustible, gastos de puerto y canales así como el pago del alquiler (hire) pactado con el propietario. Los riesgos relacionados con el clima o mal tiempo son asumidos por el charteador sin embargo podrá descontar del pago del alquiler los tiempos perdidos por motivos de fallas relacionadas con la nave (off-hire), estos son imprevistos no deseados que de acuerdo con experiencias previas pueden totalizar 4 días en el año; también se podrá descontar para el pago del alquiler los periodos de reparaciones menores y mayores, las reparaciones menores se dan cada tres años y requieren 20 días y las reparaciones mayores se dan cada cinco años y requieren 35 días.

Por ejemplo
• El primer y segundo año no hay reparación programada por lo que el alquiler seria por 361 días (365-4).
• En el tercer…...

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