Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders

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Neurodevelopmental and Neurocognitive Disorders
Neurodevelopmental disorders are biological brain disorders that are responsible for early onset brain dysfunctions. There are four primary complication categories with these disorders, cognitive dysfunction, seizures, behavioral problems, and motor dysfunction. The disorders can be genetic or acquired from trauma, heredity, the environment, or illness. One of the disorders covered under this definition would be ADHD, or Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. This paper will discuss the behavioral criteria for this disorder, along with the incidence rates, causes, and two treatment options. Neurocognitive disorders are disorders that show a decline in the individual’s cognitive abilities that are observable by others and can be tested with the use of cognitive assessments. The loss of cognitive abilities can be caused from disease, illness, or trauma. The neurocognitive disorders are Delirium, Dementia, and Amnestic. Further discussion will be on dementia from Alzheimer’s.
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder If your child has issues with paying attention, difficulty in organizing activities and paying attention to detail, talks excessively, and cannot remain in their seat, they may have ADHD. According to the CDC (2013) the criteria for ADHD would be:
Inattention: Six or more symptoms of inattention for children up to age 16, or five or more for adolescents 17 and older and adults; symptoms of inattention have been present for at least 6 months, and they are inappropriate for developmental level. (Para 4)
The symptoms for inattention would be:
• May not give close enough attention to detail and make careless mistakes.
• Finds it hard to pay attention on tasks or activities.
• Seems to not listen when spoken to.
• Does not follow through on instructions and rarely finishes schoolwork or…...

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